Abstract

We present a method for improving the sensing capability of grating coupled surface plasmon resonance (GCSPR) sensors. The grating is rotated azimuthally (φ) until the excitation of double surface plasmon polaritions (SPPs) by a single wavelength is possible. Close to this condition, further tuning of the incident wavelength will merge the double SPPs into a multi-SPP resonance which is angularly broad but spectrally sharp. This is the condition where the momentum vector of the propagating SPP is perpendicular to the incident light momentum. We demonstrate this sensitivity enhancement on a Au grating surface using a dodecanethiol (C12) self-assembled monolayer (SAM). Using this method, a shift in resonance angle as large as 3° can be observed. The simulated sensitivity of this method shows that a sensitivity up to 800°/RIU is achievable, which is one order of magnitude greater than that in a conventional fixed grating (φ=0°) as well as the prism-coupled Kretschmann configuration.

© 2009 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Raether, “Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings,” (Springer-Verlag, 1988).
  2. L. S. Jung, C. T. Campbell, T. M. Chinowsky, M. N. Mar, and S. S. Yee, “Quantitative interpretation of the response of surface plasmon resonance sensors to adsorbed films,” Langmuir 14(19), 5636–5648 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. I. Lundstrom, “Real-time biospecific interaction analysis,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 9(9-10), 725–736 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Lukosz, “Integrated-optical and surface-plasmon sensors for direct affinity sensing. Part II: Anisotropy of adsorbed or bound protein adlayers,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 12(3), 175–184 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. A. Peterlinz and R. Georgiadis, “In Situ Kinetics of Self-Assembly by Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy,” Langmuir 12(20), 4731–4740 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, “A unified view of propagating and localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379(7-8), 920–930 (2004).
  8. K. A. Willets and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58(1), 267–297 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Perez-Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzan, and P. Mulvaney, “Gold nanorod: systhesis, characterization and application,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 249(17-18), 1870–1901 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Yu and J. Irudayaraj, “Multiplex biosensor using gold nanorods,” Anal. Chem. 79(2), 572–579 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Melendez, R Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. Yee, C. Furlong, and R. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Liedberg, I. Lundstrom, and E. Stenberg, “Principle of biosensing with an extended coupling matrix and surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 11(1-3), 63–72 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Karlsson and R. Ståhlberg, “Surface plasmon resonance detection and multispot sensing for direct monitoring of interactions involving low-molecular-weight analytes and for determination of low affinities,” Anal. Biochem. 228(2), 274–280 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison,” Sens. Actuator B 54(1-2), 16–24 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. W. Unfricht, S. L. Colpitts, S. M. Fernandez, and M. A. Lynes, “Grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance: a cell and protein microarray platform,” Proteomics 5(17), 4432–4442 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. H. Yoon, M. L. Shuler, and S. J. Kim, “Design optimization of nano-grating surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Opt. Express 14(11), 4842–4849 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. C. Cullen and C. R. Lowe, “A direct surface plasmon-polariton immunosensor: Preliminary investigation of the non-specific adsorption of serum components to the sensor interface,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 1(1-6), 576–579 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Vala, J. Dostalek, and J. Homola, “Diffraction grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance based on spectroscopy of long-range and short-range surface plasmons,” Proc. SPIE 6585, 658522 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C. McPhedran, N. A. P. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, “Enhanced SPR sensitivity using periodic metallic structures,” Opt. Express 15(13), 8163–8169 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. M. Brockman and S. M. Fernandes, “Grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance for rapid, label-free, array based sensing,” Am. Lab. 33, 37–41 (2001).
  22. R. Baggio, G. J. Carven, A. Chiulli, M. Palmer, L. J. Stern, and J. E. Arenas, “Induced fit of an epitope peptide to a monoclonal antibody probed with a novel parallel surface plasmon resonance assay,” J. Biol. Chem. 280(6), 4188–4194 (2005).
  23. J. Dostalek, J. Homola, and M. Miler, “Rich information format surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on array of diffraction gratings,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 154–161 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. D. Y. Kim, “Effect of the azimuthal orientation on the performance of grating-coupled surface-plasmon resonance biosensors,” Appl. Opt. 44(16), 3218–3223 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  25. F. Romanato, K. H. Lee, H. K. Kang, C. C. Wong, Y. Zong, and W. Knoll, “Azimuthal dispersion and energy mode condensation of grating-coupled surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245435–245441 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  26. C. D. Bain, E. B. Troughton, Yu.-T. Tao, J. Evall, G. M. Whitesides, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Formation of monolayer films by the spontaneous assembly organic thiols from solution onto gold,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111(1), 321–335 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  27. B. Thomas, O. Reilly, and I. H. I. Smith, “Linewidth uniformity in Lloyd's mirror interference lithography systems,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2131–2134 (2008).
  28. F. Schreiber, “Structure and growth of self-assembling monolayers,” Prog. Surf. Sci. 65(5-8), 151–257 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  29. X. F. Ang, F. Y. Li, W. L. Tan, Z. Chen, C. C. Wong, and J. Wei, “Self-assembled monolayer for reduced temperature direct metal thermocompression bonding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061913 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

