Abstract

Electrical tuning of polarization beam splitting is demonstrated in the structure of symmetrical metal-cladding waveguide by introducing optically nonlinear material into both the coupling prism and the guiding layer. Due to the anisotropy of the coupling material, different excitation conditions for TE and TM modes are obtained, which results in polarization-dependent reflections and transmissions. And the splitting effect of the two orthogonally polarized beams can be manipulated through an electrical modulation of the guiding layer properties.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008 (1)

J. M. Zhao, Y. Chen, and Y. J. Feng, "Polarization beam splitting through an anisotropic metamaterial slab realized by a layered metal-dielectric structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

C. Y. Tai, S. H. Chang, and T. C. Chiu, "Design and analysis of an ultra-compact and ultra-wideband polarization beam splitter based on coupled plasmonic waveguide arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1448-1450 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Feng, and Z. P. Zhou, "Polarization beam splitter using a binary blazed grating coupler," Opt. Lett. 32, 1662-1664 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Luo, Z. Ren, W. Shu, and F. Li, "Construct a polarizing beam splitter by an anisotropic metamaterial slab," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers and Optics 87, 283-287 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

H. F. Lu, Z. Q. Cao, H. G. Li, and Q. S. Shen, "Study of ultrahigh-order modes in a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4579-4581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Wu, M. Mazilu, J. F. Gallet, T. F. Krauss, A. Jugessur, and R. M. De La Rue, "Planar photonic crystal polarization splitter," Opt. Lett. 29, 1620-1622 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

1967 (1)

G. D. Boyd, W. L. Bond, and H. L. Carter, "Refractive index as a function of temperature in LiNbO3," J Appl. Phys. 38, 1941-1943 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Ao, X. Y.

Bond, W. L.

G. D. Boyd, W. L. Bond, and H. L. Carter, "Refractive index as a function of temperature in LiNbO3," J Appl. Phys. 38, 1941-1943 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, W. L. Bond, and H. L. Carter, "Refractive index as a function of temperature in LiNbO3," J Appl. Phys. 38, 1941-1943 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Cai, J. B.

Cao, Z. Q.

H. F. Lu, Z. Q. Cao, H. G. Li, and Q. S. Shen, "Study of ultrahigh-order modes in a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4579-4581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carter, H. L.

G. D. Boyd, W. L. Bond, and H. L. Carter, "Refractive index as a function of temperature in LiNbO3," J Appl. Phys. 38, 1941-1943 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S. H.

C. Y. Tai, S. H. Chang, and T. C. Chiu, "Design and analysis of an ultra-compact and ultra-wideband polarization beam splitter based on coupled plasmonic waveguide arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1448-1450 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

J. M. Zhao, Y. Chen, and Y. J. Feng, "Polarization beam splitting through an anisotropic metamaterial slab realized by a layered metal-dielectric structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, T. C.

C. Y. Tai, S. H. Chang, and T. C. Chiu, "Design and analysis of an ultra-compact and ultra-wideband polarization beam splitter based on coupled plasmonic waveguide arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1448-1450 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dalton, L. R.

L. R. Dalton, "Rational design of organic electro-optic materials," J Phys-Condens Mat 15, R897-R934 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dardano, P.

De La Rue, R. M.

Feng, J. B.

Feng, Y. J.

J. M. Zhao, Y. Chen, and Y. J. Feng, "Polarization beam splitting through an anisotropic metamaterial slab realized by a layered metal-dielectric structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gallet, J. F.

He, S. L.

Jiang, J. H.

Jugessur, A.

Kim, S. Y.

Krauss, T. F.

Li, F.

H. Luo, Z. Ren, W. Shu, and F. Li, "Construct a polarizing beam splitter by an anisotropic metamaterial slab," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers and Optics 87, 283-287 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. G.

H. F. Lu, Z. Q. Cao, H. G. Li, and Q. S. Shen, "Study of ultrahigh-order modes in a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4579-4581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

Lu, H. F.

H. F. Lu, Z. Q. Cao, H. G. Li, and Q. S. Shen, "Study of ultrahigh-order modes in a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4579-4581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luo, H.

H. Luo, Z. Ren, W. Shu, and F. Li, "Construct a polarizing beam splitter by an anisotropic metamaterial slab," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers and Optics 87, 283-287 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mazilu, M.

Mocella, V.

Moretti, L.

Nordin, G. P.

Park, W.

Ren, Z.

H. Luo, Z. Ren, W. Shu, and F. Li, "Construct a polarizing beam splitter by an anisotropic metamaterial slab," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers and Optics 87, 283-287 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rendina, I.

Schonbrun, E.

Shen, Q. S.

H. F. Lu, Z. Q. Cao, H. G. Li, and Q. S. Shen, "Study of ultrahigh-order modes in a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4579-4581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shu, W.

H. Luo, Z. Ren, W. Shu, and F. Li, "Construct a polarizing beam splitter by an anisotropic metamaterial slab," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers and Optics 87, 283-287 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Summers, C. J.

Tai, C. Y.

C. Y. Tai, S. H. Chang, and T. C. Chiu, "Design and analysis of an ultra-compact and ultra-wideband polarization beam splitter based on coupled plasmonic waveguide arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1448-1450 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L. J.

Wu, Q.

Yamashita, T.

Zhao, J. M.

J. M. Zhao, Y. Chen, and Y. J. Feng, "Polarization beam splitting through an anisotropic metamaterial slab realized by a layered metal-dielectric structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, L. B.

Zhou, Z. P.

Appl. Phys. B-Lasers and Optics (1)

H. Luo, Z. Ren, W. Shu, and F. Li, "Construct a polarizing beam splitter by an anisotropic metamaterial slab," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers and Optics 87, 283-287 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. M. Zhao, Y. Chen, and Y. J. Feng, "Polarization beam splitting through an anisotropic metamaterial slab realized by a layered metal-dielectric structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Lu, Z. Q. Cao, H. G. Li, and Q. S. Shen, "Study of ultrahigh-order modes in a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4579-4581 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Y. Tai, S. H. Chang, and T. C. Chiu, "Design and analysis of an ultra-compact and ultra-wideband polarization beam splitter based on coupled plasmonic waveguide arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1448-1450 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd, W. L. Bond, and H. L. Carter, "Refractive index as a function of temperature in LiNbO3," J Appl. Phys. 38, 1941-1943 (1967).
[CrossRef]

J Phys-Condens Mat (1)

L. R. Dalton, "Rational design of organic electro-optic materials," J Phys-Condens Mat 15, R897-R934 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Other (1)

H. A. Macleod, Thin-film optical filters (Adam Hilger, Bristol, 1986).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Structure of the SMCW for tunable PBS.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated reflectivity and transmissivity with respect to the incident angle for TE-and TM-polarized light.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup. PD: photodetector; EOM: EO modulator; AP: aperture.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental measurements of tunable PBS. (a) θ=5.884°; (b) θ=5.941°.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[BC]={Πj=15[cosδjisinδjηjiηjsinδjcosδj]}[1η6],
ηj={njcosθj,TEmodenjcosθj,TMmode ,
R=(η0BCη0B+C)(η0BCη0B+C)* .
T=4η0η6(η0B+C)(η0B+C)*.

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