Abstract

We demonstrate amplitude, phase and polarization shaping of femtosecond mid-IR pulses using a germanium acousto-optical modulator by independently shaping the frequency-dependent amplitudes and phases of two orthogonally polarized pulses which are then collinearly overlapped using a wire-grid polarizer. We use a feedback loop to set and stabilize the relative phase of the orthogonal pulses. We have also used a wire-grid polarizer to implement polarization-based balanced heterodyne detection for improved signal-to-noise of 2D IR spectra collected in a pump-probe geometry. Applications include coherent control of molecular vibrations and improvements in multidimensional IR spectroscopy.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. S.-H. Shim and M. T. Zanni, “How to turn your pump-probe instrument into a multidimensional spectrometer: 2D IR and Vis spectroscopies via pulse shaping,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(5), 748–761 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, S.-H. Shim, and M. T. Zanni, “Tracking fiber formation in human islet amyloid polypeptide with automated 2D-IR spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(21), 6698–6699 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S.-H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR spectroscopy using a mid-IR pulse shaper and application of this technology to the human islet amyloid polypeptide,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(36), 14197–14202 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Hornung, J. C. Vaughan, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Degenerate four-wave mixing spectroscopy based on two-dimensional femtosecond pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 2052–2054 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. A. Myers, K. L. M. Lewis, P. F. Tekavec, and J. P. Ogilvie, “Two-color two-dimensional Fourier transform electronic spectroscopy with a pulse-shaper,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17420–17428 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. M. Grumstrup, S. H. Shim, M. A. Montgomery, N. H. Damrauer, and M. T. Zanni, “Facile collection of two-dimensional electronic spectra using femtosecond pulse-shaping Technology,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16681–16689 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond phase-coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy,” Science 300(5625), 1553–1555 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherently controlled ultrafast four-wave mixing spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(23), 4873–4883 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. B. Strasfeld, S.-H. Shim, and M. T. Zanni, “Controlling vibrational excitation with shaped mid-IR pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(3), 038102–038104 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. B. Strasfeld, C. T. Middleton, and M. T. Zanni, “Mode Selectivity with Polarization Shaping in the Mid-IR,” N. J. Phys. (to be published).
  11. T. Brixner and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond polarization pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 26(8), 557–559 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S.-H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, E. C. Fulmer, and M. T. Zanni, “Femtosecond pulse shaping directly in the mid-IR using acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Lett. 31(6), 838–840 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Plewicki, S. M. Weber, F. Weise, and A. Lindinger, “Independent control over the amplitude, phase, and polarization of femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 259–263 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Plewicki, F. Weise, S. M. Weber, and A. Lindinger, “Phase, amplitude, and polarization shaping with a pulse shaper in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 45(32), 8354–8359 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, “A pulse sequence for directly measuring the anharmonicities of coupled vibrations: Two-quantum two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(17), 8067–8078 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. T. Zanni, N.-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Two-dimensional IR spectroscopy can be designed to eliminate the diagonal peaks and expose only the crosspeaks needed for structure determination,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(20), 11265–11270 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. Abramavicius and S. Mukamel, “Coherent third-order spectroscopic probes of molecular chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 122(13), 134305–134321 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J.-H. Choi and M. Cho, “Two-dimensional circularly polarized IR photon echo spectroscopy of polypeptides: four-wave-mixing optical activity measurement,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(24), 5176–5184 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. T. Zanni, S. Gnanakaran, J. Stenger, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Heterodyned Two-Dimensional Infrared Spectroscopy of Solvent-Dependent Conformations of Acetylproline-NH2,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(28), 6520–6535 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  20. W. Xiong and M. T. Zanni, “Signal enhancement and background cancellation in collinear two-dimensional spectroscopies,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1371–1373 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. K.-X. Sun, E. K. Gustafson, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Polarization-based balanced heterodyne detection method in a Sagnac interferometer for precision phase measurement,” Opt. Lett. 22(17), 1359–1361 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. Wynne, J. J. Carey, J. Zawadzka, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Tunneling of single-cycle terahertz pulses through waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 176(4-6), 429–435 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  23. F. Ding, P. Mukherjee, and M. T. Zanni, “Passively correcting phase drift in two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 31(19), 2918–2920 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. V. Volkov, R. Schanz, and P. Hamm, “Active phase stabilization in Fourier-transform two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 30(15), 2010–2012 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. M. Ninck, A. Galler, T. Feurer, and T. Brixner, “Programmable common-path vector field synthesizer for femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3379–3381 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. D. Kupka, P. Schlup, and R. A. Bartels, “Simplified ultrafast pulse shaper for tailored polarization states using a birefringent prism,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(5), 053110–053118 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. D. Voronine, D. Abramavicius, and S. Mukamel, “Coherent control of pump-probe signals of helical structures by adaptive pulse polarizations,” J. Chem. Phys. 124(3), 034104–034112 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. D. V. Voronine, D. Abramavicius, and S. Mukamel, “Manipulating multidimensional electronic spectra of excitons by polarization pulse shaping,” J. Chem. Phys. 126(4), 044508–044508 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

