Abstract

We numerically study the impact of feedback on supercontinuum generation within a microstructured fiber inside a ring resonator, synchronously pumped with femtosecond pulses. In certain parameter ranges we observe a steady-state oscillator-like operation mode of the system. Depending on pump power also period doubling up to chaos is shown by the system. Even with the inclusion of realistic pump noise as perturbation, the periodic behavior was still achievable in numerical modeling as well as in a first experimental verification.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. J.K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 78, 25-27 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J.M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev.Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Q1. X. Fu, L. Qian, S. Wen, and D. Fan, "Nonlinear chirped pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in microstructured optical fibre," J. of Opt. A 6, 1012-1016 (2004).
  5. Z. Zhu and T. Brown, "Effect of frequency chirping on supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 12, 689-694 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Coen, A.H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, J.C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Whitelight supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1356-1358 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A.V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Washburn, S. Ralph, and R. Windeler, "Ultrashort pulse propagation in air-silica microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 10, 575-580 (2002).
  9. H.N. Paulsen, K.M. Hilligsøe, J. Thøgersen, SR. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 27, 1123-1125 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. I. Hartl, X.D. Li, C. Chudoba, R.K. Ghanta, T.H. Ko, J.G. Fujimoto, J.K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahighresolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A.D. Aguirre, N. Nishizawa, J.G. Fujimoto, W. Seitz, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Continuum generation in a novel photonic crystal fiber for ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography at 800 nm and 1300 nm," Opt. Express 14, 1145-1160 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T.W. H¨ansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J.M. Dudley and S. Coen, "Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 27, 1180-1182 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T.M. Fortier, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, "Nonlinear phase noise generated in air-silica microstructure fiber and its effect on carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 27, 445-447 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. Lu and W.H. Knox, "Generation of a broadband continuum with high spectral coherence in tapered singlemode optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 347-353 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. Genty, J.M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, "Modulation control and spectral shaping of optical fiber supercontinuum generation in the picosecond regime," Appl. Phys. B 94, 187-194 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P.M. Moselund, M.H. Frosz, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, "Back-seeding of higher order gain processes in picosecond supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 16, 11954-11968 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Tlidi, A. Mussot, E. Louvergneaux, G. Kozyreff, A.G. Vladimirov, and M. Taki, "Control and removal of modulational instabilities in low-dispersion photonic crystal fiber cavities," Opt. Lett. 32, 662-664 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. Steinmeyer, A. Buchholz, M. H¨ansel, M. Heuer, A. Schwache, and F. Mitschke, "Dynamical pulse shaping in a nonlinear resonator," Phys. Rev. A 52, 830-838 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. E. Siegman, Lasers, (University Science Books, 1986).
  22. P. Groß, K.-J. Boller, and M. E. Klein, "High-precision wavelength-flexible frequency division for metrology," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043824 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. K. J. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665-2673 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  24. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 2007).
  25. Crystal Fibre, "NL-PM-750 data sheet," http://www.crystal-fibre.com/datasheets/NL-PM-750.pdf.
  26. M. J. Litzkow, M. Livny, and M.W. Mutka, "Condor - a hunter of idle workstations," in Proc. 8th Int. Conf. on Distributed Computing Systems (IEEE Computer Society Press, 1988), pp. 104-111.
  27. S.H. Strogatz and R. F. Fox, Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos: With Applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Physics Today, 1995).
  28. A. Scott, Encyclopedia of Nonlinear Science (Routledge Taylor and Francis Group, 2005).

2009 (1)

G. Genty, J.M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, "Modulation control and spectral shaping of optical fiber supercontinuum generation in the picosecond regime," Appl. Phys. B 94, 187-194 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

P. Groß, K.-J. Boller, and M. E. Klein, "High-precision wavelength-flexible frequency division for metrology," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2003 (2)

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H.N. Paulsen, K.M. Hilligsøe, J. Thøgersen, SR. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 27, 1123-1125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

2001 (3)

2000 (2)

D. J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 78, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

G. Steinmeyer, A. Buchholz, M. H¨ansel, M. Heuer, A. Schwache, and F. Mitschke, "Dynamical pulse shaping in a nonlinear resonator," Phys. Rev. A 52, 830-838 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Aguirre, A.D.

