Abstract

A widely tunable (30 nm) fiber laser based on a double Sagnac loop mirror configuration is proposed and demonstrated. A semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) placed between the two loop mirrors acts as the gain medium. The fiber laser has two output ports with adjustable optical power outputs. Wavelength tunability is obtained through the use of a thin film tunable filter, while optical power adjustability is accomplished by proper adjustment of each of the loop mirror reflectivity via a polarization controller. A total output power of + 9 dBm is measured and the potential for higher output powers is discussed. Optical power stability of better than ± 0.15 dB is measured for 6 hours.

© 2009 OSA

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2009

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength fiber lasers based on a semiconductor optical amplifier and a polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Eng. 48(3), 035001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

Y. G. Liu, X. Dong, P. Shum, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, “Stable room-temperature multi-wavelength lasing realization in ordinary erbium-doped fiber loop lasers,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9293–9298 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yao, X. Chen, Y. Dai, and S. Xie, “Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a simple linear cavity and its application in microwave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 87–189 (2006).

2005

X. Chen, J. Yao, and Z. Deng, “Ultranarrow dual-transmission-band fiber Bragg grating filter and its application in a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(16), 2068–2070 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-G. Han, G. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, “Lasing wavelength and spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser from 1510 to 1620 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 989–991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, “Ultrafast semiconductor-based fiber laser sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(1), 147–154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Fu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “switchable dual-wavelength Ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a few-mode fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(3), 762–764 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, X. Yang, J. H. Ng, X. Dong, X. Guo, X. Wang, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring lasers using a fiber Bragg grating in high-birefringence fiber,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41(1), 73–75 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova, and J. U. Kang, “Tunable multi-wavelength all fiber Raman source using fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Opt. Commun. 218(4-6), 291–295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

K. Vlachos, K. Zoiros, T. Houbavlis, and H. Avramopoulos, “10 × 30 GHz pulse train generation from semiconductor amplifier fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(1), 25–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

D. Zhou, P. R. Prucnal, and I. Glesk, “A widely tunable narrow linewidth semiconductor fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 718–783 (1998).

1996

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(1), 60–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

1992

H. Okamura and K. Iwatsuki, “Simultaneous oscillation of wavelength tunable, singlemode lasers using an Er-doped fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 28(5), 461–463 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

1988

Ahmad, H.

Avramopoulos, H.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, “Ultrafast semiconductor-based fiber laser sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(1), 147–154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Vlachos, K. Zoiros, T. Houbavlis, and H. Avramopoulos, “10 × 30 GHz pulse train generation from semiconductor amplifier fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(1), 25–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baby, V.

V. Baby, L. R. Chen, S. Doucet, and S. LaRochelle, ““Continuous-wave operation of semiconductor optical amplifier-based multiwavelength tunable fiber lasers with 25-GHz spacing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 764–769 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barnsley, P.

Bennion, I.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(1), 60–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Biglary, M.

Bintjas, C.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, “Ultrafast semiconductor-based fiber laser sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(1), 147–154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bogoni, A.

Brierley, M.

Calvez, S.

Chen, L. R.

V. Baby, L. R. Chen, S. Doucet, and S. LaRochelle, ““Continuous-wave operation of semiconductor optical amplifier-based multiwavelength tunable fiber lasers with 25-GHz spacing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 764–769 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Y. Yao, X. Chen, Y. Dai, and S. Xie, “Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a simple linear cavity and its application in microwave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 87–189 (2006).

X. Chen, J. Yao, and Z. Deng, “Ultranarrow dual-transmission-band fiber Bragg grating filter and its application in a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(16), 2068–2070 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chi, S.

Chien, H.-C.

Chow, J.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(1), 60–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y.

Y. Yao, X. Chen, Y. Dai, and S. Xie, “Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a simple linear cavity and its application in microwave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 87–189 (2006).

Deng, Z.

Dong, X.

Y. G. Liu, X. Dong, P. Shum, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, “Stable room-temperature multi-wavelength lasing realization in ordinary erbium-doped fiber loop lasers,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9293–9298 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. G. Liu, X. Dong, P. Shum, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, “Stable room-temperature multi-wavelength lasing realization in ordinary erbium-doped fiber loop lasers,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9293–9298 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Fu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “switchable dual-wavelength Ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a few-mode fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(3), 762–764 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, X. Yang, J. H. Ng, X. Dong, X. Guo, X. Wang, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring lasers using a fiber Bragg grating in high-birefringence fiber,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41(1), 73–75 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Doucet, S.

V. Baby, L. R. Chen, S. Doucet, and S. LaRochelle, ““Continuous-wave operation of semiconductor optical amplifier-based multiwavelength tunable fiber lasers with 25-GHz spacing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 764–769 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(1), 60–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ezekiel, S.

Feng, S.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength fiber lasers based on a semiconductor optical amplifier and a polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Eng. 48(3), 035001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Single-polarization, switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with two polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11830–11835 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feng, X.

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Fu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “switchable dual-wavelength Ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a few-mode fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(3), 762–764 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fu, S.

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Fu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “switchable dual-wavelength Ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a few-mode fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(3), 762–764 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Glesk, I.

D. Zhou, P. R. Prucnal, and I. Glesk, “A widely tunable narrow linewidth semiconductor fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 718–783 (1998).

Goedgebuer, J.-P.

Guo, X.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, J. H. Ng, X. Dong, X. Guo, X. Wang, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring lasers using a fiber Bragg grating in high-birefringence fiber,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41(1), 73–75 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.