S.-H. Shim and M. T. Zanni, “How to turn your pump-probe instrument into a multidimensional spectrometer: 2D IR and Vis spectroscopies via pulse shaping,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(5), 748–761 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kupka, P. Schlup, and R. A. Bartels, “Simplified ultrafast pulse shaper for tailored polarization states using a birefringent prism,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(5), 053110–053118 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

2007 (8)

M. Ninck, A. Galler, T. Feurer, and T. Brixner, “Programmable common-path vector field synthesizer for femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3379–3381 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Grumstrup, S. H. Shim, M. A. Montgomery, N. H. Damrauer, and M. T. Zanni, “Facile collection of two-dimensional electronic spectra using femtosecond pulse-shaping Technology,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16681–16689 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR spectroscopy using a mid-IR pulse shaper and application of this technology to the human islet amyloid polypeptide,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(36), 14197–14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherently controlled ultrafast four-wave mixing spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(23), 4873–4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Strasfeld, S.-H. Shim, and M. T. Zanni, “Controlling vibrational excitation with shaped mid-IR pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(3), 038102–038104 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Voronine, D. Abramavicius, and S. Mukamel, “Manipulating multidimensional electronic spectra of excitons by polarization pulse shaping,” J. Chem. Phys. 126(4), 044508–044508 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Choi and M. Cho, “Two-dimensional circularly polarized IR photon echo spectroscopy of polypeptides: four-wave-mixing optical activity measurement,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(24), 5176–5184 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Plewicki, S. M. Weber, F. Weise, and A. Lindinger, “Independent control over the amplitude, phase, and polarization of femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 259–263 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

2005 (2)

D. Abramavicius and S. Mukamel, “Coherent third-order spectroscopic probes of molecular chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 122(13), 134305–134321 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Volkov, R. Schanz, and P. Hamm, “Active phase stabilization in Fourier-transform two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 30(15), 2010–2012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

T. Hornung, J. C. Vaughan, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Degenerate four-wave mixing spectroscopy based on two-dimensional femtosecond pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 2052–2054 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, “A pulse sequence for directly measuring the anharmonicities of coupled vibrations: Two-quantum two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(17), 8067–8078 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond phase-coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy,” Science 300(5625), 1553–1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

M. T. Zanni, N.-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Two-dimensional IR spectroscopy can be designed to eliminate the diagonal peaks and expose only the crosspeaks needed for structure determination,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(20), 11265–11270 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Zanni, S. Gnanakaran, J. Stenger, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Heterodyned Two-Dimensional Infrared Spectroscopy of Solvent-Dependent Conformations of Acetylproline-NH2,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(28), 6520–6535 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond polarization pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 26(8), 557–559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

K. Wynne, J. J. Carey, J. Zawadzka, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Tunneling of single-cycle terahertz pulses through waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 176(4-6), 429–435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Abramavicius, D.

D. V. Voronine, D. Abramavicius, and S. Mukamel, “Manipulating multidimensional electronic spectra of excitons by polarization pulse shaping,” J. Chem. Phys. 126(4), 044508–044508 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Voronine, D. Abramavicius, and S. Mukamel, “Coherent control of pump-probe signals of helical structures by adaptive pulse polarizations,” J. Chem. Phys. 124(3), 034104–034112 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Abramavicius and S. Mukamel, “Coherent third-order spectroscopic probes of molecular chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 122(13), 134305–134321 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R. A.

D. Kupka, P. Schlup, and R. A. Bartels, “Simplified ultrafast pulse shaper for tailored polarization states using a birefringent prism,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(5), 053110–053118 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brixner, T.

Byer, R. L.

Carey, J. J.

K. Wynne, J. J. Carey, J. Zawadzka, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Tunneling of single-cycle terahertz pulses through waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 176(4-6), 429–435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cho, M.