Bang, O.

Blow, K. J.

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

P. Groß, K.-J. Boller, and M. E. Klein, "High-precision wavelength-flexible frequency division for metrology," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brown, T.

Buchholz, A.

G. Steinmeyer, A. Buchholz, M. H¨ansel, M. Heuer, A. Schwache, and F. Mitschke, "Dynamical pulse shaping in a nonlinear resonator," Phys. Rev. A 52, 830-838 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chau, A.H. L.

Chudoba, C.

Coen, S.

Cundiff, S. T.

T.M. Fortier, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, "Nonlinear phase noise generated in air-silica microstructure fiber and its effect on carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 27, 445-447 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S.A.

D. J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J.M.

G. Genty, J.M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, "Modulation control and spectral shaping of optical fiber supercontinuum generation in the picosecond regime," Appl. Phys. B 94, 187-194 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev.Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.M. Dudley and S. Coen, "Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 27, 1180-1182 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

G. Genty, J.M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, "Modulation control and spectral shaping of optical fiber supercontinuum generation in the picosecond regime," Appl. Phys. B 94, 187-194 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fan, D.

Q1. X. Fu, L. Qian, S. Wen, and D. Fan, "Nonlinear chirped pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in microstructured optical fibre," J. of Opt. A 6, 1012-1016 (2004).

Fortier, T.M.

Frosz, M.H.

Fu, X.

Q1. X. Fu, L. Qian, S. Wen, and D. Fan, "Nonlinear chirped pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in microstructured optical fibre," J. of Opt. A 6, 1012-1016 (2004).

Fujimoto, J.G.

Genty, G.

G. Genty, J.M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, "Modulation control and spectral shaping of optical fiber supercontinuum generation in the picosecond regime," Appl. Phys. B 94, 187-194 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev.Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ghanta, R.K.

Groß, P.

P. Groß, K.-J. Boller, and M. E. Klein, "High-precision wavelength-flexible frequency division for metrology," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H¨ansch, T.W.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T.W. H¨ansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H¨ansel, M.

G. Steinmeyer, A. Buchholz, M. H¨ansel, M. Heuer, A. Schwache, and F. Mitschke, "Dynamical pulse shaping in a nonlinear resonator," Phys. Rev. A 52, 830-838 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Harvey, J.D.

Herrmann, J.

A.V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Heuer, M.

G. Steinmeyer, A. Buchholz, M. H¨ansel, M. Heuer, A. Schwache, and F. Mitschke, "Dynamical pulse shaping in a nonlinear resonator," Phys. Rev. A 52, 830-838 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hilligsøe, K.M.

Holzwarth, R.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T.W. H¨ansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Husakou, A.V.

A.V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kaivola, M.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Keiding, SR.

Klein, M. E.

P. Groß, K.-J. Boller, and M. E. Klein, "High-precision wavelength-flexible frequency division for metrology," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J.C.

Knox, W.H.

Ko, T.H.

Kopf, D.

Kozyreff, G.

Larsen, J. J.

Lederer, M.

Lehtonen, M.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leonhardt, R.

Li, X.D.

Louvergneaux, E.

Lu, F.

Ludvigsen, H.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mitschke, F.

G. Steinmeyer, A. Buchholz, M. H¨ansel, M. Heuer, A. Schwache, and F. Mitschke, "Dynamical pulse shaping in a nonlinear resonator," Phys. Rev. A 52, 830-838 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Moselund, P.M.

Mussot, A.

Nishizawa, N.

Paulsen, H.N.

Qian, L.

