Abstract

A fiber-assembled CW THz System operating at 1.5 µm is presented. High speed telecom photodiodes integrated with planar THz antennas serve as THz emitters with power up to 10 µW. Photoconductive antennas based on LT InGaAs/InAlAs multi-layer structures allow coherent detection. The system operates in a wide frequency range of 0.1 −1.6 THz.

© 2009 OSA

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References

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  1. M. Tonouchi, “„Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. J. Deninger, T. Göbel, D. Schönherr, T. Kinder, A. Roggenbuck, M. Köberle, F. Lison, T. Müller-Wirts, and P. Meissner, “Precisely tunable continuous-wave terahertz source with interferometric frequency control,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(4), 044702 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. www.emcore.com/fiber_optics
  4. M. Martin, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, N. Zerounian, L. Vivien, and K. Blary, “Gigahertz modulation of tunable terahertz radiation from photomixers driven at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131112 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Ito, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and T. Ishibashi, “Continuous THz-wave generation using antenna-integrated uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 191–198 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. C Renaud, M. Robertson, R. Firth, P. J. Cannard, R. Moore, and A. J. Seeds, “A high responsivity, broadband waveguide uni-travelling carrier photodiode,” Proc. SPIE 6194, 61940C (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H-.G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, and W. Schlaak, “InP-Based Waveguide-Integrated Photodetector With 100-GHz Bandwidth,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 668–672 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Sartorius, H. Roehle, H. Künzel, J. Böttcher, M. Schlak, D. Stanze, H. Venghaus, and M. Schell, “All-fiber terahertz time-domain spectrometer operating at 1.5 microm telecom wavelengths,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9565–9570 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. J. Foltynowicz and R. E. Allman, “Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy of Atmospheric Water Vapor From 0.4 to 2.7 THz,” Sandia Report, October 2005.

2008 (3)

A. J. Deninger, T. Göbel, D. Schönherr, T. Kinder, A. Roggenbuck, M. Köberle, F. Lison, T. Müller-Wirts, and P. Meissner, “Precisely tunable continuous-wave terahertz source with interferometric frequency control,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(4), 044702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Martin, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, N. Zerounian, L. Vivien, and K. Blary, “Gigahertz modulation of tunable terahertz radiation from photomixers driven at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Sartorius, H. Roehle, H. Künzel, J. Böttcher, M. Schlak, D. Stanze, H. Venghaus, and M. Schell, “All-fiber terahertz time-domain spectrometer operating at 1.5 microm telecom wavelengths,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9565–9570 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

M. Tonouchi, “„Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

C. C Renaud, M. Robertson, R. Firth, P. J. Cannard, R. Moore, and A. J. Seeds, “A high responsivity, broadband waveguide uni-travelling carrier photodiode,” Proc. SPIE 6194, 61940C (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

H. Ito, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and T. Ishibashi, “Continuous THz-wave generation using antenna-integrated uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 191–198 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

H-.G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, and W. Schlaak, “InP-Based Waveguide-Integrated Photodetector With 100-GHz Bandwidth,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 668–672 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bach, H-.G.

H-.G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, and W. Schlaak, “InP-Based Waveguide-Integrated Photodetector With 100-GHz Bandwidth,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 668–672 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beling, A.

H-.G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, and W. Schlaak, “InP-Based Waveguide-Integrated Photodetector With 100-GHz Bandwidth,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 668–672 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blary, K.

M. Martin, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, N. Zerounian, L. Vivien, and K. Blary, “Gigahertz modulation of tunable terahertz radiation from photomixers driven at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Böttcher, J.

Cannard, P. J.

C. C Renaud, M. Robertson, R. Firth, P. J. Cannard, R. Moore, and A. J. Seeds, “A high responsivity, broadband waveguide uni-travelling carrier photodiode,” Proc. SPIE 6194, 61940C (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chassagneux, Y.

M. Martin, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, N. Zerounian, L. Vivien, and K. Blary, “Gigahertz modulation of tunable terahertz radiation from photomixers driven at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Colombelli, R.

M. Martin, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, N. Zerounian, L. Vivien, and K. Blary, “Gigahertz modulation of tunable terahertz radiation from photomixers driven at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Crozat, P.

