Abstract

Self-compression and spectral supercontinuum (SC) generated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses with duration from 45 fs down to 6 fs in argon gas have been numerically investigated. A 45-fs pulse can be self-compressed into a few-cycle pulse with duration of 12 fs at the post-filamentation region. By properly employing a high-pass filter to select the broadening high-frequency spectra which are almost in phase, the pulse can be further shortened to about 7 fs. By contrast, a 6-fs pulse cannot be further self-compressed into a shorter pulse by filamentation although it can generate much broader SC extending from 200 nm to 1300 nm. It is also found that a separate and strong SC in the ultraviolet (UV) region extending from 220 nm to 300 nm and peaked at about 255nm can be generated at proper propagation distances, which corresponds to a pulse with duration of about 5 fs.

© 2009 OSA

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2008 (11)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and U. Keller, “Self-compression of optical laser pulses by filamentation,” N. J. Phys. 10(2), 025023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” 78, 033825 (2008).

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-recompression of laser filaments exiting a gas cell,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033838 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Temporal self-restoration of compressed optical filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(21), 213901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bergé and S. Skupin, “Few-cycle light bullets created by femtosecond filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(11), 113902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, “Characterization of supercontinuum radiation generated by self-focusing of few-cycle 800-nm pulses in Argon,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(13), 2141–2177 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé and S. Skupin, “Sub-2 fs pulses generated by self-channeling in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 750–752 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Spectral analysis and control to obtain sub-5 fs pulses by femtosecond filamentation,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2964–2966 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bergé, “Self-compression of 2 microm laser filaments,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21529–21543 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2006 (9)

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration in a white-light filament,” Opt. Lett. 31(2), 274–276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, X. Chen, J. Liu, Y. Zhu, Y. Leng, J. Dai, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Spectrum reshaping and pulse self-compression in normally dispersive media with negatively chirped femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 14(2), 979–987 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Few-cycle spatiotemporal soliton wave excited by filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in materials with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 74(4), 043801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Chen, Y. Leng, J. Liu, Y. Zhu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Pulse self-compression in normally dispersive bulk media,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 331–335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(1-2), 75–85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5 Pt 2), 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Mourou, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Optics in the relativistic regime,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(2), 309–371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

J. Liu, H. Schroeder, S. L. Chin, W. Yu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Space-frequency coupling, conical waves, and small-scale filamentation in water,” Phys. Rev. A 72(5), 053817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, “Supercontinuum extending from >1000 to 250 nm, generated by focusing ten-fs laser pulses at 805 nm into Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 399–403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, “Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell’s to unidirectional equations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

S. Champeaux and L. Bergé, “Femtosecond pulse compression in pressure-gas cells filled with argon,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6 Pt 2), 066603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Ward and L. Bergé, “Temporal shaping of femtosecond solitary pulses in photoionized media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(5), 053901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. Nurhuada, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “propagation dynamics of femtosecond laser pulses in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 66(2), 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (4)

L. Bergé and A. Couairon, “Gas-Induced Solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(6), 1003–1006 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Gaeta, “Catastrophic collapse of ultrashort pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(16), 3582–3585 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé and A. Couairon, “Nonlinear propagation of self-guided ultra-short pulses in ionized gases,” Phys. Plasmas 7(1), 210–231 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

C. G. Durfee Iii, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Intense 8-fs pulse generation in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 24(10), 697–699 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Henz and J. Herrmann, “Self-channeling and pulse shortening of femtosecond pulses in multiphoton-ionized dispersive dielectric solids,” Phys. Rev. A 59(3), 2528–2531 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Femtosecond pulse propagation in argon: A pressure dependence study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 58(4), 4903–4910 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1960 (1)

A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, “The Refractive Indices and Verdet Constants of the Inert Gases,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 259(1298), 424–434 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Aközbek, N.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Averchi, A.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” 78, 033825 (2008).

Backus, S.

Baltuška, A.

