Abstract

We present continuous wave laser emission in a photonic crystal microcavity operating at 1.5 µm at room temperature. The structures have been fabricated in an InP slab including a single layer of self-assembled InAs/InP quantum wires (QWrs) as active material. Laser emission in air suspended membranes with thresholds of effective optical pump power of 22 µWand quality factors up to 55000 have been measured.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  28. L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

L. J. Martínez, I. Prieto, B. Alén, and P. A. Postigo, "Fabrication of high quality factor photonic crystal microcavities in InAsP/InP membranes combining reactive ion beam etching and reactive ion etching," J. Vac. Tech. B 27, 1801-1804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Hostein, R. Braive, M. Larque, K.-H. Lee, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, I. Robert-Philip, I. Sagnes, and A. Beveratos, "Room temperature spontaneous emission enhancement from quantum dots in photonic crystal slab cavities in the telecommunications C band," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 123101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Bordas, Ch. Seassal, E. Dupuy, Ph. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Viktorovitch, M. J. Steel, and A. Rahmani, "Room temperature low-threshold InAs/InP quantum dot single mode photonic crystal microlasers at 1.5 ?m using cavity-confined slow light," Opt. Express 17, 5439-5445 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tanabe, M. Nomura, D. Guimard, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, "Room temperature continuous wave operation of InAs/GaAs quantum dot photonic crystal nanocavity laser on silicon substrate," Opt. Express 17, 7036-7042 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

D. Englund, H. Altug, B. Ellis, and J. Vu?kovi?, "Ultrafast photonic crystal lasers," Laser & Photon. Rev.,  2, 264-274 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, E. Deichsel, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon,"Site-controlled single quantum wire integrated into a photonic-crystal membrane microcavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 153107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Fuster, B. Alén, L. González, Y. González, J. Martínez-Pastor, M. U. González, and J. M. García, "Isolated self-assembled InAs/InP(001) quantum wires obtained by controlling the growth front evolution," Nanotechnology 18, 035604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nomura, S. Iwamoto, N. Kumagai, and Y. Arakawa, "Temporal coherence of a photonic crystal nanocavity laser with high spontaneous emission coupling factor," Phys. Rev. B 75, 195313 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Hennessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeester, and E. L. Hu,"Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Nozaki, S. Kita, and T. Baba, "Room temperature continuous wave operation and controlled spontaneous emission in ultrasmall photonic crystal nanolaser," Opt. Express 15, 7506-7514 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nomura, S. Iwamoto, K. Watanabe, N. Kumagai, Y. Nakata, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, "Room temperature continuous-wave lasing in photonic crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 14, 6308-6315 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J.-M. Fedeli, "Room-temperature InAs/InP Quantum Dots laser operation based on heterogeneous "2.5 D" Photonic Crystal," Opt. Express 14, 9269-9276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Noda, "Seekeing the Ultimate Nanolaser," Science 314, 260-261 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

C. Seassal, C. Monat, J. Mouette, E. Touraille, B. Ben Bakir, H. T. Hattori, J. L. Leclercq, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, "InP bonded membrane photonics components and circuits: toward 2.5 dimensional micro-nano-photonics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 395-407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: Quality factors and lasing," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 193303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Gerace, and L. C. Andreani, "Effects of disorder on propagation losses and cavity Q-factors in photonic crystal slabs," Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 3, 120-128 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Fuster, L. González, Y. González, María Ujué González, and J. Martínez-Pastor, "Size and emission wavelength control of InAs/InP quantum wires," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 033502 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug, and J. Vu?kovi?, "Photonic crystal nanocavity array laser," Opt. Express 13, 8819-8828 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, C. Meier,"GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

Se-Heon Kim, Guk-Hyun Kim, Sun-Kyung Kim, Hong-Gyu Park, Yong-Hee Lee, and Sung-Bock Kim, "Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, E. Kuramoti, and T. Segawa, "Large spontaneous emission factor (>0.1) in the photonic crystal monopole-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1067 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

K. Nozaki, A. Nakagawa, D. Sano, and T. Baba, "Ultralow Threshold and Single-Mode Lasing in Microgear Lasers and Its Fusion With Quasi-Periodic Photonic Crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1355-1360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

R. Schwertberger, D. Gold, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, "Long-Wavelength InP-Based Quantum-Dash Lasers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 735-737 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, O.B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D.G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, "Quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Electron. Lett. 38,967-968 (2002).