J.-H. Choi and M. Cho, “Two-dimensional circularly polarized IR photon echo spectroscopy of polypeptides: four-wave-mixing optical activity measurement,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(24), 5176–5184 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, J.-H.

J.-H. Choi and M. Cho, “Two-dimensional circularly polarized IR photon echo spectroscopy of polypeptides: four-wave-mixing optical activity measurement,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(24), 5176–5184 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Damrauer, N. H.

Ding, F.

Fejer, M. M.

Feurer, T.

Fulmer, E. C.

S.-H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, E. C. Fulmer, and M. T. Zanni, “Femtosecond pulse shaping directly in the mid-IR using acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Lett. 31(6), 838–840 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, “A pulse sequence for directly measuring the anharmonicities of coupled vibrations: Two-quantum two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(17), 8067–8078 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galler, A.

Ge, N.-H.

M. T. Zanni, N.-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Two-dimensional IR spectroscopy can be designed to eliminate the diagonal peaks and expose only the crosspeaks needed for structure determination,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(20), 11265–11270 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerber, G.

Gnanakaran, S.

M. T. Zanni, S. Gnanakaran, J. Stenger, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Heterodyned Two-Dimensional Infrared Spectroscopy of Solvent-Dependent Conformations of Acetylproline-NH2,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(28), 6520–6535 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grumstrup, E. M.

Gustafson, E. K.

Hamm, P.

Hochstrasser, R. M.

M. T. Zanni, N.-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Two-dimensional IR spectroscopy can be designed to eliminate the diagonal peaks and expose only the crosspeaks needed for structure determination,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(20), 11265–11270 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Zanni, S. Gnanakaran, J. Stenger, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Heterodyned Two-Dimensional Infrared Spectroscopy of Solvent-Dependent Conformations of Acetylproline-NH2,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(28), 6520–6535 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hornung, T.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherently controlled ultrafast four-wave mixing spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(23), 4873–4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hornung, J. C. Vaughan, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Degenerate four-wave mixing spectroscopy based on two-dimensional femtosecond pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 2052–2054 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaroszynski, D. A.

K. Wynne, J. J. Carey, J. Zawadzka, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Tunneling of single-cycle terahertz pulses through waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 176(4-6), 429–435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Keusters, D.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond phase-coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy,” Science 300(5625), 1553–1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. S.

M. T. Zanni, N.-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Two-dimensional IR spectroscopy can be designed to eliminate the diagonal peaks and expose only the crosspeaks needed for structure determination,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(20), 11265–11270 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krummel, A. T.

E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, “A pulse sequence for directly measuring the anharmonicities of coupled vibrations: Two-quantum two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(17), 8067–8078 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kupka, D.

D. Kupka, P. Schlup, and R. A. Bartels, “Simplified ultrafast pulse shaper for tailored polarization states using a birefringent prism,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(5), 053110–053118 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewis, K. L. M.

Lindinger, A.

M. Plewicki, S. M. Weber, F. Weise, and A. Lindinger, “Independent control over the amplitude, phase, and polarization of femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 259–263 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Plewicki, F. Weise, S. M. Weber, and A. Lindinger, “Phase, amplitude, and polarization shaping with a pulse shaper in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 45(32), 8354–8359 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ling, Y. L.

D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, S.-H. Shim, and M. T. Zanni, “Tracking fiber formation in human islet amyloid polypeptide with automated 2D-IR spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(21), 6698–6699 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR spectroscopy using a mid-IR pulse shaper and application of this technology to the human islet amyloid polypeptide,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(36), 14197–14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Middleton, C. T.

D. B. Strasfeld, C. T. Middleton, and M. T. Zanni, “Mode Selectivity with Polarization Shaping in the Mid-IR,” N. J. Phys. (to be published).

Montgomery, M. A.

Mukamel, S.

D. V. Voronine, D. Abramavicius, and S. Mukamel, “Manipulating multidimensional electronic spectra of excitons by polarization pulse shaping,” J. Chem. Phys. 126(4), 044508–044508 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Voronine, D. Abramavicius, and S. Mukamel, “Coherent control of pump-probe signals of helical structures by adaptive pulse polarizations,” J. Chem. Phys. 124(3), 034104–034112 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Abramavicius and S. Mukamel, “Coherent third-order spectroscopic probes of molecular chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 122(13), 134305–134321 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mukherjee, P.

