Abstract

By using scattering in near field techniques, a microscope can be easily turned into a device measuring static and dynamic light scattering, very useful for the characterization of nanoparticle dispersions. Up to now, microscopy based techniques have been limited to forward scattering, up to a maximum of 30°. In this paper we present a novel optical scheme that overcomes this limitation, extending the detection range to angles larger than 90° (back-scattering). Our optical scheme is based on a microscope, a wide numerical aperture objective, and a laser illumination, with the collimated beam positioned at a large angle with respect to the optical axis of the objective (Tilted Laser Microscopy, TLM). We present here an extension of the theory of near field scattering, which usually applies only to paraxial scattering, to our strongly out-of-axis situation. We tested our instrument and our calculations with calibrated spherical nanoparticles of several different diameters, performing static and dynamic scattering measurements up to 110°. The measured static spectra and decay times are compatible with the Mie theory and the diffusion coefficients provided by the Stokes-Einstein equation. The ability of performing backscattering measurements with this modified microscope opens the way to new applications of scattering in near field techniques to the measurement of systems with strongly angle dependent scattering.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  33. F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Use of dynamic Schlieren to study fluctuations during free diffusion," Appl. Opt. 45, 2166-2173 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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  40. A practical interactive program to calculate Mie scattering can be found at the following address: http://omlc.ogi.edu/calc/mie calc.html.

2009 (1)

2008 (5)

D. Magatti, M. D. Alaimo, M. A. C. Potenza, and F. Ferri, "Dynamic heterodyne near field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 241101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Cerbino, L. Peverini, M. A. C. Potenza, A. Robert, P. Bösecke, and M. Giglio, "X-ray-scattering information obtained from near-field speckle," Nat. Phys. 4, 238-243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ding, Z. Wang, F. Nguyen, S. A. Boppart, and G. Popescu, "Fourier transform light scattering of inhomogeneous and dynamic structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 238102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Cerbino and V. Trappe, "Differential dynamic microscopy: probing wave vector dependent dynamics with a microscope," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 188102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 20,272-20,282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

M. S. Amin, Y. Park, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, M. S. Feld, and G. Popescu, "Microrheology of red blood cell membranes using dynamic scattering microscopy," Opt. Express 15, 17,001-17,009 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Non-diffusive decay of gradient driven fluctuations in a free-diffusion process," Phys. Rev. E 76, 41112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Effect of gravity on the dynamics of non equilibrium fluctuations in a free diffusion experiment," Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1077, 365-379 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Alaimo, D. Magatti, F. Ferri, and M. A. C. Potenza, "Heterodyne speckle velocimetry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Use of dynamic Schlieren to study fluctuations during free diffusion," Appl. Opt. 45, 2166-2173 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Lesaffre, M. Atlan, and M. Gross, "Effect of the photon’s Brownian Doppler shift on the weak-localization coherent-backscattering cone," Phys. Rev. Lett.97 (2006).

2004 (5)

L. Repetto, F. Pellistri, E. Piano, and C. Pontiggia, "Gabor’s hologram in a modern perspective," Am. J. Phys. 72, 964-967 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. C. Potenza, D. Brogioli, and M. Giglio, "Total internal reflection scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2730-2732 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Dzakpasu and D. Axelrod, "Dynamic light scattering microscopy. A novel optical technique to image submicroscopic motions. II: experimental applications," Biophys. J. 87, 1288-1297 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, D. Pescini, M. A. C. Potenza, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering: A technique for complex fluids," Phys. Rev. E 70, 41405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Oh, J. M. O. de Zárate, J. V. Sengers, and G. Ahlers, "Dynamics of fluctuations in a fluid below the onset of Rayleigh-Bénard convection," Phys. Rev. E 69, 21106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "A schlieren method for ultra-low angle light scattering measurements," Europhys. Lett. 63, 220-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4109-4111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Trainoff and D. S. Cannell, "Physical optics treatment of the shadowgraph," Phys. Fluids 14, 1340-1363 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

2000 (1)

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, and A. Vailati, "Space intensity correlations in the near field of the scattered light: a direct measurement of the density correlation function g(r)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1416-1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

P. D. Kaplan, V. Trappe, and D. A. Weitz, "Light-scattering microscope," Appl. Opt. 38, 4151-4157 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Prieve, "Measurement of colloidal forces with TIRM," Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 82, 93-125 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. Wu, G. Ahlers, and D. S. Cannell, "Thermally induced fluctuations below the onset of Reyleight-Benard convection," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1743-1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, and M. Lanz, "Optical stethoscopy: Image recording with resolution lambda/20," Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 651-3 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ahlers, G.

