Abstract

A new multiwavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser is proposed and demonstrated. The intensity-dependent loss induced by nonlinear polarization rotation in a power-symmetric nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM) suppresses the mode competition of an Erbium-doped fiber and ensures stable multiwavelength operation at room temperature. The polarization state and its evolution conditions for stable multiwavelength operation in the ring laser cavity are discussed. The number and spectra region of output wavelength can be controlled by adjusting the work states of NOLM.

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References

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    [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
  5. Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. X. Xia, and J. T. Lin, “Multiwavelength fiber laser with fine adjustment, based on nonlinear polarization rotation and birefringence fiber filter,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 324–326 (2008).
    [PubMed]
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  12. O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).

2008 (2)

Z. X. Zhang, K. Xu, J. Wu, X. B. Hong, and J. T. Lin, “Multiwavelength figure-of-eight fiber laser with a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(3), 213–216 (2008).

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. X. Xia, and J. T. Lin, “Multiwavelength fiber laser with fine adjustment, based on nonlinear polarization rotation and birefringence fiber filter,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 324–326 (2008).
[PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, “Stable and uniform multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser using nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8205–8210 (2006).
[PubMed]

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tam, H. L. Liu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser employing a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 278–281 (2006).

2005 (2)

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).

X. M. Liu, X. Q. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Four-wave mixing assisted stability enhancement: theory, experiment, and application,” Opt. Lett. 30(17), 2257–2259 (2005).
[PubMed]

2004 (1)

C. L. Zhao, X. F. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, P. R. Chaudhuri, and X. Y. Dong, “Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber,” Opt. Commun. 230(4-6), 313–317 (2004).

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Nonlinear optical loop mirror using the nonlinear polarization rotation effect,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 60–64 (1997).

1988 (1)

Andrade-Lucio, J. A.

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Nonlinear optical loop mirror using the nonlinear polarization rotation effect,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 60–64 (1997).

Bellemare, A.

Chaudhuri, P. R.

C. L. Zhao, X. F. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, P. R. Chaudhuri, and X. Y. Dong, “Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber,” Opt. Commun. 230(4-6), 313–317 (2004).

Dong, X. Y.

C. L. Zhao, X. F. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, P. R. Chaudhuri, and X. Y. Dong, “Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber,” Opt. Commun. 230(4-6), 313–317 (2004).

Doran, N. J.

Feng, X. H.

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tam, H. L. Liu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser employing a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 278–281 (2006).

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, “Stable and uniform multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser using nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8205–8210 (2006).
[PubMed]

Guo, X.

C. L. Zhao, X. F. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, P. R. Chaudhuri, and X. Y. Dong, “Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber,” Opt. Commun. 230(4-6), 313–317 (2004).

Haus, J. W.

Hong, N. J.

C. L. Zhao, X. F. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, P. R. Chaudhuri, and X. Y. Dong, “Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber,” Opt. Commun. 230(4-6), 313–317 (2004).

Hong, X. B.

Z. X. Zhang, K. Xu, J. Wu, X. B. Hong, and J. T. Lin, “Multiwavelength figure-of-eight fiber laser with a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(3), 213–216 (2008).

Ibarra Escamilla, B.

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Nonlinear optical loop mirror using the nonlinear polarization rotation effect,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 60–64 (1997).

Ibarra-Escamilla, B.

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).

E. A. Kuzin, N. Korneev, J. W. Haus, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Theory of nonlinear loop mirrors with twisted low-birefringence fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(7), 919–925 (2001).

Karasek, M.

Korneev, N.

Kuzin, E. A.

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).

E. A. Kuzin, N. Korneev, J. W. Haus, and B. Ibarra-Escamilla, “Theory of nonlinear loop mirrors with twisted low-birefringence fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(7), 919–925 (2001).

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Nonlinear optical loop mirror using the nonlinear polarization rotation effect,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 60–64 (1997).

Lin, J. T.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. X. Xia, and J. T. Lin, “Multiwavelength fiber laser with fine adjustment, based on nonlinear polarization rotation and birefringence fiber filter,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 324–326 (2008).
[PubMed]

Z. X. Zhang, K. Xu, J. Wu, X. B. Hong, and J. T. Lin, “Multiwavelength figure-of-eight fiber laser with a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(3), 213–216 (2008).

Liu, H. L.

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tam, H. L. Liu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser employing a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 278–281 (2006).

Liu, X. M.