2001

B. Alén, J. Martínez-Pastor, A. García-Cristobal, L. González, and J. M. García, "Optical transitions and excitonic recombination in InAs/InP self-assembled quantum wires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4025-4027 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

C. Seassal, X. Letartre, J. Brault, M. Gendry, P. Pottier, P. Viktorovitch, O. Piquet, P. Blody, D. Cros, and O. Marty, "InAs quantum wires in InP-based microdisks: Mode identification and continuous wave room temperature laser operation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 6170-6174 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1988

A. Yariv, "Scaling laws and minimum threshold currents for quantum-confined semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1033-1035 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

Y. Arakawa, K. Vahala, A. Yariv, and K. Lau, "Reduction of the spectral linewidth of semiconductor lasers with quantum wire effects—Spectral properties of GaAlAs double heterostructure lasers in high magnetic fields, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 384-386 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

M. Asada, Y. Mayimoto, and Y. Suematsu, "Theoretical Gain of Quamtun-WellWire Lasers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  24, L95-L97, (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982

Y. Arakawa and H. Sakaki, "Multidimensional quantum well laser and temperature dependence of its threshold current," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24939-941 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alén, B.

L. J. Martínez, I. Prieto, B. Alén, and P. A. Postigo, "Fabrication of high quality factor photonic crystal microcavities in InAsP/InP membranes combining reactive ion beam etching and reactive ion etching," J. Vac. Tech. B 27, 1801-1804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Fuster, B. Alén, L. González, Y. González, J. Martínez-Pastor, M. U. González, and J. M. García, "Isolated self-assembled InAs/InP(001) quantum wires obtained by controlling the growth front evolution," Nanotechnology 18, 035604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Alén, J. Martínez-Pastor, A. García-Cristobal, L. González, and J. M. García, "Optical transitions and excitonic recombination in InAs/InP self-assembled quantum wires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4025-4027 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Altug, H.

D. Englund, H. Altug, B. Ellis, and J. Vu?kovi?, "Ultrafast photonic crystal lasers," Laser & Photon. Rev.,  2, 264-274 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug, and J. Vu?kovi?, "Photonic crystal nanocavity array laser," Opt. Express 13, 8819-8828 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreani, L. C.

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Gerace, and L. C. Andreani, "Effects of disorder on propagation losses and cavity Q-factors in photonic crystal slabs," Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 3, 120-128 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

K. Tanabe, M. Nomura, D. Guimard, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, "Room temperature continuous wave operation of InAs/GaAs quantum dot photonic crystal nanocavity laser on silicon substrate," Opt. Express 17, 7036-7042 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nomura, S. Iwamoto, N. Kumagai, and Y. Arakawa, "Temporal coherence of a photonic crystal nanocavity laser with high spontaneous emission coupling factor," Phys. Rev. B 75, 195313 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Nomura, S. Iwamoto, K. Watanabe, N. Kumagai, Y. Nakata, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, "Room temperature continuous-wave lasing in photonic crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 14, 6308-6315 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Arakawa, K. Vahala, A. Yariv, and K. Lau, "Reduction of the spectral linewidth of semiconductor lasers with quantum wire effects—Spectral properties of GaAlAs double heterostructure lasers in high magnetic fields, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 384-386 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Y. Arakawa and H. Sakaki, "Multidimensional quantum well laser and temperature dependence of its threshold current," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24939-941 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Asada, M.

M. Asada, Y. Mayimoto, and Y. Suematsu, "Theoretical Gain of Quamtun-WellWire Lasers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  24, L95-L97, (1985).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atlasov, K. A.

