Abstract

We have constructed a simple color electroholography system that has excellent cost performance. It uses a graphics processing unit (GPU) and a liquid crystal display (LCD) projector. The structure of the GPU is suitable for calculating computer-generated holograms (CGHs). The calculation speed of the GPU is approximately 1,500 times faster than that of a central processing unit. The LCD projector is an inexpensive, high-performance device for displaying CGHs. It has high-definition LCD panels for red, green and blue. Thus, it can be easily used for color electro-holography. For a three-dimensional object consisting of 1,000 points, our system succeeded in real-time color holographic reconstruction at rate of 30 frames per second.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, "Electronic display system for computational holography," Proc. SPIE 1212, 174-182 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Yoshikawa, S. Iwase, and T. Oneda, "Fast computation of Fresnel holograms employing difference," Proc. SPIE 3956, 48-55 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Matsushima and M. Takai, "Fast computation of Fresnel holograms employing difference," Appl. Opt. 39, 6587-6594 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, "An efficient computational method suitable for hardware of computer-generated hologram with phase computation by addition," Comp. Phys. Commun. 138, 44-52 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Ito, N. Masuda, K. Yoshimura, A. Shiraki, T. Shimobaba, and T. Sugie, "A special-purpose computer HORN-5 for a real-time electroholography," Opt. Express 13,1923-1932 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-6-1923.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Yaras¸, H. Kang, and L. Onural, "Real-Time Multiple SLM Color Holographic Display Using Multiple GPU Acceleration," in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper DWA4.
  10. M. Lucente, "Interactive Computation of Holograms Using a Look-Up table," J.Electron. Imaging 2, 28-34 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Sato, " Animated color 3D image using kinoforms by liquid crystal devices," J. Inst. Telev. Eng. Jpn. 48, 1261-1266 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, "A color holographic reconstruction system by time division multiplexing with reference lights of laser," Opt. Rev. 10, 339-341 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Ito and K. Okano, "Color electroholography by three colored reference lights simultaneously incident upon one hologram panel" Opt. Express 12,4320-4325 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?id=81092.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

H. Kang, T. Fujii, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Yoshikawa, "Compensated phase-added stereogram for real-time holographic display," Opt. Eng. 46, 095802 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2004

2003

T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, "A color holographic reconstruction system by time division multiplexing with reference lights of laser," Opt. Rev. 10, 339-341 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, "An efficient computational method suitable for hardware of computer-generated hologram with phase computation by addition," Comp. Phys. Commun. 138, 44-52 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. Yoshikawa, S. Iwase, and T. Oneda, "Fast computation of Fresnel holograms employing difference," Proc. SPIE 3956, 48-55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Matsushima and M. Takai, "Fast computation of Fresnel holograms employing difference," Appl. Opt. 39, 6587-6594 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994

K. Sato, " Animated color 3D image using kinoforms by liquid crystal devices," J. Inst. Telev. Eng. Jpn. 48, 1261-1266 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

M. Lucente, "Interactive Computation of Holograms Using a Look-Up table," J.Electron. Imaging 2, 28-34 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, "Electronic display system for computational holography," Proc. SPIE 1212, 174-182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ahrenberg, L.

Benton, S. A.

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, "Electronic display system for computational holography," Proc. SPIE 1212, 174-182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Benzie, P.

Fujii, T.

H. Kang, T. Fujii, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Yoshikawa, "Compensated phase-added stereogram for real-time holographic display," Opt. Eng. 46, 095802 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hilaire, P. S.

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, "Electronic display system for computational holography," Proc. SPIE 1212, 174-182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ito, T.

Iwase, S.

H. Yoshikawa, S. Iwase, and T. Oneda, "Fast computation of Fresnel holograms employing difference," Proc. SPIE 3956, 48-55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jepsen, M. L.

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, "Electronic display system for computational holography," Proc. SPIE 1212, 174-182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kang, H.

