Abstract

We report simultaneous logic XOR gate for carrier-suppressed return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying (CSRZ-DPSK) and format conversion from CSRZ-DPSK to return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying (RZ-DPSK) by exploiting non-degenerate four-wave mixing (FWM) in a highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF). We derive analytical solutions to complex amplitudes under non-depletion approximation to show the principle of operation and verify the CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and format conversion by theoretical analyses. Three converted idlers are obtained by three non-degenerate FWM processes. All-optical 40 Gbit/s simultaneous multicasting CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and CSRZ-DPSK to RZ-DPSK format conversion are successfully demonstrated in the experiment.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Saruwatari, "All-optical signal processing for terabit/second optical transmission," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363-1374 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. J. Winzer and R.-J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "Demonstration of 20-Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897-899 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Kang, C. Dorrer, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical XOR operation of 40 Gbit/s phase-shift-keyed data using four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier," Electron. Lett. 40, 496-498 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Deng, K. Chan, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, "An all-optical XOR logic gate for high-speed RZ-DPSK signals by FWM in semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702-707 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Mishina, S. M. Nissanka, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, and K. Kitayama, "All-optical modulation format conversion from NRZ-OOK to RZ-QPSK using parallel SOA-MZI OOK/BPSK converters," Opt. Express 15, 7774-7785 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. M. Lai, C. H. Kwok, and K. Wong, "All-optical picoseconds logic gates based on a fiber optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 16, 18362-18370 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Wang, Q. Sun, J. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Experimental demonstration on 40 Gbit/s all-optical multicasting logic XOR gate for NRZ-DPSK signals using four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Commun. 282, 2615-2619 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. H. Kwok and C. Lin, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical NRZ-to-RZ format conversion by spectral filtering of a cross phase modulation broadened signal spectrum," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 451-458 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. P. P. Kuo, P. C. Chui, and K. Wong, "All-optical tunable delay with NRZ-to-RZ format conversion capability based on optical Kerr switch and pulse pre-chirping," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 3770-3775 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Arahira, H. Murai, and K. Fujii, "All-optical modulation-format convertor employing polarization-rotation-type nonlinear optical fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1530-1532 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, "All-optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK phase multiplexing using four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1699-1701 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Mishina, S. Kitagawa, and A. Maruta, "All-optical modulation format conversion from on-off-keying to multiple-level phase-shift-keying based on nonlinearity in optical fiber," Opt. Express 15, 8444-8453 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. W. Astar, C.-C. Wei, Y.-J. Chen, J. Chen, and G. Carter, "Polarization-insensitive, 40 Gb/s wavelength and RZ-OOK-to-RZ-BPSK modulation format conversion by XPM in a highly nonlinear PCF," Opt. Express 16, 12039-12049 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, "Ultrafast all-optical three-input Boolean XOR operation for differential phase-shift keying signals using periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 33, 1419-1421 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, "Proposal for PPLN-based all-optical NRZ-to-CSRZ, RZ-to-CSRZ, NRZ-DPSK-to-CSRZ-DPSK, and RZ-DPSK-to-CSRZ-DPSK format conversions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1039-1041 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, "Proposal and simulation for all-optical format conversion between differential phase-shift keying signals based on cascaded second-order nonlinearities," Opt. Commun. 281, 5019-5024 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. M. Liu, "Four-wave mixing self-stability based on photonic crystal fiber and its applications on erbium-doped fiber lasers," Opt. Commun. 260, 554-559 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, "DPSK multicast using multiple-pump FWM in Bismuths highly nonlinear fiber with high multicast efficiency," Opt. Express 16, 21964-21970 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. F. A. Callegari, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Spurious four-wave mixing in two-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 434-436 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

J. Wang, Q. Sun, J. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Experimental demonstration on 40 Gbit/s all-optical multicasting logic XOR gate for NRZ-DPSK signals using four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Commun. 282, 2615-2619 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (8)

S. Arahira, H. Murai, and K. Fujii, "All-optical modulation-format convertor employing polarization-rotation-type nonlinear optical fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1530-1532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, "Proposal for PPLN-based all-optical NRZ-to-CSRZ, RZ-to-CSRZ, NRZ-DPSK-to-CSRZ-DPSK, and RZ-DPSK-to-CSRZ-DPSK format conversions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1039-1041 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, "Proposal and simulation for all-optical format conversion between differential phase-shift keying signals based on cascaded second-order nonlinearities," Opt. Commun. 281, 5019-5024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, "Ultrafast all-optical three-input Boolean XOR operation for differential phase-shift keying signals using periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 33, 1419-1421 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Astar, C.-C. Wei, Y.-J. Chen, J. Chen, and G. Carter, "Polarization-insensitive, 40 Gb/s wavelength and RZ-OOK-to-RZ-BPSK modulation format conversion by XPM in a highly nonlinear PCF," Opt. Express 16, 12039-12049 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Lai, C. H. Kwok, and K. Wong, "All-optical picoseconds logic gates based on a fiber optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 16, 18362-18370 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, "DPSK multicast using multiple-pump FWM in Bismuths highly nonlinear fiber with high multicast efficiency," Opt. Express 16, 21964-21970 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. P. P. Kuo, P. C. Chui, and K. Wong, "All-optical tunable delay with NRZ-to-RZ format conversion capability based on optical Kerr switch and pulse pre-chirping," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 3770-3775 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (4)

