Abstract

Active and passive variants of La-containing tellurite glasses have been developed with matched refractive indices. The consequences of adding lanthanum to the glass was studied through measurements of the crystallization stability, glass viscosity and the loss of unstructured fibers. Doping the glass with erbium allowed for any spectroscopic changes to be observed through measurements of the absorption and energy level lifetimes. The fluorescence emission spectra were measured at 1.5 μm and, to the best of our knowledge, for the first time in tellurite glass at 2.7 μm.

© 2009 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

T. M. Monro and H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Progress in microstructured optical fibers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 467–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2003

G. Nunzi Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, and A. Speghini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805–2811 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Rolli, M. Montagna, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, K. Tikhomirov, and M. Ferrari, “Erbium-doped tellurite glasses with high quantum efficiency and broadband stimulated emission cross section at 1.5μm,” Opt. Mater. 21(4), 743–748 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. Shen, A. Jha, E. Zhang, and S. J. Wilson, “Compositional effects and spectroscopy of rare earths (Er3+, Tm3+, and Nd3+) in tellurite glasses,” C. R. Chim. 5(12), 921–938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, J. Philipps, T. Topfer, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and R. W. S. Fat, “Properties of Er3+ Doped Glasses for Waveguide and Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3942, 29–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Braglia, S. Mosso, G. Dai, E. Billi, L. Bonelli, M. Baricco, and L. Battezzati, “Rheology of tellurite glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(14-15), 2343–2351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, M. Bettinelli, and A. Speghini, “Effect of glass composition on Judd-Ofelt parameters and radiative decay rates of Er3+ in fluoride phosphate and phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1-3), 66–78 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, and S. Sudo, “Erbium-doped tellurite glass fibre laser and amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 33(10), 863–864 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22(13), 961–963 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

G. Ghosh, “Sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some tellurite glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(10), 2828–2830 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1974

R. Reisfeld and Y. Eckstein, “Radiative and non-radiative transition probabilities and Quantum yields for excited states of Er3+ in germanate and tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 15(1), 125–140 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1971

E. Roeder, “Extrusion of glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 5(5), 377–388 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Baricco, M.

M. Braglia, S. Mosso, G. Dai, E. Billi, L. Bonelli, M. Baricco, and L. Battezzati, “Rheology of tellurite glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(14-15), 2343–2351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Battezzati, L.

M. Braglia, S. Mosso, G. Dai, E. Billi, L. Bonelli, M. Baricco, and L. Battezzati, “Rheology of tellurite glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(14-15), 2343–2351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Berneschi, S.

G. Nunzi Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, and A. Speghini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805–2811 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

G. Nunzi Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, and A. Speghini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805–2811 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, J. Philipps, T. Topfer, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and R. W. S. Fat, “Properties of Er3+ Doped Glasses for Waveguide and Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3942, 29–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, M. Bettinelli, and A. Speghini, “Effect of glass composition on Judd-Ofelt parameters and radiative decay rates of Er3+ in fluoride phosphate and phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1-3), 66–78 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Billi, E.

M. Braglia, S. Mosso, G. Dai, E. Billi, L. Bonelli, M. Baricco, and L. Battezzati, “Rheology of tellurite glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(14-15), 2343–2351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Binks, D.

Birks, T. A.

Bonelli, L.

M. Braglia, S. Mosso, G. Dai, E. Billi, L. Bonelli, M. Baricco, and L. Battezzati, “Rheology of tellurite glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(14-15), 2343–2351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Braglia, M.

M. Braglia, S. Mosso, G. Dai, E. Billi, L. Bonelli, M. Baricco, and L. Battezzati, “Rheology of tellurite glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(14-15), 2343–2351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brenci, M.

G. Nunzi Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, and A. Speghini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805–2811 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chaussedent, S.

