Abstract

We report on the generation of multi-wavelength dissipative soliton (DS) in an all normal dispersion fiber laser passively mode-locked with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM). We show that depending on the strength of the cavity birefringence, stable single-, dual- and triple-wavelength DSs can be formed in the laser. The multi-wavelength soliton operation of the laser was experimentally investigated, and the formation mechanisms of the multi-wavelength DSs are discussed.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated from a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(12), 1712–1714 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Yao, J. P. Yao, Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, Y. Zhou, Y. L. Lam, J. Liu, and C. Lu, “Active mode locking of tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 341–345 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Pan and C. Lou, “Stable multiwavelength dispersion-tuned actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ringlaser using nonlinear polarization rotation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1451–1453 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1393 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “Dynamics of gain-guided solitons in an all-normal-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1806–1808 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, X. Wu, and H. Y. Tam, “Dissipative vector solitons in a dispersionmanaged cavity fiber laser with net positive cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(2), 455–460 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Dissipative solitons in normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 77(2), 023814 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Properties of normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(2), 140–148 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10095–10100 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in laser models with parameter management,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(12), 1972–1977 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Dissipative Solitons, From Optics to Biology and Medicine, N. Akhmediev; A. Ankievicz Eds, Springer (2008).
  15. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, (Academic Press, 1995).

2009

2008

2007

2006

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10095–10100 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Pan and C. Lou, “Stable multiwavelength dispersion-tuned actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ringlaser using nonlinear polarization rotation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1451–1453 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. Yao, J. P. Yao, Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, Y. Zhou, Y. L. Lam, J. Liu, and C. Lu, “Active mode locking of tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 341–345 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated from a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(12), 1712–1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N.

Ankiewicz, A.

Bennion, I.

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated from a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(12), 1712–1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Buckley, J.

Cabasse, A.

Chan, K. T.

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated from a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(12), 1712–1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.

Chédot, C.

Cheng, T. H.

Chong, A.

Hideur, A.

Lam, Y. L.

J. Yao, J. P. Yao, Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, Y. Zhou, Y. L. Lam, J. Liu, and C. Lu, “Active mode locking of tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 341–345 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lecaplain, C.

Li, S.

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated from a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(12), 1712–1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Liu, J.

J. Yao, J. P. Yao, Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, Y. Zhou, Y. L. Lam, J. Liu, and C. Lu, “Active mode locking of tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 341–345 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated from a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(12), 1712–1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lou, C.

S. Pan and C. Lou, “Stable multiwavelength dispersion-tuned actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ringlaser using nonlinear polarization rotation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1451–1453 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “Dynamics of gain-guided solitons in an all-normal-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1806–1808 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yao, J. P. Yao, Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, Y. Zhou, Y. L. Lam, J. Liu, and C. Lu, “Active mode locking of tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 341–345 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Martel, G.

Matsas, V. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Newson, T. P.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ortaç, B.

Pan, S.

S. Pan and C. Lou, “Stable multiwavelength dispersion-tuned actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ringlaser using nonlinear polarization rotation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1451–1453 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W.

W. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Dissipative solitons in normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 77(2), 023814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W. H.

Richardson, D. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

Tam, H. Y.

Tang, D. Y.

Tjin, S. C.

J. Yao, J. P. Yao, Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, Y. Zhou, Y. L. Lam, J. Liu, and C. Lu, “Active mode locking of tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 341–345 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

J. Yao, J. P. Yao, Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, Y. Zhou, Y. L. Lam, J. Liu, and C. Lu, “Active mode locking of tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 341–345 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

Wu, X.

Yao, J.

J. Yao, J. P. Yao, Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, Y. Zhou, Y. L. Lam, J. Liu, and C. Lu, “Active mode locking of tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 341–345 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J. P.

J. Yao, J. P. Yao, Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, Y. Zhou, Y. L. Lam, J. Liu, and C. Lu, “Active mode locking of tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 341–345 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, L.

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated from a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(12), 1712–1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. M.

Zhou, Y.

J. Yao, J. P. Yao, Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, Y. Zhou, Y. L. Lam, J. Liu, and C. Lu, “Active mode locking of tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 341–345 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fibre ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated from a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(12), 1712–1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Pan and C. Lou, “Stable multiwavelength dispersion-tuned actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ringlaser using nonlinear polarization rotation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1451–1453 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

J. Yao, J. P. Yao, Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, Y. Zhou, Y. L. Lam, J. Liu, and C. Lu, “Active mode locking of tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 341–345 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

W. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Dissipative solitons in normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 77(2), 023814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other

Dissipative Solitons, From Optics to Biology and Medicine, N. Akhmediev; A. Ankievicz Eds, Springer (2008).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, (Academic Press, 1995).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup. EDF: Erbium doped fiber. WDM: wavelength division multiplexer. DCF: dispersion compensation fiber. PC: polarization controllers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Optical spectra of single wavelength GGS. Insert: the oscilloscope trace. (b) The corresponding autocorrelation trace

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical spectrum of dual wavelength GGSs. Insert: the normalized optical spectrum; (b) Oscilloscope trace of dual wavelength GGSs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Oscilloscope trace of synchronized dual wavelength GGS.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Optical spectra of polarization locked gain guided vector soliton and dual wavelength spectrum obtained through rotating PCs but kept the pump strength fixed: normalized unit. (b) Oscilloscope trace of polarization locked gain guided vector soliton after passing through a polarizer.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Single/dual/triple wavelength spectra obtained through rotating PCs but kept the pump strength fixed.

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