Abstract

We demonstrate single-mode fiber transmission distance enhancement up to 120 km of a directly-modulated injection-locked VCSEL modulated by a 10Gb/s NRZ signal. Injection locking induced data pattern inversion of the VCSEL causes adjustable chirp, which greatly extends reach. Both experiments and simulations are shown to explain this phenomenon.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, “Lightwave Systems”Ch. 5 in Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (John Wiley & Sons, USA, 2002)
  2. X. Zhao, D. Parekh, E. K. Lau, H.-K. Sung, M.-C. Wu, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Novel cascaded injection-locked 1.55-mum VCSELs with 66 GHz modulation bandwidth,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14810–14816 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. K. Lau, X. Zhao, H.-K. Sung, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers demonstrating > 100-GHz resonance frequencies and 80-GHz intrinsic bandwidths,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6609–6618 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, and H. Walter, “Chirp reduction of directly modulated semiconductor lasers at 10 Gb/s by strong CW light injection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(3), 418–424 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and W. W. Chow, “Study of long-wavelength VCSEL-VCSEL injection locking for 2.5-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1635–1637 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. P. Agrawal, “Dispersion Management” Ch. 7 in Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (John Wiley & Sons, USA, 2002)
  7. Y. Matsui, D. Mahgerefteh, X. Zheng, C. Liao, Z. F. Fan, K. McCallion, and P. Tayebati, “Chirp-Managed Directly Modulated Laser (CML),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 385–387 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Zhao and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “A New Amplifier Model for Resonance Enhancement of Optically Injection-Locked Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 620(6), 395–397 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, “Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1196–1204 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M.C. Wu, M.C. Amann., C.J. Chang-Hasnain, and A.E. Willner, “Adjustable Chirp Injection-Locked 1.55-µm VCSELs for Enhanced Chromatic Dispersion Compensation at 10-Gbit/s,” OFC/NFOEC 1–3 (2008)
  11. W. Hofmann, N. H. Zhu, M. Ortsiefer, G. Bohm, Y. Liu, and M.-C. Amann, “High speed (>11 GHz) modulation of BCB-passivated 1.55 µm InGaAlAs-InP VCSELs,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 976–977 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Parekh, W. Yang, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Isolator-Less Optically Injection-Locked 1.55-μm VCSELs for Upstream Transmitters in WDM-PONs,” OFC, paper OThA4 (2009)

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

Y. Matsui, D. Mahgerefteh, X. Zheng, C. Liao, Z. F. Fan, K. McCallion, and P. Tayebati, “Chirp-Managed Directly Modulated Laser (CML),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 385–387 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Hofmann, N. H. Zhu, M. Ortsiefer, G. Bohm, Y. Liu, and M.-C. Amann, “High speed (>11 GHz) modulation of BCB-passivated 1.55 µm InGaAlAs-InP VCSELs,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 976–977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, “Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1196–1204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and W. W. Chow, “Study of long-wavelength VCSEL-VCSEL injection locking for 2.5-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1635–1637 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, and H. Walter, “Chirp reduction of directly modulated semiconductor lasers at 10 Gb/s by strong CW light injection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(3), 418–424 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M. C.

Amann, M.-C.

W. Hofmann, N. H. Zhu, M. Ortsiefer, G. Bohm, Y. Liu, and M.-C. Amann, “High speed (>11 GHz) modulation of BCB-passivated 1.55 µm InGaAlAs-InP VCSELs,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 976–977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Atsuki, K.

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, “Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1196–1204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bohm, G.

W. Hofmann, N. H. Zhu, M. Ortsiefer, G. Bohm, Y. Liu, and M.-C. Amann, “High speed (>11 GHz) modulation of BCB-passivated 1.55 µm InGaAlAs-InP VCSELs,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 976–977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burkhard, H.

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, and H. Walter, “Chirp reduction of directly modulated semiconductor lasers at 10 Gb/s by strong CW light injection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(3), 418–424 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.-H.

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and W. W. Chow, “Study of long-wavelength VCSEL-VCSEL injection locking for 2.5-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1635–1637 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

X. Zhao and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “A New Amplifier Model for Resonance Enhancement of Optically Injection-Locked Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 620(6), 395–397 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhao, D. Parekh, E. K. Lau, H.-K. Sung, M.-C. Wu, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Novel cascaded injection-locked 1.55-mum VCSELs with 66 GHz modulation bandwidth,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14810–14816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and W. W. Chow, “Study of long-wavelength VCSEL-VCSEL injection locking for 2.5-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1635–1637 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chow, W. W.

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and W. W. Chow, “Study of long-wavelength VCSEL-VCSEL injection locking for 2.5-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1635–1637 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chrostowski, L.

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and W. W. Chow, “Study of long-wavelength VCSEL-VCSEL injection locking for 2.5-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1635–1637 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Z. F.

Y. Matsui, D. Mahgerefteh, X. Zheng, C. Liao, Z. F. Fan, K. McCallion, and P. Tayebati, “Chirp-Managed Directly Modulated Laser (CML),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 385–387 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, W.

