Abstract

We present three Cr3+:Colquiriite lasers as low-cost alternatives to Ti:Sapphire laser technology. Single-mode laser diodes, which cost only $150 each, were used as pump sources. In cw operation, with ~520 mW of absorbed pump power, up to 257, 269 and 266 mW of output power and slope efficiencies of 53%, 62% and 54% were demonstrated for Cr:LiSAF, Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiCAF, respectively. Record cw tuning ranges from 782 to 1042 nm for Cr:LiSAF, 777 to 977 nm for Cr:LiSGaF, and 754 to 871 nm for Cr:LiCAF were demonstrated. In cw mode-locking experiments using semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors at 800 and 850 nm, Cr:Colquiriite lasers produced ~50–100 fs pulses with ~1-2.5 nJ pulse energies at ~100 MHz repetition rate. Electrical-to-optical conversion efficiencies of 8% in mode-locked operation and 12% in cw operation were achieved.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Generation of 5 fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 373-375 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, "Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051-1056 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, "Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612-2618 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, "LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243-2252 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Q1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Q2. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, "Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors," IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454-464 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Stalder, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, "Thermal quenching of fluoresence in chromium-doped fluoride laser crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2271-2273 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Stalder, B. H. T. Chai, and M. Bass, "Flashlamp pumped Cr:LiSrAIF6 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 216-218 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and M. A. Noginov, "Efficient cw TEM00 and femtosecond Kerr-lens modelocked Cr:LiSrGaF laser," Optics Lett. 21, 204-206 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Uemura, and K. Torizuka, "Generation of 10 fs pulses from a diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr : LiSAF laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3472-3473 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipocs, "14-fs pulse generation in Kerr-lens mode-locked prismless Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers: observation of pulse self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 22, 1716-1718 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Wagenblast, U. Morgner, F. Grawert, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, M. J. Lederer, and F. X. Kärtner, "Generation of sub-10-fs pulses from a Kerr-lens modelocked Cr3+:LiCAF laser oscillator using third order dispersion compensating double chirped mirrors," Opt. Lett. 27, 1726-1729 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Sorokin, "Solid-state materials for few-cycle pulse generation and amplification," in Few-cycle laser pulse generation and its applications, F. X. Kärtner, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2004), pp. 3-71.
  14. F. Druon, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, "New laser crystals for the generation of ultrashort pulses," Comptes Rendus Physique 8, 153-164 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Sanchez, R. E. Fahey, A. J. Strauss, and R. L. Aggarwal, "Room-temperature continuous-wave operation of a Ti:Al2O3 laser," Opt. Lett. 11, 363-364 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. K. Jabczynski, W. Zendzian, Z. Mierczyk, and Z. Frukacz, "Chromium-doped LiCAF laser passively Q switched with a V 3 +:YAG crystal," Appl. Opt. 40, 6638-6645 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. J. Atherton, S. A. Payne, and C. D. Brandle, "Oxide and fluoride laser crystals," Annual Review of Materials Science 23, 453-502 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. M. Eichenholz, and M. Richardson, "Measurement of thermal lensing in Cr3+-doped colquiriites," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 910-919 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, "High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 235-243 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  20. U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, A. Benedick, A. Siddiqui, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Diode-pumped, high-average power femtosecond Cr+3:LiCAF laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 3309-3311 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Comparative investigation of diode pumping for continuous-wave and mode-locked Cr3+:LiCAF lasers " J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 64-79 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfyett, and L. T. Florez, "Mode-locked all-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF Laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1934-1936 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. R. P. Prasankumar, Y. Hirakawa, A. M. J. Kowalevicz, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujitimo, and W. H. Knox, "An extended cavity femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser pumped by low cost diode lasers," Opt. Express 11, 1265-1269 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Highly efficient, low-cost femtosecond Cr3+:LiCAF laser pumped by single-mode diodes," Opt. Lett. 33, 590-592 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. R. Scheps, J. F. Myers, H. B. Serreze, A. Rosenberg, R. C. Morris, and M. Long, "Diode-pumped Cr:LiSrAlF6 laser," Opt. Lett. 16, 820-822 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, P. Loza-Alvarez, G. T. Kennedy, W. Sibbett, D. Burns, and A. Valster, "Ultralow-pump-threshold, femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser pumped by a single narrow-stripe AlGaInP laser diode," Opt. Lett. 22, 1639-1641 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  27. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, "High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538-1540 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, "Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+: LiSrAlF6 laser," Opt. Comm. 154, 54-58 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  29. S. Sakadžić, U. Demirbas, T. R. Mempel, A. Moore, S. Ruvinskaya, D. A. Boas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Multi-photon microscopy with a low-cost and highly efficient Cr:LiCAF laser," Opt. Express 16, 20848-20863 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Generation of 15 nJ pulses from a highly efficient, low-cost multipass-cavity Cr3+:LiCAF laser," Opt. Lett. 34, 497-499 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 621-623 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. vanderPoel, and A. Valster, "All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 65, 221-226 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  33. A. Robertson, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, "Diode-pumped broadly tunable (809-910 nm) femtosecond Cr : LiSAF laser," Opt. Comm. 147, 294-298 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  34. S. N. Tandon, J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kartner, and E. P. Ippen, "Large-area broadband saturable Bragg reflectors by use of oxidized AlAs," Optics letters 29, 2551-2553 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. Q3. D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, "Sub-6-fs pulses from a SESAM-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser: at the frontiers of ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B, 631-633 (2000).