Lrochelle, S. A. L. S.

Lu, C.

X. M. Liu, X. Q. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Four-wave mixing assisted stability enhancement: theory, experiment, and application,” Opt. Lett. 30(17), 2257–2259 (2005).
[PubMed]

C. L. Zhao, X. F. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, P. R. Chaudhuri, and X. Y. Dong, “Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber,” Opt. Commun. 230(4-6), 313–317 (2004).

Méndez-Martínez, F.

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).

Pottiez, O.

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).

Rochette, M.

Rojas-Laguna, R.

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Nonlinear optical loop mirror using the nonlinear polarization rotation effect,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 60–64 (1997).

Sanchez-Mondragon, J.

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Nonlinear optical loop mirror using the nonlinear polarization rotation effect,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 60–64 (1997).

Tam, H. Y.

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tam, H. L. Liu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser employing a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 278–281 (2006).

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, “Stable and uniform multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser using nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8205–8210 (2006).
[PubMed]

Tetu, M. A. T. M.

Wai, P. K. A.

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tam, H. L. Liu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser employing a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 278–281 (2006).

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, “Stable and uniform multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser using nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8205–8210 (2006).
[PubMed]

Wood, D.

Wu, J.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. X. Xia, and J. T. Lin, “Multiwavelength fiber laser with fine adjustment, based on nonlinear polarization rotation and birefringence fiber filter,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 324–326 (2008).
[PubMed]

Z. X. Zhang, K. Xu, J. Wu, X. B. Hong, and J. T. Lin, “Multiwavelength figure-of-eight fiber laser with a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(3), 213–216 (2008).

Xia, Y. X.

Xu, K.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. X. Xia, and J. T. Lin, “Multiwavelength fiber laser with fine adjustment, based on nonlinear polarization rotation and birefringence fiber filter,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 324–326 (2008).
[PubMed]

Z. X. Zhang, K. Xu, J. Wu, X. B. Hong, and J. T. Lin, “Multiwavelength figure-of-eight fiber laser with a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(3), 213–216 (2008).

Yang, X. F.

C. L. Zhao, X. F. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, P. R. Chaudhuri, and X. Y. Dong, “Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber,” Opt. Commun. 230(4-6), 313–317 (2004).

Zhan, L.

Zhang, Z. X.

Zhao, C. L.

C. L. Zhao, X. F. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, P. R. Chaudhuri, and X. Y. Dong, “Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber,” Opt. Commun. 230(4-6), 313–317 (2004).

Zhou, X. Q.

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. X. Zhang, K. Xu, J. Wu, X. B. Hong, and J. T. Lin, “Multiwavelength figure-of-eight fiber laser with a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(3), 213–216 (2008).

Opt. Commun. (4)

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Nonlinear optical loop mirror using the nonlinear polarization rotation effect,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 60–64 (1997).

O. Pottiez, E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and F. Méndez-Martínez, “Theoretical investigation of the NOLM with highly twisted fibre and a λ/4 birefringence bias,” Opt. Commun. 254(1-3), 152–167 (2005).

C. L. Zhao, X. F. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, P. R. Chaudhuri, and X. Y. Dong, “Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber,” Opt. Commun. 230(4-6), 313–317 (2004).

X. H. Feng, H. Y. Tam, H. L. Liu, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser employing a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 278–281 (2006).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The various NOCs of NOLM for the different input polarizations ( Ascw ,φ) and angles of QWPα

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The transmission of NOLM for different angle of QWPα under the condition of power-independent output polarization. Ascw=0.3 ,φ is determined by Ascw=Asccw and Eq. (2)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The transmission of NOLM for different elliptic input polarizations ( Ascw ,φ) under the condition of power-independent output polarization. α=0.65π , φ is determined by Ascw=Asccw and Eq. (2)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic diagram of proposed laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output spectra of the laser at two different adjustments of NOLM (a) 13-wavelength operation (b) 8-wavelength operation within 3-dB bandwidth.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output power fluctuation at 1600nm versus time.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

. 5-wavelength output spectra within 3-dB bandwidth are near (a) 1570 nm, and (b) 1600 nm

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T=1212cos(β2αAscwn2πPLeff3λAeff)cos(β2αAsccwn2πPLeff3λAeff)
Asccw=1Ascw2sin2(α+φ)
Leff=(1eδL)/δ
ϕn+1in=PC×M×NOLM×ϕnin
ϕn+1in=ϕnin

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