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bergé, L.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Temporal self-restoration of compressed optical filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(21), 213901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-recompression of laser filaments exiting a gas cell,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033838 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé and S. Skupin, “Sub-2 fs pulses generated by self-channeling in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 750–752 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bergé, “Self-compression of 2 microm laser filaments,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21529–21543 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bergé and S. Skupin, “Few-cycle light bullets created by femtosecond filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(11), 113902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5 Pt 2), 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Champeaux and L. Bergé, “Femtosecond pulse compression in pressure-gas cells filled with argon,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6 Pt 2), 066603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Ward and L. Bergé, “Temporal shaping of femtosecond solitary pulses in photoionized media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(5), 053901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bergé and A. Couairon, “Gas-Induced Solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(6), 1003–1006 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé and A. Couairon, “Nonlinear propagation of self-guided ultra-short pulses in ionized gases,” Phys. Plasmas 7(1), 210–231 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(1-2), 75–85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bloeme, M.

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bulanov, S. V.

G. A. Mourou, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Optics in the relativistic regime,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(2), 309–371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Champeaux, S.

S. Champeaux and L. Bergé, “Femtosecond pulse compression in pressure-gas cells filled with argon,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6 Pt 2), 066603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Chin, S. L.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, H. Schroeder, S. L. Chin, W. Yu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Space-frequency coupling, conical waves, and small-scale filamentation in water,” Phys. Rev. A 72(5), 053817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and U. Keller, “Self-compression of optical laser pulses by filamentation,” N. J. Phys. 10(2), 025023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” 78, 033825 (2008).

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(1-2), 75–85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé and A. Couairon, “Nonlinear propagation of self-guided ultra-short pulses in ionized gases,” Phys. Plasmas 7(1), 210–231 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé and A. Couairon, “Gas-Induced Solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(6), 1003–1006 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dai, J.

Dalgarno, A.

A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, “The Refractive Indices and Verdet Constants of the Inert Gases,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 259(1298), 424–434 (1960).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee Iii, C. G.

Faccio, D.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” 78, 033825 (2008).

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M.

Fuß, W.

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, “Characterization of supercontinuum radiation generated by self-focusing of few-cycle 800-nm pulses in Argon,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(13), 2141–2177 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fuss, W.

Fuß, W.

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, “Supercontinuum extending from >1000 to 250 nm, generated by focusing ten-fs laser pulses at 805 nm into Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 399–403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

A. L. Gaeta, “Catastrophic collapse of ultrashort pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(16), 3582–3585 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ge, X.

Goulielmakis, E.

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hatayama, M.

M. Nurhuada, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “propagation dynamics of femtosecond laser pulses in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 66(2), 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, C. P.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(1-2), 75–85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heinzmann, U.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Helbing, F. W.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(1-2), 75–85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Henz, S.

S. Henz and J. Herrmann, “Self-channeling and pulse shortening of femtosecond pulses in multiphoton-ionized dispersive dielectric solids,” Phys. Rev. A 59(3), 2528–2531 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

S. Henz and J. Herrmann, “Self-channeling and pulse shortening of femtosecond pulses in multiphoton-ionized dispersive dielectric solids,” Phys. Rev. A 59(3), 2528–2531 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kandidov, V. P.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Keller, U.

A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and U. Keller, “Self-compression of optical laser pulses by filamentation,” N. J. Phys. 10(2), 025023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(1-2), 75–85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kingston, A. E.

A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, “The Refractive Indices and Verdet Constants of the Inert Gases,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 259(1298), 424–434 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Kolesik, M.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” 78, 033825 (2008).

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, “Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell’s to unidirectional equations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kornelis, W.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(1-2), 75–85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kosareva, O. G.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kosma, K.

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, “Characterization of supercontinuum radiation generated by self-focusing of few-cycle 800-nm pulses in Argon,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(13), 2141–2177 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Trushin, K. Kosma, W. Fuss, and W. E. Schmid, “Sub-10-fs supercontinuum radiation generated by filamentation of few-cycle 800 nm pulses in argon,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2432–2434 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, “Supercontinuum extending from >1000 to 250 nm, generated by focusing ten-fs laser pulses at 805 nm into Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 399–403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kurilova, M. V.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5 Pt 2), 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leng, Y.

Li, R.