M. Martin, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, N. Zerounian, L. Vivien, and K. Blary, “Gigahertz modulation of tunable terahertz radiation from photomixers driven at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deninger, A. J.

A. J. Deninger, T. Göbel, D. Schönherr, T. Kinder, A. Roggenbuck, M. Köberle, F. Lison, T. Müller-Wirts, and P. Meissner, “Precisely tunable continuous-wave terahertz source with interferometric frequency control,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(4), 044702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebert, W.

H-.G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, and W. Schlaak, “InP-Based Waveguide-Integrated Photodetector With 100-GHz Bandwidth,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 668–672 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Firth, R.

C. C Renaud, M. Robertson, R. Firth, P. J. Cannard, R. Moore, and A. J. Seeds, “A high responsivity, broadband waveguide uni-travelling carrier photodiode,” Proc. SPIE 6194, 61940C (2006).
[CrossRef]

Furuta, T.

H. Ito, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and T. Ishibashi, “Continuous THz-wave generation using antenna-integrated uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 191–198 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Göbel, T.

A. J. Deninger, T. Göbel, D. Schönherr, T. Kinder, A. Roggenbuck, M. Köberle, F. Lison, T. Müller-Wirts, and P. Meissner, “Precisely tunable continuous-wave terahertz source with interferometric frequency control,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(4), 044702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishibashi, T.

H. Ito, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and T. Ishibashi, “Continuous THz-wave generation using antenna-integrated uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 191–198 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

H. Ito, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and T. Ishibashi, “Continuous THz-wave generation using antenna-integrated uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 191–198 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kinder, T.

A. J. Deninger, T. Göbel, D. Schönherr, T. Kinder, A. Roggenbuck, M. Köberle, F. Lison, T. Müller-Wirts, and P. Meissner, “Precisely tunable continuous-wave terahertz source with interferometric frequency control,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(4), 044702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Köberle, M.

A. J. Deninger, T. Göbel, D. Schönherr, T. Kinder, A. Roggenbuck, M. Köberle, F. Lison, T. Müller-Wirts, and P. Meissner, “Precisely tunable continuous-wave terahertz source with interferometric frequency control,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(4), 044702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kunkel, R.

H-.G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, and W. Schlaak, “InP-Based Waveguide-Integrated Photodetector With 100-GHz Bandwidth,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 668–672 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Künzel, H.

Lison, F.

A. J. Deninger, T. Göbel, D. Schönherr, T. Kinder, A. Roggenbuck, M. Köberle, F. Lison, T. Müller-Wirts, and P. Meissner, “Precisely tunable continuous-wave terahertz source with interferometric frequency control,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(4), 044702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mangeney, J.

M. Martin, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, N. Zerounian, L. Vivien, and K. Blary, “Gigahertz modulation of tunable terahertz radiation from photomixers driven at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M.

M. Martin, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, N. Zerounian, L. Vivien, and K. Blary, “Gigahertz modulation of tunable terahertz radiation from photomixers driven at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meissner, P.

A. J. Deninger, T. Göbel, D. Schönherr, T. Kinder, A. Roggenbuck, M. Köberle, F. Lison, T. Müller-Wirts, and P. Meissner, “Precisely tunable continuous-wave terahertz source with interferometric frequency control,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(4), 044702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mekonnen, G. G.

H-.G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, and W. Schlaak, “InP-Based Waveguide-Integrated Photodetector With 100-GHz Bandwidth,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 668–672 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moore, R.

C. C Renaud, M. Robertson, R. Firth, P. J. Cannard, R. Moore, and A. J. Seeds, “A high responsivity, broadband waveguide uni-travelling carrier photodiode,” Proc. SPIE 6194, 61940C (2006).
[CrossRef]

Müller-Wirts, T.

A. J. Deninger, T. Göbel, D. Schönherr, T. Kinder, A. Roggenbuck, M. Köberle, F. Lison, T. Müller-Wirts, and P. Meissner, “Precisely tunable continuous-wave terahertz source with interferometric frequency control,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(4), 044702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakajima, F.

