Abstract

We report on a near-infrared non-collinear optical parametric amplifier (NOPA) based on periodically poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate. The NOPA generates µJ-energy pulses with spectrum spanning the 1–1.7 µm wavelength range, which are compressed to nearly transform-limited 8.5 fs duration by a deformable mirror. By synchronizing this source with a sub-10-fs visible NOPA, we demonstrate an unprecedented combination of temporal resolution and spectral coverage in two-colour pump-probe spectroscopy.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. I. Nikolov, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Buchvarov, P. Tzankov, F. Noack, and V. Petrov, "Ultrabroadband continuum amplification in the near infrared using BiB3O6 nonlinear crystals pumped at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 32, 3342-3344 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, "Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6 µm from an optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 33, 741-743 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. M. Gale, M. Cavallari, T. J. Driscoll, and F. Hache, "Sub-20-fs tunable pulses in the visible from an 82-MHz optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 20, 1562-1564 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, "Sub-20-fs pulses tunable across the visible from a blue-pumped single-pass noncollinear parametric converter," Opt. Lett. 22, 1494-1496 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, "Generation of 11 fs pulses tunable across the visible by optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616-3618 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Visible pulse compression to 4 fs by optical parametric amplification and programmable dispersion control," Opt. Lett. 27, 306-308 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Tzankov, J. Zheng, M. Mero, D. Polli, C. Manzoni, and G. Cerullo, "300 μJ noncollinear optical parametric amplifier in the visible at 1 kHz repetition rate", Opt. Lett. 31, 3629-3631 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Steinmann, A. Killi, G. Palmer, T. Binhammer, and U. Morgner, "Generation of few-cycle pulses directly from a MHz-NOPA", Opt. Express 14, 10627-10630 (2006). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-22-10627
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Kraemer, R. Hua, M. L. Cowan, K. Franjic, and R. J. Dwayne Miller, "Ultrafast noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 31, 981-983 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. Cirmi, D. Brida, C. Manzoni, M. Marangoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, "Few-optical-cycle pulses in the near-infrared from a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2396-2398 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. O. Isaienko and E. Borguet, "Generation of ultra-broadband pulses in the near-IR by non-collinear optical parametric amplification in potassium titanyl phosphate," Opt. Express 16, 3949-3954 (2008) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-6-3949.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H.-K. Nienhuys and H. J. Bakker, "Noncollinear optical parametric amplification in potassium titanyl phosphate pumped at 800 nm," Appl. Opt. 47, 2870-2873 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. O. Isaienko and E. Borguet, "Pulse-front matching of ultrabroadband near-infrared noncollinear optical parametric amplified pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 965-972 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. E. Zeek, K. Maginnis, S. Backus, U. Russek, M. Murnane, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, and G. Vdovin, "Pulse compression by use of deformable mirrors," Opt. Lett. 24, 493-495 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. R. Armstrong, P. Plachta, E. A. Ponomarev, and R. J. D. Miller, "Versatile 7-fs optical parametric pulse generation and compression by use of adaptive optics," Opt. Lett. 26, 1152-1154 (2001)
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, "Wave front active control by a digital-signal-processor-driven deformable membrane mirror," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Garduño-Mejía, A. H. Greenaway, and D. T. Reid, "Programmable spectral phase control of femtosecond pulses by use of adaptive optics and real-time pulse measurement," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 833-843 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. Manzoni, D. Polli, and G. Cerullo, "Two-colour pump-probe system broadly tunable over the visible and the near infrared with sub-30-fs temporal resolution," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 023103 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Angelow, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, "Pulse compression over 170-THz bandwidth in the visible using only chirped mirrors," Opt. Lett. 26, 1155-1157 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S.V. Frolov, Z. Bao, M. Wohlgenannt, and Z. V. Vardeny, "Excited-state relaxation in π-conjugated polymers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 205209 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

2006 (5)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

S.V. Frolov, Z. Bao, M. Wohlgenannt, and Z. V. Vardeny, "Excited-state relaxation in π-conjugated polymers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 205209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Visible pulse compression to 4 fs by optical parametric amplification and programmable dispersion control," Opt. Lett. 27, 306-308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

1999 (2)

E. Zeek, K. Maginnis, S. Backus, U. Russek, M. Murnane, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, and G. Vdovin, "Pulse compression by use of deformable mirrors," Opt. Lett. 24, 493-495 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, "Sub-20-fs pulses tunable across the visible from a blue-pumped single-pass noncollinear parametric converter," Opt. Lett. 22, 1494-1496 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, "Generation of 11 fs pulses tunable across the visible by optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616-3618 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Angelow, G.

Armstrong, M. R.

Backus, S.

Bakker, H. J.

Baltuška, A.

Bao, Z.

S.V. Frolov, Z. Bao, M. Wohlgenannt, and Z. V. Vardeny, "Excited-state relaxation in π-conjugated polymers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 205209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Binhammer, T.

Bonora, S.

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, "Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6 µm from an optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 33, 741-743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, "Wave front active control by a digital-signal-processor-driven deformable membrane mirror," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Borguet, E.

Brida, D.

Buchvarov, I.

Capraro, I.

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, "Wave front active control by a digital-signal-processor-driven deformable membrane mirror," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cavallari, M.

Cerullo, G.

Cirmi, G.

Cowan, M. L.

De Silvestri, S.

Driscoll, T. J.

Dwayne Miller, R. J.

Franjic, K.

Frolov, S.V.

S.V. Frolov, Z. Bao, M. Wohlgenannt, and Z. V. Vardeny, "Excited-state relaxation in π-conjugated polymers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 205209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

Gale, G. M.

Gallmann, L.

Garduño-Mejía, J.