K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, E. Deichsel, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon,"Site-controlled single quantum wire integrated into a photonic-crystal membrane microcavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 153107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

K. Nozaki, S. Kita, and T. Baba, "Room temperature continuous wave operation and controlled spontaneous emission in ultrasmall photonic crystal nanolaser," Opt. Express 15, 7506-7514 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nozaki, A. Nakagawa, D. Sano, and T. Baba, "Ultralow Threshold and Single-Mode Lasing in Microgear Lasers and Its Fusion With Quasi-Periodic Photonic Crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1355-1360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Badolato, A.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Hennessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeester, and E. L. Hu,"Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ben Bakir, B.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J.-M. Fedeli, "Room-temperature InAs/InP Quantum Dots laser operation based on heterogeneous "2.5 D" Photonic Crystal," Opt. Express 14, 9269-9276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Seassal, C. Monat, J. Mouette, E. Touraille, B. Ben Bakir, H. T. Hattori, J. L. Leclercq, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, "InP bonded membrane photonics components and circuits: toward 2.5 dimensional micro-nano-photonics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 395-407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Beveratos, A.

R. Hostein, R. Braive, M. Larque, K.-H. Lee, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, I. Robert-Philip, I. Sagnes, and A. Beveratos, "Room temperature spontaneous emission enhancement from quantum dots in photonic crystal slab cavities in the telecommunications C band," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 123101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Blody, P.

C. Seassal, X. Letartre, J. Brault, M. Gendry, P. Pottier, P. Viktorovitch, O. Piquet, P. Blody, D. Cros, and O. Marty, "InAs quantum wires in InP-based microdisks: Mode identification and continuous wave room temperature laser operation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 6170-6174 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bordas, F.

Bouwmeester, D.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Hennessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeester, and E. L. Hu,"Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braive, R.

R. Hostein, R. Braive, M. Larque, K.-H. Lee, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, I. Robert-Philip, I. Sagnes, and A. Beveratos, "Room temperature spontaneous emission enhancement from quantum dots in photonic crystal slab cavities in the telecommunications C band," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 123101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brault, J.

C. Seassal, X. Letartre, J. Brault, M. Gendry, P. Pottier, P. Viktorovitch, O. Piquet, P. Blody, D. Cros, and O. Marty, "InAs quantum wires in InP-based microdisks: Mode identification and continuous wave room temperature laser operation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 6170-6174 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chalcraft, A. R. A.

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
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Chen, H.

T. Yoshie, O.B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D.G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, "Quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Electron. Lett. 38,967-968 (2002).

Choi, Y.-S.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Hennessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeester, and E. L. Hu,"Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, C. Meier,"GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Christenson, C.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: Quality factors and lasing," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 193303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cros, D.

C. Seassal, X. Letartre, J. Brault, M. Gendry, P. Pottier, P. Viktorovitch, O. Piquet, P. Blody, D. Cros, and O. Marty, "InAs quantum wires in InP-based microdisks: Mode identification and continuous wave room temperature laser operation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 6170-6174 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Deichsel, E.

K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, E. Deichsel, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon,"Site-controlled single quantum wire integrated into a photonic-crystal membrane microcavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 153107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

DenBaars, S. P.

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, C. Meier,"GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Deppe, D. G.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: Quality factors and lasing," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 193303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Deppe, D.G.

T. Yoshie, O.B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D.G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, "Quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Electron. Lett. 38,967-968 (2002).

Di Cioccio, L.

Dupuy, E.

Dwir, B.

K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, E. Deichsel, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon,"Site-controlled single quantum wire integrated into a photonic-crystal membrane microcavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 153107 (2007).
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D. Englund, H. Altug, B. Ellis, and J. Vu?kovi?, "Ultrafast photonic crystal lasers," Laser & Photon. Rev.,  2, 264-274 (2008).
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D. Englund, H. Altug, B. Ellis, and J. Vu?kovi?, "Ultrafast photonic crystal lasers," Laser & Photon. Rev.,  2, 264-274 (2008).
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Fedeli, J.-M.

Forchel, A.

R. Schwertberger, D. Gold, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, "Long-Wavelength InP-Based Quantum-Dash Lasers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 735-737 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fox, A. M.

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fuster, D.

D. Fuster, B. Alén, L. González, Y. González, J. Martínez-Pastor, M. U. González, and J. M. García, "Isolated self-assembled InAs/InP(001) quantum wires obtained by controlling the growth front evolution," Nanotechnology 18, 035604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Fuster, L. González, Y. González, María Ujué González, and J. Martínez-Pastor, "Size and emission wavelength control of InAs/InP quantum wires," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 033502 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Y.