F. Romanato, K. H. Lee, H. K. Kang, C. C. Wong, Y. Zong, and W. Knoll, “Azimuthal dispersion and energy mode condensation of grating-coupled surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245435–245441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Thomas, O. Reilly, and I. H. I. Smith, “Linewidth uniformity in Lloyd's mirror interference lithography systems,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2131–2134 (2008).

2007 (6)

X. F. Ang, F. Y. Li, W. L. Tan, Z. Chen, C. C. Wong, and J. Wei, “Self-assembled monolayer for reduced temperature direct metal thermocompression bonding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Willets and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58(1), 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Yu and J. Irudayaraj, “Multiplex biosensor using gold nanorods,” Anal. Chem. 79(2), 572–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Vala, J. Dostalek, and J. Homola, “Diffraction grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance based on spectroscopy of long-range and short-range surface plasmons,” Proc. SPIE 6585, 658522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C. McPhedran, N. A. P. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, “Enhanced SPR sensitivity using periodic metallic structures,” Opt. Express 15(13), 8163–8169 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (5)

J. Perez-Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzan, and P. Mulvaney, “Gold nanorod: systhesis, characterization and application,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 249(17-18), 1870–1901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Unfricht, S. L. Colpitts, S. M. Fernandez, and M. A. Lynes, “Grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance: a cell and protein microarray platform,” Proteomics 5(17), 4432–4442 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Baggio, G. J. Carven, A. Chiulli, M. Palmer, L. J. Stern, and J. E. Arenas, “Induced fit of an epitope peptide to a monoclonal antibody probed with a novel parallel surface plasmon resonance assay,” J. Biol. Chem. 280(6), 4188–4194 (2005).

J. Dostalek, J. Homola, and M. Miler, “Rich information format surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on array of diffraction gratings,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 154–161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Kim, “Effect of the azimuthal orientation on the performance of grating-coupled surface-plasmon resonance biosensors,” Appl. Opt. 44(16), 3218–3223 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, “A unified view of propagating and localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379(7-8), 920–930 (2004).

2001 (1)

J. M. Brockman and S. M. Fernandes, “Grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance for rapid, label-free, array based sensing,” Am. Lab. 33, 37–41 (2001).

2000 (1)

F. Schreiber, “Structure and growth of self-assembling monolayers,” Prog. Surf. Sci. 65(5-8), 151–257 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison,” Sens. Actuator B 54(1-2), 16–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

L. S. Jung, C. T. Campbell, T. M. Chinowsky, M. N. Mar, and S. S. Yee, “Quantitative interpretation of the response of surface plasmon resonance sensors to adsorbed films,” Langmuir 14(19), 5636–5648 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

W. Lukosz, “Integrated-optical and surface-plasmon sensors for direct affinity sensing. Part II: Anisotropy of adsorbed or bound protein adlayers,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 12(3), 175–184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

K. A. Peterlinz and R. Georgiadis, “In Situ Kinetics of Self-Assembly by Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy,” Langmuir 12(20), 4731–4740 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Melendez, R Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. Yee, C. Furlong, and R. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

R. Karlsson and R. Ståhlberg, “Surface plasmon resonance detection and multispot sensing for direct monitoring of interactions involving low-molecular-weight analytes and for determination of low affinities,” Anal. Biochem. 228(2), 274–280 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

I. Lundstrom, “Real-time biospecific interaction analysis,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 9(9-10), 725–736 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

B. Liedberg, I. Lundstrom, and E. Stenberg, “Principle of biosensing with an extended coupling matrix and surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 11(1-3), 63–72 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

D. C. Cullen and C. R. Lowe, “A direct surface plasmon-polariton immunosensor: Preliminary investigation of the non-specific adsorption of serum components to the sensor interface,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 1(1-6), 576–579 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

C. D. Bain, E. B. Troughton, Yu.-T. Tao, J. Evall, G. M. Whitesides, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Formation of monolayer films by the spontaneous assembly organic thiols from solution onto gold,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111(1), 321–335 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Alleyne, C. J.

