Abstract

In this paper we theoretically study a novel approach for soliton-induced supercontinuum generation based on the application of metallic dielectric-coated hollow waveguides. The low loss of such waveguides permits the use of smaller diameters with enhanced dispersion control and enables the generation of two-octave-broad spectra with unprecedentedly high spectral peak power densities up to five orders of magnitude larger than in standard PCFs with high coherence. The predicted high coherence of the supercontinuum is related to the coherent seed components formed by the abruptly rising plasma density. We also predict that high-power supercontinua in the vacuum ultraviolet can be generated in such waveguides.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (3)

H. Imam, "Metrology: Broad as a lamp, bright as a laser," Nat. Photon. 2, 26-28 (2008).

V. Yu. Fedorov and V. P. Kandidov, "A nonlinear optical model of an air medium in the problem of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses of different wavelengths," Optics and Spectroscopy 105, 280-287 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Dispersion control in ultrabroadband dielectric-coated metallic hollow waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 3834-3843 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, "Phase-Coherent Frequency Combs in the Vacuum Ultraviolet via High-Harmonic Generation inside a Femtosecond Enhancement Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Swartling, A. Bassi, C. D’Andrea, A. Pifferi, A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, "Dynamic time-resolved diffuse spectroscopy based on supercontinuum light pulses," Appl. Opt. 44, 4684-4692 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

F. Lu, W. H. Knox, "Generation of a broadband continuum with high spectral coherence in tapered single-mode optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 347-353 (2004).

P. Sprangle, J. R. Penano, B. Hafizi, and C. Kapetanakos, "Ultrashort laser pulses and electromagnetic pulse generation in air and on dielectric surfaces," Phys. Rev. E 69, 066415 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

J. N. Ames, S. Ghosh, R. S. Windeler, A. L. Gaeta, S. T. Cundiff, "Excess noise generation during spectral broadening in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 279-284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Gu, M. Kimmel, A. P. Shreenath, R. Trebino, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, R. S. Windeler, "Experimental studies of the coherence of microstructure-fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Express 11, 2697-2703 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (5)

A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear propagation and continuum generation in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 27, 924-926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O’Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. Windeler, "Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments," Opt. Express 10, 1215-1221 (2002)
[PubMed]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel, "Pulse breaking and supercontinuum generation with 200-fs pump pulses in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2567-2572 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (5)

2000 (4)

P. St. J. Russel, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-Matched Generation of Coherent Soft X-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

Y. Matsuura and J. A. Harrington, "Infrared hollow glass waveguides fabricated by chemical vapor deposition," Opt. Lett. 20, 2078-2080 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

H. R. Reiss, "Effect of an intense electromagnetic field on a weakly bound system," Phys. Rev. A 22, 1786- 1813 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ames, J. N.

J. N. Ames, S. Ghosh, R. S. Windeler, A. L. Gaeta, S. T. Cundiff, "Excess noise generation during spectral broadening in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 279-284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Amezcua-Correa, A.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atkin, D. M.

Backus, S.

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-Matched Generation of Coherent Soft X-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Badding, J. V.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baril, N. F.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bassi, A.

Birks, T. A.

Chang, Z.

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-Matched Generation of Coherent Soft X-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chudoba, C.

Coen, S.

Corkum, P. B.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray Pulses Approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corney, J. F.

Corwin, K. L.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crespi, V. H.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cubeddu, R.

Cundiff, S. T.

J. N. Ames, S. Ghosh, R. S. Windeler, A. L. Gaeta, S. T. Cundiff, "Excess noise generation during spectral broadening in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 279-284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D’Andrea, C.

De Silvestri, S.

Diddams, S. A.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drescher, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray Pulses Approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drummond, P. D.

Dudley, J.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Gu, M. Kimmel, A. P. Shreenath, R. Trebino, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, R. S. Windeler, "Experimental studies of the coherence of microstructure-fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Express 11, 2697-2703 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee, C. G.

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-Matched Generation of Coherent Soft X-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Engeness, T. D.

Fedorov, V. Yu.

V. Yu. Fedorov and V. P. Kandidov, "A nonlinear optical model of an air medium in the problem of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses of different wavelengths," Optics and Spectroscopy 105, 280-287 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferencz, K.

Fink, Y.

Finlayson, C. E.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuji, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gaeta, A. L.

J. N. Ames, S. Ghosh, R. S. Windeler, A. L. Gaeta, S. T. Cundiff, "Excess noise generation during spectral broadening in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 279-284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear propagation and continuum generation in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 27, 924-926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ghanta, R. K.

Ghosh, S.

J. N. Ames, S. Ghosh, R. S. Windeler, A. L. Gaeta, S. T. Cundiff, "Excess noise generation during spectral broadening in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 279-284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

Gopalan, V.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, X.

Hafizi, B.