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, C. Meier,"GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

García, J. M.

D. Fuster, B. Alén, L. González, Y. González, J. Martínez-Pastor, M. U. González, and J. M. García, "Isolated self-assembled InAs/InP(001) quantum wires obtained by controlling the growth front evolution," Nanotechnology 18, 035604 (2007).
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B. Alén, J. Martínez-Pastor, A. García-Cristobal, L. González, and J. M. García, "Optical transitions and excitonic recombination in InAs/InP self-assembled quantum wires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4025-4027 (2001).
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García-Cristobal, A.

B. Alén, J. Martínez-Pastor, A. García-Cristobal, L. González, and J. M. García, "Optical transitions and excitonic recombination in InAs/InP self-assembled quantum wires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4025-4027 (2001).
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Gendry, M.

Gerace, D.

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
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D. Gerace, and L. C. Andreani, "Effects of disorder on propagation losses and cavity Q-factors in photonic crystal slabs," Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 3, 120-128 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H.M.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: Quality factors and lasing," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 193303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gold, D.

R. Schwertberger, D. Gold, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, "Long-Wavelength InP-Based Quantum-Dash Lasers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 735-737 (2002).
[CrossRef]

González, L.

D. Fuster, B. Alén, L. González, Y. González, J. Martínez-Pastor, M. U. González, and J. M. García, "Isolated self-assembled InAs/InP(001) quantum wires obtained by controlling the growth front evolution," Nanotechnology 18, 035604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Fuster, L. González, Y. González, María Ujué González, and J. Martínez-Pastor, "Size and emission wavelength control of InAs/InP quantum wires," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 033502 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Alén, J. Martínez-Pastor, A. García-Cristobal, L. González, and J. M. García, "Optical transitions and excitonic recombination in InAs/InP self-assembled quantum wires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4025-4027 (2001).
[CrossRef]

González, M. U.

D. Fuster, B. Alén, L. González, Y. González, J. Martínez-Pastor, M. U. González, and J. M. García, "Isolated self-assembled InAs/InP(001) quantum wires obtained by controlling the growth front evolution," Nanotechnology 18, 035604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

González, María Ujué

D. Fuster, L. González, Y. González, María Ujué González, and J. Martínez-Pastor, "Size and emission wavelength control of InAs/InP quantum wires," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 033502 (2005).
[CrossRef]

González, Y.

D. Fuster, B. Alén, L. González, Y. González, J. Martínez-Pastor, M. U. González, and J. M. García, "Isolated self-assembled InAs/InP(001) quantum wires obtained by controlling the growth front evolution," Nanotechnology 18, 035604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Fuster, L. González, Y. González, María Ujué González, and J. Martínez-Pastor, "Size and emission wavelength control of InAs/InP quantum wires," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 033502 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guimard, D.

Haberer, E.

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, C. Meier,"GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, H. T.

C. Seassal, C. Monat, J. Mouette, E. Touraille, B. Ben Bakir, H. T. Hattori, J. L. Leclercq, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, "InP bonded membrane photonics components and circuits: toward 2.5 dimensional micro-nano-photonics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 395-407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hendrickson, J.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: Quality factors and lasing," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 193303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hennessy, K.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Hennessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeester, and E. L. Hu,"Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, C. Meier,"GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hopkinson, M.

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hostein, R.

R. Hostein, R. Braive, M. Larque, K.-H. Lee, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, I. Robert-Philip, I. Sagnes, and A. Beveratos, "Room temperature spontaneous emission enhancement from quantum dots in photonic crystal slab cavities in the telecommunications C band," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 123101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, E. L.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Hennessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeester, and E. L. Hu,"Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031108 (2007).
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S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, C. Meier,"GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
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K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, E. Deichsel, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon,"Site-controlled single quantum wire integrated into a photonic-crystal membrane microcavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 153107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, K. F.

