Abstract

LiInSe2 is one of the few (only 5) non-oxide nonlinear optical crystals whose band-gap (2.86 eV) and transparency allowed in the past nanosecond optical parametric oscillation in the mid-IR without two-photon absorption for a pump wavelength of 1064 nm. However, the first such demonstration was limited to the 3.3–3.78 µm range for the idler and the average idler power did not exceed 2.5 mW. Here we report broadly tunable operation, from 4.7 to 8.7 µm, of an OPO based on LiInSe2, achieving maximum idler pulse energy of 282 µJ at ~6.5 µm, at a repetition rate of 100 Hz (~28 mW of average power).

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. A. Kaminskii, "Laser crystals and ceramics: recent advances," Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 93-177 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, "The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2," Proc. SPIE 7197, 7197-21/1-8 (2009).
  3. E. O. Amman and J. M. Yarborough, "Optical parametric oscillation in proustite," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 233-235 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, "Reliable operation of a proustite parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34-36 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, "Singly resonant proustite parametric oscillator tuned from 1.22 to 8.5 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 440-442 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "AgGaS2 infrared parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. 45, 313-315 (1984).
  7. P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, "Nanosecond AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator with more than 4 micron output," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661-L1664 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, "AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 3.9 to 11.3 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204-1206 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T.-J. Wang, Z.-H. Kang, H.-Z. Zhang, Q.-Y. He, Y. Qu, Z.-S. Feng, Y. Jiang, J.-Y. Gao, Y. M. Andreev, and G. V. Lanskii, "Wide-tunable, high energy AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Express 14, 13001-13006 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, "A HgGa2S4 optical parametric oscillator," Quantum Electron. 33, 831-832 (2003) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 33, 831-832 (2003)].
    [CrossRef]
  11. J.-J. Zondy, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, L. Isaenko, and V. Petrov, "LiInSe2 nanosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 30, 2460-2462 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, "Optical parametric oscillator on an Hg1-xCdxGa2S4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 35, 853-856 (2005) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 35, 853-856 (2005)].
    [CrossRef]
  13. J.-J. Zondy, V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, "Orthorhombic crystals of lithium thioindate and selenoindate for nonlinear optics in the mid-IR," In: Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, ed. by M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. Sorokina, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series - B: Physics and Biophysics, Springer (2008), pp. 67-104.
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-15, 415-431 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, "Laser crystals and ceramics: recent advances," Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 93-177 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

J.-J. Zondy, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, L. Isaenko, and V. Petrov, "LiInSe2 nanosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 30, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, "Optical parametric oscillator on an Hg1-xCdxGa2S4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 35, 853-856 (2005) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 35, 853-856 (2005)].
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, "A HgGa2S4 optical parametric oscillator," Quantum Electron. 33, 831-832 (2003) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 33, 831-832 (2003)].
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, "AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 3.9 to 11.3 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204-1206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, "Nanosecond AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator with more than 4 micron output," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661-L1664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "AgGaS2 infrared parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. 45, 313-315 (1984).

1979 (1)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-15, 415-431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, "Singly resonant proustite parametric oscillator tuned from 1.22 to 8.5 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 440-442 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, "Reliable operation of a proustite parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34-36 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

E. O. Amman and J. M. Yarborough, "Optical parametric oscillation in proustite," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 233-235 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Amman, E. O.

E. O. Amman and J. M. Yarborough, "Optical parametric oscillation in proustite," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 233-235 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Andreev, Y. M.

Badikov, V. V.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, "Optical parametric oscillator on an Hg1-xCdxGa2S4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 35, 853-856 (2005) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 35, 853-856 (2005)].
[CrossRef]

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, "A HgGa2S4 optical parametric oscillator," Quantum Electron. 33, 831-832 (2003) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 33, 831-832 (2003)].
[CrossRef]

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-15, 415-431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "AgGaS2 infrared parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. 45, 313-315 (1984).

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-15, 415-431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chong, T. C.

P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, "Nanosecond AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator with more than 4 micron output," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661-L1664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Don, A. K.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, "Optical parametric oscillator on an Hg1-xCdxGa2S4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 35, 853-856 (2005) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 35, 853-856 (2005)].
[CrossRef]

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, "A HgGa2S4 optical parametric oscillator," Quantum Electron. 33, 831-832 (2003) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 33, 831-832 (2003)].
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "AgGaS2 infrared parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. 45, 313-315 (1984).

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "AgGaS2 infrared parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. 45, 313-315 (1984).

Feng, Z.-S.

Gao, J.-Y.

Hanna, D. C.

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, "Singly resonant proustite parametric oscillator tuned from 1.22 to 8.5 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 440-442 (1973).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, "Reliable operation of a proustite parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34-36 (1972).
[CrossRef]

He, Q.-Y.

Isaenko, L.

Jiang, Y.