P. Sprangle, J. R. Penano, B. Hafizi, and C. Kapetanakos, "Ultrashort laser pulses and electromagnetic pulse generation in air and on dielectric surfaces," Phys. Rev. E 69, 066415 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harrington, J. A.

Hartl, I.

Hayes, J. R.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray Pulses Approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herne, C.

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-Matched Generation of Coherent Soft X-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

A. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Dispersion control in ultrabroadband dielectric-coated metallic hollow waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 3834-3843 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. T¨urke, S. Pricking, A. Husakou, J. Teipel, J. Herrmann, and H. Giessen et al., "Coherence of subsequent supercontinuum pulses generated in tapered fibers in the femtosecond regime," Opt. Express 15, 2732-2741 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).

Hilligse, K. M.

Holzwarth, R.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Husakou, A.

Husakou, A. V.

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).

Ibanescu, M.

Imam, H.

H. Imam, "Metrology: Broad as a lamp, bright as a laser," Nat. Photon. 2, 26-28 (2008).

Jackson, B. R.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacobs, S. A.

Joannopoulous, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, R. J.

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, "Phase-Coherent Frequency Combs in the Vacuum Ultraviolet via High-Harmonic Generation inside a Femtosecond Enhancement Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kandidov, V. P.

V. Yu. Fedorov and V. P. Kandidov, "A nonlinear optical model of an air medium in the problem of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses of different wavelengths," Optics and Spectroscopy 105, 280-287 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kapetanakos, C.

P. Sprangle, J. R. Penano, B. Hafizi, and C. Kapetanakos, "Ultrashort laser pulses and electromagnetic pulse generation in air and on dielectric surfaces," Phys. Rev. E 69, 066415 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-Matched Generation of Coherent Soft X-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karlsson, M.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keiding, S. R.

Kienberger, R.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray Pulses Approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimmel, M.

Knight, J. C.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel, "Pulse breaking and supercontinuum generation with 200-fs pump pulses in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2567-2572 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knox, W. H.

Ko, T. H.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray Pulses Approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, "Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs," Opt. Lett. 22, 522-524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Larsen, J. J.

Li, X. D.

Lu, F.

Margine, E. R.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsuura, Y.

Moll, K. D.

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, "Phase-Coherent Frequency Combs in the Vacuum Ultraviolet via High-Harmonic Generation inside a Femtosecond Enhancement Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-Matched Generation of Coherent Soft X-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Newbury, N. R.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nickel, D.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

O’Shea, P.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Paulsen, H. N.

Penano, J. R.

P. Sprangle, J. R. Penano, B. Hafizi, and C. Kapetanakos, "Ultrashort laser pulses and electromagnetic pulse generation in air and on dielectric surfaces," Phys. Rev. E 69, 066415 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pifferi, A.

Pricking, S.

Ranka, J. K.

Reider, G. A.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray Pulses Approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reiss, H. R.

H. R. Reiss, "Effect of an intense electromagnetic field on a weakly bound system," Phys. Rev. A 22, 1786- 1813 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Rundquist, A.

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-Matched Generation of Coherent Soft X-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russel, P. St. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sartania, S.

Sazio, P. J. A.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheidemantel, T. J.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shreenath, A. P.

Skorobogatiy, M.

Soljacic, M.

Spielmann, C.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray Pulses Approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

Sprangle, P.

P. Sprangle, J. R. Penano, B. Hafizi, and C. Kapetanakos, "Ultrashort laser pulses and electromagnetic pulse generation in air and on dielectric surfaces," Phys. Rev. E 69, 066415 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stentz, A. J.

Svelto, O.

Swartling, J.

Szipöcs, R.

T¨urke, D.

Teipel, J.

Tempea, G.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray Pulses Approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thøgersen, J.

Thorpe, M. J.

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, "Phase-Coherent Frequency Combs in the Vacuum Ultraviolet via High-Harmonic Generation inside a Femtosecond Enhancement Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torricelli, A.

Trebino, R.

Udem, Th.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, K.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weisberg, O.

Windeler, R.

Windeler, R. S.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Ames, S. Ghosh, R. S. Windeler, A. L. Gaeta, S. T. Cundiff, "Excess noise generation during spectral broadening in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 279-284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Gu, M. Kimmel, A. P. Shreenath, R. Trebino, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, R. S. Windeler, "Experimental studies of the coherence of microstructure-fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Express 11, 2697-2703 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Dynamic time-resolved diffuse spectroscopy based on supercontinuum light pulses," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Won, D.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

Ye, J.

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, "Phase-Coherent Frequency Combs in the Vacuum Ultraviolet via High-Harmonic Generation inside a Femtosecond Enhancement Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeek, E.

