Abstract

A prism-coupler technique was introduced to determine the refractive indices and thermo-optic coefficients of epitaxial Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 (SBN) waveguides, in a temperature range covering the ferroelectric-paraelectric phase transition. A strong enhancement in the TO coefficient is observed near Tc. This strong enhancement is related to the critical change of the polarization. The values of dne/dT are significantly larger than dno/dT due to the larger quadratic electro-optic coefficient in TM polarization. In TM mode, the refractive index of SBN is increased by 1.3% as the temperature is increased to 160°C. Our results suggest that SBN waveguide is a potential candidate for thermo-optic modulators and switches.

© 2009 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008 (1)

X. T. Li, P. Y. Du, H. Ye, C. L. Mak, and K. H. Wong, “Electro-optic properties of epitaxial Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 films grown on MgO substrates using LixNi2-xO buffer layer,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 92(2), 397–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

K. S. Lee, T. S. Lee, W. M. Kim, S. Cho, and S. Lee, “Pump-probe optical switching in prism-coupled Au:SiO2 nanocomposite waveguide film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141905 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

C. Jacinto, D. Jaque, E. Martín Rodríguez, and J. García Solé, “Optical distortions through phase transition in the Nd3+:SBN laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

M. O. Ramírez, D. Jaque, L. E. Bausá, J. García Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Coherent light generation from a Nd:SBN nonlinear laser crystal through its ferroelectric phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431(7012), 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Tan, H. M. van Driel, S. L. Schweizer, R. B. Wehrspohn, and U. Gösele, “Nonlinear optical tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205110 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Granzow, Th. Woike, M. Wöhlecke, M. Imlau, and W. Kleemann, “Change from 3D-Ising to random field-Ising-model criticality in a uniaxial relaxor ferroelectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(6), 065701 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

Y. Terui and S. Ando, “Anisotropy in thermo-optic coefficients of polyimide films formed on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(23), 4755–4757 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, Q. X. Zhang, and A. Q. Liu, “Advanced fiber optical switches using deep RIE (DRIE) fabrication,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 102(3), 286–295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Goulkov, T. Granzow, U. Dörfler, Th. Woike, M. Imlau, R. Pankrath, and W. Kleemann, “Temperature dependent determination of the linear electrooptic coefficient r(33) in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 single crystals by means of light-induced scattering,” Opt. Commun. 218(1-3), 173–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, “Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 191(1-4), 181–187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, and S. Matsui, “New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low-power thermooptic switch and its application to 8x8 optical matrix switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(6), 993–1000 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Potasek and Y. Yang, “Multiterabit-per-second all-optical switching in a nonlinear directional coupler,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 714–721 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

R. A. O’Sullivan, K. W. McGregor, and J. F. Scott, “Thermal focusing and optical bistability in ferroelectrics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(12), R195–R234 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Blinc, A. Gregorovič, B. Zalar, R. Pirc, J. Seliger, W. Kleemann, S. G. Lushnikov, and R. Pankrath, “Nb-93 NMR of the random-field-dominated relaxor transition in pure and doped SBN,” Phys. Rev. B 64(13), 134109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. Zhai, L. Qiu, J. Zhou, Y. Zhao, Y. Shen, Q. Ling, and M. Yang, “Study on the thermal properties of doped PMMA systems,” Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 10(1), 3–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

G. Cocorullo, F. G. Della Corte, and I. Rendina, “Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient in crystalline silicon between room temperature and 550 K at the wavelength of 1523 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(22), 3338–3340 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Y. Y. Zhu, J. S. Fu, R. F. Xiao, and G. K. L. Wong, “Second harmonic generation in periodically domain-inverted Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 crystal plate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(14), 1793–1795 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. Trivedi, P. Tayebati, and M. Tabat, “Measurement of large electro-optic coefficients in thin films of strontium barium niobate (Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(23), 3227–3229 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

G. Cocorullo, M. Iodice, and I. Rendina, “All-silicon fabry-perot modulator based on the thermooptic effect,” Opt. Lett. 19, 420–422 (1994).
[PubMed]

G. Ghosh, “Temperature dispersion of refractive indexes in some silicate fiber glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(3), 431–433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