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, A. Benedick, A. Siddiqui, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Diode-pumped, high-average power femtosecond Cr+3:LiCAF laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 3309-3311 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, "New laser crystals for the generation of ultrashort pulses," Comptes Rendus Physique 8, 153-164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. N. Tandon, J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kartner, and E. P. Ippen, "Large-area broadband saturable Bragg reflectors by use of oxidized AlAs," Optics letters 29, 2551-2553 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

2000 (2)

S. Uemura, and K. Torizuka, "Generation of 10 fs pulses from a diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr : LiSAF laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3472-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Q3. D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, "Sub-6-fs pulses from a SESAM-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser: at the frontiers of ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B, 631-633 (2000).

1998 (3)

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, "Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+: LiSrAlF6 laser," Opt. Comm. 154, 54-58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Eichenholz, and M. Richardson, "Measurement of thermal lensing in Cr3+-doped colquiriites," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 910-919 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Robertson, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, "Diode-pumped broadly tunable (809-910 nm) femtosecond Cr : LiSAF laser," Opt. Comm. 147, 294-298 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (5)

1996 (4)

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and M. A. Noginov, "Efficient cw TEM00 and femtosecond Kerr-lens modelocked Cr:LiSrGaF laser," Optics Lett. 21, 204-206 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q2. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, "Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors," IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454-464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, "High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538-1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfyett, and L. T. Florez, "Mode-locked all-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF Laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1934-1936 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Atherton, S. A. Payne, and C. D. Brandle, "Oxide and fluoride laser crystals," Annual Review of Materials Science 23, 453-502 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

M. Stalder, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, "Thermal quenching of fluoresence in chromium-doped fluoride laser crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2271-2273 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, "Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612-2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

M. Stalder, B. H. T. Chai, and M. Bass, "Flashlamp pumped Cr:LiSrAIF6 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 216-218 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Scheps, J. F. Myers, H. B. Serreze, A. Rosenberg, R. C. Morris, and M. Long, "Diode-pumped Cr:LiSrAlF6 laser," Opt. Lett. 16, 820-822 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, "Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051-1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, "LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243-2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Aggarwal, R. L.

Angelow, G.

Atherton, L. J.

L. J. Atherton, S. A. Payne, and C. D. Brandle, "Oxide and fluoride laser crystals," Annual Review of Materials Science 23, 453-502 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

F. Druon, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, "New laser crystals for the generation of ultrashort pulses," Comptes Rendus Physique 8, 153-164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barry, N. P.

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. vanderPoel, and A. Valster, "All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 65, 221-226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

M. Stalder, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, "Thermal quenching of fluoresence in chromium-doped fluoride laser crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2271-2273 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Stalder, B. H. T. Chai, and M. Bass, "Flashlamp pumped Cr:LiSrAIF6 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 216-218 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, "High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 235-243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Benedick, A.

Boas, D. A.

Brandle, C. D.

L. J. Atherton, S. A. Payne, and C. D. Brandle, "Oxide and fluoride laser crystals," Annual Review of Materials Science 23, 453-502 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

Q1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Burns, D.

