Abstract

A long-time-range spectral-shearing interferometry has been demonstrated by frequency mixing with two-color monochromatic fields. Strongly chirped pulses with quadratic and cubic phase distortion have been characterized. A linearly chirped pulse having 2.2 ps (full duration of 6 ps) has been measured with a coaxial two-color field generated by a narrow-gap passive etalon. Substantial extensions in the time range can be expected with a highly coherent two-color source, i.e., frequency stabilized lasers, or two longitudinal modes in the frequency comb.

© 2009 OSA

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References

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  1. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23(10), 792–794 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, “Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 24(18), 1314–1316 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Zero-additional-phase SPIDER: full characterization of visible and sub-20-fs ultraviolet pulses,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 210–212 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. R. Birge, R. Ell, and F. X. Kärtner, “Two-dimensional spectral shearing interferometry for few-cycle pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett. 31(13), 2063–2065 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Lelek, F. Louradour, A. Barthélémy, C. Froehly, T. Mansourian, L. Mouradian, J.-P. Chambaret, G. Chériaux, and B. Mercier, “Two-dimensional spectral shearing interferometry resolved in time for ultrashort optical pulse characterization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(6), A17–A24 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. Messager, F. Louradour, C. Froehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Coherent measurement of short laser pulses based on spectral interferometry resolved in time,” Opt. Lett. 28(9), 743–745 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, G. Stibenz, and G. Steinmeyer, “Sub-10 fs pulse characterization using spatially encoded arrangement for spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1914–1916 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Tomita, and H. Nishioka, “Wide temporal coverage spectral shearing interferometer with a dual frequency mixer,” in Proceedings of IEEE conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2007), pp. 842–843.
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    [PubMed]
  10. T. Witting, D. R. Austin, and I. A. Walmsley, “Improved ancilla preparation in spectral shearing interferometry for accurate ultrafast pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 881–883 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Yamashita, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Quasi-automatic phase control technique for chirp compensation of pulses with over-one-octave-bandwidth generation of few- to mono-cycle optical pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 213–222 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1987–1989 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, “Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 28(22), 2258–2260 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Kobayashi, J. Du, W. Feng, and K. Yoshino, “Excited-state molecular vibration observed for a probe pulse preceding the pump pulse by real-time optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(3), 037402 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Nishioka and K. Ueda, “Super-broadband continuum generation with transient self-focusing of a terawatt laser pulse in rare gases,” Appl. Phys. B 77(2-3), 171–175 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, Y. Akahane, K. Ogawa, K. Tsuji, A. Sugiyama, T. Harimoto, J. Kawanaka, H. Nishioka, and M. Fujita, “Ultra-broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification using an Yb: LiYF(4) chirped-pulse amplification pump laser,” Opt. Express 15(8), 5018–5023 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2008

M. Lelek, F. Louradour, A. Barthélémy, C. Froehly, T. Mansourian, L. Mouradian, J.-P. Chambaret, G. Chériaux, and B. Mercier, “Two-dimensional spectral shearing interferometry resolved in time for ultrashort optical pulse characterization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(6), A17–A24 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, J. Du, W. Feng, and K. Yoshino, “Excited-state molecular vibration observed for a probe pulse preceding the pump pulse by real-time optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(3), 037402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

2004

2003

1999

1998

Akahane, Y.

Aoyama, M.

Austin, D. R.

Barthelemy, A.

Barthélémy, A.

Baum, P.

Biegert, J.

Birge, J. R.

Chambaret, J.-P.

Chériaux, G.

De Silvestri, S.

Du, J.

T. Kobayashi, J. Du, W. Feng, and K. Yoshino, “Excited-state molecular vibration observed for a probe pulse preceding the pump pulse by real-time optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(3), 037402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ell, R.

Feng, W.

T. Kobayashi, J. Du, W. Feng, and K. Yoshino, “Excited-state molecular vibration observed for a probe pulse preceding the pump pulse by real-time optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(3), 037402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Froehly, C.

Fujita, M.

Gallmann, L.

Harimoto, T.

Iaconis, C.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kawanaka, J.

Keller, U.

Kobayashi, T.

T. Kobayashi, J. Du, W. Feng, and K. Yoshino, “Excited-state molecular vibration observed for a probe pulse preceding the pump pulse by real-time optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(3), 037402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lelek, M.

Lochbrunner, S.

Louradour, F.

Mansourian, T.

Matuschek, N.

Mercier, B.

