Abstract

In a holographic recording is advisable that the diffraction efficiency increases linearly with the exposure in a wide zone of the curve of diffraction efficiency versus energetic exposure and the slope of the curve must be approximately constant before saturation in order to improve the energetic sensitivity and to get reproducibility in different recordings with the same kind of photopolymer, although to find examples of deviations to this behavior it is usual. The more important deviation experimentally observed in photopolymers with high thickness happen when the first maximum in the curve is lower than the second one. This effect is opposed to an overmodulation. We present a main hypothesis related to the dye concentration into the layer and with the molecular weight of the polymer chains generated in the polymerization process in order to explain this effect.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. R. A. Lessard, and G. Manivannan, “Holographic Recording Materials: an overview,” in Holographic Materials, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE 2405, 2–15 (1995).
  2. S. Martin, P. E. L. G. Leclere, Y. L. M. Renotte, V. Toal, and Y. F. Lion, “Characterization of an acrylamide-based dry photopolymer holographic recording material,” Opt. Eng. 33(12), 3942–3946 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76(8), 851–857 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Ortuño, E. Fernández, S. Gallego, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “New photopolymer holographic recording material with sustainable design,” Opt. Express 15(19), 12425–12435 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, I. Pascual, C. Neipp, and A. Beléndez, “Holographic characteristics of an acrylamide/bisacrylamide photopolymer in 40-1000 μm thick layers,” Phys. Scr. T 118, 66–68 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, and I. Pascual, “Holographic characteristics of a 1-mm-thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories,” Appl. Opt. 42(35), 7008–7012 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Hologram Gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
  8. S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. Kelly, and J. Sheridan, “Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers,” Opt. Express 13(6), 1939–1947 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on photopolymers,” Opt. Commun. 215(4–6), 263–269 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Neipp, I. Pascual, and A. Beléndez, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on BB-640 emulsions,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3(6), 504–513 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, and I. Pascual, “Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1510–1512 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. Odian, Principles of Polymerization, Wiley, New York (1991).
  13. J. V. Kelly, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, C. Neipp, S. Gallego, and M. Ortuño, “Holographic photopolymer materials: nonlocal polymerization driven diffusion under nonideal kinetic conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(2), 407–416 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Express 11(2), 181–190 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, E. Fernández, and I. Pascual, “3-dimensional characterization of thick grating formation in PVA/AA based photopolymer,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5121–5128 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. García, A. Fimia, and I. Pascual, “Holographic behavior of a photopolymer at high thicknesses and high monomer concentrations: mechanism of photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 311–316 (2001).
  17. I. Katime, and J. R. Quintana, Scattering properties: light and X-rays in Comprehensive polymer science vol. 1, Pergamon press, Oxford, 103–132 (1989).
  18. B. Chu, Laser light scattering, Academic Press, New York (1974).
  19. A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, L. Carretero, and F. Mateos, “Self-induced phase gratings due to the inhomogeneous structure of acrylamide photopolymer systems used as holographic recording materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3856–3858 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

2003 (5)

2001 (2)

C. García, A. Fimia, and I. Pascual, “Holographic behavior of a photopolymer at high thicknesses and high monomer concentrations: mechanism of photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 311–316 (2001).

C. Neipp, I. Pascual, and A. Beléndez, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on BB-640 emulsions,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3(6), 504–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, L. Carretero, and F. Mateos, “Self-induced phase gratings due to the inhomogeneous structure of acrylamide photopolymer systems used as holographic recording materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3856–3858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

S. Martin, P. E. L. G. Leclere, Y. L. M. Renotte, V. Toal, and Y. F. Lion, “Characterization of an acrylamide-based dry photopolymer holographic recording material,” Opt. Eng. 33(12), 3942–3946 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Hologram Gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Beléndez, A.

M. Ortuño, E. Fernández, S. Gallego, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “New photopolymer holographic recording material with sustainable design,” Opt. Express 15(19), 12425–12435 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, E. Fernández, and I. Pascual, “3-dimensional characterization of thick grating formation in PVA/AA based photopolymer,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5121–5128 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, I. Pascual, C. Neipp, and A. Beléndez, “Holographic characteristics of an acrylamide/bisacrylamide photopolymer in 40-1000 μm thick layers,” Phys. Scr. T 118, 66–68 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. Kelly, and J. Sheridan, “Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers,” Opt. Express 13(6), 1939–1947 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76(8), 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Express 11(2), 181–190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on photopolymers,” Opt. Commun. 215(4–6), 263–269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, and I. Pascual, “Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1510–1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, I. Pascual, and A. Beléndez, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on BB-640 emulsions,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3(6), 504–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, L. Carretero, and F. Mateos, “Self-induced phase gratings due to the inhomogeneous structure of acrylamide photopolymer systems used as holographic recording materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3856–3858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Carretero, L.

A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, L. Carretero, and F. Mateos, “Self-induced phase gratings due to the inhomogeneous structure of acrylamide photopolymer systems used as holographic recording materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3856–3858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, E.

Fimia, A.