X. Zhao, D. Parekh, E. K. Lau, H.-K. Sung, M.-C. Wu, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Novel cascaded injection-locked 1.55-mum VCSELs with 66 GHz modulation bandwidth,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14810–14816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Hofmann, N. H. Zhu, M. Ortsiefer, G. Bohm, Y. Liu, and M.-C. Amann, “High speed (>11 GHz) modulation of BCB-passivated 1.55 µm InGaAlAs-InP VCSELs,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 976–977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, K.

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, “Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1196–1204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lau, E. K.

Liao, C.

Y. Matsui, D. Mahgerefteh, X. Zheng, C. Liao, Z. F. Fan, K. McCallion, and P. Tayebati, “Chirp-Managed Directly Modulated Laser (CML),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 385–387 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

W. Hofmann, N. H. Zhu, M. Ortsiefer, G. Bohm, Y. Liu, and M.-C. Amann, “High speed (>11 GHz) modulation of BCB-passivated 1.55 µm InGaAlAs-InP VCSELs,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 976–977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mahgerefteh, D.

Y. Matsui, D. Mahgerefteh, X. Zheng, C. Liao, Z. F. Fan, K. McCallion, and P. Tayebati, “Chirp-Managed Directly Modulated Laser (CML),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 385–387 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, Y.

Y. Matsui, D. Mahgerefteh, X. Zheng, C. Liao, Z. F. Fan, K. McCallion, and P. Tayebati, “Chirp-Managed Directly Modulated Laser (CML),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 385–387 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McCallion, K.

Y. Matsui, D. Mahgerefteh, X. Zheng, C. Liao, Z. F. Fan, K. McCallion, and P. Tayebati, “Chirp-Managed Directly Modulated Laser (CML),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 385–387 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mohrdiek, S.

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, and H. Walter, “Chirp reduction of directly modulated semiconductor lasers at 10 Gb/s by strong CW light injection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(3), 418–424 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, A.

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, “Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1196–1204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ortsiefer, M.

W. Hofmann, N. H. Zhu, M. Ortsiefer, G. Bohm, Y. Liu, and M.-C. Amann, “High speed (>11 GHz) modulation of BCB-passivated 1.55 µm InGaAlAs-InP VCSELs,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 976–977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Parekh, D.

Sung, H.-K.

Tayebati, P.

Y. Matsui, D. Mahgerefteh, X. Zheng, C. Liao, Z. F. Fan, K. McCallion, and P. Tayebati, “Chirp-Managed Directly Modulated Laser (CML),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 385–387 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Walter, H.

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, and H. Walter, “Chirp reduction of directly modulated semiconductor lasers at 10 Gb/s by strong CW light injection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(3), 418–424 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M. C.

Wu, M.-C.

Zhao, X.

Zheng, X.

Y. Matsui, D. Mahgerefteh, X. Zheng, C. Liao, Z. F. Fan, K. McCallion, and P. Tayebati, “Chirp-Managed Directly Modulated Laser (CML),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 385–387 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, N. H.

W. Hofmann, N. H. Zhu, M. Ortsiefer, G. Bohm, Y. Liu, and M.-C. Amann, “High speed (>11 GHz) modulation of BCB-passivated 1.55 µm InGaAlAs-InP VCSELs,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 976–977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Hofmann, N. H. Zhu, M. Ortsiefer, G. Bohm, Y. Liu, and M.-C. Amann, “High speed (>11 GHz) modulation of BCB-passivated 1.55 µm InGaAlAs-InP VCSELs,” Electron. Lett. 42(17), 976–977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, “Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1196–1204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and W. W. Chow, “Study of long-wavelength VCSEL-VCSEL injection locking for 2.5-Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1635–1637 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsui, D. Mahgerefteh, X. Zheng, C. Liao, Z. F. Fan, K. McCallion, and P. Tayebati, “Chirp-Managed Directly Modulated Laser (CML),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 385–387 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhao and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “A New Amplifier Model for Resonance Enhancement of Optically Injection-Locked Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 620(6), 395–397 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, and H. Walter, “Chirp reduction of directly modulated semiconductor lasers at 10 Gb/s by strong CW light injection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(3), 418–424 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (4)

G. P. Agrawal, “Lightwave Systems”Ch. 5 in Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (John Wiley & Sons, USA, 2002)

G. P. Agrawal, “Dispersion Management” Ch. 7 in Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (John Wiley & Sons, USA, 2002)

B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M.C. Wu, M.C. Amann., C.J. Chang-Hasnain, and A.E. Willner, “Adjustable Chirp Injection-Locked 1.55-µm VCSELs for Enhanced Chromatic Dispersion Compensation at 10-Gbit/s,” OFC/NFOEC 1–3 (2008)

D. Parekh, W. Yang, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Isolator-Less Optically Injection-Locked 1.55-μm VCSELs for Upstream Transmitters in WDM-PONs,” OFC, paper OThA4 (2009)

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