J. R. Oliver, R. R. Neurgaonkar, and L. E. Cross, “A thermodynamic phenomenology for ferroelectric tungsten bronze Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 (SBN:60),” J. Appl. Phys. 64(1), 37–47 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, M. J. Miller, E. J. Sharp, G. J. Salamo, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Broad-band photorefractive properties and self-pumped phase conjugation in Ce-SBN-60,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2126–2135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Crystalline ferroelectrics with glassy polarization behavior,” Phys. Rev. B 28(5), 2527–2530 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

C. Cordero-Montalvo and K. Vedam, “Piezo- and thermo-optic behavior of LiTaO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 52(2), 944–947 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

Almeida, V. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431(7012), 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ando, S.

Y. Terui and S. Ando, “Anisotropy in thermo-optic coefficients of polyimide films formed on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(23), 4755–4757 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barrios, C. A.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431(7012), 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bausá, L. E.

M. O. Ramírez, D. Jaque, L. E. Bausá, J. García Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Coherent light generation from a Nd:SBN nonlinear laser crystal through its ferroelectric phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Blinc, R.

R. Blinc, A. Gregorovič, B. Zalar, R. Pirc, J. Seliger, W. Kleemann, S. G. Lushnikov, and R. Pankrath, “Nb-93 NMR of the random-field-dominated relaxor transition in pure and doped SBN,” Phys. Rev. B 64(13), 134109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Burdge, G. L.

Burns, G.

G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Crystalline ferroelectrics with glassy polarization behavior,” Phys. Rev. B 28(5), 2527–2530 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.

K. S. Lee, T. S. Lee, W. M. Kim, S. Cho, and S. Lee, “Pump-probe optical switching in prism-coupled Au:SiO2 nanocomposite waveguide film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141905 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clark, W. W.

G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, M. J. Miller, E. J. Sharp, G. J. Salamo, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Broad-band photorefractive properties and self-pumped phase conjugation in Ce-SBN-60,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2126–2135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Cocorullo, G.

G. Cocorullo, F. G. Della Corte, and I. Rendina, “Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient in crystalline silicon between room temperature and 550 K at the wavelength of 1523 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(22), 3338–3340 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Cocorullo, M. Iodice, and I. Rendina, “All-silicon fabry-perot modulator based on the thermooptic effect,” Opt. Lett. 19, 420–422 (1994).
[PubMed]

Cordero-Montalvo, C.

C. Cordero-Montalvo and K. Vedam, “Piezo- and thermo-optic behavior of LiTaO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 52(2), 944–947 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Cross, L. E.

J. R. Oliver, R. R. Neurgaonkar, and L. E. Cross, “A thermodynamic phenomenology for ferroelectric tungsten bronze Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 (SBN:60),” J. Appl. Phys. 64(1), 37–47 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Dacol, F. H.

G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Crystalline ferroelectrics with glassy polarization behavior,” Phys. Rev. B 28(5), 2527–2530 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Della Corte, F. G.

G. Cocorullo, F. G. Della Corte, and I. Rendina, “Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient in crystalline silicon between room temperature and 550 K at the wavelength of 1523 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(22), 3338–3340 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dörfler, U.

M. Goulkov, T. Granzow, U. Dörfler, Th. Woike, M. Imlau, R. Pankrath, and W. Kleemann, “Temperature dependent determination of the linear electrooptic coefficient r(33) in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 single crystals by means of light-induced scattering,” Opt. Commun. 218(1-3), 173–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Du, P. Y.

X. T. Li, P. Y. Du, H. Ye, C. L. Mak, and K. H. Wong, “Electro-optic properties of epitaxial Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 films grown on MgO substrates using LixNi2-xO buffer layer,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 92(2), 397–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dugan, B. M.

Fu, J. S.

Y. Y. Zhu, J. S. Fu, R. F. Xiao, and G. K. L. Wong, “Second harmonic generation in periodically domain-inverted Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 crystal plate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(14), 1793–1795 (1997).
[CrossRef]

García Solé, J.

C. Jacinto, D. Jaque, E. Martín Rodríguez, and J. García Solé, “Optical distortions through phase transition in the Nd3+:SBN laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. O. Ramírez, D. Jaque, L. E. Bausá, J. García Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Coherent light generation from a Nd:SBN nonlinear laser crystal through its ferroelectric phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, G.

