Abstract

A green light at 556 nm is generated by direct frequency doubling of a fiber laser at 1111.6 nm with a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide. We have investigated optical inhomogeneities by measuring the temperature tuning curve of second harmonic generation, and the obtained parameters are used for identifying the uniformity of the waveguide. The thermal dephasing could be diminished by adjusting the crystal temperature, and the conversion efficiency was maximized. Finally, an output power of 111.8 mW at 556 nm was generated with 213 mW of coupled fundamental light under optimum conditions, which corresponds to 52.5% conversion efficiency.

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2008 (2)

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2005 (2)

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, and J. M. Maillard, “Frequency doubling of an efficient continuous wave single-mode Yb-doped fiber laser at 978 nm in a periodically-poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6974–6979 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (3)

R. Maruyama, R. H. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, “Investigation of sub-Doppler cooling in an ytterbium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Torabi-Goudarzi and E. Riis, “Efficient cw high-power frequency doubling in periodically poled KTP,” Opt. Commun. 227(4-6), 389–403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Vo-Dinh, B. Cullum, and P. Kasili, “Development of a multi-spectral imaging system for medical applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(14), 1663–1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1999 (1)

T. Kuwamoto, K. Honda, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, “Magneto-optical trapping of Yb atoms using an intercombination transition,” Phys. Rev. A 60(2), R745–R748 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1987 (1)

D. Eimerl, “Thermal aspec6ts of high-average-power electrooptic switches,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2238–2251 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

A. Yariv, “Coupled-mode theory for guided-wave optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9(9), 919–933 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

F. R. Nash, G. D. Boyd, M. Sargent III, and P. M. Bridenbaugh, “Effect of optical inhomogeneities on phase matching in nonlinear crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41(6), 2564–2576 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Andalkar, A.

R. Maruyama, R. H. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, “Investigation of sub-Doppler cooling in an ytterbium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Arvidsson, G.

Barber, Z. W.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beck, K. M.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergquist, J. C.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Blatt, S.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouchier, A.

Boyd, G. D.

F. R. Nash, G. D. Boyd, M. Sargent III, and P. M. Bridenbaugh, “Effect of optical inhomogeneities on phase matching in nonlinear crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41(6), 2564–2576 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, M. M.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bramati, A.

Bridenbaugh, P. M.

F. R. Nash, G. D. Boyd, M. Sargent III, and P. M. Bridenbaugh, “Effect of optical inhomogeneities on phase matching in nonlinear crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41(6), 2564–2576 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Brusch, A.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, G. K.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiummo, A.

Cullum, B.

T. Vo-Dinh, B. Cullum, and P. Kasili, “Development of a multi-spectral imaging system for medical applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(14), 1663–1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, J.

de Miranda, M. H. G.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drobshoff, A.

Ebbers, C.

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, “Thermal aspec6ts of high-average-power electrooptic switches,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2238–2251 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

K. R. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, “Observation of 99% pump depletion in single-pass second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 27(1), 43–45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Foreman, S. M.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fortier, T. M.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fortson, E. N.

R. Maruyama, R. H. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, “Investigation of sub-Doppler cooling in an ytterbium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Giacobino, E.

Heavner, T.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Helmfrid, S.

Hirano, Y.

Hollberg, L.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Honda, K.

T. Kuwamoto, K. Honda, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, “Magneto-optical trapping of Yb atoms using an intercombination transition,” Phys. Rev. A 60(2), R745–R748 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hoyt, C. W.

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jefferts, S.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kasili, P.

T. Vo-Dinh, B. Cullum, and P. Kasili, “Development of a multi-spectral imaging system for medical applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(14), 1663–1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Koyata, Y.

Kurz, J. R.

Kuwamoto, T.

T. Kuwamoto, K. Honda, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, “Magneto-optical trapping of Yb atoms using an intercombination transition,” Phys. Rev. A 60(2), R745–R748 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Le Coq, Y.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemke, N. D.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Z. M.

Lucas-Leclin, G.

Ludlow, A. D.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, L. S.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Maillard, J. M.

Martin, M. J.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maruyama, R.

R. Maruyama, R. H. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, “Investigation of sub-Doppler cooling in an ytterbium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nash, F. R.

F. R. Nash, G. D. Boyd, M. Sargent III, and P. M. Bridenbaugh, “Effect of optical inhomogeneities on phase matching in nonlinear crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41(6), 2564–2576 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parameswaran, K. R.

Parker, T.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

Pearson, C. E.

R. Maruyama, R. H. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, “Investigation of sub-Doppler cooling in an ytterbium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D.

Poli, N.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riis, E.

F. Torabi-Goudarzi and E. Riis, “Efficient cw high-power frequency doubling in periodically poled KTP,” Opt. Commun. 227(4-6), 389–403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Romalis, M. V.