Cassanho, A.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipocs, "14-fs pulse generation in Kerr-lens mode-locked prismless Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers: observation of pulse self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 22, 1716-1718 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and M. A. Noginov, "Efficient cw TEM00 and femtosecond Kerr-lens modelocked Cr:LiSrGaF laser," Optics Lett. 21, 204-206 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

M. Stalder, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, "Thermal quenching of fluoresence in chromium-doped fluoride laser crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2271-2273 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, "Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612-2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Stalder, B. H. T. Chai, and M. Bass, "Flashlamp pumped Cr:LiSrAIF6 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 216-218 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, "Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612-2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, "Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051-1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, "LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243-2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

Q2. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, "Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors," IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454-464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, "High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538-1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, J. E.

Q2. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, "Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors," IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454-464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

Demirbas, U.

der Au, J. A.

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, "Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+: LiSrAlF6 laser," Opt. Comm. 154, 54-58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Druon, F.

F. Druon, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, "New laser crystals for the generation of ultrashort pulses," Comptes Rendus Physique 8, 153-164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eichenholz, J. M.

J. M. Eichenholz, and M. Richardson, "Measurement of thermal lensing in Cr3+-doped colquiriites," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 910-919 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ell, R.

Emanuel, M. A.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, "High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 235-243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fahey, R. E.

Florez, L. T.

Fluck, R.

Q1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

French, P. M. W.

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. vanderPoel, and A. Valster, "All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 65, 221-226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfyett, and L. T. Florez, "Mode-locked all-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF Laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1934-1936 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frukacz, Z.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Fujitimo, J. G.

Gallmann, L.

Q3. D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, "Sub-6-fs pulses from a SESAM-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser: at the frontiers of ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B, 631-633 (2000).

Georges, P.

F. Druon, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, "New laser crystals for the generation of ultrashort pulses," Comptes Rendus Physique 8, 153-164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gopinath, J. T.

S. N. Tandon, J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kartner, and E. P. Ippen, "Large-area broadband saturable Bragg reflectors by use of oxidized AlAs," Optics letters 29, 2551-2553 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grawert, F.

Hirakawa, Y.

Hönninger, C.

Q1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, J. M.

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, "Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+: LiSrAlF6 laser," Opt. Comm. 154, 54-58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, P. Loza-Alvarez, G. T. Kennedy, W. Sibbett, D. Burns, and A. Valster, "Ultralow-pump-threshold, femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser pumped by a single narrow-stripe AlGaInP laser diode," Opt. Lett. 22, 1639-1641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hyde, S. C. W.

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. vanderPoel, and A. Valster, "All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 65, 221-226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

S. N. Tandon, J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kartner, and E. P. Ippen, "Large-area broadband saturable Bragg reflectors by use of oxidized AlAs," Optics letters 29, 2551-2553 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Generation of 5 fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 373-375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jabczynski, J. K.

Jan, W. Y.

Q2. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, "Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors," IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454-464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H. P.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipocs, "14-fs pulse generation in Kerr-lens mode-locked prismless Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers: observation of pulse self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 22, 1716-1718 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and M. A. Noginov, "Efficient cw TEM00 and femtosecond Kerr-lens modelocked Cr:LiSrGaF laser," Optics Lett. 21, 204-206 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. vanderPoel, and A. Valster, "All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 65, 221-226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

Q1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F. X.