G. Ghosh, “Temperature dispersion of refractive indexes in some silicate fiber glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(3), 431–433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Goh, T.

Gösele, U.

H. W. Tan, H. M. van Driel, S. L. Schweizer, R. B. Wehrspohn, and U. Gösele, “Nonlinear optical tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205110 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Goulkov, M.

M. Goulkov, T. Granzow, U. Dörfler, Th. Woike, M. Imlau, R. Pankrath, and W. Kleemann, “Temperature dependent determination of the linear electrooptic coefficient r(33) in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 single crystals by means of light-induced scattering,” Opt. Commun. 218(1-3), 173–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Granzow, T.

T. Granzow, Th. Woike, M. Wöhlecke, M. Imlau, and W. Kleemann, “Change from 3D-Ising to random field-Ising-model criticality in a uniaxial relaxor ferroelectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(6), 065701 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Goulkov, T. Granzow, U. Dörfler, Th. Woike, M. Imlau, R. Pankrath, and W. Kleemann, “Temperature dependent determination of the linear electrooptic coefficient r(33) in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 single crystals by means of light-induced scattering,” Opt. Commun. 218(1-3), 173–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gregorovic, A.

R. Blinc, A. Gregorovič, B. Zalar, R. Pirc, J. Seliger, W. Kleemann, S. G. Lushnikov, and R. Pankrath, “Nb-93 NMR of the random-field-dominated relaxor transition in pure and doped SBN,” Phys. Rev. B 64(13), 134109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Himeno, A.

Imlau, M.

T. Granzow, Th. Woike, M. Wöhlecke, M. Imlau, and W. Kleemann, “Change from 3D-Ising to random field-Ising-model criticality in a uniaxial relaxor ferroelectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(6), 065701 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Goulkov, T. Granzow, U. Dörfler, Th. Woike, M. Imlau, R. Pankrath, and W. Kleemann, “Temperature dependent determination of the linear electrooptic coefficient r(33) in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 single crystals by means of light-induced scattering,” Opt. Commun. 218(1-3), 173–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Iodice, M.

Jacinto, C.

C. Jacinto, D. Jaque, E. Martín Rodríguez, and J. García Solé, “Optical distortions through phase transition in the Nd3+:SBN laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jaque, D.

C. Jacinto, D. Jaque, E. Martín Rodríguez, and J. García Solé, “Optical distortions through phase transition in the Nd3+:SBN laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. O. Ramírez, D. Jaque, L. E. Bausá, J. García Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Coherent light generation from a Nd:SBN nonlinear laser crystal through its ferroelectric phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

M. O. Ramírez, D. Jaque, L. E. Bausá, J. García Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Coherent light generation from a Nd:SBN nonlinear laser crystal through its ferroelectric phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kasahara, R.

Kim, W. M.

K. S. Lee, T. S. Lee, W. M. Kim, S. Cho, and S. Lee, “Pump-probe optical switching in prism-coupled Au:SiO2 nanocomposite waveguide film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141905 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kleemann, W.

T. Granzow, Th. Woike, M. Wöhlecke, M. Imlau, and W. Kleemann, “Change from 3D-Ising to random field-Ising-model criticality in a uniaxial relaxor ferroelectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(6), 065701 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Goulkov, T. Granzow, U. Dörfler, Th. Woike, M. Imlau, R. Pankrath, and W. Kleemann, “Temperature dependent determination of the linear electrooptic coefficient r(33) in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 single crystals by means of light-induced scattering,” Opt. Commun. 218(1-3), 173–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Blinc, A. Gregorovič, B. Zalar, R. Pirc, J. Seliger, W. Kleemann, S. G. Lushnikov, and R. Pankrath, “Nb-93 NMR of the random-field-dominated relaxor transition in pure and doped SBN,” Phys. Rev. B 64(13), 134109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. S.

K. S. Lee, T. S. Lee, W. M. Kim, S. Cho, and S. Lee, “Pump-probe optical switching in prism-coupled Au:SiO2 nanocomposite waveguide film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141905 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

K. S. Lee, T. S. Lee, W. M. Kim, S. Cho, and S. Lee, “Pump-probe optical switching in prism-coupled Au:SiO2 nanocomposite waveguide film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141905 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T. S.