J. Oh, J. M. O. de Zárate, J. V. Sengers, and G. Ahlers, "Dynamics of fluctuations in a fluid below the onset of Rayleigh-Bénard convection," Phys. Rev. E 69, 21106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Wu, G. Ahlers, and D. S. Cannell, "Thermally induced fluctuations below the onset of Reyleight-Benard convection," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1743-1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Alaimo, D.

D. Alaimo, D. Magatti, F. Ferri, and M. A. C. Potenza, "Heterodyne speckle velocimetry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Alaimo, M. D.

D. Magatti, M. D. Alaimo, M. A. C. Potenza, and F. Ferri, "Dynamic heterodyne near field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 241101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Amin, M. S.

M. S. Amin, Y. Park, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, M. S. Feld, and G. Popescu, "Microrheology of red blood cell membranes using dynamic scattering microscopy," Opt. Express 15, 17,001-17,009 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Atlan, M.

M. Lesaffre, M. Atlan, and M. Gross, "Effect of the photon’s Brownian Doppler shift on the weak-localization coherent-backscattering cone," Phys. Rev. Lett.97 (2006).

Axelrod, D.

R. Dzakpasu and D. Axelrod, "Dynamic light scattering microscopy. A novel optical technique to image submicroscopic motions. II: experimental applications," Biophys. J. 87, 1288-1297 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Axelrod, "Total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy in cell biology," Traffic 2, 764-774 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Badizadegan, K.

M. S. Amin, Y. Park, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, M. S. Feld, and G. Popescu, "Microrheology of red blood cell membranes using dynamic scattering microscopy," Opt. Express 15, 17,001-17,009 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boppart, S. A.

H. F. Ding, Z. Wang, F. Nguyen, S. A. Boppart, and G. Popescu, "Fourier transform light scattering of inhomogeneous and dynamic structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 238102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bösecke, P.

R. Cerbino, L. Peverini, M. A. C. Potenza, A. Robert, P. Bösecke, and M. Giglio, "X-ray-scattering information obtained from near-field speckle," Nat. Phys. 4, 238-243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brogioli, D.

D. Brogioli, D. Salerno, V. Cassina, S. Sacanna, A. P. Philipse, F. Croccolo, and F. Mantegazza, "Characterization of anisotropic nano-particles by using depolarized dynamic light scattering in the near field," Opt. Express 17, 1222-1233 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 20,272-20,282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Non-diffusive decay of gradient driven fluctuations in a free-diffusion process," Phys. Rev. E 76, 41112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Use of dynamic Schlieren to study fluctuations during free diffusion," Appl. Opt. 45, 2166-2173 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Effect of gravity on the dynamics of non equilibrium fluctuations in a free diffusion experiment," Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1077, 365-379 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. C. Potenza, D. Brogioli, and M. Giglio, "Total internal reflection scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2730-2732 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "A schlieren method for ultra-low angle light scattering measurements," Europhys. Lett. 63, 220-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4109-4111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, A. Vailati, and D. Brogioli, "Near-field intensity correlations of scattered light," Appl. Opt. 40, 4036-4040 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cannell, D. S.

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Non-diffusive decay of gradient driven fluctuations in a free-diffusion process," Phys. Rev. E 76, 41112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Use of dynamic Schlieren to study fluctuations during free diffusion," Appl. Opt. 45, 2166-2173 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Effect of gravity on the dynamics of non equilibrium fluctuations in a free diffusion experiment," Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1077, 365-379 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Trainoff and D. S. Cannell, "Physical optics treatment of the shadowgraph," Phys. Fluids 14, 1340-1363 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Wu, G. Ahlers, and D. S. Cannell, "Thermally induced fluctuations below the onset of Reyleight-Benard convection," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1743-1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Carpineti, M.