S. N. Tandon, J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kartner, and E. P. Ippen, "Large-area broadband saturable Bragg reflectors by use of oxidized AlAs," Optics letters 29, 2551-2553 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Generation of 15 nJ pulses from a highly efficient, low-cost multipass-cavity Cr3+:LiCAF laser," Opt. Lett. 34, 497-499 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Comparative investigation of diode pumping for continuous-wave and mode-locked Cr3+:LiCAF lasers " J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 64-79 (2009).
[CrossRef]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Highly efficient, low-cost femtosecond Cr3+:LiCAF laser pumped by single-mode diodes," Opt. Lett. 33, 590-592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sakadžić, U. Demirbas, T. R. Mempel, A. Moore, S. Ruvinskaya, D. A. Boas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Multi-photon microscopy with a low-cost and highly efficient Cr:LiCAF laser," Opt. Express 16, 20848-20863 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, A. Benedick, A. Siddiqui, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Diode-pumped, high-average power femtosecond Cr+3:LiCAF laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 3309-3311 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Prasankumar, Y. Hirakawa, A. M. J. Kowalevicz, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujitimo, and W. H. Knox, "An extended cavity femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser pumped by low cost diode lasers," Opt. Express 11, 1265-1269 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Wagenblast, U. Morgner, F. Grawert, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, M. J. Lederer, and F. X. Kärtner, "Generation of sub-10-fs pulses from a Kerr-lens modelocked Cr3+:LiCAF laser oscillator using third order dispersion compensating double chirped mirrors," Opt. Lett. 27, 1726-1729 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Generation of 5 fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 373-375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Q1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Q3. D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, "Sub-6-fs pulses from a SESAM-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser: at the frontiers of ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B, 631-633 (2000).

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, "Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+: LiSrAlF6 laser," Opt. Comm. 154, 54-58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, "High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 235-243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 621-623 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, G. T.

Knappe, R.

A. Robertson, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, "Diode-pumped broadly tunable (809-910 nm) femtosecond Cr : LiSAF laser," Opt. Comm. 147, 294-298 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

R. P. Prasankumar, Y. Hirakawa, A. M. J. Kowalevicz, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujitimo, and W. H. Knox, "An extended cavity femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser pumped by low cost diode lasers," Opt. Express 11, 1265-1269 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, "High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538-1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q2. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, "Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors," IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454-464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kolodziejski, L. A.

S. N. Tandon, J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kartner, and E. P. Ippen, "Large-area broadband saturable Bragg reflectors by use of oxidized AlAs," Optics letters 29, 2551-2553 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kopf, D.

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 621-623 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, "High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 235-243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Q1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kowalevicz, A. M. J.

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, "LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243-2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, "Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612-2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, "Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051-1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, M. J.

Long, M.

Loza-Alvarez, P.

Matuschek, N.

Q3. D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, "Sub-6-fs pulses from a SESAM-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser: at the frontiers of ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B, 631-633 (2000).

Q1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mellish, R.

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. vanderPoel, and A. Valster, "All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 65, 221-226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfyett, and L. T. Florez, "Mode-locked all-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF Laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1934-1936 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mempel, T. R.

Mierczyk, Z.

Moore, A.

Morgner, U.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Q3. D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, "Sub-6-fs pulses from a SESAM-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser: at the frontiers of ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B, 631-633 (2000).

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, "Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+: LiSrAlF6 laser," Opt. Comm. 154, 54-58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Morris, R. C.

Moser, M.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, "High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 235-243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 621-623 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Myers, J. F.

Newkirk, H. W.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, "Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051-1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, "LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243-2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and M. A. Noginov, "Efficient cw TEM00 and femtosecond Kerr-lens modelocked Cr:LiSrGaF laser," Optics Lett. 21, 204-206 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

L. J. Atherton, S. A. Payne, and C. D. Brandle, "Oxide and fluoride laser crystals," Annual Review of Materials Science 23, 453-502 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, "Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612-2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, "Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051-1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, "LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243-2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Petrich, G. S.

S. N. Tandon, J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kartner, and E. P. Ippen, "Large-area broadband saturable Bragg reflectors by use of oxidized AlAs," Optics letters 29, 2551-2553 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prasad, A.

Prasankumar, R. P.

Richardson, M.

J. M. Eichenholz, and M. Richardson, "Measurement of thermal lensing in Cr3+-doped colquiriites," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 910-919 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, A.

A. Robertson, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, "Diode-pumped broadly tunable (809-910 nm) femtosecond Cr : LiSAF laser," Opt. Comm. 147, 294-298 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rosenberg, A.

Ruvinskaya, S.

Sakadžic, S.

Sanchez, A.

Scheps, R.

Scheuer, V.

Sennaroglu, A.

Serreze, H. B.

Shen, H. M.

S. N. Tandon, J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kartner, and E. P. Ippen, "Large-area broadband saturable Bragg reflectors by use of oxidized AlAs," Optics letters 29, 2551-2553 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sibbett, W.