K. S. Lee, T. S. Lee, W. M. Kim, S. Cho, and S. Lee, “Pump-probe optical switching in prism-coupled Au:SiO2 nanocomposite waveguide film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141905 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, A. D.

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, “Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 191(1-4), 181–187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Li, Q. X. Zhang, and A. Q. Liu, “Advanced fiber optical switches using deep RIE (DRIE) fabrication,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 102(3), 286–295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. T.

X. T. Li, P. Y. Du, H. Ye, C. L. Mak, and K. H. Wong, “Electro-optic properties of epitaxial Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 films grown on MgO substrates using LixNi2-xO buffer layer,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 92(2), 397–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ling, H. Q.

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, “Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 191(1-4), 181–187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ling, Q.

J. Zhai, L. Qiu, J. Zhou, Y. Zhao, Y. Shen, Q. Ling, and M. Yang, “Study on the thermal properties of doped PMMA systems,” Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 10(1), 3–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431(7012), 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, A. Q.

J. Li, Q. X. Zhang, and A. Q. Liu, “Advanced fiber optical switches using deep RIE (DRIE) fabrication,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 102(3), 286–295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. C.

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, “Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 191(1-4), 181–187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lushnikov, S. G.

R. Blinc, A. Gregorovič, B. Zalar, R. Pirc, J. Seliger, W. Kleemann, S. G. Lushnikov, and R. Pankrath, “Nb-93 NMR of the random-field-dominated relaxor transition in pure and doped SBN,” Phys. Rev. B 64(13), 134109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mak, C. L.

X. T. Li, P. Y. Du, H. Ye, C. L. Mak, and K. H. Wong, “Electro-optic properties of epitaxial Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 films grown on MgO substrates using LixNi2-xO buffer layer,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 92(2), 397–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martín Rodríguez, E.

C. Jacinto, D. Jaque, E. Martín Rodríguez, and J. García Solé, “Optical distortions through phase transition in the Nd3+:SBN laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, S.

McGregor, K. W.

R. A. O’Sullivan, K. W. McGregor, and J. F. Scott, “Thermal focusing and optical bistability in ferroelectrics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(12), R195–R234 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Miller, M. J.

G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, M. J. Miller, E. J. Sharp, G. J. Salamo, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Broad-band photorefractive properties and self-pumped phase conjugation in Ce-SBN-60,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2126–2135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ming, N. B.

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, “Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 191(1-4), 181–187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

Y. Quiao, S. Orlov, D. Psaltis, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrical fixing of photorefractive holograms in Sr0.75 Ba0.25Nb2O6,” Opt. Lett. 18(12), 1004–1006 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Oliver, R. R. Neurgaonkar, and L. E. Cross, “A thermodynamic phenomenology for ferroelectric tungsten bronze Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 (SBN:60),” J. Appl. Phys. 64(1), 37–47 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, M. J. Miller, E. J. Sharp, G. J. Salamo, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Broad-band photorefractive properties and self-pumped phase conjugation in Ce-SBN-60,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2126–2135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

O’Sullivan, R. A.

R. A. O’Sullivan, K. W. McGregor, and J. F. Scott, “Thermal focusing and optical bistability in ferroelectrics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(12), R195–R234 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oliver, J. R.

J. R. Oliver, R. R. Neurgaonkar, and L. E. Cross, “A thermodynamic phenomenology for ferroelectric tungsten bronze Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 (SBN:60),” J. Appl. Phys. 64(1), 37–47 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Orlov, S.

Panepucci, R. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431(7012), 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pankrath, R.

M. Goulkov, T. Granzow, U. Dörfler, Th. Woike, M. Imlau, R. Pankrath, and W. Kleemann, “Temperature dependent determination of the linear electrooptic coefficient r(33) in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 single crystals by means of light-induced scattering,” Opt. Commun. 218(1-3), 173–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Blinc, A. Gregorovič, B. Zalar, R. Pirc, J. Seliger, W. Kleemann, S. G. Lushnikov, and R. Pankrath, “Nb-93 NMR of the random-field-dominated relaxor transition in pure and doped SBN,” Phys. Rev. B 64(13), 134109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pirc, R.