H. Kang, T. Fujii, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Yoshikawa, "Compensated phase-added stereogram for real-time holographic display," Opt. Eng. 46, 095802 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kollin, J.

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, "Electronic display system for computational holography," Proc. SPIE 1212, 174-182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lucente, M.

M. Lucente, "Interactive Computation of Holograms Using a Look-Up table," J.Electron. Imaging 2, 28-34 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, "Electronic display system for computational holography," Proc. SPIE 1212, 174-182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Magnor, M.

Masuda, N.

Matsushima, K.

Okano, K.

Oneda, T.

H. Yoshikawa, S. Iwase, and T. Oneda, "Fast computation of Fresnel holograms employing difference," Proc. SPIE 3956, 48-55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

K. Sato, " Animated color 3D image using kinoforms by liquid crystal devices," J. Inst. Telev. Eng. Jpn. 48, 1261-1266 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shimobaba, T.

T. Ito, N. Masuda, K. Yoshimura, A. Shiraki, T. Shimobaba, and T. Sugie, "A special-purpose computer HORN-5 for a real-time electroholography," Opt. Express 13,1923-1932 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-6-1923.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, "A color holographic reconstruction system by time division multiplexing with reference lights of laser," Opt. Rev. 10, 339-341 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, "An efficient computational method suitable for hardware of computer-generated hologram with phase computation by addition," Comp. Phys. Commun. 138, 44-52 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shiraki, A.

Sugie, T.

Takai, M.

Tanaka, T.

Underkoffler, J.

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, "Electronic display system for computational holography," Proc. SPIE 1212, 174-182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Watson, J.

Yamaguchi, T.

H. Kang, T. Fujii, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Yoshikawa, "Compensated phase-added stereogram for real-time holographic display," Opt. Eng. 46, 095802 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikawa, H.

H. Kang, T. Fujii, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Yoshikawa, "Compensated phase-added stereogram for real-time holographic display," Opt. Eng. 46, 095802 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshikawa, S. Iwase, and T. Oneda, "Fast computation of Fresnel holograms employing difference," Proc. SPIE 3956, 48-55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, "Electronic display system for computational holography," Proc. SPIE 1212, 174-182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, K.

Appl. Opt.

Comp. Phys. Commun.

T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, "An efficient computational method suitable for hardware of computer-generated hologram with phase computation by addition," Comp. Phys. Commun. 138, 44-52 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Inst. Telev. Eng. Jpn.

K. Sato, " Animated color 3D image using kinoforms by liquid crystal devices," J. Inst. Telev. Eng. Jpn. 48, 1261-1266 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J.Electron. Imaging

M. Lucente, "Interactive Computation of Holograms Using a Look-Up table," J.Electron. Imaging 2, 28-34 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

H. Kang, T. Fujii, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Yoshikawa, "Compensated phase-added stereogram for real-time holographic display," Opt. Eng. 46, 095802 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Rev.

T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, "A color holographic reconstruction system by time division multiplexing with reference lights of laser," Opt. Rev. 10, 339-341 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, "Electronic display system for computational holography," Proc. SPIE 1212, 174-182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshikawa, S. Iwase, and T. Oneda, "Fast computation of Fresnel holograms employing difference," Proc. SPIE 3956, 48-55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

F. Yaras¸, H. Kang, and L. Onural, "Real-Time Multiple SLM Color Holographic Display Using Multiple GPU Acceleration," in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper DWA4.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MOV (1991 KB)     

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Block diagram of calculation for CGH by CUDA.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

A photograph of the reconstruction system.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The optical system inside the LCD projector.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Reconstructed image by CPU.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Reconstructed image by GPU.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Animation of reconstructed image. (Media 1)

Tables (2)

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Table 1. Specifications of GPU.

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Table 2. Comparison of the calculation times for a CPU and a GPU.

Equations (1)

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I (xα,yα)=j=1NAjcos{2π[12λzj((xαxj)2+(yαyj)2)]}.

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