Abstract

Experimental demonstration of an all-fiber, all-optical continuously tunable delay line is reported. The 1.56-µs delay with a record 62,400 time-delay bit-rate product was characterized for a 40-Gbps data channel. The result was enabled by parametric dispersion compensation with cascaded triple-conversion in highly-nonlinear fiber capable of continuous tuning over 39.5 nm.

© 2009 OSA

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References

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  1. R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, “Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3(5), 489–500 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. P. Davis, J. W. Brault, and M. C. Abrams, Fourier Transform Spectrometry, 1st Ed. Academic Press (1983).
  3. D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Digital Information Processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Zh. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Line-by-line pulse shaping control for optical arbitrary waveform generation,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10431–10439 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, and N. Bernstein, “The 1st demonstration of an optically steered microwave phased-array antenna using true-time delay,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(9), 1124–1131 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. S. Tucker, P.-Ch. Ku, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Slow-Light Optical Buffers: Capabilities and Fundamental Limitations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(12Issue 12), 4046–4066 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, and S. Radic, “Two-Pump Parametric Optical Delays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 681–690 (2008).
  8. E. Myslivets, N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, R. M. Jopson, and S. Radic, “400-ns Continuously Tunable Delay of 10-Gb/s Intensity Modulated Optical Signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 251–253 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Alic, E. Myslivets, S. Moro, B. P. P. Kuo, R. M. Jopson, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “1.83-μs Wavelength-Transparent All-Optical Delay,” post deadline paper, OFC 2009, PDPA1, San Diego USA (2009).
  10. O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “10-Packet-Depth, 40 Gb/s Optical Buffer with a <0.5ns Reconfigurable Time using.116 ns, Continuously Tunable Conversion/Dispersion Delays,” post deadline paper, OFC 2009, PDPC7, San Diego USA (2009).
  11. Y. Dai, X. Chen, Y. Okawachi, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and C. Xu, “1 micros tunable delay using parametric mixing and optical phase conjugation in Si waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7004–7010 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Myslivets, N. Alic, S. Moro, B. P.-P. Kuo, R. M. Jopson, C. J. McKinstrie, A. H. Gnauck, M. Karlsson, and S. Radic, “1.56-μs Continuously Tuneable 40-Gb/s Parametric Delay,” accepted for oral presentation in ECOC 2009, Vienna Austria (2009).
  13. S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, C. J. McKinstrie, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, and J. C. Centanni, “Wavelength division multiplexed transmission over standard single mode fiber using polarization insensitive signal conjugation in highly nonlinear optical fiber,” post deadline paper, OFC 2003, PD12, Atlanta USA (2003).
  14. S. Namiki, “Wide-Band and -Range Tunable Dispersion Compensation through Parametric Wavelength Conversion and Dispersive Optical Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(1Issue 1), 28–35 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Namiki, and T. Kurosu, “17 ns tunable delay for picosecond pulses through simultaneous and independent control of delay and dispersion using cascaded parametric process,” post deadline paper, ECOC 2008, Th. 3, C.3, Brussels Belgium (2008).

2009

E. Myslivets, N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, R. M. Jopson, and S. Radic, “400-ns Continuously Tunable Delay of 10-Gb/s Intensity Modulated Optical Signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 251–253 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, X. Chen, Y. Okawachi, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and C. Xu, “1 micros tunable delay using parametric mixing and optical phase conjugation in Si waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7004–7010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

S. Namiki, “Wide-Band and -Range Tunable Dispersion Compensation through Parametric Wavelength Conversion and Dispersive Optical Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(1Issue 1), 28–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, and S. Radic, “Two-Pump Parametric Optical Delays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 681–690 (2008).

2005

1999

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Digital Information Processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, “Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3(5), 489–500 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, and N. Bernstein, “The 1st demonstration of an optically steered microwave phased-array antenna using true-time delay,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(9), 1124–1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Alic, N.

E. Myslivets, N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, R. M. Jopson, and S. Radic, “400-ns Continuously Tunable Delay of 10-Gb/s Intensity Modulated Optical Signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 251–253 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, and S. Radic, “Two-Pump Parametric Optical Delays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 681–690 (2008).

Bernstein, N.

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, and N. Bernstein, “The 1st demonstration of an optically steered microwave phased-array antenna using true-time delay,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(9), 1124–1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Digital Information Processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chen, X.

Coles, J. B.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, and S. Radic, “Two-Pump Parametric Optical Delays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 681–690 (2008).

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Digital Information Processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y.

Ellis, A. D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Digital Information Processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Jiang, Zh.

Jopson, R. M.

E. Myslivets, N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, R. M. Jopson, and S. Radic, “400-ns Continuously Tunable Delay of 10-Gb/s Intensity Modulated Optical Signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 251–253 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A. E.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Digital Information Processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ku, P.-Ch.