Ang, X. F.

X. F. Ang, F. Y. Li, W. L. Tan, Z. Chen, C. C. Wong, and J. Wei, “Self-assembled monolayer for reduced temperature direct metal thermocompression bonding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Arenas, J. E.

R. Baggio, G. J. Carven, A. Chiulli, M. Palmer, L. J. Stern, and J. E. Arenas, “Induced fit of an epitope peptide to a monoclonal antibody probed with a novel parallel surface plasmon resonance assay,” J. Biol. Chem. 280(6), 4188–4194 (2005).

Baggio, R.

R. Baggio, G. J. Carven, A. Chiulli, M. Palmer, L. J. Stern, and J. E. Arenas, “Induced fit of an epitope peptide to a monoclonal antibody probed with a novel parallel surface plasmon resonance assay,” J. Biol. Chem. 280(6), 4188–4194 (2005).

Bain, C. D.

C. D. Bain, E. B. Troughton, Yu.-T. Tao, J. Evall, G. M. Whitesides, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Formation of monolayer films by the spontaneous assembly organic thiols from solution onto gold,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111(1), 321–335 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bartholomew, D. U.

J. Melendez, R Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. Yee, C. Furlong, and R. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brockman, J. M.

J. M. Brockman and S. M. Fernandes, “Grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance for rapid, label-free, array based sensing,” Am. Lab. 33, 37–41 (2001).

Campbell, C. T.

L. S. Jung, C. T. Campbell, T. M. Chinowsky, M. N. Mar, and S. S. Yee, “Quantitative interpretation of the response of surface plasmon resonance sensors to adsorbed films,” Langmuir 14(19), 5636–5648 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Carr, R

J. Melendez, R Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. Yee, C. Furlong, and R. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Carven, G. J.

R. Baggio, G. J. Carven, A. Chiulli, M. Palmer, L. J. Stern, and J. E. Arenas, “Induced fit of an epitope peptide to a monoclonal antibody probed with a novel parallel surface plasmon resonance assay,” J. Biol. Chem. 280(6), 4188–4194 (2005).

Chen, Z.

X. F. Ang, F. Y. Li, W. L. Tan, Z. Chen, C. C. Wong, and J. Wei, “Self-assembled monolayer for reduced temperature direct metal thermocompression bonding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chinowsky, T. M.

L. S. Jung, C. T. Campbell, T. M. Chinowsky, M. N. Mar, and S. S. Yee, “Quantitative interpretation of the response of surface plasmon resonance sensors to adsorbed films,” Langmuir 14(19), 5636–5648 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chiulli, A.

R. Baggio, G. J. Carven, A. Chiulli, M. Palmer, L. J. Stern, and J. E. Arenas, “Induced fit of an epitope peptide to a monoclonal antibody probed with a novel parallel surface plasmon resonance assay,” J. Biol. Chem. 280(6), 4188–4194 (2005).

Colpitts, S. L.

D. W. Unfricht, S. L. Colpitts, S. M. Fernandez, and M. A. Lynes, “Grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance: a cell and protein microarray platform,” Proteomics 5(17), 4432–4442 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cullen, D. C.

D. C. Cullen and C. R. Lowe, “A direct surface plasmon-polariton immunosensor: Preliminary investigation of the non-specific adsorption of serum components to the sensor interface,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 1(1-6), 576–579 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dostalek, J.

M. Vala, J. Dostalek, and J. Homola, “Diffraction grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance based on spectroscopy of long-range and short-range surface plasmons,” Proc. SPIE 6585, 658522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostalek, J. Homola, and M. Miler, “Rich information format surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on array of diffraction gratings,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 154–161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Elkind, J.