R. Maruyama, R. H. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, “Investigation of sub-Doppler cooling in an ytterbium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R. V.

Sakai, K.

Sargent III, M.

F. R. Nash, G. D. Boyd, M. Sargent III, and P. M. Bridenbaugh, “Effect of optical inhomogeneities on phase matching in nonlinear crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41(6), 2564–2576 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Stalnaker, J. E.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swallows, M. D.

R. Maruyama, R. H. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, “Investigation of sub-Doppler cooling in an ytterbium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, Y.

T. Kuwamoto, K. Honda, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, “Magneto-optical trapping of Yb atoms using an intercombination transition,” Phys. Rev. A 60(2), R745–R748 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, L.

Thomsen, J. W.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torabi-Goudarzi, F.

F. Torabi-Goudarzi and E. Riis, “Efficient cw high-power frequency doubling in periodically poled KTP,” Opt. Commun. 227(4-6), 389–403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Villa, F.

Vo-Dinh, T.

T. Vo-Dinh, B. Cullum, and P. Kasili, “Development of a multi-spectral imaging system for medical applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(14), 1663–1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Webjörn, J.

Wynar, R. H.

R. Maruyama, R. H. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, “Investigation of sub-Doppler cooling in an ytterbium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yabuzaki, T.

T. Kuwamoto, K. Honda, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, “Magneto-optical trapping of Yb atoms using an intercombination transition,” Phys. Rev. A 60(2), R745–R748 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, “Coupled-mode theory for guided-wave optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9(9), 919–933 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zelevinsky, T.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

A. Yariv, “Coupled-mode theory for guided-wave optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9(9), 919–933 (1973).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Eimerl, “Thermal aspec6ts of high-average-power electrooptic switches,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2238–2251 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. R. Nash, G. D. Boyd, M. Sargent III, and P. M. Bridenbaugh, “Effect of optical inhomogeneities on phase matching in nonlinear crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41(6), 2564–2576 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Vo-Dinh, B. Cullum, and P. Kasili, “Development of a multi-spectral imaging system for medical applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(14), 1663–1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Torabi-Goudarzi and E. Riis, “Efficient cw high-power frequency doubling in periodically poled KTP,” Opt. Commun. 227(4-6), 389–403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. C. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Kuwamoto, K. Honda, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, “Magneto-optical trapping of Yb atoms using an intercombination transition,” Phys. Rev. A 60(2), R745–R748 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Maruyama, R. H. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, “Investigation of sub-Doppler cooling in an ytterbium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 x 10(-16) fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. Yasuda, F.-L. Hong, T. Kurosu, T. Kohno, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, O. Shin-ichi, and H. Katori, “Development of an optical lattice clock in NMIJ, AIST,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition (Miami, FL, 2006), pp. 284–286.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup for direct frequency doubling of a fiber laser with a PPMgLN waveguide. It consists of a fiber laser, a PPLN waveguide, two collimators, three lenses (L1, L2, L3), a half-wave plate (HP), an objective lens and a dichroic mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SHG power as a function of the PPMgLN temperature, taken with the fundamental power of 119 mW. Dots are the experimental data. The solid line is the fitting curve.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized SHG power at 556 nm versus the distance between two beam-shaping lenses, when the fundamental power is 51.5 mW and the crystal temperature is 55°C.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized SHG power at 556 nm versus polarization angle, taken with approximately 51.5 mW fundamental input power and the crystal temperature at 55°C.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) SHG power as a function of the fundamental power coupled into the waveguide. Solid squares: experimental data measured by setting the crystal temperature at 55°C; solid triangles: the experimental data measured with the temperature adjusted to yield maximum second harmonic power; solid line: the tanh2 fits; dashed line: theoretical fits when thermal dephasing and pump depletion are taken into account. (b) SHG conversion efficiency versus coupled fundamental power; open squares: conversion efficiency with the crystal temperature of 55°C; open triangles: the experimental data measured with the temperature adjusted to yield the maximum conversion efficiency; solid line: the tanh2 fits; dashed line: theoretical fits when thermal dephasing and pump depletion are taken into account.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The normalized SHG light power versus the frequency of the SHG light. Frequency tuning range of the SHG light was determined to be about 15.6 GHz.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The transverse pattern of the green light. The beam propagation factor M2 was determined to be about 1.1.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P2w=i=1NηiPw2sin2(Δkili/2)(liΔki/2)2+2i=1N1j=i+1NηiηjPw2sin(Δkili/2)(Δkili/2)sin(Δkjlj/2)(Δkjlj/2)cos[(Δkili/2)2(Δkjlj/2)2],
Δk=Δk'km,
Δk=4πλΔnT(TTp),
PSHG=Pcoupledtanh2(ηPcoupled),
PSHG=gPcoupledtanh2(ηPcoupled),

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