R. Rolli, M. Montagna, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, K. Tikhomirov, and M. Ferrari, “Erbium-doped tellurite glasses with high quantum efficiency and broadband stimulated emission cross section at 1.5μm,” Opt. Mater. 21(4), 743–748 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

G. Nunzi Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, and A. Speghini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805–2811 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dai, G.

M. Braglia, S. Mosso, G. Dai, E. Billi, L. Bonelli, M. Baricco, and L. Battezzati, “Rheology of tellurite glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(14-15), 2343–2351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dai, S.

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and T. M. Monro, “Extrusion of complex preforms for microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15086–15092 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Monro and H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Progress in microstructured optical fibers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 467–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, J. Philipps, T. Topfer, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and R. W. S. Fat, “Properties of Er3+ Doped Glasses for Waveguide and Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3942, 29–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, M. Bettinelli, and A. Speghini, “Effect of glass composition on Judd-Ofelt parameters and radiative decay rates of Er3+ in fluoride phosphate and phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1-3), 66–78 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eckstein, Y.

R. Reisfeld and Y. Eckstein, “Radiative and non-radiative transition probabilities and Quantum yields for excited states of Er3+ in germanate and tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 15(1), 125–140 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ehrt, D.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, J. Philipps, T. Topfer, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and R. W. S. Fat, “Properties of Er3+ Doped Glasses for Waveguide and Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3942, 29–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, M. Bettinelli, and A. Speghini, “Effect of glass composition on Judd-Ofelt parameters and radiative decay rates of Er3+ in fluoride phosphate and phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1-3), 66–78 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fat, R. W. S.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, J. Philipps, T. Topfer, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and R. W. S. Fat, “Properties of Er3+ Doped Glasses for Waveguide and Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3942, 29–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, M.

R. Rolli, M. Montagna, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, K. Tikhomirov, and M. Ferrari, “Erbium-doped tellurite glasses with high quantum efficiency and broadband stimulated emission cross section at 1.5μm,” Opt. Mater. 21(4), 743–748 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fredrich-Thornton, S. T.

Ghosh, G.

G. Ghosh, “Sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some tellurite glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(10), 2828–2830 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L.

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

Knight, J. C.

Kränkel, C.

Kühn, H.

Li, H.

Li, L.

Lousteau, J.

Mafi, A.

Moloney, J. V.

Monro, T. M.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and T. M. Monro, “Extrusion of complex preforms for microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15086–15092 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Monro and H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Progress in microstructured optical fibers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 467–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Montagna, M.

R. Rolli, M. Montagna, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, K. Tikhomirov, and M. Ferrari, “Erbium-doped tellurite glasses with high quantum efficiency and broadband stimulated emission cross section at 1.5μm,” Opt. Mater. 21(4), 743–748 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Monteil, A.

R. Rolli, M. Montagna, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, K. Tikhomirov, and M. Ferrari, “Erbium-doped tellurite glasses with high quantum efficiency and broadband stimulated emission cross section at 1.5μm,” Opt. Mater. 21(4), 743–748 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mori, A.

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, and S. Sudo, “Erbium-doped tellurite glass fibre laser and amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 33(10), 863–864 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Morrell, M. M.

Mosso, S.

M. Braglia, S. Mosso, G. Dai, E. Billi, L. Bonelli, M. Baricco, and L. Battezzati, “Rheology of tellurite glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(14-15), 2343–2351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nunzi Conti, G.

G. Nunzi Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, and A. Speghini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805–2811 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, and S. Sudo, “Erbium-doped tellurite glass fibre laser and amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 33(10), 863–864 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pelli, S.

G. Nunzi Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, and A. Speghini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805–2811 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Peyghambarian, N.

Philipps, J.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, J. Philipps, T. Topfer, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and R. W. S. Fat, “Properties of Er3+ Doped Glasses for Waveguide and Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3942, 29–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reisfeld, R.

R. Reisfeld and Y. Eckstein, “Radiative and non-radiative transition probabilities and Quantum yields for excited states of Er3+ in germanate and tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 15(1), 125–140 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Richards, B.