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, "Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+: LiSrAlF6 laser," Opt. Comm. 154, 54-58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, P. Loza-Alvarez, G. T. Kennedy, W. Sibbett, D. Burns, and A. Valster, "Ultralow-pump-threshold, femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser pumped by a single narrow-stripe AlGaInP laser diode," Opt. Lett. 22, 1639-1641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Siddiqui, A.

Skidmore, J. A.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, "High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 235-243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, "Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612-2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, "Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051-1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, "LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243-2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, E.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipocs, "14-fs pulse generation in Kerr-lens mode-locked prismless Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers: observation of pulse self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 22, 1716-1718 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and M. A. Noginov, "Efficient cw TEM00 and femtosecond Kerr-lens modelocked Cr:LiSrGaF laser," Optics Lett. 21, 204-206 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sorokina, I. T.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipocs, "14-fs pulse generation in Kerr-lens mode-locked prismless Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers: observation of pulse self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 22, 1716-1718 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and M. A. Noginov, "Efficient cw TEM00 and femtosecond Kerr-lens modelocked Cr:LiSrGaF laser," Optics Lett. 21, 204-206 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stalder, M.

M. Stalder, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, "Thermal quenching of fluoresence in chromium-doped fluoride laser crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2271-2273 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Stalder, B. H. T. Chai, and M. Bass, "Flashlamp pumped Cr:LiSrAIF6 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 216-218 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

Q3. D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, "Sub-6-fs pulses from a SESAM-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser: at the frontiers of ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B, 631-633 (2000).

Strauss, A. J.

Sutter, D. H.

Q3. D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, "Sub-6-fs pulses from a SESAM-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser: at the frontiers of ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B, 631-633 (2000).

Szipocs, R.

Tandon, S. N.

S. N. Tandon, J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kartner, and E. P. Ippen, "Large-area broadband saturable Bragg reflectors by use of oxidized AlAs," Optics letters 29, 2551-2553 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, J. R.

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. vanderPoel, and A. Valster, "All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 65, 221-226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfyett, and L. T. Florez, "Mode-locked all-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF Laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1934-1936 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torizuka, K.

S. Uemura, and K. Torizuka, "Generation of 10 fs pulses from a diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr : LiSAF laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3472-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Generation of 5 fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 373-375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Q3. D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, "Sub-6-fs pulses from a SESAM-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser: at the frontiers of ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B, 631-633 (2000).

Tsuda, S.

Q2. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, "Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors," IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454-464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, "High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538-1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Uemura, S.

S. Uemura, and K. Torizuka, "Generation of 10 fs pulses from a diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr : LiSAF laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3472-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Valentine, G. J.

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, "Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+: LiSrAlF6 laser," Opt. Comm. 154, 54-58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, P. Loza-Alvarez, G. T. Kennedy, W. Sibbett, D. Burns, and A. Valster, "Ultralow-pump-threshold, femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser pumped by a single narrow-stripe AlGaInP laser diode," Opt. Lett. 22, 1639-1641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Valster, A.

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, "Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+: LiSrAlF6 laser," Opt. Comm. 154, 54-58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, P. Loza-Alvarez, G. T. Kennedy, W. Sibbett, D. Burns, and A. Valster, "Ultralow-pump-threshold, femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser pumped by a single narrow-stripe AlGaInP laser diode," Opt. Lett. 22, 1639-1641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wagenblast, P.

Wallenstein, R.

A. Robertson, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, "Diode-pumped broadly tunable (809-910 nm) femtosecond Cr : LiSAF laser," Opt. Comm. 147, 294-298 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, "High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 235-243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Q1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wintner, E.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipocs, "14-fs pulse generation in Kerr-lens mode-locked prismless Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers: observation of pulse self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 22, 1716-1718 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and M. A. Noginov, "Efficient cw TEM00 and femtosecond Kerr-lens modelocked Cr:LiSrGaF laser," Optics Lett. 21, 204-206 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zendzian, W.

Zhang, G.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, "High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 235-243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 621-623 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Annual Review of Materials Science (1)

L. J. Atherton, S. A. Payne, and C. D. Brandle, "Oxide and fluoride laser crystals," Annual Review of Materials Science 23, 453-502 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

Q3. D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, "Sub-6-fs pulses from a SESAM-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser: at the frontiers of ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B, 631-633 (2000).

