Abstract

The properties of periodic pairs of mutually twisted metallic (silver) crosses separated by dielectric layer have been investigated by numerical simulation. The results show that the exceptionally strong polarization rotation and circular dichroism, negative permeability and negative refractive index are found at the infrared communication wavelength (1.55μm).

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. R. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial," Science 312, 892-894 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Low-loss negative-index metamaterial at telecommunication wavelengths," Opt. Lett. 31, 1800-1802 (2006).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. V. M. Agranovich, Y. N. Gartstein, and A. A. Zakhidov, "Negative refraction in gyrotropic media," Phys. Rev. B 73, 045114 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Svirko, N. Zheludev, and M. Osipov, "Layered chiral metallic microstructures with inductive coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 498-500 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, "Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, "Giant optical gyrotropy due to electromagnetic coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev "Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (5)

2006 (7)

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, "Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. M. Agranovich, Y. N. Gartstein, and A. A. Zakhidov, "Negative refraction in gyrotropic media," Phys. Rev. B 73, 045114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial," Science 312, 892-894 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Low-loss negative-index metamaterial at telecommunication wavelengths," Opt. Lett. 31, 1800-1802 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Imhof and R. Zengerle, "Pairs of metallic crosses as a left-handed metamaterial with improved polarization properties," Opt. Express 14, 8257-8262 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, E. N. Economou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "A unifying approach to left handed material design," Opt. Lett. 31,3620-3622 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (6)

Y. Jin and S. He, "Focusing by a slab of chiral medium," Opt. Express 13,4974-4979 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Cut-wire pairs and plate pairs as magnetic atoms for optical metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 30, 3198-3200 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. M. Shalaev, W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, "Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 30, 3356-3358 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tretyakov, A. Sihvola, and L. Jylh¨a, "Backward-wave regime and negative refraction in chiral composites," Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 3, 107-115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Monzon and D. W. Forester, "Negative refraction and focusing of circularly polarized waves in optically active media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 123904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

J. B. Pendry, "A chiral route to negative refraction," Science 306, 1353-1355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

Y. Svirko, N. Zheludev, and M. Osipov, "Layered chiral metallic microstructures with inductive coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 498-500 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agranovich, V. M.

V. M. Agranovich, Y. N. Gartstein, and A. A. Zakhidov, "Negative refraction in gyrotropic media," Phys. Rev. B 73, 045114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

Brueck, S. R. J.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, W.

Chen, Y.

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, "Giant optical gyrotropy due to electromagnetic coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chettiar, U. K.

Chultz, S.

D. R. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Decker, M.

Dolling, G.

Dong, J.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev "Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Drachev, V. P.

Economou, E. N.

Enkrich, C.

Fan, W.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedotov, V. A.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev "Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, "Giant optical gyrotropy due to electromagnetic coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, "Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Forester, D. W.

C. Monzon and D. W. Forester, "Negative refraction and focusing of circularly polarized waves in optically active media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 123904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gartstein, Y. N.

V. M. Agranovich, Y. N. Gartstein, and A. A. Zakhidov, "Negative refraction in gyrotropic media," Phys. Rev. B 73, 045114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imhof, C.

Jin, Y.

Jylh¨a, L.

S. Tretyakov, A. Sihvola, and L. Jylh¨a, "Backward-wave regime and negative refraction in chiral composites," Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 3, 107-115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kildishev, A. V.

Kim, J. B.

Klein, M. W.

Koschny, T.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev "Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, E. N. Economou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "A unifying approach to left handed material design," Opt. Lett. 31,3620-3622 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwon, D.

Lam, V. D.

Lee, S. J.

Lee, Y. P.

Linden, S.

Malloy, K. J.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monzon, C.

C. Monzon and D. W. Forester, "Negative refraction and focusing of circularly polarized waves in optically active media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 123904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nemat-Nesser, S.

D. R. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osgood, R. M.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osipov, M.

Y. Svirko, N. Zheludev, and M. Osipov, "Layered chiral metallic microstructures with inductive coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 498-500 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Padilla, W.

D. R. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panoiu, N. C.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paul, O.

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, "A chiral route to negative refraction," Science 306, 1353-1355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plum, E.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev "Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, "Giant optical gyrotropy due to electromagnetic coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reinhard, B.

Rhee, J. Y.

Robbins, D. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rogacheva, A. V.

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, "Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarychev, A. K.

Schultz, S.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwanecke, A. S.

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, "Giant optical gyrotropy due to electromagnetic coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, "Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sihvola, A.

S. Tretyakov, A. Sihvola, and L. Jylh¨a, "Backward-wave regime and negative refraction in chiral composites," Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 3, 107-115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev "Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Dolling, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Negative-index metamaterial at 780 nm wavelength," Opt. Lett. 32, 53-55 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Low-loss negative-index metamaterial at telecommunication wavelengths," Opt. Lett. 31, 1800-1802 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial," Science 312, 892-894 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, E. N. Economou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "A unifying approach to left handed material design," Opt. Lett. 31,3620-3622 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Cut-wire pairs and plate pairs as magnetic atoms for optical metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 30, 3198-3200 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Svirko, Y.

Y. Svirko, N. Zheludev, and M. Osipov, "Layered chiral metallic microstructures with inductive coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 498-500 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tretyakov, S.

S. Tretyakov, A. Sihvola, and L. Jylh¨a, "Backward-wave regime and negative refraction in chiral composites," Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 3, 107-115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tung, N. T.

Tuttle, G.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vier, D.

D. R. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wegener, M.

Werner, D. H.

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Youngs, I.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
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J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
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Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
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Y. Svirko, N. Zheludev, and M. Osipov, "Layered chiral metallic microstructures with inductive coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 498-500 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev "Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, "Giant optical gyrotropy due to electromagnetic coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
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Zhou, J.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev "Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, E. N. Economou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "A unifying approach to left handed material design," Opt. Lett. 31,3620-3622 (2006).
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Zhou, J. F.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Svirko, N. Zheludev, and M. Osipov, "Layered chiral metallic microstructures with inductive coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 498-500 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, "Giant optical gyrotropy due to electromagnetic coupling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

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C.  Imhof and R.  Zengerle, "Strong birefringence in left-handed metallic metamaterials," Opt. Commun.  280, 213-216 (2007).
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Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. (1)

S. Tretyakov, A. Sihvola, and L. Jylh¨a, "Backward-wave regime and negative refraction in chiral composites," Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 3, 107-115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Agranovich, Y. N. Gartstein, and A. A. Zakhidov, "Negative refraction in gyrotropic media," Phys. Rev. B 73, 045114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev "Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, "Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Monzon and D. W. Forester, "Negative refraction and focusing of circularly polarized waves in optically active media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 123904 (2005).
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J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (3)

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial," Science 312, 892-894 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, "A chiral route to negative refraction," Science 306, 1353-1355 (2004).
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Other (1)

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C.M. Soukoulis, "Negative refractive index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104 (R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Unit cell of bi-layer cross chiral structure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission spectra of the bi-layer cross chiral structure for different twist angles.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dependence of the resonance frequencies on twist angles.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dependence of circular dichroism (a) and polarization azimuth rotation (b) on twist angles.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dependence of magnetic permeability on twist angles

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a). Permittivity and permeability; (b) Refractive index and chiral parameter; for 25 degree twist angle.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Transmission spectra of the bi-layer cross chiral structure for different dielectric layer thickness.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Dependence of resonance frequencies on dielectric layer thickness.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Dependence of circular dichroism (a) and polarization azimuth rotation (b) on dielectric layer thickness.

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