Abstract

We present a simple and robust pulse shaping device based on coherent pulse stacking. The device is embedded in a polarisation maintaining step index fiber. An input pulse is sent through a fiber optical circulator. Up to four pulse replicas are reflected by fiber Bragg gratings and interfere at the output. Temperature control allows tuning of the relative pulse phases of the sub-pulses. Additionally fine tuning of the sub-pulse amplitudes is demonstrated. We experimentally generated 235 ps and 416 ps long flattop pulses with rising and falling edges shorter than 100 ps. In contrast to other pulse shaping techniques the presented setup is robust, alignment free, provides excellent beam quality and is also suitable for pulse durations up to several nanoseconds.

© 2009 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Visible pulse compression to 4 fs by optical parametric amplification and programmable dispersion control,” Opt. Lett. 27(5), 306–308 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Ishii, L. Turi, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, G. Veitas, V. Smilgevicius, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, “Multimillijoule chirped parametric amplification of few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 567–569 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-18-8168 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Witte, R. Zinkstok, W. Hogervorst, and K. Eikema, “Generation of few-cycle terawatt light pulses using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 13(13), 4903–4908 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-13-4903 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and I. P. Christov, “Extreme Nonlinear Optics: Coherent X Rays from Lasers,” Phys. Today 58(3), 39 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “80 kHz repetition rate high power fiber amplifier flat-top pulse pumped OPCPA based on BIB3O6.,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2508–2517 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2508 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. N. Schimpf, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and D. C. Hanna, “Theoretical analysis of the gain bandwidth for noncollinear parametric amplification of ultrafast pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(11), 2837–2846 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-24-11-2837 .
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Arisholm, R. Paschotta, and T. Südmeyer, “Limits to the power scalability of high-gain optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 578–590 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-21-3-578 .
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-conversion-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system using spatiotemporally shaped pump pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28(14), 1245–1247 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-28-14-1245 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, I. V. Yakovlev, S. G. Garanin, S. A. Sukharev, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. V. Charukhchev, R. R. Gerke, and V. E. Yashin, “200 TW 45 fs laser based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 14(1), 446–454 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-1-446 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, and E. M. Kirschner, “High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5(8), 1563–1572 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Verluise, V. Laude, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, and P. Tournois, “Amplitude and phase control of ultrashort pulses by use of an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter: pulse compression and shaping,” Opt. Lett. 25(8), 575–577 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. E. Bates, R. R. Alfano, and N. Schiller, “Picosecond pulse stacking in calcite,” Appl. Opt. 18(7), 947–949 (1979), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-18-7-947 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. I. Will, “Generation of flattop picosecond pulses by means of a two-stage birefringent filter,” Nucl. Instr. And Meth. A 594(2), 119–125 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. I. Will and G. Klemz, “Generation of flat-top picosecond pulses by coherent pulse stacking in a multicrystal birefringent filter,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14922–14937 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-19-14922 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, A. D. Ellis, and D. J. Richardson, “Rectangular Pulse Generation Based on Pulse Reshaping Using a SuperstructuredFiber Bragg Grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 746- (2001). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-19-5-746
  17. N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, “Reshaping periodic light pulses using cascaded uniform fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2746–2751 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. Li, F. Ji, X. Lu, Z. Sui, J. Wang, K. Gao, J. Xie, and H. Ming, “Shaping ability of all fiber coherent pulse stacker,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1120–1124 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. E. Lindner, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Generation and characterization of first order fiber Bragg gratings with Bragg wavelengths in the visible spectral range,” Opt. Commun. 218(18), 4612–4615 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. O. Barmenkov, D. Zalvidea, S. Torres-Peiró, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Effective length of short Fabry-Perot cavity formed by uniform fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 14(14), 6394–6399 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. D. N. Schimpf, C. Ruchert, D. Nodop, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and F. Salin, “Compensation of pulse-distortion in saturated laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17637–17646 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2008

I. Will, “Generation of flattop picosecond pulses by means of a two-stage birefringent filter,” Nucl. Instr. And Meth. A 594(2), 119–125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Will and G. Klemz, “Generation of flat-top picosecond pulses by coherent pulse stacking in a multicrystal birefringent filter,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14922–14937 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-19-14922 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lindner, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Generation and characterization of first order fiber Bragg gratings with Bragg wavelengths in the visible spectral range,” Opt. Commun. 218(18), 4612–4615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Schimpf, C. Ruchert, D. Nodop, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and F. Salin, “Compensation of pulse-distortion in saturated laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17637–17646 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2000

1988

1979

Alfano, R. R.