K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, E. Deichsel, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon,"Site-controlled single quantum wire integrated into a photonic-crystal membrane microcavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 153107 (2007).
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Khitrova, G.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: Quality factors and lasing," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 193303 (2005).
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Kim, Guk-Hyun

Se-Heon Kim, Guk-Hyun Kim, Sun-Kyung Kim, Hong-Gyu Park, Yong-Hee Lee, and Sung-Bock Kim, "Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 411 (2004).
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Kim, Se-Heon

Se-Heon Kim, Guk-Hyun Kim, Sun-Kyung Kim, Hong-Gyu Park, Yong-Hee Lee, and Sung-Bock Kim, "Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 411 (2004).
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Kim, Sung-Bock

Se-Heon Kim, Guk-Hyun Kim, Sun-Kyung Kim, Hong-Gyu Park, Yong-Hee Lee, and Sung-Bock Kim, "Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 411 (2004).
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Kim, Sun-Kyung

Se-Heon Kim, Guk-Hyun Kim, Sun-Kyung Kim, Hong-Gyu Park, Yong-Hee Lee, and Sung-Bock Kim, "Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 411 (2004).
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Kita, S.

Krauss, T. F.

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
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J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: Quality factors and lasing," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 193303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lam, S.

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Larque, M.

R. Hostein, R. Braive, M. Larque, K.-H. Lee, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, I. Robert-Philip, I. Sagnes, and A. Beveratos, "Room temperature spontaneous emission enhancement from quantum dots in photonic crystal slab cavities in the telecommunications C band," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 123101 (2009).
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Y. Arakawa, K. Vahala, A. Yariv, and K. Lau, "Reduction of the spectral linewidth of semiconductor lasers with quantum wire effects—Spectral properties of GaAlAs double heterostructure lasers in high magnetic fields, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 384-386 (1986).
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R. Hostein, R. Braive, M. Larque, K.-H. Lee, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, I. Robert-Philip, I. Sagnes, and A. Beveratos, "Room temperature spontaneous emission enhancement from quantum dots in photonic crystal slab cavities in the telecommunications C band," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 123101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leclercq, J. L.

C. Seassal, C. Monat, J. Mouette, E. Touraille, B. Ben Bakir, H. T. Hattori, J. L. Leclercq, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, "InP bonded membrane photonics components and circuits: toward 2.5 dimensional micro-nano-photonics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 395-407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-H.

R. Hostein, R. Braive, M. Larque, K.-H. Lee, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, I. Robert-Philip, I. Sagnes, and A. Beveratos, "Room temperature spontaneous emission enhancement from quantum dots in photonic crystal slab cavities in the telecommunications C band," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 123101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Yong-Hee

Se-Heon Kim, Guk-Hyun Kim, Sun-Kyung Kim, Hong-Gyu Park, Yong-Hee Lee, and Sung-Bock Kim, "Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Letartre, X.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J.-M. Fedeli, "Room-temperature InAs/InP Quantum Dots laser operation based on heterogeneous "2.5 D" Photonic Crystal," Opt. Express 14, 9269-9276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Seassal, C. Monat, J. Mouette, E. Touraille, B. Ben Bakir, H. T. Hattori, J. L. Leclercq, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, "InP bonded membrane photonics components and circuits: toward 2.5 dimensional micro-nano-photonics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 395-407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Seassal, X. Letartre, J. Brault, M. Gendry, P. Pottier, P. Viktorovitch, O. Piquet, P. Blody, D. Cros, and O. Marty, "InAs quantum wires in InP-based microdisks: Mode identification and continuous wave room temperature laser operation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 6170-6174 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.-Y.

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martínez, L. J.

L. J. Martínez, I. Prieto, B. Alén, and P. A. Postigo, "Fabrication of high quality factor photonic crystal microcavities in InAsP/InP membranes combining reactive ion beam etching and reactive ion etching," J. Vac. Tech. B 27, 1801-1804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martínez-Pastor, J.

D. Fuster, B. Alén, L. González, Y. González, J. Martínez-Pastor, M. U. González, and J. M. García, "Isolated self-assembled InAs/InP(001) quantum wires obtained by controlling the growth front evolution," Nanotechnology 18, 035604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Fuster, L. González, Y. González, María Ujué González, and J. Martínez-Pastor, "Size and emission wavelength control of InAs/InP quantum wires," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 033502 (2005).
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B. Alén, J. Martínez-Pastor, A. García-Cristobal, L. González, and J. M. García, "Optical transitions and excitonic recombination in InAs/InP self-assembled quantum wires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4025-4027 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marty, O.