R. Blinc, A. Gregorovič, B. Zalar, R. Pirc, J. Seliger, W. Kleemann, S. G. Lushnikov, and R. Pankrath, “Nb-93 NMR of the random-field-dominated relaxor transition in pure and doped SBN,” Phys. Rev. B 64(13), 134109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Potasek, M. J.

M. J. Potasek and Y. Yang, “Multiterabit-per-second all-optical switching in a nonlinear directional coupler,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 714–721 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Qiu, L.

J. Zhai, L. Qiu, J. Zhou, Y. Zhao, Y. Shen, Q. Ling, and M. Yang, “Study on the thermal properties of doped PMMA systems,” Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 10(1), 3–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Quiao, Y.

Ramírez, M. O.

M. O. Ramírez, D. Jaque, L. E. Bausá, J. García Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Coherent light generation from a Nd:SBN nonlinear laser crystal through its ferroelectric phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rendina, I.

G. Cocorullo, F. G. Della Corte, and I. Rendina, “Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient in crystalline silicon between room temperature and 550 K at the wavelength of 1523 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(22), 3338–3340 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Cocorullo, M. Iodice, and I. Rendina, “All-silicon fabry-perot modulator based on the thermooptic effect,” Opt. Lett. 19, 420–422 (1994).
[PubMed]

Rush, D. W.

Salamo, G. J.

G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, M. J. Miller, E. J. Sharp, G. J. Salamo, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Broad-band photorefractive properties and self-pumped phase conjugation in Ce-SBN-60,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2126–2135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Schweizer, S. L.

H. W. Tan, H. M. van Driel, S. L. Schweizer, R. B. Wehrspohn, and U. Gösele, “Nonlinear optical tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205110 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scott, J. F.

R. A. O’Sullivan, K. W. McGregor, and J. F. Scott, “Thermal focusing and optical bistability in ferroelectrics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(12), R195–R234 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Seliger, J.

R. Blinc, A. Gregorovič, B. Zalar, R. Pirc, J. Seliger, W. Kleemann, S. G. Lushnikov, and R. Pankrath, “Nb-93 NMR of the random-field-dominated relaxor transition in pure and doped SBN,” Phys. Rev. B 64(13), 134109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sharp, E. J.

G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, M. J. Miller, E. J. Sharp, G. J. Salamo, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Broad-band photorefractive properties and self-pumped phase conjugation in Ce-SBN-60,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2126–2135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

J. Zhai, L. Qiu, J. Zhou, Y. Zhao, Y. Shen, Q. Ling, and M. Yang, “Study on the thermal properties of doped PMMA systems,” Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 10(1), 3–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, A.

Tabat, M.

D. Trivedi, P. Tayebati, and M. Tabat, “Measurement of large electro-optic coefficients in thin films of strontium barium niobate (Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(23), 3227–3229 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tan, H. W.

H. W. Tan, H. M. van Driel, S. L. Schweizer, R. B. Wehrspohn, and U. Gösele, “Nonlinear optical tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205110 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y. F.

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, “Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 191(1-4), 181–187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tayebati, P.

D. Trivedi, P. Tayebati, and M. Tabat, “Measurement of large electro-optic coefficients in thin films of strontium barium niobate (Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(23), 3227–3229 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Terui, Y.

Y. Terui and S. Ando, “Anisotropy in thermo-optic coefficients of polyimide films formed on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(23), 4755–4757 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Torge, R.

Trivedi, D.

D. Trivedi, P. Tayebati, and M. Tabat, “Measurement of large electro-optic coefficients in thin films of strontium barium niobate (Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(23), 3227–3229 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ulrich, R.

van Driel, H. M.

H. W. Tan, H. M. van Driel, S. L. Schweizer, R. B. Wehrspohn, and U. Gösele, “Nonlinear optical tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205110 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vedam, K.

C. Cordero-Montalvo and K. Vedam, “Piezo- and thermo-optic behavior of LiTaO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 52(2), 944–947 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Wehrspohn, R. B.

H. W. Tan, H. M. van Driel, S. L. Schweizer, R. B. Wehrspohn, and U. Gösele, “Nonlinear optical tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205110 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wöhlecke, M.