Zhang, F.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. N. Ames, S. Ghosh, R. S. Windeler, A. L. Gaeta, S. T. Cundiff, "Excess noise generation during spectral broadening in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 279-284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photon. (1)

H. Imam, "Metrology: Broad as a lamp, bright as a laser," Nat. Photon. 2, 26-28 (2008).

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Optics and Spectroscopy (1)

V. Yu. Fedorov and V. P. Kandidov, "A nonlinear optical model of an air medium in the problem of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses of different wavelengths," Optics and Spectroscopy 105, 280-287 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

H. R. Reiss, "Effect of an intense electromagnetic field on a weakly bound system," Phys. Rev. A 22, 1786- 1813 (1980).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

P. Sprangle, J. R. Penano, B. Hafizi, and C. Kapetanakos, "Ultrashort laser pulses and electromagnetic pulse generation in air and on dielectric surfaces," Phys. Rev. E 69, 066415 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, "Phase-Coherent Frequency Combs in the Vacuum Ultraviolet via High-Harmonic Generation inside a Femtosecond Enhancement Cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Precision Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (5)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russel, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, "Microstructured Optical Fibers as High-Pressure Microfluidic Reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray Pulses Approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rundquist, C. G. DurfeeIII, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-Matched Generation of Coherent Soft X-rays," Science 280, 1412-1415 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of the hollow waveguide for supercontinuum generation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

High-power supercontinuum generation. Waveguide characteristics (a), generated output supercontinuum (red) and first- order coherence (green) (b), and evolution of temporal shape (c) and spectrum (d) in a D=80 µm silver waveguide coated with a 45-nm layer of fused silica and filled with argon at 1 atm. The input 100-fs pulse at 800 nm has the intensity of 50 TW/cm2. In (a), loss (red) and group velocity dispersion (green) are presented. The roughness size σ equals 100 nm. The spectrum in (b) is presented after 50-cm propagation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

UV/VUV supercontinuum generation. Waveguide characteristics (a), generated output supercontinuum (b), and evolution of the temporal shape (c) and spectrum (d) in a 20-µm aluminum waveguide with a 10-nm coating and filled with argon at 0.5 atm. The input 50-fs pulse at 266 nm has the input intensity of 40 TW/cm2. In (a), loss (red) and group velocity dispersion (green) are presented.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Evolution of the spectrum (a) and temporal shape (b) for the propagation of a 100-TW/cm2, 100-fs pulse in a fused-silica-coated silver waveguide. In (c) the output spectrum (red) and incoherence 1-g(λ) (green) are shown and in (d) the ouput temporal shape are presented. The propagation length is 50 cm, input wavelength is 800 nm, the waveguide parameters are D=80 µm, a=45 nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Spectrum and coherence for a propagation model without plasma contribution. The spectrum (red curve) and coherence (green curve) are presented at the distances of 15 cm (a), 20 cm (b) and 50 cm (c). The input pulse and waveguide parameters are the same as in Fig. 2.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spectrum and coherence for a propagation model with plasma contribution. The spectrum (red curve) and coherence (green curve) are presented at the distances of 15 cm (a), 20 cm (b) and 50 cm (c). In (d), the contribution of the free electrons to the refractive index is depicted at the beginning of the propagation. The input pulse and waveguide parameters are the same as in Fig. 2.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Schematic presentation of the supercontinuum generation at the initial stage. Black dotted curve indicates the input spectrum, the red curve is the spectrum at the position of the seed component formation, green dashed curve is the incoherence 1-g(λ). In (a), arrows indicate the four-wave-mixing gain bands; in (b), the arrow indicates the spectral broadening induced by plasma.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Output spectrum (red) and coherence (green) for the propagation of a 100-TW/cm2, 10-fs pulse in a fused-silica-coated silver waveguide. The propagation length is 50 cm, input wavelength is 800 nm, the waveguide parameters are D=80 µm, a=45 nm.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Evolution of the spectrum (a) and temporal shape (b) for the propagation of a 100-TW/cm2, 100-fs pulse in a fused-silica-coated silver waveguide. In (c) the output spectrum (red) and the coherence (green) are shown and in (d) the ouput temporal shape are presented. The propagation length is 50 cm, input wavelength is 800 nm, the waveguide parameters are D=200 µm, a=45 nm.

Equations (7)

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Ej(z,ω)z=iβj(ω)Ej(z,ω)αj2(ω)Ej(z,ω)+iω22c2ε0βj(ω)PNL(j)(z,ω)
αr=(ωc)4VS2psR<I>sΔε2I0aM13π
PNL(j)(z,ω)=0R 2 π r Fj (r,ω)exp(iωt)PNL(z,r,t) d r d t
PNL(z,r,t)=ε0χ3E3(z,r,t)p(z,r,t)ed(z,r,t)Egε0ctE(z,r,t)I˜(z,r,t)p(z,r,t)tdt
p(z,r,t)t=(N0p(z,r,t))Γ(I˜(z,r,t))
2d(z,r,t)t2=eE(z,r,t)me
g(λ)=[<Eb(λ)Ea*(λ)>ab,ab<Ea(λ)Ea*(λ)>a]

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