C. Seassal, X. Letartre, J. Brault, M. Gendry, P. Pottier, P. Viktorovitch, O. Piquet, P. Blody, D. Cros, and O. Marty, "InAs quantum wires in InP-based microdisks: Mode identification and continuous wave room temperature laser operation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 6170-6174 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mayimoto, Y.

M. Asada, Y. Mayimoto, and Y. Suematsu, "Theoretical Gain of Quamtun-WellWire Lasers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  24, L95-L97, (1985).
[CrossRef]

Meier, C.

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, C. Meier,"GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Monat, C.

C. Seassal, C. Monat, J. Mouette, E. Touraille, B. Ben Bakir, H. T. Hattori, J. L. Leclercq, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, "InP bonded membrane photonics components and circuits: toward 2.5 dimensional micro-nano-photonics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 395-407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mosor, S.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: Quality factors and lasing," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 193303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mouette, J.

C. Seassal, C. Monat, J. Mouette, E. Touraille, B. Ben Bakir, H. T. Hattori, J. L. Leclercq, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, "InP bonded membrane photonics components and circuits: toward 2.5 dimensional micro-nano-photonics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 395-407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, A.

K. Nozaki, A. Nakagawa, D. Sano, and T. Baba, "Ultralow Threshold and Single-Mode Lasing in Microgear Lasers and Its Fusion With Quasi-Periodic Photonic Crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1355-1360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, C. Meier,"GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakata, Y.

Noda, S.

S. Noda, "Seekeing the Ultimate Nanolaser," Science 314, 260-261 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nomura, M.

Notomi, M.

H. Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, E. Kuramoti, and T. Segawa, "Large spontaneous emission factor (>0.1) in the photonic crystal monopole-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1067 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nozaki, K.

K. Nozaki, S. Kita, and T. Baba, "Room temperature continuous wave operation and controlled spontaneous emission in ultrasmall photonic crystal nanolaser," Opt. Express 15, 7506-7514 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nozaki, A. Nakagawa, D. Sano, and T. Baba, "Ultralow Threshold and Single-Mode Lasing in Microgear Lasers and Its Fusion With Quasi-Periodic Photonic Crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1355-1360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, D.

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oulton, R.

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, Hong-Gyu

Se-Heon Kim, Guk-Hyun Kim, Sun-Kyung Kim, Hong-Gyu Park, Yong-Hee Lee, and Sung-Bock Kim, "Characteristics of a stick waveguide resonator in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, P. M.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Hennessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeester, and E. L. Hu,"Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piquet, O.

C. Seassal, X. Letartre, J. Brault, M. Gendry, P. Pottier, P. Viktorovitch, O. Piquet, P. Blody, D. Cros, and O. Marty, "InAs quantum wires in InP-based microdisks: Mode identification and continuous wave room temperature laser operation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 6170-6174 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Postigo, P. A.

L. J. Martínez, I. Prieto, B. Alén, and P. A. Postigo, "Fabrication of high quality factor photonic crystal microcavities in InAsP/InP membranes combining reactive ion beam etching and reactive ion etching," J. Vac. Tech. B 27, 1801-1804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pottier, P.

C. Seassal, X. Letartre, J. Brault, M. Gendry, P. Pottier, P. Viktorovitch, O. Piquet, P. Blody, D. Cros, and O. Marty, "InAs quantum wires in InP-based microdisks: Mode identification and continuous wave room temperature laser operation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 6170-6174 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prieto, I.

L. J. Martínez, I. Prieto, B. Alén, and P. A. Postigo, "Fabrication of high quality factor photonic crystal microcavities in InAsP/InP membranes combining reactive ion beam etching and reactive ion etching," J. Vac. Tech. B 27, 1801-1804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rahmani, A.

Rakher, M. T.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Hennessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeester, and E. L. Hu,"Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Regreny, P.

Regreny, Ph.

Reithmaier, J. P.

R. Schwertberger, D. Gold, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, "Long-Wavelength InP-Based Quantum-Dash Lasers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 735-737 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Richards, B. C.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: Quality factors and lasing," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 193303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Robert-Philip, I.