J. Melendez, R Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. Yee, C. Furlong, and R. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Evall, J.

C. D. Bain, E. B. Troughton, Yu.-T. Tao, J. Evall, G. M. Whitesides, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Formation of monolayer films by the spontaneous assembly organic thiols from solution onto gold,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111(1), 321–335 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fernandes, S. M.

J. M. Brockman and S. M. Fernandes, “Grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance for rapid, label-free, array based sensing,” Am. Lab. 33, 37–41 (2001).

Fernandez, S. M.

D. W. Unfricht, S. L. Colpitts, S. M. Fernandez, and M. A. Lynes, “Grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance: a cell and protein microarray platform,” Proteomics 5(17), 4432–4442 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Furlong, C.

J. Melendez, R Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. Yee, C. Furlong, and R. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gauglitz, G.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Georgiadis, R.

K. A. Peterlinz and R. Georgiadis, “In Situ Kinetics of Self-Assembly by Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy,” Langmuir 12(20), 4731–4740 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Haes, A. J.

A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, “A unified view of propagating and localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379(7-8), 920–930 (2004).

Hoa, X. D.

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Homola, J.

M. Vala, J. Dostalek, and J. Homola, “Diffraction grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance based on spectroscopy of long-range and short-range surface plasmons,” Proc. SPIE 6585, 658522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostalek, J. Homola, and M. Miler, “Rich information format surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on array of diffraction gratings,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 154–161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison,” Sens. Actuator B 54(1-2), 16–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Irudayaraj, J.

C. Yu and J. Irudayaraj, “Multiplex biosensor using gold nanorods,” Anal. Chem. 79(2), 572–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jung, L. S.

L. S. Jung, C. T. Campbell, T. M. Chinowsky, M. N. Mar, and S. S. Yee, “Quantitative interpretation of the response of surface plasmon resonance sensors to adsorbed films,” Langmuir 14(19), 5636–5648 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kang, H. K.

F. Romanato, K. H. Lee, H. K. Kang, C. C. Wong, Y. Zong, and W. Knoll, “Azimuthal dispersion and energy mode condensation of grating-coupled surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245435–245441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, R.

R. Karlsson and R. Ståhlberg, “Surface plasmon resonance detection and multispot sensing for direct monitoring of interactions involving low-molecular-weight analytes and for determination of low affinities,” Anal. Biochem. 228(2), 274–280 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. Y.

Kim, S. J.

Kirk, A. G.

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C. McPhedran, N. A. P. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, “Enhanced SPR sensitivity using periodic metallic structures,” Opt. Express 15(13), 8163–8169 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Knoll, W.

F. Romanato, K. H. Lee, H. K. Kang, C. C. Wong, Y. Zong, and W. Knoll, “Azimuthal dispersion and energy mode condensation of grating-coupled surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245435–245441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koudela, I.

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison,” Sens. Actuator B 54(1-2), 16–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kukanskis, K.

J. Melendez, R Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. Yee, C. Furlong, and R. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. H.

F. Romanato, K. H. Lee, H. K. Kang, C. C. Wong, Y. Zong, and W. Knoll, “Azimuthal dispersion and energy mode condensation of grating-coupled surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245435–245441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, F. Y.

X. F. Ang, F. Y. Li, W. L. Tan, Z. Chen, C. C. Wong, and J. Wei, “Self-assembled monolayer for reduced temperature direct metal thermocompression bonding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liedberg, B.

B. Liedberg, I. Lundstrom, and E. Stenberg, “Principle of biosensing with an extended coupling matrix and surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 11(1-3), 63–72 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Liz-Marzan, L. M.

J. Perez-Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzan, and P. Mulvaney, “Gold nanorod: systhesis, characterization and application,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 249(17-18), 1870–1901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lowe, C. R.

D. C. Cullen and C. R. Lowe, “A direct surface plasmon-polariton immunosensor: Preliminary investigation of the non-specific adsorption of serum components to the sensor interface,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 1(1-6), 576–579 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lukosz, W.

W. Lukosz, “Integrated-optical and surface-plasmon sensors for direct affinity sensing. Part II: Anisotropy of adsorbed or bound protein adlayers,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 12(3), 175–184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lundstrom, I.