R. Mellish, S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, C. J. vanderPoel, and A. Valster, "All-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 65, 221-226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, and U. Keller, "High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 235-243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, "High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538-1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Stalder, B. H. T. Chai, and M. Bass, "Flashlamp pumped Cr:LiSrAIF6 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 216-218 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Comptes Rendus Physique (1)

F. Druon, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, "New laser crystals for the generation of ultrashort pulses," Comptes Rendus Physique 8, 153-164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

J. M. Eichenholz, and M. Richardson, "Measurement of thermal lensing in Cr3+-doped colquiriites," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 910-919 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, and B. H. T. Chai, "Investigation of the laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612-2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, "LiCaAlF6:Cr3+ a promising new solid-state laser material," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243-2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Q1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Q2. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, "Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors," IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454-464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, "Laser performance of LiSAIF6:Cr3+," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051-1056 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Uemura, and K. Torizuka, "Generation of 10 fs pulses from a diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr : LiSAF laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3472-3473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Comm. (2)

J. M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, W. Sibbett, J. A. der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, and A. Valster, "Efficient, low-noise, SESAM-based femtosecond Cr3+: LiSrAlF6 laser," Opt. Comm. 154, 54-58 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Robertson, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, "Diode-pumped broadly tunable (809-910 nm) femtosecond Cr : LiSAF laser," Opt. Comm. 147, 294-298 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (11)

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Highly efficient, low-cost femtosecond Cr3+:LiCAF laser pumped by single-mode diodes," Opt. Lett. 33, 590-592 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Scheps, J. F. Myers, H. B. Serreze, A. Rosenberg, R. C. Morris, and M. Long, "Diode-pumped Cr:LiSrAlF6 laser," Opt. Lett. 16, 820-822 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, P. Loza-Alvarez, G. T. Kennedy, W. Sibbett, D. Burns, and A. Valster, "Ultralow-pump-threshold, femtosecond Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser pumped by a single narrow-stripe AlGaInP laser diode," Opt. Lett. 22, 1639-1641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfyett, and L. T. Florez, "Mode-locked all-solid-state diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF Laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1934-1936 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, A. Benedick, A. Siddiqui, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Diode-pumped, high-average power femtosecond Cr+3:LiCAF laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 3309-3311 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, F. X. Kärtner, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Generation of 15 nJ pulses from a highly efficient, low-cost multipass-cavity Cr3+:LiCAF laser," Opt. Lett. 34, 497-499 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 621-623 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipocs, "14-fs pulse generation in Kerr-lens mode-locked prismless Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers: observation of pulse self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 22, 1716-1718 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Wagenblast, U. Morgner, F. Grawert, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, M. J. Lederer, and F. X. Kärtner, "Generation of sub-10-fs pulses from a Kerr-lens modelocked Cr3+:LiCAF laser oscillator using third order dispersion compensating double chirped mirrors," Opt. Lett. 27, 1726-1729 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Sanchez, R. E. Fahey, A. J. Strauss, and R. L. Aggarwal, "Room-temperature continuous-wave operation of a Ti:Al2O3 laser," Opt. Lett. 11, 363-364 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, "Generation of 5 fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 373-375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Optics Lett. (1)

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and M. A. Noginov, "Efficient cw TEM00 and femtosecond Kerr-lens modelocked Cr:LiSrGaF laser," Optics Lett. 21, 204-206 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Optics letters (1)

S. N. Tandon, J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, F. X. Kartner, and E. P. Ippen, "Large-area broadband saturable Bragg reflectors by use of oxidized AlAs," Optics letters 29, 2551-2553 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

E. Sorokin, "Solid-state materials for few-cycle pulse generation and amplification," in Few-cycle laser pulse generation and its applications, F. X. Kärtner, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2004), pp. 3-71.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (13)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematics of the single-mode diode-pumped Cr3+:Colquiriite lasers. In (a), a fused silica (FS) prism pair, and in (b) double chirped mirrors (DCM) were used for dispersion compensation. DS1-DS4: Single-mode pump diodes at 660 nm, PBS: polarizing beam splitting cube, M1-M2: pump mirrors with R= 75 mm, M3: flat high reflector, DCM: flat double-chirped mirrors with ~ -50 to -80 fs2 dispersion per bounce, SESAM/SBR: semiconductor saturable absorber mirror / saturable Bragg reflector, BR plate: birefringent plate for tuning. Dashed lines indicate the cw laser cavity.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Variation of cw laser output power with output coupling (OC) for Cr:LiSAF, Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiCAF gain media, at ~550 mW absorbed pump power.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Cw efficiency curves for the single-mode diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF (left) and Cr:LiSGaF (right) with the 0.5% and 3.1% output couplers. OC: Output coupler.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