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Spectral analysis and control to obtain sub-5 fs pulses by femtosecond filamentation,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2964–2966 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Chen, X. Li, J. Liu, P. Wei, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of 5 fs, 0.7 mJ pulses at 1 kHz through cascade filamentation,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2402–2404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Chen, Y. Leng, J. Liu, Y. Zhu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Pulse self-compression in normally dispersive bulk media,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 331–335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Chen, J. Liu, Y. Zhu, Y. Leng, J. Dai, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Spectrum reshaping and pulse self-compression in normally dispersive media with negatively chirped femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 14(2), 979–987 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Few-cycle spatiotemporal soliton wave excited by filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in materials with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 74(4), 043801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Schroeder, S. L. Chin, W. Yu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Space-frequency coupling, conical waves, and small-scale filamentation in water,” Phys. Rev. A 72(5), 053817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Liu, J.

Liu, W.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lotti, A.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” 78, 033825 (2008).

Mazhorova, A. V.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

M. Nurhuada, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “propagation dynamics of femtosecond laser pulses in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 66(2), 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mlejnek, M.

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Femtosecond pulse propagation in argon: A pressure dependence study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 58(4), 4903–4910 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” 78, 033825 (2008).

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, “Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell’s to unidirectional equations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Femtosecond pulse propagation in argon: A pressure dependence study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 58(4), 4903–4910 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G. A.

G. A. Mourou, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Optics in the relativistic regime,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(2), 309–371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and U. Keller, “Self-compression of optical laser pulses by filamentation,” N. J. Phys. 10(2), 025023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(1-2), 75–85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nagasaka, K.

M. Nurhuada, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “propagation dynamics of femtosecond laser pulses in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 66(2), 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nurhuada, M.

M. Nurhuada, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “propagation dynamics of femtosecond laser pulses in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 66(2), 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Panja, S.

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, “Supercontinuum extending from >1000 to 250 nm, generated by focusing ten-fs laser pulses at 805 nm into Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 399–403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Panov, N. A.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Savel’ev, A. B.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scalora, M.

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, W. E.

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, “Characterization of supercontinuum radiation generated by self-focusing of few-cycle 800-nm pulses in Argon,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(13), 2141–2177 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Trushin, K. Kosma, W. Fuss, and W. E. Schmid, “Sub-10-fs supercontinuum radiation generated by filamentation of few-cycle 800 nm pulses in argon,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2432–2434 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, “Supercontinuum extending from >1000 to 250 nm, generated by focusing ten-fs laser pulses at 805 nm into Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 399–403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schnürer, M.

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5 Pt 2), 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, H.

J. Liu, H. Schroeder, S. L. Chin, W. Yu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Space-frequency coupling, conical waves, and small-scale filamentation in water,” Phys. Rev. A 72(5), 053817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Skupin, S.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Temporal self-restoration of compressed optical filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(21), 213901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bergé and S. Skupin, “Sub-2 fs pulses generated by self-channeling in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 750–752 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-recompression of laser filaments exiting a gas cell,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033838 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé and S. Skupin, “Few-cycle light bullets created by femtosecond filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(11), 113902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5 Pt 2), 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sokollik, T.

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5 Pt 2), 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Temporal self-restoration of compressed optical filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(21), 213901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-recompression of laser filaments exiting a gas cell,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033838 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration in a white-light filament,” Opt. Lett. 31(2), 274–276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5 Pt 2), 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stibenz, G.

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5 Pt 2), 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration in a white-light filament,” Opt. Lett. 31(2), 274–276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suda, A.

M. Nurhuada, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “propagation dynamics of femtosecond laser pulses in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 66(2), 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, T.

G. A. Mourou, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Optics in the relativistic regime,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(2), 309–371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Théberge, F.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trapani, P. D.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” 78, 033825 (2008).

Trushin, S.

S. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, “Supercontinuum extending from >1000 to 250 nm, generated by focusing ten-fs laser pulses at 805 nm into Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 399–403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Trushin, S. A.