I. Lundstrom, “Real-time biospecific interaction analysis,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 9(9-10), 725–736 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Liedberg, I. Lundstrom, and E. Stenberg, “Principle of biosensing with an extended coupling matrix and surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 11(1-3), 63–72 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lynes, M. A.

D. W. Unfricht, S. L. Colpitts, S. M. Fernandez, and M. A. Lynes, “Grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance: a cell and protein microarray platform,” Proteomics 5(17), 4432–4442 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mar, M. N.

L. S. Jung, C. T. Campbell, T. M. Chinowsky, M. N. Mar, and S. S. Yee, “Quantitative interpretation of the response of surface plasmon resonance sensors to adsorbed films,” Langmuir 14(19), 5636–5648 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Maystre, D.

McPhedran, R. C.

Melendez, J.

J. Melendez, R Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. Yee, C. Furlong, and R. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miler, M.

J. Dostalek, J. Homola, and M. Miler, “Rich information format surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on array of diffraction gratings,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 154–161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mulvaney, P.

J. Perez-Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzan, and P. Mulvaney, “Gold nanorod: systhesis, characterization and application,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 249(17-18), 1870–1901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nicorovici, N. A. P.

Nuzzo, R. G.

C. D. Bain, E. B. Troughton, Yu.-T. Tao, J. Evall, G. M. Whitesides, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Formation of monolayer films by the spontaneous assembly organic thiols from solution onto gold,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111(1), 321–335 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, M.

R. Baggio, G. J. Carven, A. Chiulli, M. Palmer, L. J. Stern, and J. E. Arenas, “Induced fit of an epitope peptide to a monoclonal antibody probed with a novel parallel surface plasmon resonance assay,” J. Biol. Chem. 280(6), 4188–4194 (2005).

Pastoriza-Santos, I.

J. Perez-Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzan, and P. Mulvaney, “Gold nanorod: systhesis, characterization and application,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 249(17-18), 1870–1901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Perez-Juste, J.

J. Perez-Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzan, and P. Mulvaney, “Gold nanorod: systhesis, characterization and application,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 249(17-18), 1870–1901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peterlinz, K. A.

K. A. Peterlinz and R. Georgiadis, “In Situ Kinetics of Self-Assembly by Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy,” Langmuir 12(20), 4731–4740 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Reilly, O.

B. Thomas, O. Reilly, and I. H. I. Smith, “Linewidth uniformity in Lloyd's mirror interference lithography systems,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2131–2134 (2008).

Romanato, F.

F. Romanato, K. H. Lee, H. K. Kang, C. C. Wong, Y. Zong, and W. Knoll, “Azimuthal dispersion and energy mode condensation of grating-coupled surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245435–245441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, F.

F. Schreiber, “Structure and growth of self-assembling monolayers,” Prog. Surf. Sci. 65(5-8), 151–257 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shuler, M. L.

Smith, I. H. I.

B. Thomas, O. Reilly, and I. H. I. Smith, “Linewidth uniformity in Lloyd's mirror interference lithography systems,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2131–2134 (2008).

Ståhlberg, R.

R. Karlsson and R. Ståhlberg, “Surface plasmon resonance detection and multispot sensing for direct monitoring of interactions involving low-molecular-weight analytes and for determination of low affinities,” Anal. Biochem. 228(2), 274–280 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stenberg, E.

B. Liedberg, I. Lundstrom, and E. Stenberg, “Principle of biosensing with an extended coupling matrix and surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 11(1-3), 63–72 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stern, L. J.

R. Baggio, G. J. Carven, A. Chiulli, M. Palmer, L. J. Stern, and J. E. Arenas, “Induced fit of an epitope peptide to a monoclonal antibody probed with a novel parallel surface plasmon resonance assay,” J. Biol. Chem. 280(6), 4188–4194 (2005).

Tabrizian, M.

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tan, W. L.

X. F. Ang, F. Y. Li, W. L. Tan, Z. Chen, C. C. Wong, and J. Wei, “Self-assembled monolayer for reduced temperature direct metal thermocompression bonding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Yu.-T.

C. D. Bain, E. B. Troughton, Yu.-T. Tao, J. Evall, G. M. Whitesides, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Formation of monolayer films by the spontaneous assembly organic thiols from solution onto gold,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111(1), 321–335 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, B.

B. Thomas, O. Reilly, and I. H. I. Smith, “Linewidth uniformity in Lloyd's mirror interference lithography systems,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2131–2134 (2008).