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, A. Vailati, and D. Brogioli, "Near-field intensity correlations of scattered light," Appl. Opt. 40, 4036-4040 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, and A. Vailati, "Space intensity correlations in the near field of the scattered light: a direct measurement of the density correlation function g(r)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1416-1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cassina, V.

D. Brogioli, D. Salerno, V. Cassina, S. Sacanna, A. P. Philipse, F. Croccolo, and F. Mantegazza, "Characterization of anisotropic nano-particles by using depolarized dynamic light scattering in the near field," Opt. Express 17, 1222-1233 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 20,272-20,282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cerbino, R.

R. Cerbino and V. Trappe, "Differential dynamic microscopy: probing wave vector dependent dynamics with a microscope," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 188102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Cerbino, L. Peverini, M. A. C. Potenza, A. Robert, P. Bösecke, and M. Giglio, "X-ray-scattering information obtained from near-field speckle," Nat. Phys. 4, 238-243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Croccolo, F.

D. Brogioli, D. Salerno, V. Cassina, S. Sacanna, A. P. Philipse, F. Croccolo, and F. Mantegazza, "Characterization of anisotropic nano-particles by using depolarized dynamic light scattering in the near field," Opt. Express 17, 1222-1233 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 20,272-20,282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Non-diffusive decay of gradient driven fluctuations in a free-diffusion process," Phys. Rev. E 76, 41112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Use of dynamic Schlieren to study fluctuations during free diffusion," Appl. Opt. 45, 2166-2173 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Effect of gravity on the dynamics of non equilibrium fluctuations in a free diffusion experiment," Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1077, 365-379 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dasari, R. R.

M. S. Amin, Y. Park, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, M. S. Feld, and G. Popescu, "Microrheology of red blood cell membranes using dynamic scattering microscopy," Opt. Express 15, 17,001-17,009 (2007).
[CrossRef]

de Zárate, J. M. O.

J. Oh, J. M. O. de Zárate, J. V. Sengers, and G. Ahlers, "Dynamics of fluctuations in a fluid below the onset of Rayleigh-Bénard convection," Phys. Rev. E 69, 21106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Denk, W.

D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, and M. Lanz, "Optical stethoscopy: Image recording with resolution lambda/20," Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 651-3 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ding, H. F.

H. F. Ding, Z. Wang, F. Nguyen, S. A. Boppart, and G. Popescu, "Fourier transform light scattering of inhomogeneous and dynamic structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 238102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dzakpasu, R.

R. Dzakpasu and D. Axelrod, "Dynamic light scattering microscopy. A novel optical technique to image submicroscopic motions. II: experimental applications," Biophys. J. 87, 1288-1297 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feld, M. S.

M. S. Amin, Y. Park, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, M. S. Feld, and G. Popescu, "Microrheology of red blood cell membranes using dynamic scattering microscopy," Opt. Express 15, 17,001-17,009 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ferri, F.

D. Magatti, M. D. Alaimo, M. A. C. Potenza, and F. Ferri, "Dynamic heterodyne near field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 241101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Alaimo, D. Magatti, F. Ferri, and M. A. C. Potenza, "Heterodyne speckle velocimetry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, D. Pescini, M. A. C. Potenza, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering: A technique for complex fluids," Phys. Rev. E 70, 41405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Giglio, M.

R. Cerbino, L. Peverini, M. A. C. Potenza, A. Robert, P. Bösecke, and M. Giglio, "X-ray-scattering information obtained from near-field speckle," Nat. Phys. 4, 238-243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Non-diffusive decay of gradient driven fluctuations in a free-diffusion process," Phys. Rev. E 76, 41112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Use of dynamic Schlieren to study fluctuations during free diffusion," Appl. Opt. 45, 2166-2173 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Effect of gravity on the dynamics of non equilibrium fluctuations in a free diffusion experiment," Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1077, 365-379 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, D. Pescini, M. A. C. Potenza, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering: A technique for complex fluids," Phys. Rev. E 70, 41405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. C. Potenza, D. Brogioli, and M. Giglio, "Total internal reflection scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2730-2732 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "A schlieren method for ultra-low angle light scattering measurements," Europhys. Lett. 63, 220-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4109-4111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, A. Vailati, and D. Brogioli, "Near-field intensity correlations of scattered light," Appl. Opt. 40, 4036-4040 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, and A. Vailati, "Space intensity correlations in the near field of the scattered light: a direct measurement of the density correlation function g(r)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1416-1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gross, M.