T. Granzow, Th. Woike, M. Wöhlecke, M. Imlau, and W. Kleemann, “Change from 3D-Ising to random field-Ising-model criticality in a uniaxial relaxor ferroelectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(6), 065701 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woike, Th.

T. Granzow, Th. Woike, M. Wöhlecke, M. Imlau, and W. Kleemann, “Change from 3D-Ising to random field-Ising-model criticality in a uniaxial relaxor ferroelectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(6), 065701 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Goulkov, T. Granzow, U. Dörfler, Th. Woike, M. Imlau, R. Pankrath, and W. Kleemann, “Temperature dependent determination of the linear electrooptic coefficient r(33) in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 single crystals by means of light-induced scattering,” Opt. Commun. 218(1-3), 173–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wong, G. K. L.

Y. Y. Zhu, J. S. Fu, R. F. Xiao, and G. K. L. Wong, “Second harmonic generation in periodically domain-inverted Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 crystal plate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(14), 1793–1795 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. H.

X. T. Li, P. Y. Du, H. Ye, C. L. Mak, and K. H. Wong, “Electro-optic properties of epitaxial Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 films grown on MgO substrates using LixNi2-xO buffer layer,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 92(2), 397–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wood, G. L.

G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, M. J. Miller, E. J. Sharp, G. J. Salamo, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Broad-band photorefractive properties and self-pumped phase conjugation in Ce-SBN-60,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2126–2135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D.

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, “Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 191(1-4), 181–187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, R. F.

Y. Y. Zhu, J. S. Fu, R. F. Xiao, and G. K. L. Wong, “Second harmonic generation in periodically domain-inverted Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 crystal plate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(14), 1793–1795 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yanagisawa, M.

Yang, M.

J. Zhai, L. Qiu, J. Zhou, Y. Zhao, Y. Shen, Q. Ling, and M. Yang, “Study on the thermal properties of doped PMMA systems,” Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 10(1), 3–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

M. J. Potasek and Y. Yang, “Multiterabit-per-second all-optical switching in a nonlinear directional coupler,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 714–721 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yasu, M.

Ye, H.

X. T. Li, P. Y. Du, H. Ye, C. L. Mak, and K. H. Wong, “Electro-optic properties of epitaxial Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 films grown on MgO substrates using LixNi2-xO buffer layer,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 92(2), 397–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zalar, B.

R. Blinc, A. Gregorovič, B. Zalar, R. Pirc, J. Seliger, W. Kleemann, S. G. Lushnikov, and R. Pankrath, “Nb-93 NMR of the random-field-dominated relaxor transition in pure and doped SBN,” Phys. Rev. B 64(13), 134109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhai, J.

J. Zhai, L. Qiu, J. Zhou, Y. Zhao, Y. Shen, Q. Ling, and M. Yang, “Study on the thermal properties of doped PMMA systems,” Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 10(1), 3–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. X.

J. Li, Q. X. Zhang, and A. Q. Liu, “Advanced fiber optical switches using deep RIE (DRIE) fabrication,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 102(3), 286–295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

J. Zhai, L. Qiu, J. Zhou, Y. Zhao, Y. Shen, Q. Ling, and M. Yang, “Study on the thermal properties of doped PMMA systems,” Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 10(1), 3–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhai, L. Qiu, J. Zhou, Y. Zhao, Y. Shen, Q. Ling, and M. Yang, “Study on the thermal properties of doped PMMA systems,” Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 10(1), 3–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Zhu, J. S. Fu, R. F. Xiao, and G. K. L. Wong, “Second harmonic generation in periodically domain-inverted Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 crystal plate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(14), 1793–1795 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. (1)

J. Zhai, L. Qiu, J. Zhou, Y. Zhao, Y. Shen, Q. Ling, and M. Yang, “Study on the thermal properties of doped PMMA systems,” Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 10(1), 3–7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