Messager, V.

Morita, R.

M. Yamashita, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Quasi-automatic phase control technique for chirp compensation of pulses with over-one-octave-bandwidth generation of few- to mono-cycle optical pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 213–222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, “Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 28(22), 2258–2260 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mouradian, L.

Nishioka, H.

Nisoli, M.

Ogawa, K.

Oka, K.

Riedle, E.

Sansone, G.

Schenkel, B.

Stagira, S.

Steinmeyer, G.

Stibenz, G.

Sugiyama, A.

Suguro, A.

Sutter, D. H.

Svelto, O.

Tsuji, K.

Ueda, K.

H. Nishioka and K. Ueda, “Super-broadband continuum generation with transient self-focusing of a terawatt laser pulse in rare gases,” Appl. Phys. B 77(2-3), 171–175 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

Walmsley, I. A.

Witting, T.

Wyatt, A. S.

Yamakawa, K.

Yamane, K.

M. Yamashita, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Quasi-automatic phase control technique for chirp compensation of pulses with over-one-octave-bandwidth generation of few- to mono-cycle optical pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 213–222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, “Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 28(22), 2258–2260 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamashita, M.

M. Yamashita, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Quasi-automatic phase control technique for chirp compensation of pulses with over-one-octave-bandwidth generation of few- to mono-cycle optical pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 213–222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, “Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 28(22), 2258–2260 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshino, K.

T. Kobayashi, J. Du, W. Feng, and K. Yoshino, “Excited-state molecular vibration observed for a probe pulse preceding the pump pulse by real-time optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(3), 037402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Phys. B

H. Nishioka and K. Ueda, “Super-broadband continuum generation with transient self-focusing of a terawatt laser pulse in rare gases,” Appl. Phys. B 77(2-3), 171–175 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. Yamashita, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Quasi-automatic phase control technique for chirp compensation of pulses with over-one-octave-bandwidth generation of few- to mono-cycle optical pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 213–222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

T. Witting, D. R. Austin, and I. A. Walmsley, “Improved ancilla preparation in spectral shearing interferometry for accurate ultrafast pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 881–883 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1987–1989 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, “Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 28(22), 2258–2260 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Messager, F. Louradour, C. Froehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Coherent measurement of short laser pulses based on spectral interferometry resolved in time,” Opt. Lett. 28(9), 743–745 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, G. Stibenz, and G. Steinmeyer, “Sub-10 fs pulse characterization using spatially encoded arrangement for spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1914–1916 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23(10), 792–794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, “Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 24(18), 1314–1316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Zero-additional-phase SPIDER: full characterization of visible and sub-20-fs ultraviolet pulses,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 210–212 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Birge, R. Ell, and F. X. Kärtner, “Two-dimensional spectral shearing interferometry for few-cycle pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett. 31(13), 2063–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

T. Kobayashi, J. Du, W. Feng, and K. Yoshino, “Excited-state molecular vibration observed for a probe pulse preceding the pump pulse by real-time optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(3), 037402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

H. Tomita, and H. Nishioka, “Wide temporal coverage spectral shearing interferometer with a dual frequency mixer,” in Proceedings of IEEE conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2007), pp. 842–843.

H. Nishioka, and H. Tomita, “Wide-range spectral shearing interferometry,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications SystemsTechnologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CWB3.
[PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for a spectral shearing interferometry with coaxial two-color fields. (b) Spectrum of the two-color fields.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Interferogram for (a) a 11-fs near-TL pulse and (b) a 2.- ps chirped pulse (the foot has 6 ps) by a 50-mm-thick SF10 glass block. (c), (d) are reconstructed pulse shapes, respectively. The dashed curve in (b) shows the GDD in the glass block calculated with Sellmeier’s equation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

A pulse has cubic phase distortion. (a) Interferogram as a function of phase shift and Fourier phase. The red line shows the phase difference between the measurement and the calculation. (b) A reconstructed pulse shape and instantaneous phase.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Fringe contrast ratio as a function of time. The coherent time Tc of 14 ps is set by the linewidth of the etalon.

Equations (3)

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I(ω,ϕ)=E(ω)2+E(ω+Ω)2+2E(ω)E(ω+Ω)×cos[φ(ω+Ω)φ(ω)+ϕ],
φ(ω+Ω)φ(ω)=Ω(ω) .
φerr(ω)=φ(ω+Ω)φ(ω)Ω(ω)=Ω2[3(ωω0)+Ω]×TOD ,

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