M. Lesaffre, M. Atlan, and M. Gross, "Effect of the photon’s Brownian Doppler shift on the weak-localization coherent-backscattering cone," Phys. Rev. Lett.97 (2006).

Kaplan, P. D.

Lanz, M.

D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, and M. Lanz, "Optical stethoscopy: Image recording with resolution lambda/20," Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 651-3 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lesaffre, M.

M. Lesaffre, M. Atlan, and M. Gross, "Effect of the photon’s Brownian Doppler shift on the weak-localization coherent-backscattering cone," Phys. Rev. Lett.97 (2006).

Lue, N.

M. S. Amin, Y. Park, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, M. S. Feld, and G. Popescu, "Microrheology of red blood cell membranes using dynamic scattering microscopy," Opt. Express 15, 17,001-17,009 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Magatti, D.

D. Magatti, M. D. Alaimo, M. A. C. Potenza, and F. Ferri, "Dynamic heterodyne near field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 241101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Alaimo, D. Magatti, F. Ferri, and M. A. C. Potenza, "Heterodyne speckle velocimetry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, D. Pescini, M. A. C. Potenza, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering: A technique for complex fluids," Phys. Rev. E 70, 41405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mantegazza, F.

D. Brogioli, D. Salerno, V. Cassina, S. Sacanna, A. P. Philipse, F. Croccolo, and F. Mantegazza, "Characterization of anisotropic nano-particles by using depolarized dynamic light scattering in the near field," Opt. Express 17, 1222-1233 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 20,272-20,282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, F.

H. F. Ding, Z. Wang, F. Nguyen, S. A. Boppart, and G. Popescu, "Fourier transform light scattering of inhomogeneous and dynamic structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 238102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oh, J.

J. Oh, J. M. O. de Zárate, J. V. Sengers, and G. Ahlers, "Dynamics of fluctuations in a fluid below the onset of Rayleigh-Bénard convection," Phys. Rev. E 69, 21106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

M. S. Amin, Y. Park, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, M. S. Feld, and G. Popescu, "Microrheology of red blood cell membranes using dynamic scattering microscopy," Opt. Express 15, 17,001-17,009 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pellistri, F.

L. Repetto, F. Pellistri, E. Piano, and C. Pontiggia, "Gabor’s hologram in a modern perspective," Am. J. Phys. 72, 964-967 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pescini, D.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, D. Pescini, M. A. C. Potenza, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering: A technique for complex fluids," Phys. Rev. E 70, 41405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Peverini, L.

R. Cerbino, L. Peverini, M. A. C. Potenza, A. Robert, P. Bösecke, and M. Giglio, "X-ray-scattering information obtained from near-field speckle," Nat. Phys. 4, 238-243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Philipse, A. P.

Piano, E.

L. Repetto, F. Pellistri, E. Piano, and C. Pontiggia, "Gabor’s hologram in a modern perspective," Am. J. Phys. 72, 964-967 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pohl, D. W.

D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, and M. Lanz, "Optical stethoscopy: Image recording with resolution lambda/20," Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 651-3 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Pontiggia, C.

L. Repetto, F. Pellistri, E. Piano, and C. Pontiggia, "Gabor’s hologram in a modern perspective," Am. J. Phys. 72, 964-967 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Popescu, G.

H. F. Ding, Z. Wang, F. Nguyen, S. A. Boppart, and G. Popescu, "Fourier transform light scattering of inhomogeneous and dynamic structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 238102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Amin, Y. Park, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, M. S. Feld, and G. Popescu, "Microrheology of red blood cell membranes using dynamic scattering microscopy," Opt. Express 15, 17,001-17,009 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Popp, A. K.

Potenza, M. A. C.