Roeder, E.

E. Roeder, “Extrusion of glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 5(5), 377–388 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Rolli, R.

R. Rolli, M. Montagna, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, K. Tikhomirov, and M. Ferrari, “Erbium-doped tellurite glasses with high quantum efficiency and broadband stimulated emission cross section at 1.5μm,” Opt. Mater. 21(4), 743–748 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S.

Sabet, S.

Schülzgen, A.

Shen, S.

S. Shen, A. Jha, E. Zhang, and S. J. Wilson, “Compositional effects and spectroscopy of rare earths (Er3+, Tm3+, and Nd3+) in tellurite glasses,” C. R. Chim. 5(12), 921–938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Snitzer, E.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Speghini, A.

G. Nunzi Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, and A. Speghini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805–2811 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, J. Philipps, T. Topfer, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and R. W. S. Fat, “Properties of Er3+ Doped Glasses for Waveguide and Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3942, 29–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, M. Bettinelli, and A. Speghini, “Effect of glass composition on Judd-Ofelt parameters and radiative decay rates of Er3+ in fluoride phosphate and phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1-3), 66–78 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sudo, S.

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, and S. Sudo, “Erbium-doped tellurite glass fibre laser and amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 33(10), 863–864 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Temyanko, V. L.

Tikhomirov, K.

R. Rolli, M. Montagna, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, K. Tikhomirov, and M. Ferrari, “Erbium-doped tellurite glasses with high quantum efficiency and broadband stimulated emission cross section at 1.5μm,” Opt. Mater. 21(4), 743–748 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tikhomirov, V. K.

G. Nunzi Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, and A. Speghini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805–2811 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Topfer, T.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, J. Philipps, T. Topfer, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and R. W. S. Fat, “Properties of Er3+ Doped Glasses for Waveguide and Fiber Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3942, 29–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, Y.

Vogel, E. M.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. S.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, S. J.

S. Shen, A. Jha, E. Zhang, and S. J. Wilson, “Compositional effects and spectroscopy of rare earths (Er3+, Tm3+, and Nd3+) in tellurite glasses,” C. R. Chim. 5(12), 921–938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, E.

S. Shen, A. Jha, E. Zhang, and S. J. Wilson, “Compositional effects and spectroscopy of rare earths (Er3+, Tm3+, and Nd3+) in tellurite glasses,” C. R. Chim. 5(12), 921–938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G.

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.

T. M. Monro and H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Progress in microstructured optical fibers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 467–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Chim.

S. Shen, A. Jha, E. Zhang, and S. J. Wilson, “Compositional effects and spectroscopy of rare earths (Er3+, Tm3+, and Nd3+) in tellurite glasses,” C. R. Chim. 5(12), 921–938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, and S. Sudo, “Erbium-doped tellurite glass fibre laser and amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 33(10), 863–864 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc.

G. Ghosh, “Sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some tellurite glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(10), 2828–2830 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

E. Roeder, “Extrusion of glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 5(5), 377–388 (1971).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, M. Bettinelli, and A. Speghini, “Effect of glass composition on Judd-Ofelt parameters and radiative decay rates of Er3+ in fluoride phosphate and phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1-3), 66–78 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Reisfeld and Y. Eckstein, “Radiative and non-radiative transition probabilities and Quantum yields for excited states of Er3+ in germanate and tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 15(1), 125–140 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Glass viscosity as a function of temperature. (b) Refractive index dispersion for La-glasses, along with Sellmeier curves for two other tellurite glasses [15].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Loss spectra of the bare (unstructured) fiber made from undoped, La10 and Er1La9 glasses, (b) Er3+ absorption cross-section for Er-doped base and La-tellurite glass.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized fluorescence spectra.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Density, refractive indices, experimentally measured and theoretically calculated Er3+ lifetimes for undoped and Er-doped base glasses, and for undoped and Er-doped La-tellurite glasses

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