Leaird, D. E.

Lee, J. J.

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, and N. Bernstein, “The 1st demonstration of an optically steered microwave phased-array antenna using true-time delay,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(9), 1124–1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Manning, R. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Digital Information Processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Myslivets, E.

E. Myslivets, N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, R. M. Jopson, and S. Radic, “400-ns Continuously Tunable Delay of 10-Gb/s Intensity Modulated Optical Signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 251–253 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

Nesset, D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Digital Information Processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Newberg, I. L.

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, and N. Bernstein, “The 1st demonstration of an optically steered microwave phased-array antenna using true-time delay,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(9), 1124–1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ng, W.

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, and N. Bernstein, “The 1st demonstration of an optically steered microwave phased-array antenna using true-time delay,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(9), 1124–1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Okawachi, Y.

Phillips, I. D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Digital Information Processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Digital Information Processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

E. Myslivets, N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, R. M. Jopson, and S. Radic, “400-ns Continuously Tunable Delay of 10-Gb/s Intensity Modulated Optical Signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 251–253 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, and S. Radic, “Two-Pump Parametric Optical Delays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 681–690 (2008).

Ramaswami, R.

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, “Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3(5), 489–500 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, D. C.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Digital Information Processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sivarajan, K. N.

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, “Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3(5), 489–500 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tangonan, G. L.

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, and N. Bernstein, “The 1st demonstration of an optically steered microwave phased-array antenna using true-time delay,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(9), 1124–1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Walston, A. A.

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, and N. Bernstein, “The 1st demonstration of an optically steered microwave phased-array antenna using true-time delay,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(9), 1124–1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Windmiller, J. R.

E. Myslivets, N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, R. M. Jopson, and S. Radic, “400-ns Continuously Tunable Delay of 10-Gb/s Intensity Modulated Optical Signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 251–253 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, and S. Radic, “Two-Pump Parametric Optical Delays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 681–690 (2008).

Xu, C.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, and S. Radic, “Two-Pump Parametric Optical Delays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 681–690 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

E. Myslivets, N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, R. M. Jopson, and S. Radic, “400-ns Continuously Tunable Delay of 10-Gb/s Intensity Modulated Optical Signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 251–253 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, “Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3(5), 489–500 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Science

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Digital Information Processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. P. Davis, J. W. Brault, and M. C. Abrams, Fourier Transform Spectrometry, 1st Ed. Academic Press (1983).

E. Myslivets, N. Alic, S. Moro, B. P.-P. Kuo, R. M. Jopson, C. J. McKinstrie, A. H. Gnauck, M. Karlsson, and S. Radic, “1.56-μs Continuously Tuneable 40-Gb/s Parametric Delay,” accepted for oral presentation in ECOC 2009, Vienna Austria (2009).

S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, C. J. McKinstrie, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, and J. C. Centanni, “Wavelength division multiplexed transmission over standard single mode fiber using polarization insensitive signal conjugation in highly nonlinear optical fiber,” post deadline paper, OFC 2003, PD12, Atlanta USA (2003).

S. Namiki, and T. Kurosu, “17 ns tunable delay for picosecond pulses through simultaneous and independent control of delay and dispersion using cascaded parametric process,” post deadline paper, ECOC 2008, Th. 3, C.3, Brussels Belgium (2008).

N. Alic, E. Myslivets, S. Moro, B. P. P. Kuo, R. M. Jopson, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “1.83-μs Wavelength-Transparent All-Optical Delay,” post deadline paper, OFC 2009, PDPA1, San Diego USA (2009).

O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “10-Packet-Depth, 40 Gb/s Optical Buffer with a <0.5ns Reconfigurable Time using.116 ns, Continuously Tunable Conversion/Dispersion Delays,” post deadline paper, OFC 2009, PDPC7, San Diego USA (2009).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Principle of transparent operation with dispersion compensation using three conversions. Acronyms and symbols are transmitter Tx, receiver Rx, dispersions D and D Pre; C-band (or blue) pump wavelength λC; L-band (or red) parametric pump wavelength λL; input and output signal wavelength λS; idler or intermediate wavelengths λI (1) and λI (2).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The experimental setup. Acronyms: ASE – amplified spontaneous emission (noise); PC – polarization controller; A – amplifier; F – filter; Tx – transmitter; Rx – receiver; HNLF – highly nonlinear fiber; VOA – variable optical attenuator; DCF – dispersion compensating fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

A principle of the carrier modulation compensation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

a) Measured delay and the blue pump wavelength as a function of the red pump wavelength. b) The waveforms corresponding to extreme red pump positions.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured delay line performance of the 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK (return-to-zero differential-phase-shift-keyed) channel.

Equations (1)

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D(λI(1))+DPre(λs)=D (λI(2))

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