Gaydardzhiev, A.

Greenaway, A. H.

Hache, F.

Hua, R.

Isaienko, O.

Kapteyn, H.

Keller, U.

Killi, A.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Visible pulse compression to 4 fs by optical parametric amplification and programmable dispersion control," Opt. Lett. 27, 306-308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kraemer, D.

Maginnis, K.

Manzoni, C.

Marangoni, M.

Matuschek, N.

Mero, M.

Miller, R. J. D.

Morgner, U.

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M.

Nienhuys, H.-K.

Nikolov, I.

Nisoli, M.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, "Generation of 11 fs pulses tunable across the visible by optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616-3618 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

Palmer, G.

Petrov, V.

Piel, J.

Plachta, P.

Poletto, L.

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, "Wave front active control by a digital-signal-processor-driven deformable membrane mirror," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Polli, D.

P. Tzankov, J. Zheng, M. Mero, D. Polli, C. Manzoni, and G. Cerullo, "300 μJ noncollinear optical parametric amplifier in the visible at 1 kHz repetition rate", Opt. Lett. 31, 3629-3631 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, D. Polli, and G. Cerullo, "Two-colour pump-probe system broadly tunable over the visible and the near infrared with sub-30-fs temporal resolution," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 023103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ponomarev, E. A.

Reid, D. T.

Riedle, E.

Romanin, M.

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, "Wave front active control by a digital-signal-processor-driven deformable membrane mirror," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Russek, U.

Sakane, I.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scheuer, V.

Shirakawa, A.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Steinmann, A.

Steinmeyer, G.

Takasaka, M.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Trestino, C.

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, "Wave front active control by a digital-signal-processor-driven deformable membrane mirror," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

Tzankov, P.

Vardeny, Z. V.

S.V. Frolov, Z. Bao, M. Wohlgenannt, and Z. V. Vardeny, "Excited-state relaxation in π-conjugated polymers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 205209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vdovin, G.

Villoresi, P.

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, "Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6 µm from an optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 33, 741-743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, "Wave front active control by a digital-signal-processor-driven deformable membrane mirror," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wilhelm, T.

Wohlgenannt, M.

S.V. Frolov, Z. Bao, M. Wohlgenannt, and Z. V. Vardeny, "Excited-state relaxation in π-conjugated polymers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 205209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zavelani-Rossi, M.

Zeek, E.

Zheng, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, "Generation of 11 fs pulses tunable across the visible by optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616-3618 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (11)

P. Tzankov, J. Zheng, M. Mero, D. Polli, C. Manzoni, and G. Cerullo, "300 μJ noncollinear optical parametric amplifier in the visible at 1 kHz repetition rate", Opt. Lett. 31, 3629-3631 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cirmi, D. Brida, C. Manzoni, M. Marangoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, "Few-optical-cycle pulses in the near-infrared from a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2396-2398 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Nikolov, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Buchvarov, P. Tzankov, F. Noack, and V. Petrov, "Ultrabroadband continuum amplification in the near infrared using BiB3O6 nonlinear crystals pumped at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 32, 3342-3344 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kraemer, R. Hua, M. L. Cowan, K. Franjic, and R. J. Dwayne Miller, "Ultrafast noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 31, 981-983 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. M. Gale, M. Cavallari, T. J. Driscoll, and F. Hache, "Sub-20-fs tunable pulses in the visible from an 82-MHz optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 20, 1562-1564 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, "Sub-20-fs pulses tunable across the visible from a blue-pumped single-pass noncollinear parametric converter," Opt. Lett. 22, 1494-1496 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Zeek, K. Maginnis, S. Backus, U. Russek, M. Murnane, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, and G. Vdovin, "Pulse compression by use of deformable mirrors," Opt. Lett. 24, 493-495 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Armstrong, P. Plachta, E. A. Ponomarev, and R. J. D. Miller, "Versatile 7-fs optical parametric pulse generation and compression by use of adaptive optics," Opt. Lett. 26, 1152-1154 (2001)
[CrossRef]

M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Angelow, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, "Pulse compression over 170-THz bandwidth in the visible using only chirped mirrors," Opt. Lett. 26, 1155-1157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Visible pulse compression to 4 fs by optical parametric amplification and programmable dispersion control," Opt. Lett. 27, 306-308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, "Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6 µm from an optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 33, 741-743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S.V. Frolov, Z. Bao, M. Wohlgenannt, and Z. V. Vardeny, "Excited-state relaxation in π-conjugated polymers," Phys. Rev. B 65, 205209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, "Wave front active control by a digital-signal-processor-driven deformable membrane mirror," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Manzoni, D. Polli, and G. Cerullo, "Two-colour pump-probe system broadly tunable over the visible and the near infrared with sub-30-fs temporal resolution," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 023103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the near-IR NOPA based on PPSLT. BS: beam splitter; VA: variable attenuator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dash-dotted line: calculated gain bandwidth of the near-infrared NOPA; solid line: output spectrum of the NOPA; dashed line: spectrum after the compressor.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

FROG measurement of the compressed NOPA pulses. (a) intensity of the measured FROG trace (128×128 pixels); (b) retrieved FROG trace in intensity with 0.0159 reconstruction error; (c) intensity and phase profile as a function of time; (d) spectral intensity and phase.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

setup for the generation of two-colour sub-10-fs pulses. BS, beam splitters; WLG, white-light generation; DL1, DL2, delay lines. A thin beam splitter (TBS) and a mirror (M) can be added to change the system to a degenerate setup.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Red dots: ΔT/T dynamics for a PPV film excited by the 6-fs visible NOPA and probed at 1.21 µm wavelength. Black solid line: fit using pump-probe cross-correlation with 14.2 fs FWHM.

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