R. Cerbino, L. Peverini, M. A. C. Potenza, A. Robert, P. Bösecke, and M. Giglio, "X-ray-scattering information obtained from near-field speckle," Nat. Phys. 4, 238-243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Magatti, M. D. Alaimo, M. A. C. Potenza, and F. Ferri, "Dynamic heterodyne near field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 241101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Alaimo, D. Magatti, F. Ferri, and M. A. C. Potenza, "Heterodyne speckle velocimetry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, D. Pescini, M. A. C. Potenza, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering: A technique for complex fluids," Phys. Rev. E 70, 41405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. C. Potenza, D. Brogioli, and M. Giglio, "Total internal reflection scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2730-2732 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prieve, D. C.

D. C. Prieve, "Measurement of colloidal forces with TIRM," Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 82, 93-125 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Repetto, L.

L. Repetto, F. Pellistri, E. Piano, and C. Pontiggia, "Gabor’s hologram in a modern perspective," Am. J. Phys. 72, 964-967 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Robert, A.

R. Cerbino, L. Peverini, M. A. C. Potenza, A. Robert, P. Bösecke, and M. Giglio, "X-ray-scattering information obtained from near-field speckle," Nat. Phys. 4, 238-243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sacanna, S.

Salerno, D.

D. Brogioli, D. Salerno, V. Cassina, S. Sacanna, A. P. Philipse, F. Croccolo, and F. Mantegazza, "Characterization of anisotropic nano-particles by using depolarized dynamic light scattering in the near field," Opt. Express 17, 1222-1233 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 20,272-20,282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sengers, J. V.

J. Oh, J. M. O. de Zárate, J. V. Sengers, and G. Ahlers, "Dynamics of fluctuations in a fluid below the onset of Rayleigh-Bénard convection," Phys. Rev. E 69, 21106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trainoff, S. P.

S. P. Trainoff and D. S. Cannell, "Physical optics treatment of the shadowgraph," Phys. Fluids 14, 1340-1363 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Trappe, V.

R. Cerbino and V. Trappe, "Differential dynamic microscopy: probing wave vector dependent dynamics with a microscope," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 188102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Kaplan, V. Trappe, and D. A. Weitz, "Light-scattering microscope," Appl. Opt. 38, 4151-4157 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vailati, A.

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Non-diffusive decay of gradient driven fluctuations in a free-diffusion process," Phys. Rev. E 76, 41112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Use of dynamic Schlieren to study fluctuations during free diffusion," Appl. Opt. 45, 2166-2173 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Effect of gravity on the dynamics of non equilibrium fluctuations in a free diffusion experiment," Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1077, 365-379 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "A schlieren method for ultra-low angle light scattering measurements," Europhys. Lett. 63, 220-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4109-4111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, A. Vailati, and D. Brogioli, "Near-field intensity correlations of scattered light," Appl. Opt. 40, 4036-4040 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, and A. Vailati, "Space intensity correlations in the near field of the scattered light: a direct measurement of the density correlation function g(r)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1416-1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

H. F. Ding, Z. Wang, F. Nguyen, S. A. Boppart, and G. Popescu, "Fourier transform light scattering of inhomogeneous and dynamic structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 238102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, D. A.

Wu, M.

M. Wu, G. Ahlers, and D. S. Cannell, "Thermally induced fluctuations below the onset of Reyleight-Benard convection," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1743-1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. (1)

D. C. Prieve, "Measurement of colloidal forces with TIRM," Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 82, 93-125 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Am. J. Phys. (1)

L. Repetto, F. Pellistri, E. Piano, and C. Pontiggia, "Gabor’s hologram in a modern perspective," Am. J. Phys. 72, 964-967 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. (1)

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Effect of gravity on the dynamics of non equilibrium fluctuations in a free diffusion experiment," Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1077, 365-379 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4109-4111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, and M. Lanz, "Optical stethoscopy: Image recording with resolution lambda/20," Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 651-3 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. A. C. Potenza, D. Brogioli, and M. Giglio, "Total internal reflection scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2730-2732 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Magatti, M. D. Alaimo, M. A. C. Potenza, and F. Ferri, "Dynamic heterodyne near field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 241101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Alaimo, D. Magatti, F. Ferri, and M. A. C. Potenza, "Heterodyne speckle velocimetry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 191101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Biophys. J. (1)