F. Ding, P. Mukherjee, and M. T. Zanni, “Passively correcting phase drift in two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 31(19), 2918–2920 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, “A pulse sequence for directly measuring the anharmonicities of coupled vibrations: Two-quantum two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(17), 8067–8078 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Myers, J. A.

Nelson, K. A.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherently controlled ultrafast four-wave mixing spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(23), 4873–4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hornung, J. C. Vaughan, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Degenerate four-wave mixing spectroscopy based on two-dimensional femtosecond pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 2052–2054 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ninck, M.

Ogilvie, J. P.

Plewicki, M.

M. Plewicki, S. M. Weber, F. Weise, and A. Lindinger, “Independent control over the amplitude, phase, and polarization of femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 259–263 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Plewicki, F. Weise, S. M. Weber, and A. Lindinger, “Phase, amplitude, and polarization shaping with a pulse shaper in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 45(32), 8354–8359 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schanz, R.

Schlup, P.

D. Kupka, P. Schlup, and R. A. Bartels, “Simplified ultrafast pulse shaper for tailored polarization states using a birefringent prism,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(5), 053110–053118 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shim, S. H.

Shim, S.-H.

S.-H. Shim and M. T. Zanni, “How to turn your pump-probe instrument into a multidimensional spectrometer: 2D IR and Vis spectroscopies via pulse shaping,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(5), 748–761 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, S.-H. Shim, and M. T. Zanni, “Tracking fiber formation in human islet amyloid polypeptide with automated 2D-IR spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(21), 6698–6699 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR spectroscopy using a mid-IR pulse shaper and application of this technology to the human islet amyloid polypeptide,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(36), 14197–14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Strasfeld, S.-H. Shim, and M. T. Zanni, “Controlling vibrational excitation with shaped mid-IR pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(3), 038102–038104 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, E. C. Fulmer, and M. T. Zanni, “Femtosecond pulse shaping directly in the mid-IR using acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Lett. 31(6), 838–840 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stenger, J.

M. T. Zanni, S. Gnanakaran, J. Stenger, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Heterodyned Two-Dimensional Infrared Spectroscopy of Solvent-Dependent Conformations of Acetylproline-NH2,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(28), 6520–6535 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stone, K. W.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherently controlled ultrafast four-wave mixing spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(23), 4873–4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strasfeld, D. B.

D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, S.-H. Shim, and M. T. Zanni, “Tracking fiber formation in human islet amyloid polypeptide with automated 2D-IR spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(21), 6698–6699 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Strasfeld, S.-H. Shim, and M. T. Zanni, “Controlling vibrational excitation with shaped mid-IR pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(3), 038102–038104 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR spectroscopy using a mid-IR pulse shaper and application of this technology to the human islet amyloid polypeptide,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(36), 14197–14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, E. C. Fulmer, and M. T. Zanni, “Femtosecond pulse shaping directly in the mid-IR using acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Lett. 31(6), 838–840 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Strasfeld, C. T. Middleton, and M. T. Zanni, “Mode Selectivity with Polarization Shaping in the Mid-IR,” N. J. Phys. (to be published).

Sun, K.-X.

Suzaki, Y.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond phase-coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy,” Science 300(5625), 1553–1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tekavec, P. F.

Tian, P.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond phase-coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy,” Science 300(5625), 1553–1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vaughan, J. C.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherently controlled ultrafast four-wave mixing spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(23), 4873–4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hornung, J. C. Vaughan, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Degenerate four-wave mixing spectroscopy based on two-dimensional femtosecond pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 2052–2054 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volkov, V.

Voronine, D.

D. Voronine, D. Abramavicius, and S. Mukamel, “Coherent control of pump-probe signals of helical structures by adaptive pulse polarizations,” J. Chem. Phys. 124(3), 034104–034112 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voronine, D. V.

D. V. Voronine, D. Abramavicius, and S. Mukamel, “Manipulating multidimensional electronic spectra of excitons by polarization pulse shaping,” J. Chem. Phys. 126(4), 044508–044508 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warren, W. S.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond phase-coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy,” Science 300(5625), 1553–1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, S. M.

M. Plewicki, S. M. Weber, F. Weise, and A. Lindinger, “Independent control over the amplitude, phase, and polarization of femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 259–263 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Plewicki, F. Weise, S. M. Weber, and A. Lindinger, “Phase, amplitude, and polarization shaping with a pulse shaper in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 45(32), 8354–8359 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weise, F.