C. H. Kwok and C. Lin, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical NRZ-to-RZ format conversion by spectral filtering of a cross phase modulation broadened signal spectrum," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 451-458 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Deng, K. Chan, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, "An all-optical XOR logic gate for high-speed RZ-DPSK signals by FWM in semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702-707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Winzer and R.-J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, "Four-wave mixing self-stability based on photonic crystal fiber and its applications on erbium-doped fiber lasers," Opt. Commun. 260, 554-559 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

F. A. Callegari, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Spurious four-wave mixing in two-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 434-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "Demonstration of 20-Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897-899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kang, C. Dorrer, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical XOR operation of 40 Gbit/s phase-shift-keyed data using four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier," Electron. Lett. 40, 496-498 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Saruwatari, "All-optical signal processing for terabit/second optical transmission," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363-1374 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abedin, K. S.

G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, "DPSK multicast using multiple-pump FWM in Bismuths highly nonlinear fiber with high multicast efficiency," Opt. Express 16, 21964-21970 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, "All-optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK phase multiplexing using four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1699-1701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Arahira, S.

S. Arahira, H. Murai, and K. Fujii, "All-optical modulation-format convertor employing polarization-rotation-type nonlinear optical fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1530-1532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Astar, W.

Blow, K. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Callegari, F. A.

F. A. Callegari, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Spurious four-wave mixing in two-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 434-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carter, G.

Chan, C. K.

N. Deng, K. Chan, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, "An all-optical XOR logic gate for high-speed RZ-DPSK signals by FWM in semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702-707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "Demonstration of 20-Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897-899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K.

N. Deng, K. Chan, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, "An all-optical XOR logic gate for high-speed RZ-DPSK signals by FWM in semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702-707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "Demonstration of 20-Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897-899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chavez Boggio, J. M.

F. A. Callegari, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Spurious four-wave mixing in two-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 434-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Chen, L. K.

N. Deng, K. Chan, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, "An all-optical XOR logic gate for high-speed RZ-DPSK signals by FWM in semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702-707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "Demonstration of 20-Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897-899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-J.

Chui, P. C.

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deng, N.

N. Deng, K. Chan, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, "An all-optical XOR logic gate for high-speed RZ-DPSK signals by FWM in semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 702-707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Essiambre, R.-J.

Fejer, M. M.

Fragnito, H. L.

F. A. Callegari, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Spurious four-wave mixing in two-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 434-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, K.

S. Arahira, H. Murai, and K. Fujii, "All-optical modulation-format convertor employing polarization-rotation-type nonlinear optical fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1530-1532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hatta, T.

Huang, D.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, "Proposal and simulation for all-optical format conversion between differential phase-shift keying signals based on cascaded second-order nonlinearities," Opt. Commun. 281, 5019-5024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, "Ultrafast all-optical three-input Boolean XOR operation for differential phase-shift keying signals using periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 33, 1419-1421 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, "Proposal for PPLN-based all-optical NRZ-to-CSRZ, RZ-to-CSRZ, NRZ-DPSK-to-CSRZ-DPSK, and RZ-DPSK-to-CSRZ-DPSK format conversions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1039-1041 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ishida, K.

Kang,

Kang, C. Dorrer, and J. Leuthold, "All-optical XOR operation of 40 Gbit/s phase-shift-keyed data using four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier," Electron. Lett. 40, 496-498 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A. E.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitagawa, S.

Kitayama, K.

Kuo, B. P. P.

Kwok, C. H.

D. M. Lai, C. H. Kwok, and K. Wong, "All-optical picoseconds logic gates based on a fiber optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 16, 18362-18370 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Kwok and C. Lin, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical NRZ-to-RZ format conversion by spectral filtering of a cross phase modulation broadened signal spectrum," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 451-458 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lai, D. M.

Lin, C.

C. H. Kwok and C. Lin, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical NRZ-to-RZ format conversion by spectral filtering of a cross phase modulation broadened signal spectrum," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 451-458 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, "Proposal and simulation for all-optical format conversion between differential phase-shift keying signals based on cascaded second-order nonlinearities," Opt. Commun. 281, 5019-5024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

X. M. Liu, "Four-wave mixing self-stability based on photonic crystal fiber and its applications on erbium-doped fiber lasers," Opt. Commun. 260, 554-559 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, G. W.

G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, "DPSK multicast using multiple-pump FWM in Bismuths highly nonlinear fiber with high multicast efficiency," Opt. Express 16, 21964-21970 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, "All-optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK phase multiplexing using four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1699-1701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maruta, A.

Mishina, K.

Mitani, S.