R. Hostein, R. Braive, M. Larque, K.-H. Lee, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, I. Robert-Philip, I. Sagnes, and A. Beveratos, "Room temperature spontaneous emission enhancement from quantum dots in photonic crystal slab cavities in the telecommunications C band," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 123101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

C. Seassal, C. Monat, J. Mouette, E. Touraille, B. Ben Bakir, H. T. Hattori, J. L. Leclercq, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, "InP bonded membrane photonics components and circuits: toward 2.5 dimensional micro-nano-photonics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 395-407 (2005).
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K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, E. Deichsel, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon,"Site-controlled single quantum wire integrated into a photonic-crystal membrane microcavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 153107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H. Y.

H. Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, E. Kuramoti, and T. Segawa, "Large spontaneous emission factor (>0.1) in the photonic crystal monopole-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1067 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sagnes, I.

R. Hostein, R. Braive, M. Larque, K.-H. Lee, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, I. Robert-Philip, I. Sagnes, and A. Beveratos, "Room temperature spontaneous emission enhancement from quantum dots in photonic crystal slab cavities in the telecommunications C band," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 123101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sahin, M.

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sakaki, H.

Y. Arakawa and H. Sakaki, "Multidimensional quantum well laser and temperature dependence of its threshold current," Appl. Phys. Lett. 24939-941 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sano, D.

K. Nozaki, A. Nakagawa, D. Sano, and T. Baba, "Ultralow Threshold and Single-Mode Lasing in Microgear Lasers and Its Fusion With Quasi-Periodic Photonic Crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1355-1360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sanvitto, D.

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: Quality factors and lasing," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 193303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, O.B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D.G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, "Quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Electron. Lett. 38,967-968 (2002).

Schwertberger, R.

R. Schwertberger, D. Gold, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, "Long-Wavelength InP-Based Quantum-Dash Lasers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 735-737 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, C.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J.-M. Fedeli, "Room-temperature InAs/InP Quantum Dots laser operation based on heterogeneous "2.5 D" Photonic Crystal," Opt. Express 14, 9269-9276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Seassal, C. Monat, J. Mouette, E. Touraille, B. Ben Bakir, H. T. Hattori, J. L. Leclercq, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, "InP bonded membrane photonics components and circuits: toward 2.5 dimensional micro-nano-photonics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 395-407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Seassal, X. Letartre, J. Brault, M. Gendry, P. Pottier, P. Viktorovitch, O. Piquet, P. Blody, D. Cros, and O. Marty, "InAs quantum wires in InP-based microdisks: Mode identification and continuous wave room temperature laser operation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 6170-6174 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, Ch.

Segawa, T.

H. Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, E. Kuramoti, and T. Segawa, "Large spontaneous emission factor (>0.1) in the photonic crystal monopole-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1067 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, R.

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, C. Meier,"GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shchekin, O. B.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: Quality factors and lasing," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 193303 (2005).
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T. Yoshie, O.B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D.G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, "Quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Electron. Lett. 38,967-968 (2002).

Skolnick, M. S.

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Song, B. S.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steel, M. J.

Strauf, S.

Y.-S. Choi, M. T. Rakher, K. Hennessy, S. Strauf, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, D. Bouwmeester, and E. L. Hu,"Evolution of the onset of coherence in a family of photonic crystal nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suematsu, Y.

M. Asada, Y. Mayimoto, and Y. Suematsu, "Theoretical Gain of Quamtun-WellWire Lasers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  24, L95-L97, (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sweet, J.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: Quality factors and lasing," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 193303 (2005).
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Szymanski, D.

A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
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Talneau, A.

R. Hostein, R. Braive, M. Larque, K.-H. Lee, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, I. Robert-Philip, I. Sagnes, and A. Beveratos, "Room temperature spontaneous emission enhancement from quantum dots in photonic crystal slab cavities in the telecommunications C band," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 123101 (2009).
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Tanabe, K.

Touraille, E.

C. Seassal, C. Monat, J. Mouette, E. Touraille, B. Ben Bakir, H. T. Hattori, J. L. Leclercq, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, "InP bonded membrane photonics components and circuits: toward 2.5 dimensional micro-nano-photonics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 395-407 (2005).
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Vahala, K.

Y. Arakawa, K. Vahala, A. Yariv, and K. Lau, "Reduction of the spectral linewidth of semiconductor lasers with quantum wire effects—Spectral properties of GaAlAs double heterostructure lasers in high magnetic fields, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 384-386 (1986).
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Viktorovitch, P.