R. Dzakpasu and D. Axelrod, "Dynamic light scattering microscopy. A novel optical technique to image submicroscopic motions. II: experimental applications," Biophys. J. 87, 1288-1297 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "A schlieren method for ultra-low angle light scattering measurements," Europhys. Lett. 63, 220-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

R. Cerbino, L. Peverini, M. A. C. Potenza, A. Robert, P. Bösecke, and M. Giglio, "X-ray-scattering information obtained from near-field speckle," Nat. Phys. 4, 238-243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

M. S. Amin, Y. Park, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, M. S. Feld, and G. Popescu, "Microrheology of red blood cell membranes using dynamic scattering microscopy," Opt. Express 15, 17,001-17,009 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 20,272-20,282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, D. Salerno, V. Cassina, S. Sacanna, A. P. Philipse, F. Croccolo, and F. Mantegazza, "Characterization of anisotropic nano-particles by using depolarized dynamic light scattering in the near field," Opt. Express 17, 1222-1233 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Fluids (1)

S. P. Trainoff and D. S. Cannell, "Physical optics treatment of the shadowgraph," Phys. Fluids 14, 1340-1363 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (3)

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, D. Pescini, M. A. C. Potenza, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering: A technique for complex fluids," Phys. Rev. E 70, 41405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Oh, J. M. O. de Zárate, J. V. Sengers, and G. Ahlers, "Dynamics of fluctuations in a fluid below the onset of Rayleigh-Bénard convection," Phys. Rev. E 69, 21106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. S. Cannell, "Non-diffusive decay of gradient driven fluctuations in a free-diffusion process," Phys. Rev. E 76, 41112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

M. Lesaffre, M. Atlan, and M. Gross, "Effect of the photon’s Brownian Doppler shift on the weak-localization coherent-backscattering cone," Phys. Rev. Lett.97 (2006).

H. F. Ding, Z. Wang, F. Nguyen, S. A. Boppart, and G. Popescu, "Fourier transform light scattering of inhomogeneous and dynamic structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 238102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Cerbino and V. Trappe, "Differential dynamic microscopy: probing wave vector dependent dynamics with a microscope," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 188102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Wu, G. Ahlers, and D. S. Cannell, "Thermally induced fluctuations below the onset of Reyleight-Benard convection," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1743-1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, and A. Vailati, "Space intensity correlations in the near field of the scattered light: a direct measurement of the density correlation function g(r)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1416-1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Traffic (1)

D. Axelrod, "Total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy in cell biology," Traffic 2, 764-774 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (12)

E. Hecht, Optics (Addison Wesley, San Francisco, 2002).

B. J. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering: with Applications to Chemistry, Biology, and Physics (Dover, New York, 2000).

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Dover, New York, 1981).

B. Chu, Laser Light Scattering: Basic Principles and Practice (Dover, New York, 2007).

P. N. Pusey and R. J. A. Tough, Dynamic Light Scattering, pp. 85-171 (Plenum, New York, 1985).

V. Degiorgio and M. Corti, Light scattering in liquids and macromolecular solutions (Plenum, New York, 1980).

D. Brogioli, "Near field speckles," Ph.D. thesis, Universit`a degli Studi di Cagliari (2002). Available at the http://arxiv.org/abs/0907.3376

A practical interactive program to calculate Mie scattering can be found at the following address: http://omlc.ogi.edu/calc/mie calc.html.

F. Croccolo, "Non diffusive decay of non equilibrium fluctuations in free diffusion processes." in Proceedings of INFMeeting, pp. I-166 (INFM, Genova, 2003).

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, D. S. Cannell, and M. Giglio, "Dynamics of gradient driven fluctuations in a free diffusion process," in 2004 Photon Correlation and Scattering Conference, p. 52, NASA (OSA, Amsterdam, 2004).

F. Croccolo, R. Cerbino, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "Non-equilibrium fluctuations in diffusion experiments," in Anomalous Fluctuation Phenomena in Complex Systems: Plasmas, Fluids, and Financial Markets, C. Riccardi and H. E. Roman, eds. (Research Signpost, Trivandrum, 2008).

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics, Wiley series in pure and applied optics (J. Wiley, New York, 1985).

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