Q1. X. Fu, L. Qian, S. Wen, and D. Fan, "Nonlinear chirped pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in microstructured optical fibre," J. of Opt. A 6, 1012-1016 (2004).

Ralph, S.

Ranka, J.K.

I. Hartl, X.D. Li, C. Chudoba, R.K. Ghanta, T.H. Ko, J.G. Fujimoto, J.K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahighresolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 78, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Schwache, A.

G. Steinmeyer, A. Buchholz, M. H¨ansel, M. Heuer, A. Schwache, and F. Mitschke, "Dynamical pulse shaping in a nonlinear resonator," Phys. Rev. A 52, 830-838 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Seitz, W.

Steinmeyer, G.

G. Steinmeyer, A. Buchholz, M. H¨ansel, M. Heuer, A. Schwache, and F. Mitschke, "Dynamical pulse shaping in a nonlinear resonator," Phys. Rev. A 52, 830-838 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A. J.

J.K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 78, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taki, M.

Thøgersen, J.

Thomsen, C. L.

Tlidi, M.

Udem, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T.W. H¨ansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vladimirov, A.G.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Washburn, B.

Wen, S.

Q1. X. Fu, L. Qian, S. Wen, and D. Fan, "Nonlinear chirped pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in microstructured optical fibre," J. of Opt. A 6, 1012-1016 (2004).

Windeler, R.

Windeler, R. S.

T.M. Fortier, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, "Nonlinear phase noise generated in air-silica microstructure fiber and its effect on carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 27, 445-447 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Hartl, X.D. Li, C. Chudoba, R.K. Ghanta, T.H. Ko, J.G. Fujimoto, J.K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahighresolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 78, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D.

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Zhu, Z.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

G. Genty, J.M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, "Modulation control and spectral shaping of optical fiber supercontinuum generation in the picosecond regime," Appl. Phys. B 94, 187-194 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. of Opt. A (1)

Q1. X. Fu, L. Qian, S. Wen, and D. Fan, "Nonlinear chirped pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in microstructured optical fibre," J. of Opt. A 6, 1012-1016 (2004).

Nature (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T.W. H¨ansch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (7)

M. Tlidi, A. Mussot, E. Louvergneaux, G. Kozyreff, A.G. Vladimirov, and M. Taki, "Control and removal of modulational instabilities in low-dispersion photonic crystal fiber cavities," Opt. Lett. 32, 662-664 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 78, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Hartl, X.D. Li, C. Chudoba, R.K. Ghanta, T.H. Ko, J.G. Fujimoto, J.K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahighresolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Coen, A.H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, J.C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Whitelight supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1356-1358 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T.M. Fortier, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, "Nonlinear phase noise generated in air-silica microstructure fiber and its effect on carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 27, 445-447 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H.N. Paulsen, K.M. Hilligsøe, J. Thøgersen, SR. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 27, 1123-1125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.M. Dudley and S. Coen, "Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 27, 1180-1182 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

G. Steinmeyer, A. Buchholz, M. H¨ansel, M. Heuer, A. Schwache, and F. Mitschke, "Dynamical pulse shaping in a nonlinear resonator," Phys. Rev. A 52, 830-838 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. Groß, K.-J. Boller, and M. E. Klein, "High-precision wavelength-flexible frequency division for metrology," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043824 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A.V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev.Mod. Phys. (1)

J.M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev.Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers, (University Science Books, 1986).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 2007).

Crystal Fibre, "NL-PM-750 data sheet," http://www.crystal-fibre.com/datasheets/NL-PM-750.pdf.

M. J. Litzkow, M. Livny, and M.W. Mutka, "Condor - a hunter of idle workstations," in Proc. 8th Int. Conf. on Distributed Computing Systems (IEEE Computer Society Press, 1988), pp. 104-111.

S.H. Strogatz and R. F. Fox, Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos: With Applications to Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Engineering (Physics Today, 1995).

A. Scott, Encyclopedia of Nonlinear Science (Routledge Taylor and Francis Group, 2005).

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