G. Cocorullo, F. G. Della Corte, and I. Rendina, “Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient in crystalline silicon between room temperature and 550 K at the wavelength of 1523 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(22), 3338–3340 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Terui and S. Ando, “Anisotropy in thermo-optic coefficients of polyimide films formed on Si substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(23), 4755–4757 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Trivedi, P. Tayebati, and M. Tabat, “Measurement of large electro-optic coefficients in thin films of strontium barium niobate (Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(23), 3227–3229 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Jacinto, D. Jaque, E. Martín Rodríguez, and J. García Solé, “Optical distortions through phase transition in the Nd3+:SBN laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(16), 161116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Zhu, J. S. Fu, R. F. Xiao, and G. K. L. Wong, “Second harmonic generation in periodically domain-inverted Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 crystal plate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(14), 1793–1795 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Lee, T. S. Lee, W. M. Kim, S. Cho, and S. Lee, “Pump-probe optical switching in prism-coupled Au:SiO2 nanocomposite waveguide film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141905 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

X. T. Li, P. Y. Du, H. Ye, C. L. Mak, and K. H. Wong, “Electro-optic properties of epitaxial Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 films grown on MgO substrates using LixNi2-xO buffer layer,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 92(2), 397–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

W. C. Liu, D. Wu, A. D. Li, H. Q. Ling, Y. F. Tang, and N. B. Ming, “Annealing and doping effects on structure and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZrO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 191(1-4), 181–187 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, M. J. Miller, E. J. Sharp, G. J. Salamo, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Broad-band photorefractive properties and self-pumped phase conjugation in Ce-SBN-60,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(12), 2126–2135 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. J. Potasek and Y. Yang, “Multiterabit-per-second all-optical switching in a nonlinear directional coupler,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 714–721 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. Ghosh, “Temperature dispersion of refractive indexes in some silicate fiber glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(3), 431–433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. R. Oliver, R. R. Neurgaonkar, and L. E. Cross, “A thermodynamic phenomenology for ferroelectric tungsten bronze Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 (SBN:60),” J. Appl. Phys. 64(1), 37–47 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. Cordero-Montalvo and K. Vedam, “Piezo- and thermo-optic behavior of LiTaO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 52(2), 944–947 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

R. A. O’Sullivan, K. W. McGregor, and J. F. Scott, “Thermal focusing and optical bistability in ferroelectrics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(12), R195–R234 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431(7012), 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Goulkov, T. Granzow, U. Dörfler, Th. Woike, M. Imlau, R. Pankrath, and W. Kleemann, “Temperature dependent determination of the linear electrooptic coefficient r(33) in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 single crystals by means of light-induced scattering,” Opt. Commun. 218(1-3), 173–182 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

R. Blinc, A. Gregorovič, B. Zalar, R. Pirc, J. Seliger, W. Kleemann, S. G. Lushnikov, and R. Pankrath, “Nb-93 NMR of the random-field-dominated relaxor transition in pure and doped SBN,” Phys. Rev. B 64(13), 134109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Crystalline ferroelectrics with glassy polarization behavior,” Phys. Rev. B 28(5), 2527–2530 (1983).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Tan, H. M. van Driel, S. L. Schweizer, R. B. Wehrspohn, and U. Gösele, “Nonlinear optical tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205110 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. O. Ramírez, D. Jaque, L. E. Bausá, J. García Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Coherent light generation from a Nd:SBN nonlinear laser crystal through its ferroelectric phase transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Granzow, Th. Woike, M. Wöhlecke, M. Imlau, and W. Kleemann, “Change from 3D-Ising to random field-Ising-model criticality in a uniaxial relaxor ferroelectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(6), 065701 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sens. Actuators A Phys. (1)

J. Li, Q. X. Zhang, and A. Q. Liu, “Advanced fiber optical switches using deep RIE (DRIE) fabrication,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 102(3), 286–295 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. Nishihara, M. Haruna, and T. Suhara, Optical Integrated Circuits (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1989).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Apparatus for measuring the TO coefficient of thin films using a prism coupler technique.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental and theoretic temperature dependence of refractive index and birefringence of epitaxial SBN films.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Temperature dependence of TO coefficient: (a) dnTM /dT and (b) dnTE /dT of epitaxial SBN films.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The mode (a) TM and (b) TE spectra and their enlarged figure at room temperature and 130°C; Digital camera captured photographs of excited (c) TM mode-lines and (d)TE mode-lines.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Reflected optical intensity in TM mode and TM0 mode angle vs temperature.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. TO coefficients of some commonly used TO materials.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ(n2)mn=Σ gmnop P0 Pp
Δni=nini0=(ni0)3gi3P322
P(T)=P0(1TTc)β

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