M. Plewicki, S. M. Weber, F. Weise, and A. Lindinger, “Independent control over the amplitude, phase, and polarization of femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 259–263 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Plewicki, F. Weise, S. M. Weber, and A. Lindinger, “Phase, amplitude, and polarization shaping with a pulse shaper in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 45(32), 8354–8359 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wynne, K.

K. Wynne, J. J. Carey, J. Zawadzka, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Tunneling of single-cycle terahertz pulses through waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 176(4-6), 429–435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, W.

Zanni, M. T.

S.-H. Shim and M. T. Zanni, “How to turn your pump-probe instrument into a multidimensional spectrometer: 2D IR and Vis spectroscopies via pulse shaping,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(5), 748–761 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, S.-H. Shim, and M. T. Zanni, “Tracking fiber formation in human islet amyloid polypeptide with automated 2D-IR spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(21), 6698–6699 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Xiong and M. T. Zanni, “Signal enhancement and background cancellation in collinear two-dimensional spectroscopies,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1371–1373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR spectroscopy using a mid-IR pulse shaper and application of this technology to the human islet amyloid polypeptide,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(36), 14197–14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Strasfeld, S.-H. Shim, and M. T. Zanni, “Controlling vibrational excitation with shaped mid-IR pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(3), 038102–038104 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Grumstrup, S. H. Shim, M. A. Montgomery, N. H. Damrauer, and M. T. Zanni, “Facile collection of two-dimensional electronic spectra using femtosecond pulse-shaping Technology,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16681–16689 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ding, P. Mukherjee, and M. T. Zanni, “Passively correcting phase drift in two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 31(19), 2918–2920 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, E. C. Fulmer, and M. T. Zanni, “Femtosecond pulse shaping directly in the mid-IR using acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Lett. 31(6), 838–840 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, “A pulse sequence for directly measuring the anharmonicities of coupled vibrations: Two-quantum two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(17), 8067–8078 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Zanni, S. Gnanakaran, J. Stenger, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Heterodyned Two-Dimensional Infrared Spectroscopy of Solvent-Dependent Conformations of Acetylproline-NH2,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(28), 6520–6535 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Zanni, N.-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Two-dimensional IR spectroscopy can be designed to eliminate the diagonal peaks and expose only the crosspeaks needed for structure determination,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(20), 11265–11270 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Strasfeld, C. T. Middleton, and M. T. Zanni, “Mode Selectivity with Polarization Shaping in the Mid-IR,” N. J. Phys. (to be published).

Zawadzka, J.

K. Wynne, J. J. Carey, J. Zawadzka, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Tunneling of single-cycle terahertz pulses through waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 176(4-6), 429–435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Plewicki, S. M. Weber, F. Weise, and A. Lindinger, “Independent control over the amplitude, phase, and polarization of femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 259–263 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, S.-H. Shim, and M. T. Zanni, “Tracking fiber formation in human islet amyloid polypeptide with automated 2D-IR spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(21), 6698–6699 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chem. Phys. (4)

E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, “A pulse sequence for directly measuring the anharmonicities of coupled vibrations: Two-quantum two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(17), 8067–8078 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Voronine, D. Abramavicius, and S. Mukamel, “Coherent control of pump-probe signals of helical structures by adaptive pulse polarizations,” J. Chem. Phys. 124(3), 034104–034112 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Voronine, D. Abramavicius, and S. Mukamel, “Manipulating multidimensional electronic spectra of excitons by polarization pulse shaping,” J. Chem. Phys. 126(4), 044508–044508 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Abramavicius and S. Mukamel, “Coherent third-order spectroscopic probes of molecular chirality,” J. Chem. Phys. 122(13), 134305–134321 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. A (2)

J.-H. Choi and M. Cho, “Two-dimensional circularly polarized IR photon echo spectroscopy of polypeptides: four-wave-mixing optical activity measurement,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(24), 5176–5184 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, K. W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, “Coherently controlled ultrafast four-wave mixing spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(23), 4873–4883 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

M. T. Zanni, S. Gnanakaran, J. Stenger, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Heterodyned Two-Dimensional Infrared Spectroscopy of Solvent-Dependent Conformations of Acetylproline-NH2,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(28), 6520–6535 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Phys. (1)

D. B. Strasfeld, C. T. Middleton, and M. T. Zanni, “Mode Selectivity with Polarization Shaping in the Mid-IR,” N. J. Phys. (to be published).