Troughton, E. B.

C. D. Bain, E. B. Troughton, Yu.-T. Tao, J. Evall, G. M. Whitesides, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Formation of monolayer films by the spontaneous assembly organic thiols from solution onto gold,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111(1), 321–335 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Unfricht, D. W.

D. W. Unfricht, S. L. Colpitts, S. M. Fernandez, and M. A. Lynes, “Grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance: a cell and protein microarray platform,” Proteomics 5(17), 4432–4442 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vala, M.

M. Vala, J. Dostalek, and J. Homola, “Diffraction grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance based on spectroscopy of long-range and short-range surface plasmons,” Proc. SPIE 6585, 658522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van Duyne, R. P.

K. A. Willets and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58(1), 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, “A unified view of propagating and localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379(7-8), 920–930 (2004).

Wei, J.

X. F. Ang, F. Y. Li, W. L. Tan, Z. Chen, C. C. Wong, and J. Wei, “Self-assembled monolayer for reduced temperature direct metal thermocompression bonding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Whitesides, G. M.

C. D. Bain, E. B. Troughton, Yu.-T. Tao, J. Evall, G. M. Whitesides, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Formation of monolayer films by the spontaneous assembly organic thiols from solution onto gold,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111(1), 321–335 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Willets, K. A.

K. A. Willets and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58(1), 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wong, C. C.

F. Romanato, K. H. Lee, H. K. Kang, C. C. Wong, Y. Zong, and W. Knoll, “Azimuthal dispersion and energy mode condensation of grating-coupled surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245435–245441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Ang, F. Y. Li, W. L. Tan, Z. Chen, C. C. Wong, and J. Wei, “Self-assembled monolayer for reduced temperature direct metal thermocompression bonding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Woodbury, R.

J. Melendez, R Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. Yee, C. Furlong, and R. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yee, S.

J. Melendez, R Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. Yee, C. Furlong, and R. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yee, S. S.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison,” Sens. Actuator B 54(1-2), 16–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Jung, C. T. Campbell, T. M. Chinowsky, M. N. Mar, and S. S. Yee, “Quantitative interpretation of the response of surface plasmon resonance sensors to adsorbed films,” Langmuir 14(19), 5636–5648 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, K. H.

Yu, C.

C. Yu and J. Irudayaraj, “Multiplex biosensor using gold nanorods,” Anal. Chem. 79(2), 572–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zong, Y.

F. Romanato, K. H. Lee, H. K. Kang, C. C. Wong, Y. Zong, and W. Knoll, “Azimuthal dispersion and energy mode condensation of grating-coupled surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245435–245441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Am. Lab. (1)

J. M. Brockman and S. M. Fernandes, “Grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance for rapid, label-free, array based sensing,” Am. Lab. 33, 37–41 (2001).

Anal. Bioanal. Chem. (1)

A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, “A unified view of propagating and localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379(7-8), 920–930 (2004).

Anal. Biochem. (1)

R. Karlsson and R. Ståhlberg, “Surface plasmon resonance detection and multispot sensing for direct monitoring of interactions involving low-molecular-weight analytes and for determination of low affinities,” Anal. Biochem. 228(2), 274–280 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

C. Yu and J. Irudayaraj, “Multiplex biosensor using gold nanorods,” Anal. Chem. 79(2), 572–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

K. A. Willets and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58(1), 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. F. Ang, F. Y. Li, W. L. Tan, Z. Chen, C. C. Wong, and J. Wei, “Self-assembled monolayer for reduced temperature direct metal thermocompression bonding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (3)

I. Lundstrom, “Real-time biospecific interaction analysis,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 9(9-10), 725–736 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Lukosz, “Integrated-optical and surface-plasmon sensors for direct affinity sensing. Part II: Anisotropy of adsorbed or bound protein adlayers,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 12(3), 175–184 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Coord. Chem. Rev. (1)

J. Perez-Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzan, and P. Mulvaney, “Gold nanorod: systhesis, characterization and application,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 249(17-18), 1870–1901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

C. D. Bain, E. B. Troughton, Yu.-T. Tao, J. Evall, G. M. Whitesides, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Formation of monolayer films by the spontaneous assembly organic thiols from solution onto gold,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111(1), 321–335 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Biol. Chem. (1)

R. Baggio, G. J. Carven, A. Chiulli, M. Palmer, L. J. Stern, and J. E. Arenas, “Induced fit of an epitope peptide to a monoclonal antibody probed with a novel parallel surface plasmon resonance assay,” J. Biol. Chem. 280(6), 4188–4194 (2005).