F. Bordas, Ch. Seassal, E. Dupuy, Ph. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Viktorovitch, M. J. Steel, and A. Rahmani, "Room temperature low-threshold InAs/InP quantum dot single mode photonic crystal microlasers at 1.5 ?m using cavity-confined slow light," Opt. Express 17, 5439-5445 (2009).
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B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J.-M. Fedeli, "Room-temperature InAs/InP Quantum Dots laser operation based on heterogeneous "2.5 D" Photonic Crystal," Opt. Express 14, 9269-9276 (2006).
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C. Seassal, C. Monat, J. Mouette, E. Touraille, B. Ben Bakir, H. T. Hattori, J. L. Leclercq, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, and P. Viktorovitch, "InP bonded membrane photonics components and circuits: toward 2.5 dimensional micro-nano-photonics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 395-407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Seassal, X. Letartre, J. Brault, M. Gendry, P. Pottier, P. Viktorovitch, O. Piquet, P. Blody, D. Cros, and O. Marty, "InAs quantum wires in InP-based microdisks: Mode identification and continuous wave room temperature laser operation," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 6170-6174 (2000).
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D. Englund, H. Altug, B. Ellis, and J. Vu?kovi?, "Ultrafast photonic crystal lasers," Laser & Photon. Rev.,  2, 264-274 (2008).
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A. R. A. Chalcraft, S. Lam, D. O’Brien, T. F. Krauss, M. Sahin, D. Szymanski, D. Sanvitto, R. Oulton, M. S. Skolnick, A. M. Fox, D. M. Whittaker, H.-Y. Liu, and M. Hopkinson, "Mode structure of the L3 photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241117 (2007).
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E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
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A. Yariv, "Scaling laws and minimum threshold currents for quantum-confined semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1033-1035 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. Arakawa, K. Vahala, A. Yariv, and K. Lau, "Reduction of the spectral linewidth of semiconductor lasers with quantum wire effects—Spectral properties of GaAlAs double heterostructure lasers in high magnetic fields, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 384-386 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yoshie, T.

J. Hendrickson, B. C. Richards, J. Sweet, S. Mosor, C. Christenson, D. Lam, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Quantum dot photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities: Quality factors and lasing," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 193303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, O.B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D.G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, "Quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Electron. Lett. 38,967-968 (2002).

Zussy, M.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

B. Alén, J. Martínez-Pastor, A. García-Cristobal, L. González, and J. M. García, "Optical transitions and excitonic recombination in InAs/InP self-assembled quantum wires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4025-4027 (2001).
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A. Yariv, "Scaling laws and minimum threshold currents for quantum-confined semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1033-1035 (1988).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

a) Atomic force microscope (AFM) image of an uncapped sample of self-assembled InAs/InP QWrs. b) Room temperature photoluminescence spectrum of the quantum wires sample without photonic crystal structure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Normalized field patterns of the fundamental mode of the L7 PCM calculated by 3D-FDTD. a) Hz-field pattern. b) Ex-field component. c) Ey-field component. d) |E|2 electric field intensity. The parameter of the simulation are: the lattice constant, a=440 nm, the hole radius rate, r/a=0.27 and the thickness of the slab, d=237 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Scanning electron microscope image of the fabricated L7-type photonic crystal microcavity. The lattice parameter is a=440 nm and the value of r/a~0.27.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

a) Integrated photoluminescence intensity versus effective excitation power (blue dots). Red line is the linear fitting for the data measured above the kink. Dash line indicates the threshold power (Pth =22µW). b) Logarithmic plot containing several emission spectra measured below threshold (dots). Continuous lines stand for the corresponding lorentzian fits.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Emission peak wavelength versus effective excitation power. Red line shows the threshold power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Log-log plot of the integrated emission intensity versus the excitation pump power. Blue dots are measured data. Red lines are the calculated curves extracted for the indicated β values with g=7.7×10-15 cm2 and Ntr =2×1017 cm-3.

Equations (2)

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dNdt=RpNτrNτnrG(N)P.
dPdt=ΓG(N)P+βNτrPτc.

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