Andrés, M. V.

Arisholm, G.

Bagnoud, V.

Baltuska, A.

Baltuška, A.

Barmenkov, Y. O.

Bartelt, H.

E. Lindner, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Generation and characterization of first order fiber Bragg gratings with Bragg wavelengths in the visible spectral range,” Opt. Commun. 218(18), 4612–4615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bates, H. E.

Becker, M.

E. Lindner, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Generation and characterization of first order fiber Bragg gratings with Bragg wavelengths in the visible spectral range,” Opt. Commun. 218(18), 4612–4615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Begishev, I. A.

Berger, N. K.

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Butkus, R.

Charukhchev, A. V.

Cheng, Z.

Christov, I. P.

H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and I. P. Christov, “Extreme Nonlinear Optics: Coherent X Rays from Lasers,” Phys. Today 58(3), 39 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

Danielius, R.

Eikema, K.

Fischer, B.

Freidman, G. I.

Fuji, T.

Gao, K.

F. Li, F. Ji, X. Lu, Z. Sui, J. Wang, K. Gao, J. Xie, and H. Ming, “Shaping ability of all fiber coherent pulse stacker,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Garanin, S. G.

Gerke, R. R.

Ginzburg, V. N.

Guardalben, M. J.

Hädrich, S.

Hanna, D. C.

Heritage, J. P.

Hogervorst, W.

Ishii, N.

Ji, F.

F. Li, F. Ji, X. Lu, Z. Sui, J. Wang, K. Gao, J. Xie, and H. Ming, “Shaping ability of all fiber coherent pulse stacker,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and I. P. Christov, “Extreme Nonlinear Optics: Coherent X Rays from Lasers,” Phys. Today 58(3), 39 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Katin, E. V.

Khazanov, E. A.

Kirsanov, A. V.

Kirschner, E. M.

Klemz, G.

Kobayashi, T.

Krausz, F.

Laude, V.

Levit, B.

Li, F.

F. Li, F. Ji, X. Lu, Z. Sui, J. Wang, K. Gao, J. Xie, and H. Ming, “Shaping ability of all fiber coherent pulse stacker,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Lindner, E.

E. Lindner, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Generation and characterization of first order fiber Bragg gratings with Bragg wavelengths in the visible spectral range,” Opt. Commun. 218(18), 4612–4615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lozhkarev, V. V.

Lu, X.

F. Li, F. Ji, X. Lu, Z. Sui, J. Wang, K. Gao, J. Xie, and H. Ming, “Shaping ability of all fiber coherent pulse stacker,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luchinin, G. A.

Mal’shakov, A. N.

Martyanov, M. A.

Ming, H.

F. Li, F. Ji, X. Lu, Z. Sui, J. Wang, K. Gao, J. Xie, and H. Ming, “Shaping ability of all fiber coherent pulse stacker,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and I. P. Christov, “Extreme Nonlinear Optics: Coherent X Rays from Lasers,” Phys. Today 58(3), 39 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nodop, D.

Palashov, O. V.

Paschotta, R.

Piskarskas, A.

Poteomkin, A. K.

Puth, J.

Rothhardt, J.

Rothhardt, M.

E. Lindner, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Generation and characterization of first order fiber Bragg gratings with Bragg wavelengths in the visible spectral range,” Opt. Commun. 218(18), 4612–4615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ruchert, C.

Rukavishnikov, N. N.

Salin, F.

Schiller, N.

Schimpf, D. N.

Sergeev, A. M.

Shaykin, A. A.

Smilgevicius, V.

Spielmann, C.

Südmeyer, T.

Sui, Z.

F. Li, F. Ji, X. Lu, Z. Sui, J. Wang, K. Gao, J. Xie, and H. Ming, “Shaping ability of all fiber coherent pulse stacker,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sukharev, S. A.

Torres-Peiró, S.

Tournois, P.

Tünnermann, A.

Turi, L.

Veitas, G.

Verluise, F.

Wang, J.