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

B. Thomas, O. Reilly, and I. H. I. Smith, “Linewidth uniformity in Lloyd's mirror interference lithography systems,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2131–2134 (2008).

Langmuir (2)

L. S. Jung, C. T. Campbell, T. M. Chinowsky, M. N. Mar, and S. S. Yee, “Quantitative interpretation of the response of surface plasmon resonance sensors to adsorbed films,” Langmuir 14(19), 5636–5648 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Peterlinz and R. Georgiadis, “In Situ Kinetics of Self-Assembly by Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy,” Langmuir 12(20), 4731–4740 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

F. Romanato, K. H. Lee, H. K. Kang, C. C. Wong, Y. Zong, and W. Knoll, “Azimuthal dispersion and energy mode condensation of grating-coupled surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245435–245441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Vala, J. Dostalek, and J. Homola, “Diffraction grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance based on spectroscopy of long-range and short-range surface plasmons,” Proc. SPIE 6585, 658522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Surf. Sci. (1)

F. Schreiber, “Structure and growth of self-assembling monolayers,” Prog. Surf. Sci. 65(5-8), 151–257 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Proteomics (1)

D. W. Unfricht, S. L. Colpitts, S. M. Fernandez, and M. A. Lynes, “Grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance: a cell and protein microarray platform,” Proteomics 5(17), 4432–4442 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuator B (1)

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison,” Sens. Actuator B 54(1-2), 16–24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (5)

J. Melendez, R Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. Yee, C. Furlong, and R. Woodbury, “A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35(1-3), 212–216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. Liedberg, I. Lundstrom, and E. Stenberg, “Principle of biosensing with an extended coupling matrix and surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 11(1-3), 63–72 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Cullen and C. R. Lowe, “A direct surface plasmon-polariton immunosensor: Preliminary investigation of the non-specific adsorption of serum components to the sensor interface,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 1(1-6), 576–579 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostalek, J. Homola, and M. Miler, “Rich information format surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on array of diffraction gratings,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 154–161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. Raether, “Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings,” (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Comparison of SPR spectrum between uncoated (solid line) and C12-coated (dashed line) Au grating. (a) Grating with φ=0° (conventional mounted grating), where different line colors correspond to different incident wavelengths; and (b) φ=60° (2 SPPs by single wavelength excitation condition), different colors of line represent difference incident wavelength.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic represents wave-vectors combination. The large circle represents equimagnitude g⃗ vectors. The smaller black and green circles represent equi-magnitude vectors before, (k⃗spp1 ), and after (k⃗spp2 ), the surface functionalization with C12 SAM. The dashed lines represent a photon wave-vector and the dotted lines represent the SPP propagation direction, β. The letters A and B represent the g⃗ vector with azimuthal rotation φ=0° and φ=60° respectively. The capital letters with the primes represent the intersection of the photon wave-vector with the SPP semicircles.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Sensitivity, S as a function of grating azimuthal angle, φ for the two dips for the SPR sensor with angular interrogation. The right y-scale refers to sensitivity values normalized to the first dip sensitivity at φ=0 (Sr =S/S1(0)). In the subset figure, more detail is shown.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(b) Figure of merit for angular (∙,▪) and yield (ο, ▫) interrogation of the SPR reflectivity minima. (a) Energy dispersion curve for the kph necessary for SPP excitation before (solid line) and after (dashed line) C12 SAM functionalization. The experimental data obtained by the reflectivity minima of Fig. 1 have been fitted using Eq. (1).

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ksp=kph±mg
kSPP=kph=εMεDεM+εD=kphM
S=θn=θkphxkphxkSPPkSPPn
S=1cosθr(Mn0)31Λ2+sin2θλ22cosϕsinθΛλcosϕΛsinθλ
θr=sin1(λΛcosϕM2(λΛ)2sin2ϕ)
FOMang=SΔθFWHM=(θn)ΔθFWHM
FOMY=1Δn(YcoatYuncoated)Yuncoated

Metrics