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, “Characterization of supercontinuum radiation generated by self-focusing of few-cycle 800-nm pulses in Argon,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(13), 2141–2177 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Trushin, K. Kosma, W. Fuss, and W. E. Schmid, “Sub-10-fs supercontinuum radiation generated by filamentation of few-cycle 800 nm pulses in argon,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2432–2434 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Uiberacker, M.

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Uryupina, D. S.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, R. V.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Ward, H.

H. Ward and L. Bergé, “Temporal shaping of femtosecond solitary pulses in photoionized media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(5), 053901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, P.

Wright, E. M.

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Femtosecond pulse propagation in argon: A pressure dependence study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 58(4), 4903–4910 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Spectral analysis and control to obtain sub-5 fs pulses by femtosecond filamentation,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2964–2966 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Chen, X. Li, J. Liu, P. Wei, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of 5 fs, 0.7 mJ pulses at 1 kHz through cascade filamentation,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2402–2404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Few-cycle spatiotemporal soliton wave excited by filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in materials with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 74(4), 043801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Chen, J. Liu, Y. Zhu, Y. Leng, J. Dai, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Spectrum reshaping and pulse self-compression in normally dispersive media with negatively chirped femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 14(2), 979–987 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Chen, Y. Leng, J. Liu, Y. Zhu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Pulse self-compression in normally dispersive bulk media,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 331–335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Schroeder, S. L. Chin, W. Yu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Space-frequency coupling, conical waves, and small-scale filamentation in water,” Phys. Rev. A 72(5), 053817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, W.

J. Liu, H. Schroeder, S. L. Chin, W. Yu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Space-frequency coupling, conical waves, and small-scale filamentation in water,” Phys. Rev. A 72(5), 053817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhavoronkov, N.

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration in a white-light filament,” Opt. Lett. 31(2), 274–276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5 Pt 2), 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, D. S. Uryupina, M. V. Kurilova, A. V. Mazhorova, A. B. Savel’ev, R. V. Volkov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Optimization of a femtosecond pulse self-compression region along a filament in air,” Appl. Phys. B 91(1), 35–43 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Trushin, S. Panja, K. Kosma, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, “Supercontinuum extending from >1000 to 250 nm, generated by focusing ten-fs laser pulses at 805 nm into Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 399–403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (2)

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, “Characterization of supercontinuum radiation generated by self-focusing of few-cycle 800-nm pulses in Argon,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(13), 2141–2177 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation,” J. Mod. Opt. 53(1-2), 75–85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Phys. (2)

A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and U. Keller, “Self-compression of optical laser pulses by filamentation,” N. J. Phys. 10(2), 025023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuška, W. Fuß, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloeme, “Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses,” N. J. Phys. 8(9), 177 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

X. Chen, Y. Leng, J. Liu, Y. Zhu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Pulse self-compression in normally dispersive bulk media,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 331–335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (8)

X. Chen, X. Li, J. Liu, P. Wei, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of 5 fs, 0.7 mJ pulses at 1 kHz through cascade filamentation,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2402–2404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Trushin, K. Kosma, W. Fuss, and W. E. Schmid, “Sub-10-fs supercontinuum radiation generated by filamentation of few-cycle 800 nm pulses in argon,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2432–2434 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bergé and S. Skupin, “Sub-2 fs pulses generated by self-channeling in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 750–752 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Spectral analysis and control to obtain sub-5 fs pulses by femtosecond filamentation,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2964–2966 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Durfee Iii, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Ultrabroadband phase-matched optical parametric generation in the ultraviolet by use of guided waves,” Opt. Lett. 22(20), 1565–1567 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee Iii, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Intense 8-fs pulse generation in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 24(10), 697–699 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration in a white-light filament,” Opt. Lett. 31(2), 274–276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Plasmas (1)

L. Bergé and A. Couairon, “Nonlinear propagation of self-guided ultra-short pulses in ionized gases,” Phys. Plasmas 7(1), 210–231 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (5)

J. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Few-cycle spatiotemporal soliton wave excited by filamentation of a femtosecond laser pulse in materials with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 74(4), 043801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Schroeder, S. L. Chin, W. Yu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Space-frequency coupling, conical waves, and small-scale filamentation in water,” Phys. Rev. A 72(5), 053817 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Henz and J. Herrmann, “Self-channeling and pulse shortening of femtosecond pulses in multiphoton-ionized dispersive dielectric solids,” Phys. Rev. A 59(3), 2528–2531 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-recompression of laser filaments exiting a gas cell,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033838 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Nurhuada, A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “propagation dynamics of femtosecond laser pulses in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 66(2), 023811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (2)

S. Champeaux and L. Bergé, “Femtosecond pulse compression in pressure-gas cells filled with argon,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6 Pt 2), 066603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(5 Pt 2), 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics (1)

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Femtosecond pulse propagation in argon: A pressure dependence study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 58(4), 4903–4910 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, and G. Steinmeyer, “Temporal self-restoration of compressed optical filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(21), 213901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bergé and S. Skupin, “Few-cycle light bullets created by femtosecond filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(11), 113902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, “Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From Maxwell’s to unidirectional equations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bergé and A. Couairon, “Gas-Induced Solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(6), 1003–1006 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Gaeta, “Catastrophic collapse of ultrashort pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(16), 3582–3585 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ward and L. Bergé, “Temporal shaping of femtosecond solitary pulses in photoionized media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(5), 053901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. (1)

A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, “The Refractive Indices and Verdet Constants of the Inert Gases,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 259(1298), 424–434 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Mourou, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, “Optics in the relativistic regime,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(2), 309–371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Galegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” 78, 033825 (2008).

J. W. Thomas, Numerical partial differential equations: finite difference methods (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1995), Chap. 4.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(Color online) Peak intensities (blue solid curves) and electron densities (red dashed curves) for 800 nm pulses (w0=2.5 mm) propagating in argon at various powers with durations of tFWHM=45 fs (a, b, c) and 6 fs (d).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(Color online) On-axis temporal dynamics of 45-fs pulse propagating in argon at several input powers. (a) Pin=5 Pcr. (b) Pin=8.2 Pcr. (c) Pin=12 Pcr. (d) On-axis temporal dynamics of a 6-fs input pulse for Pin=5 Pcr.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(Color online) Typical intensity distribution in time and space domain at several different distances for a 45-fs input pulse at 8.2 Pcr. (a) 53.6 cm, (b) 62.6 cm, (c) 67.0 cm and (d) 86.5 cm, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(Color online) (a) Spectral intensity and (c) spectral phase on axis at z=79.9 cm for a 45-fs input pulse at 8.2 Pcr. (b) The Fourier transformation-limited pulse for spectrum (a). (d) Spectral intensity distribution of the same pulse at z=79.9 cm. (e) On-axis temporal profiles of the pulse after selecting different spectral components by high-pass filters.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(Color online) Spatial-temporal intensity profiles of 6-fs pulse at 800 nm propagating in argon at z=(a) 40.2, (b) 52.88, (c) 55.5, (d) 61.6 cm, respectively.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(Color online) Spectral SC (normal spectral intensity in logarithmic coordinate) generated by 800-nm pulses with different durations at 5 Pcr at several typical positions. (a) tFWHM=6 fs, (b) tFWHM=45 fs.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(Color online) On-axis spectral intensity of SC generated at z=(a) 55.5, (b) 61.6 and (c) 63.96 cm, respectively. Inset shows the SC spectral intensity (solid line) at 220 nm<λ<290 nm (6.5<ω<8.5 PHz) and spectral phase (dash line) relative to 7.4 PHz.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(Color online) On-axis temporal profile obtained by selecting spectral component at wavelength 210 nm<λ<310 nm at several positions when a 6-fs pulse is focused in argon by a lens with focal length 60 cm.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

zÊ=(i2k(ω)2+ik(ω))Ê+iω22k(ω)c2ε0 P̂NL ω2k(ω)c2ε0 Ĵf .
Ĵf=e2me(viω) ρ̂ Ê+Ipβ(K)Î(K1) Ê k0 ,
E(r,t,z=0)=2Pinπw02×er2w02t2T02ik(0)r22fiω0t.
zc=0.367z0(PinPcr0.852)20.0219.

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