Miyazaki, T.

G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, "DPSK multicast using multiple-pump FWM in Bismuths highly nonlinear fiber with high multicast efficiency," Opt. Express 16, 21964-21970 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, "All-optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK phase multiplexing using four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1699-1701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Murai, H.

S. Arahira, H. Murai, and K. Fujii, "All-optical modulation-format convertor employing polarization-rotation-type nonlinear optical fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1530-1532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nesset, D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nissanka, S. M.

Phillips, I. D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poustie, A. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rogers, D. C.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saruwatari, M.

M. Saruwatari, "All-optical signal processing for terabit/second optical transmission," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363-1374 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

Sun, J.

J. Wang, Q. Sun, J. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Experimental demonstration on 40 Gbit/s all-optical multicasting logic XOR gate for NRZ-DPSK signals using four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Commun. 282, 2615-2619 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, "Proposal and simulation for all-optical format conversion between differential phase-shift keying signals based on cascaded second-order nonlinearities," Opt. Commun. 281, 5019-5024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, "Ultrafast all-optical three-input Boolean XOR operation for differential phase-shift keying signals using periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 33, 1419-1421 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, "Proposal for PPLN-based all-optical NRZ-to-CSRZ, RZ-to-CSRZ, NRZ-DPSK-to-CSRZ-DPSK, and RZ-DPSK-to-CSRZ-DPSK format conversions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1039-1041 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Q.

J. Wang, Q. Sun, J. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Experimental demonstration on 40 Gbit/s all-optical multicasting logic XOR gate for NRZ-DPSK signals using four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Commun. 282, 2615-2619 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tong, F.

K. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, "Demonstration of 20-Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897-899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, Q. Sun, J. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Experimental demonstration on 40 Gbit/s all-optical multicasting logic XOR gate for NRZ-DPSK signals using four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Commun. 282, 2615-2619 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, "Proposal and simulation for all-optical format conversion between differential phase-shift keying signals based on cascaded second-order nonlinearities," Opt. Commun. 281, 5019-5024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, "Ultrafast all-optical three-input Boolean XOR operation for differential phase-shift keying signals using periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 33, 1419-1421 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, "Proposal for PPLN-based all-optical NRZ-to-CSRZ, RZ-to-CSRZ, NRZ-DPSK-to-CSRZ-DPSK, and RZ-DPSK-to-CSRZ-DPSK format conversions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1039-1041 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wei, C.-C.

Winzer, P. J.

Wong, K.

Zhang, X.

J. Wang, Q. Sun, J. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Experimental demonstration on 40 Gbit/s all-optical multicasting logic XOR gate for NRZ-DPSK signals using four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber," Opt. Commun. 282, 2615-2619 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, "Proposal and simulation for all-optical format conversion between differential phase-shift keying signals based on cascaded second-order nonlinearities," Opt. Commun. 281, 5019-5024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, "Ultrafast all-optical three-input Boolean XOR operation for differential phase-shift keying signals using periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 33, 1419-1421 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Commun. (3)

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, "Proposal and simulation for all-optical format conversion between differential phase-shift keying signals based on cascaded second-order nonlinearities," Opt. Commun. 281, 5019-5024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Operation principle for FWM-based multicasting CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and CSRZ-DPSK to RZ-DPSK format conversion.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic illustration of simultaneous CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and CSRZ-DPSK to RZ-DPSK format conversion.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Theoretical results for FWM-based 40 Gbit/s CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and CSRZ-DPSK to RZ-DPSK format conversion.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental setup for FWM-based multicasting CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and CSRZ-DPSK to RZ-DPSK format conversion.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Optical spectra for FWM-based 40 Gbit/s simultaneous multicasting CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and CSRZ-DPSK to RZ-DPSK format conversion. Insets are enlarged optical spectra for CSRZ-DPSK signal A/B and three channel RZ-DPSK idlers.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Temporal waveforms and eye diagrams of the destructive demodulation outputs from the 40G FDI.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Temporal waveforms of two CSRZ-DPSK signals and three RZ-DPSK idlers.

Equations (6)

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Ai1ASA0·ASB0·AP0*·2γ·exp[i(γ(PSA0+PSB0+3PP0)Δk1)L]1γ(PSA0+PSB0+3PP0)Δk1
Ai2ASA0·AP0·ASB0*·2γ·exp[i(γ(PSA0+PP0+3PSB0)Δk2)L]1γ(PSA0+PP0+3PSB0)Δk2
Ai3ASB0·AP0·ASA0*·2γ·exp[i(γ(PSB0+PP0+3PSA0)Δk3)L]1γ(PSB0+PP0+3PSA0)Δk3
Ai1 ASA0 · ASB0 · AP0* , ϕi1=ϕSA0+ϕSB0ϕP0
Ai2 ASA0 · AP0 · ASB0* , ϕi2=ϕSA0+ϕP0ϕSB0
Ai3 ASB0 · AP0 · ASA0* , ϕi3=ϕSB0+ϕP0ϕSA0

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