CW tuning curves for Cr:LiSAF, Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiCAF at room temperature, at ~520 mW absorbed pump power. Two different output couplers were used.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Variation of cw output power with crystal holder temperature for Cr:LiSAF and Cr:LiSGaF gain media at ~520 mW absorbed pump power using two different output couplers.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spectrum and autocorrelation of the single-mode diode-pumped mode-locked Cr3+:LiSAF laser using an 800 nm SBR/SESAM with a adjusting the prism material insertion, resulted in pulses as short as 41-fs (assuming sech2 pulses) with 121 mW average power and 18.6 nm bandwidth near 814 nm at 84 MHz (~1.43-nJ pulse energy). The estimated total cavity dispersion to produce the 41-fs pulse was ~-50 fs2. The time-bandwidth product was ~0.34, close to the transform limit of 0.315 for sech2 pulses. Note that the spectrum has wings down to 780 nm, which is the cw tuning limit for Cr:LiSAF gain media.3% OC at ~530 mW absorbed pump power. The autocorrelation FWHM is 63 fs, corresponding to a 41-fs pulse duration (assuming a sech2 pulse). The average power is 121 mW, with 1.43 nJ pulse energy at 84-MHz repetition rate. The bandwidth is 18.6 nm (FWHM) at ~814 nm with a ~0.34 time-bandwidth product.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Representative efficiency curve for the single-mode diode-pumped mode-locked Cr:LiSAF laser, showing different regimes of operation with the SESAM/SBR: cw, continuous-wave; Q-switched ML, Q-switched mode-locked; cw ML, continuous-wave mode-locked operation. The boundary between stable cw mode-locking and q-switched mode-locking depends on the SESAM/SBR incident pulse energy fluence, hence, this curve is a representative example (see [21, 24] for other examples, and [21] for a detailed discussion).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Spectrum and autocorrelation of 46 fs, 1.76 nJ pulses centered around 870 nm using an 850 nm SBR/SESAM. Average output power was 157 mW with a 3% OCT and 85 MHz repetition rate cavity.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Spectra of 46, 53, 64 and 91-fs long pulses (assuming sech2 pulses) from the Cr3+:LiSAF laser. The estimated total cavity dispersion was -30, -110, -190 and -270 fs2, respectively. The time bandwidth product was ~0.35 for all cases.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Spectrum and autocorrelation trace for the 52-fs, 2 nJ pulses from the single-mode diode-pumped Cr:LiSGaF laser, using FS prisms for dispersion compensation and a 850 nm SBR/SESAM. The average output power was 172 mW, at ~530 mW absorbed pump power, with a 3% output coupler. The bandwidth was 15.7 nm (FWHM) centered near ~867 nm with a ~0.33 time-bandwidth product.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Spectrum and autocorrelation of 72-fs, 2.31 nJ pulses from the single-mode diode-pumped Cr:LiSGaF laser, using a GTI mirror for dispersion compensation and 800 nm SBR/SESAM. The average output power was 186 mW, at ~560 mW absorbed pump power, with a 3% output coupler.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Tuning data for the modelocked Cr:LiSAF laser. The graph shows the variation of the pulsewidth and energy as a function of the laser central wavelength.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Sample spectra from the Cr3+:LiSAF laser, showing the tunability of the central wavelength of the laser from 842 nm to 870 nm, for the sub-80-fs pulses. Estimated total cavity dispersion is also shown.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison of the spectroscopic and laser parameters of the Ti:Sapphire, Cr:LiSAF, Cr:LiSGaF, and Cr:LiCAF gain media.

Tables Icon

Table 2. Pulse energies, average output powers, and pulse durations from Cr:LiSAF. Repetition rates, central wavelength of spectrum, and dispersion compensation method are also listed.

Tables Icon

Table 3. Summary of cw mode-locking results with Cr:LiSGaF gain media.

Metrics