Han, Y.-G.

C.-S. Kim, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, E. J. Jung, T. H. Lee, J. S. Park, and M. Y. Jeong, “Individual switching of multi-wavelength lasing outputs based on switchable FBG filters,” Opt. Express 15(7), 3702–3707 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-G. Han, G. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, “Lasing wavelength and spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser from 1510 to 1620 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 989–991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harun, S. W.

Houbavlis, T.

K. Vlachos, K. Zoiros, T. Houbavlis, and H. Avramopoulos, “10 × 30 GHz pulse train generation from semiconductor amplifier fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(1), 25–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T. T.

Ibsen, M.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(1), 60–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Iwatsuki, K.

H. Okamura and K. Iwatsuki, “Simultaneous oscillation of wavelength tunable, singlemode lasers using an Er-doped fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 28(5), 461–463 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, M. Y.

Jian, S.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength fiber lasers based on a semiconductor optical amplifier and a polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Eng. 48(3), 035001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Single-polarization, switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with two polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11830–11835 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jung, E. J.

Jung, J.

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kai, G.

Kang, J. U.

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova, and J. U. Kang, “Tunable multi-wavelength all fiber Raman source using fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Opt. Commun. 218(4-6), 291–295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.-S.

C.-S. Kim, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, E. J. Jung, T. H. Lee, J. S. Park, and M. Y. Jeong, “Individual switching of multi-wavelength lasing outputs based on switchable FBG filters,” Opt. Express 15(7), 3702–3707 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova, and J. U. Kang, “Tunable multi-wavelength all fiber Raman source using fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Opt. Commun. 218(4-6), 291–295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G.

Y.-G. Han, G. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, “Lasing wavelength and spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser from 1510 to 1620 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 989–991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

Y.-G. Han, G. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, “Lasing wavelength and spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser from 1510 to 1620 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 989–991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ko, C.-H.

LaRochelle, S.

V. Baby, L. R. Chen, S. Doucet, and S. LaRochelle, ““Continuous-wave operation of semiconductor optical amplifier-based multiwavelength tunable fiber lasers with 25-GHz spacing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 764–769 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

Y. Han, J. H. Lee, S. B. Lee, L. Potì, and A. Bogoni, “Novel multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber and Raman fiber ring lasers with continuous wavelength spacing tunability at room temperature,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(8), 2219–2225 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y.-G. Han, G. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, “Lasing wavelength and spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser from 1510 to 1620 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 989–991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

Lee, T. H.

Lee, Y. W.

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lit, J. W. Y.

Liu, Y.

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Fu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “switchable dual-wavelength Ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a few-mode fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(3), 762–764 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. G.

Lu, C.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, J. H. Ng, X. Dong, X. Guo, X. Wang, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring lasers using a fiber Bragg grating in high-birefringence fiber,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41(1), 73–75 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, S.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength fiber lasers based on a semiconductor optical amplifier and a polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Eng. 48(3), 035001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Single-polarization, switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with two polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11830–11835 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mao, X.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength fiber lasers based on a semiconductor optical amplifier and a polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Eng. 48(3), 035001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Single-polarization, switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with two polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11830–11835 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Millar, C.

Mollier, P.

Ng, J. H.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, J. H. Ng, X. Dong, X. Guo, X. Wang, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring lasers using a fiber Bragg grating in high-birefringence fiber,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41(1), 73–75 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ning, T.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable dual-wavelength fiber lasers based on a semiconductor optical amplifier and a polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Eng. 48(3), 035001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Single-polarization, switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with two polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11830–11835 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamura, H.

H. Okamura and K. Iwatsuki, “Simultaneous oscillation of wavelength tunable, singlemode lasers using an Er-doped fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 28(5), 461–463 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. S.

Pleros, N.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, “Ultrafast semiconductor-based fiber laser sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(1), 147–154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Potì, L.

Prucnal, P. R.

D. Zhou, P. R. Prucnal, and I. Glesk, “A widely tunable narrow linewidth semiconductor fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 718–783 (1998).

Rejeaunier, X.

Rhodes, W. T.

Shirazi, M. R.

Shum, P.

Smith, S. P.

Sova, R. M.

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova, and J. U. Kang, “Tunable multi-wavelength all fiber Raman source using fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Opt. Commun. 218(4-6), 291–295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sugden, K.

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Y. W. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Multiwavelength-switchable SOA-fiber ring laser based on polarization-maintaining fiber loop mirror and polarization beam splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(1), 54–56 (2004).
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X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Fu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, “switchable dual-wavelength Ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a few-mode fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(3), 762–764 (2004).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the SOA based dual loop mirror fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spectrum evolution of the fiber output as the IB increases; (b) Optical power (OUT2) and FWHM measured with the OSA as a function of IB at different additional cavity IL values.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Tunability range of the fiber laser, (b) output signal line shape for different TF transfer functions (diamonds: OUT2, circles: OUT1 at TF FWHM = 0.3 nm; squares: OUT2 at TF FWHM = 1 nm).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Optical power and FWHM of the fiber laser at OUT1 and OUT2 for different LM1 and LM2 reflectivity values, respectively, (b) Optical power at OUT1 while maintaining OUT2 at + 6 dBm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output optical power at OUT1 and OUT2 for different SOA bias curents.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Power fluctuations are < ± 0.15 dB for the fiber laser operating at 1549 nm.

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