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Wynne, J. J. Carey, J. Zawadzka, and D. A. Jaroszynski, “Tunneling of single-cycle terahertz pulses through waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 176(4-6), 429–435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (8)

W. Xiong and M. T. Zanni, “Signal enhancement and background cancellation in collinear two-dimensional spectroscopies,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1371–1373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ninck, A. Galler, T. Feurer, and T. Brixner, “Programmable common-path vector field synthesizer for femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3379–3381 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-X. Sun, E. K. Gustafson, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Polarization-based balanced heterodyne detection method in a Sagnac interferometer for precision phase measurement,” Opt. Lett. 22(17), 1359–1361 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond polarization pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 26(8), 557–559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Hornung, J. C. Vaughan, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Degenerate four-wave mixing spectroscopy based on two-dimensional femtosecond pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 2052–2054 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Volkov, R. Schanz, and P. Hamm, “Active phase stabilization in Fourier-transform two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 30(15), 2010–2012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, E. C. Fulmer, and M. T. Zanni, “Femtosecond pulse shaping directly in the mid-IR using acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Lett. 31(6), 838–840 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ding, P. Mukherjee, and M. T. Zanni, “Passively correcting phase drift in two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 31(19), 2918–2920 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

S.-H. Shim and M. T. Zanni, “How to turn your pump-probe instrument into a multidimensional spectrometer: 2D IR and Vis spectroscopies via pulse shaping,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(5), 748–761 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. B. Strasfeld, S.-H. Shim, and M. T. Zanni, “Controlling vibrational excitation with shaped mid-IR pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(3), 038102–038104 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2)

S.-H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, Y. L. Ling, and M. T. Zanni, “Automated 2D IR spectroscopy using a mid-IR pulse shaper and application of this technology to the human islet amyloid polypeptide,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(36), 14197–14202 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Zanni, N.-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Two-dimensional IR spectroscopy can be designed to eliminate the diagonal peaks and expose only the crosspeaks needed for structure determination,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(20), 11265–11270 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

D. Kupka, P. Schlup, and R. A. Bartels, “Simplified ultrafast pulse shaper for tailored polarization states using a birefringent prism,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(5), 053110–053118 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond phase-coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy,” Science 300(5625), 1553–1555 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Optical layout of mid-IR polarization shaper. (b) Schematic layout of traditional balanced heterodyne detection. (c) Schematic layout of polarization-based balanced heterodyne detection. WGP: wire-grid polarizer, WP: MgF2 zero-order λ/2 wave plate, ZW: ZnSe wedge pair, AOM: Ge acousto-optical modulator, BS: 50/50 ZnSe beamsplitter, S: signal, LO: local oscillator. Polarization vectors indicate relative directions but not relative magnitudes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cross-correlations of demonstrative polarization-shaped pulses with a reference pulse: (a) a 45° pulse, (b) two perpendicular pulses with a delay, (c) a pulse with time-dependent linear polarization rotating from 0° to 90°, (d) a right-circularly polarized pulse. Traces are colored based on instantaneous polarization angle.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Polarization-based balanced heterodyne detected 2DIR signals in the time domain. Signals were obtained from the polarization components transmitted through (thin line) and reflected from (dashed line) the wire-grid polarizer in Fig. 1c. The difference signal (thick line) was obtained by subtracting the reflected signal from the transmitted signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Polarization-based balanced heterodyne detected 2DIR signals in the frequency domain. Spectra were obtained from the polarization components (a,d) transmitted through and (b,e) reflected from the wire-grid polarizer in Fig. 1c. (c,f) The difference spectrum is obtained by subtracting the reflected spectrum from the transmitted spectrum. Panels a-c and d-f show the same respective data sets but at different values of ω1.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Interference intensity of the shaped pulses (left) without and (right) with active phase correction. The thin and thick lines correspond to interference intensities with and without, respectively, an additional π rad phase shift applied to one pulse. The data has been smoothed to better show the long-term trends.

Equations (2)

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12 | L O ± P E |2 = 12 | L O |2 + 12 | P E |2 ±Re ( LO ·PE ),
|LOsinΘ+PEcosΘ|2=|LO|2sin2Θ+|PE|2cos2Θ+2sinΘcosΘRe(LOPE)|LOcosΘPEsinΘ|2=|LO|2cos2Θ+|PE|2sin2Θ2sinΘcosΘRe(LOPE),

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