C. García, A. Fimia, and I. Pascual, “Holographic behavior of a photopolymer at high thicknesses and high monomer concentrations: mechanism of photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 311–316 (2001).

A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, L. Carretero, and F. Mateos, “Self-induced phase gratings due to the inhomogeneous structure of acrylamide photopolymer systems used as holographic recording materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3856–3858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gallego, S.

M. Ortuño, E. Fernández, S. Gallego, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “New photopolymer holographic recording material with sustainable design,” Opt. Express 15(19), 12425–12435 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, E. Fernández, and I. Pascual, “3-dimensional characterization of thick grating formation in PVA/AA based photopolymer,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5121–5128 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. V. Kelly, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, C. Neipp, S. Gallego, and M. Ortuño, “Holographic photopolymer materials: nonlocal polymerization driven diffusion under nonideal kinetic conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(2), 407–416 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, I. Pascual, C. Neipp, and A. Beléndez, “Holographic characteristics of an acrylamide/bisacrylamide photopolymer in 40-1000 μm thick layers,” Phys. Scr. T 118, 66–68 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. Kelly, and J. Sheridan, “Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers,” Opt. Express 13(6), 1939–1947 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, and I. Pascual, “Holographic characteristics of a 1-mm-thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories,” Appl. Opt. 42(35), 7008–7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76(8), 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Express 11(2), 181–190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, and I. Pascual, “Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1510–1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on photopolymers,” Opt. Commun. 215(4–6), 263–269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

García, C.

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, I. Pascual, C. Neipp, and A. Beléndez, “Holographic characteristics of an acrylamide/bisacrylamide photopolymer in 40-1000 μm thick layers,” Phys. Scr. T 118, 66–68 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76(8), 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, and I. Pascual, “Holographic characteristics of a 1-mm-thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories,” Appl. Opt. 42(35), 7008–7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Express 11(2), 181–190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on photopolymers,” Opt. Commun. 215(4–6), 263–269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. García, A. Fimia, and I. Pascual, “Holographic behavior of a photopolymer at high thicknesses and high monomer concentrations: mechanism of photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 311–316 (2001).

Kelly, J.

Kelly, J. V.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Hologram Gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Leclere, P. E. L. G.

S. Martin, P. E. L. G. Leclere, Y. L. M. Renotte, V. Toal, and Y. F. Lion, “Characterization of an acrylamide-based dry photopolymer holographic recording material,” Opt. Eng. 33(12), 3942–3946 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lion, Y. F.

S. Martin, P. E. L. G. Leclere, Y. L. M. Renotte, V. Toal, and Y. F. Lion, “Characterization of an acrylamide-based dry photopolymer holographic recording material,” Opt. Eng. 33(12), 3942–3946 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Márquez, A.

Martin, S.

S. Martin, P. E. L. G. Leclere, Y. L. M. Renotte, V. Toal, and Y. F. Lion, “Characterization of an acrylamide-based dry photopolymer holographic recording material,” Opt. Eng. 33(12), 3942–3946 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, F.

A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, L. Carretero, and F. Mateos, “Self-induced phase gratings due to the inhomogeneous structure of acrylamide photopolymer systems used as holographic recording materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3856–3858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Neipp, C.

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, E. Fernández, and I. Pascual, “3-dimensional characterization of thick grating formation in PVA/AA based photopolymer,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5121–5128 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. V. Kelly, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, C. Neipp, S. Gallego, and M. Ortuño, “Holographic photopolymer materials: nonlocal polymerization driven diffusion under nonideal kinetic conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(2), 407–416 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. Kelly, and J. Sheridan, “Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers,” Opt. Express 13(6), 1939–1947 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, I. Pascual, C. Neipp, and A. Beléndez, “Holographic characteristics of an acrylamide/bisacrylamide photopolymer in 40-1000 μm thick layers,” Phys. Scr. T 118, 66–68 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, and I. Pascual, “Holographic characteristics of a 1-mm-thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories,” Appl. Opt. 42(35), 7008–7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76(8), 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Express 11(2), 181–190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, and I. Pascual, “Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1510–1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on photopolymers,” Opt. Commun. 215(4–6), 263–269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, I. Pascual, and A. Beléndez, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on BB-640 emulsions,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3(6), 504–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O’Neill, F. T.

Ortuño, M.

M. Ortuño, E. Fernández, S. Gallego, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “New photopolymer holographic recording material with sustainable design,” Opt. Express 15(19), 12425–12435 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, E. Fernández, and I. Pascual, “3-dimensional characterization of thick grating formation in PVA/AA based photopolymer,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5121–5128 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. V. Kelly, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, C. Neipp, S. Gallego, and M. Ortuño, “Holographic photopolymer materials: nonlocal polymerization driven diffusion under nonideal kinetic conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(2), 407–416 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, I. Pascual, C. Neipp, and A. Beléndez, “Holographic characteristics of an acrylamide/bisacrylamide photopolymer in 40-1000 μm thick layers,” Phys. Scr. T 118, 66–68 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. Kelly, and J. Sheridan, “Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers,” Opt. Express 13(6), 1939–1947 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, and I. Pascual, “Holographic characteristics of a 1-mm-thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories,” Appl. Opt. 42(35), 7008–7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76(8), 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Express 11(2), 181–190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, and I. Pascual, “Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1510–1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on photopolymers,” Opt. Commun. 215(4–6), 263–269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pascual, I.