F. Li, F. Ji, X. Lu, Z. Sui, J. Wang, K. Gao, J. Xie, and H. Ming, “Shaping ability of all fiber coherent pulse stacker,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Waxer, L. J.

Weiner, A. M.

Will, I.

Witte, S.

Xie, J.

F. Li, F. Ji, X. Lu, Z. Sui, J. Wang, K. Gao, J. Xie, and H. Ming, “Shaping ability of all fiber coherent pulse stacker,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, I. V.

Yakovlev, V. S.

Yashin, V. E.

Zalvidea, D.

Zinkstok, R.

Zuegel, J. D.

Appl. Opt.

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nucl. Instr. And Meth. A

I. Will, “Generation of flattop picosecond pulses by means of a two-stage birefringent filter,” Nucl. Instr. And Meth. A 594(2), 119–125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

E. Lindner, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Generation and characterization of first order fiber Bragg gratings with Bragg wavelengths in the visible spectral range,” Opt. Commun. 218(18), 4612–4615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Y. O. Barmenkov, D. Zalvidea, S. Torres-Peiró, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Effective length of short Fabry-Perot cavity formed by uniform fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 14(14), 6394–6399 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Schimpf, C. Ruchert, D. Nodop, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and F. Salin, “Compensation of pulse-distortion in saturated laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17637–17646 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, I. V. Yakovlev, S. G. Garanin, S. A. Sukharev, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. V. Charukhchev, R. R. Gerke, and V. E. Yashin, “200 TW 45 fs laser based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 14(1), 446–454 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-1-446 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Will and G. Klemz, “Generation of flat-top picosecond pulses by coherent pulse stacking in a multicrystal birefringent filter,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14922–14937 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-19-14922 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “80 kHz repetition rate high power fiber amplifier flat-top pulse pumped OPCPA based on BIB3O6.,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2508–2517 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-4-2508 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Witte, R. Zinkstok, W. Hogervorst, and K. Eikema, “Generation of few-cycle terawatt light pulses using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 13(13), 4903–4908 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-13-4903 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Laser Technol.

F. Li, F. Ji, X. Lu, Z. Sui, J. Wang, K. Gao, J. Xie, and H. Ming, “Shaping ability of all fiber coherent pulse stacker,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Today

H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and I. P. Christov, “Extreme Nonlinear Optics: Coherent X Rays from Lasers,” Phys. Today 58(3), 39 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, A. D. Ellis, and D. J. Richardson, “Rectangular Pulse Generation Based on Pulse Reshaping Using a SuperstructuredFiber Bragg Grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 746- (2001). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-19-5-746

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

a) Temporal pump pulse profiles b) corresponding spectra of the amplified signal pulses for different pump pulses (flattop - black; Gaussian - red, shaped of two Gaussian pulses - blue, shaped of four Gaussian pulses - green)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of a fiber optical pulse shaper consisting of a circulator (circ) and four fiber Bragg gratings (FBG1…FBG4)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse shape for two 100 ps long Gaussian pulse replicas interfering with different delay

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral reflectivity of the two FBG pulse shaper for slow axis polarized light at a temperature of 80.0° C. Inset: larger scan range and logarithmic scale.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

a) Temporal intensity at shaper output for different temperatures; b), c), d), e) and f): various temporal pulse profiles for illustration purposes; (scale:0.01.0)

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

a) Temporal pulse profiles generated with two FGBs: flattop at 79.8°C (red), slightly lowered leading (black) and trailing edge (blue) at 79.7 °C and 79.9 °C. b) Temporal pulse profile of a flattop pulse generated with four FBGs at 42.9 °C.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Schematic of a fiber optical pulse shaper consisting of a two port circulator (circ) and four fiber Bragg gratings (FBG1…FBG4) in two temperature controlled pairs.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of the OPCPA for different shaped pump pulses

Tables Icon

Table 2 Calculated reflectivity for the FBGs in the fabricated pulse shapers (first two rows) and for maximum shaper reflectivity (last two rows)

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

τ=2ndc;
ESum2=Ea2+Eb2+2EaEbcos(Δϕ);
Ea=Aae((tτ/2)2ωa2)  and  Eb=Abe((t+τ/2)2ωb2),
Δϕ=2πmod(τcλ).
Δλ=λ22nd.

Metrics