H. Ito, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and T. Ishibashi, “Continuous THz-wave generation using antenna-integrated uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 191–198 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Renaud, C. C

C. C Renaud, M. Robertson, R. Firth, P. J. Cannard, R. Moore, and A. J. Seeds, “A high responsivity, broadband waveguide uni-travelling carrier photodiode,” Proc. SPIE 6194, 61940C (2006).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, M.

C. C Renaud, M. Robertson, R. Firth, P. J. Cannard, R. Moore, and A. J. Seeds, “A high responsivity, broadband waveguide uni-travelling carrier photodiode,” Proc. SPIE 6194, 61940C (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roehle, H.

Roggenbuck, A.

A. J. Deninger, T. Göbel, D. Schönherr, T. Kinder, A. Roggenbuck, M. Köberle, F. Lison, T. Müller-Wirts, and P. Meissner, “Precisely tunable continuous-wave terahertz source with interferometric frequency control,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(4), 044702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sartorius, B.

Schell, M.

Schlaak, W.

H-.G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, and W. Schlaak, “InP-Based Waveguide-Integrated Photodetector With 100-GHz Bandwidth,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 668–672 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schlak, M.

Schmidt, D.

H-.G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, and W. Schlaak, “InP-Based Waveguide-Integrated Photodetector With 100-GHz Bandwidth,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 668–672 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schönherr, D.

A. J. Deninger, T. Göbel, D. Schönherr, T. Kinder, A. Roggenbuck, M. Köberle, F. Lison, T. Müller-Wirts, and P. Meissner, “Precisely tunable continuous-wave terahertz source with interferometric frequency control,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(4), 044702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seeds, A. J.

C. C Renaud, M. Robertson, R. Firth, P. J. Cannard, R. Moore, and A. J. Seeds, “A high responsivity, broadband waveguide uni-travelling carrier photodiode,” Proc. SPIE 6194, 61940C (2006).
[CrossRef]

Seeger, A.

H-.G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, and W. Schlaak, “InP-Based Waveguide-Integrated Photodetector With 100-GHz Bandwidth,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 668–672 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stanze, D.

Stollberg, M.

H-.G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, and W. Schlaak, “InP-Based Waveguide-Integrated Photodetector With 100-GHz Bandwidth,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 668–672 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, “„Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Venghaus, H.

Vivien, L.

M. Martin, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, N. Zerounian, L. Vivien, and K. Blary, “Gigahertz modulation of tunable terahertz radiation from photomixers driven at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zerounian, N.

M. Martin, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, N. Zerounian, L. Vivien, and K. Blary, “Gigahertz modulation of tunable terahertz radiation from photomixers driven at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Martin, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, N. Zerounian, L. Vivien, and K. Blary, “Gigahertz modulation of tunable terahertz radiation from photomixers driven at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H-.G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, and W. Schlaak, “InP-Based Waveguide-Integrated Photodetector With 100-GHz Bandwidth,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 668–672 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Tonouchi, “„Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

C. C Renaud, M. Robertson, R. Firth, P. J. Cannard, R. Moore, and A. J. Seeds, “A high responsivity, broadband waveguide uni-travelling carrier photodiode,” Proc. SPIE 6194, 61940C (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. J. Deninger, T. Göbel, D. Schönherr, T. Kinder, A. Roggenbuck, M. Köberle, F. Lison, T. Müller-Wirts, and P. Meissner, “Precisely tunable continuous-wave terahertz source with interferometric frequency control,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(4), 044702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

H. Ito, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and T. Ishibashi, “Continuous THz-wave generation using antenna-integrated uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 191–198 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

www.emcore.com/fiber_optics

R. J. Foltynowicz and R. E. Allman, “Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy of Atmospheric Water Vapor From 0.4 to 2.7 THz,” Sandia Report, October 2005.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of photodiode structures: (a) surface illuminated, (b) waveguide integrated

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photodiode (win-PDA) THz emitter: (a) scheme, (b) antenna, (c) contacted chip on lens

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Coherent photoconductive receiver: (a) heterostructure, (b) antenna chip, (c) fiber coupled module

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Scheme of the CW THz setup

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

THz signal: (a) measured vs. time delay, (b) measured vs. frequency (steps 5 GHz)

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Example for highly resolved spectroscopy: H2O vapor absorption. (a) Step width 1 GHz, (b) 250 MHz

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Absorption versus time: (a) setup, (b) signal versus time

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