M. Ortuño, E. Fernández, S. Gallego, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “New photopolymer holographic recording material with sustainable design,” Opt. Express 15(19), 12425–12435 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, E. Fernández, and I. Pascual, “3-dimensional characterization of thick grating formation in PVA/AA based photopolymer,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5121–5128 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, I. Pascual, C. Neipp, and A. Beléndez, “Holographic characteristics of an acrylamide/bisacrylamide photopolymer in 40-1000 μm thick layers,” Phys. Scr. T 118, 66–68 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. Kelly, and J. Sheridan, “Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers,” Opt. Express 13(6), 1939–1947 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, and I. Pascual, “Holographic characteristics of a 1-mm-thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories,” Appl. Opt. 42(35), 7008–7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76(8), 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,” Opt. Express 11(2), 181–190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on photopolymers,” Opt. Commun. 215(4–6), 263–269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, and I. Pascual, “Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1510–1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, I. Pascual, and A. Beléndez, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on BB-640 emulsions,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3(6), 504–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. García, A. Fimia, and I. Pascual, “Holographic behavior of a photopolymer at high thicknesses and high monomer concentrations: mechanism of photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 311–316 (2001).

Renotte, Y. L. M.

S. Martin, P. E. L. G. Leclere, Y. L. M. Renotte, V. Toal, and Y. F. Lion, “Characterization of an acrylamide-based dry photopolymer holographic recording material,” Opt. Eng. 33(12), 3942–3946 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sheridan, J.

Sheridan, J. T.

Toal, V.

S. Martin, P. E. L. G. Leclere, Y. L. M. Renotte, V. Toal, and Y. F. Lion, “Characterization of an acrylamide-based dry photopolymer holographic recording material,” Opt. Eng. 33(12), 3942–3946 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,” Appl. Phys. B 76(8), 851–857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. García, A. Fimia, and I. Pascual, “Holographic behavior of a photopolymer at high thicknesses and high monomer concentrations: mechanism of photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 311–316 (2001).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, L. Carretero, and F. Mateos, “Self-induced phase gratings due to the inhomogeneous structure of acrylamide photopolymer systems used as holographic recording materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3856–3858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Hologram Gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

C. Neipp, I. Pascual, and A. Beléndez, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on BB-640 emulsions,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3(6), 504–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, “Overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on photopolymers,” Opt. Commun. 215(4–6), 263–269 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

S. Martin, P. E. L. G. Leclere, Y. L. M. Renotte, V. Toal, and Y. F. Lion, “Characterization of an acrylamide-based dry photopolymer holographic recording material,” Opt. Eng. 33(12), 3942–3946 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Scr. T (1)

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, I. Pascual, C. Neipp, and A. Beléndez, “Holographic characteristics of an acrylamide/bisacrylamide photopolymer in 40-1000 μm thick layers,” Phys. Scr. T 118, 66–68 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

R. A. Lessard, and G. Manivannan, “Holographic Recording Materials: an overview,” in Holographic Materials, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE 2405, 2–15 (1995).

G. Odian, Principles of Polymerization, Wiley, New York (1991).

I. Katime, and J. R. Quintana, Scattering properties: light and X-rays in Comprehensive polymer science vol. 1, Pergamon press, Oxford, 103–132 (1989).

B. Chu, Laser light scattering, Academic Press, New York (1974).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental set-up: BS, beamsplitter, Mi, mirror, SFi, spatial filter, Li, lens, Di, diaphragm, PC, data recorder.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction efficiency versus exposure for a 750 μm photopolymer layer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffraction efficiency versus exposure for a 1000 μm photopolymer layer with refraction index overmodulation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Diffraction efficiency evolution during recording for an ideal situation in a 700 μm photopolymer layer.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

A, Decrease of the slope with an inflection point in the curve. B, decrease of the slope with a transition zone. C, graph with a maximum lower than ηmax. Hologram recordings in 900 μm photopolymer layers.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

one beam recording in a photopolymer layer without glass plate.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

one beam recording in a photopolymer layer without glass plate.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

one beam recording in a photopolymer layer without glass plate, 1/3 dye standard concentration.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Low dye simulation by Eq. (1). DEsimulation = diffraction efficiency obtained with Eq. (1), Γ decreases proportional to refraction index modulation, indexmodul = 5 × 105(n1(t)d), n1(t)d has a light deviation at the start of recording from linear increasing proportional to E.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 concentrations of the components of optimized photopolymer solution

Equations (2)

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DE(t)=IDI0=Γsin2πn1(t)dλ'cosθi'
K   c(1+cos2θ)ΔRθ=1MW+16π2n23λ02MWRG2Sen2θ2+2A2c+3A3c2+...

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