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, "Laser crystals and ceramics: recent advances," Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 93-177 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kang, Z.-H.

Lanskii, G. V.

Lobanov, S.

Luther-Davies, B.

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, "Singly resonant proustite parametric oscillator tuned from 1.22 to 8.5 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 440-442 (1973).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, "Reliable operation of a proustite parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34-36 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Maffetone, J. P.

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, "AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 3.9 to 11.3 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204-1206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mitin, K. V.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, "Optical parametric oscillator on an Hg1-xCdxGa2S4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 35, 853-856 (2005) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 35, 853-856 (2005)].
[CrossRef]

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, "A HgGa2S4 optical parametric oscillator," Quantum Electron. 33, 831-832 (2003) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 33, 831-832 (2003)].
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Phua, P. B.

P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, "Nanosecond AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator with more than 4 micron output," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661-L1664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Qu, Y.

Rudermann, W.

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, "AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 3.9 to 11.3 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204-1206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rutt, H. N.

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, "Reliable operation of a proustite parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34-36 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Schebetova, N. I.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, "Optical parametric oscillator on an Hg1-xCdxGa2S4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 35, 853-856 (2005) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 35, 853-856 (2005)].
[CrossRef]

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, "A HgGa2S4 optical parametric oscillator," Quantum Electron. 33, 831-832 (2003) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 33, 831-832 (2003)].
[CrossRef]

Seregin, A. M.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, "A HgGa2S4 optical parametric oscillator," Quantum Electron. 33, 831-832 (2003) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 33, 831-832 (2003)].
[CrossRef]

Seryogin, A. M.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, "Optical parametric oscillator on an Hg1-xCdxGa2S4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 35, 853-856 (2005) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 35, 853-856 (2005)].
[CrossRef]

Sinaiskii, V. V.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, "A HgGa2S4 optical parametric oscillator," Quantum Electron. 33, 831-832 (2003) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 33, 831-832 (2003)].
[CrossRef]

Sinaiskiy, V. V.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, "Optical parametric oscillator on an Hg1-xCdxGa2S4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 35, 853-856 (2005) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 35, 853-856 (2005)].
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. C.

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, "Singly resonant proustite parametric oscillator tuned from 1.22 to 8.5 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 440-442 (1973).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, "Reliable operation of a proustite parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34-36 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Vedenyapin, V.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, "AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 3.9 to 11.3 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204-1206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.-J.

Wu, R. F.

P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, "Nanosecond AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator with more than 4 micron output," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661-L1664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Xu, B. X.

P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, "Nanosecond AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator with more than 4 micron output," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661-L1664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yarborough, J. M.

E. O. Amman and J. M. Yarborough, "Optical parametric oscillation in proustite," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 233-235 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Yelisseyev, A.

Zhang, H.-Z.

Zondy, J.-J.

Zwieback, I.

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, "AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 3.9 to 11.3 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204-1206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "AgGaS2 infrared parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. 45, 313-315 (1984).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

E. O. Amman and J. M. Yarborough, "Optical parametric oscillation in proustite," Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 233-235 (1970).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, "Reliable operation of a proustite parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34-36 (1972).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, "Singly resonant proustite parametric oscillator tuned from 1.22 to 8.5 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 440-442 (1973).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, "AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 3.9 to 11.3 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204-1206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-15, 415-431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, "Nanosecond AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator with more than 4 micron output," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661-L1664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, "Laser crystals and ceramics: recent advances," Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 93-177 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Quantum Electron. (2)

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, "A HgGa2S4 optical parametric oscillator," Quantum Electron. 33, 831-832 (2003) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 33, 831-832 (2003)].
[CrossRef]

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, "Optical parametric oscillator on an Hg1-xCdxGa2S4 crystal," Quantum Electron. 35, 853-856 (2005) [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. 35, 853-856 (2005)].
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J.-J. Zondy, V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, "Orthorhombic crystals of lithium thioindate and selenoindate for nonlinear optics in the mid-IR," In: Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, ed. by M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. Sorokina, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series - B: Physics and Biophysics, Springer (2008), pp. 67-104.
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, "The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2," Proc. SPIE 7197, 7197-21/1-8 (2009).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental set-up of the LISe OPO. λ/2: half-wave plate, P: polarizer, S: mechanical shutter, F: 2.5 µm cut-on filter, L: 10 cm MgF2 lens, D: diaphragm, BM: bending mirror, OC: output coupler, TR: total reflector.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

AR coated samples of LiInSe2 used in the present work: sample A (a) and sample B (b), see text.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Output idler energy with LISe sample A (black squares) and sample B (red diamonds) versus pump energy at 1064 nm, incident on the crystals. The curves are recorded at normal incidence with cavity lengths of 18.5 and 25.5 mm, respectively. The last point in case B denotes a surface damage. (b) Tuning OPO curves recorded for the two LISe samples at fixed pump energy.

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