Abstract

We report a novel and intriguing nonlinear dynamics observed in a fiber laser cavity, in which soliton pulses are created from an extended noisy background and drift until they reach a condensed phase comprising several tens of aggregated solitons. This soliton flow can be adjusted with manual cavity tuning, and can even be triggered by the injection of an external low-power cw laser.

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  1. Ph. Grelu, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Temporal soliton molecules in mode-locked lasers: collisions, pulsations and vibrations,” in Dissipative solitons: from optics to biology and medicine, N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2008).
  2. J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Grapinet, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Bifurcations and multiple-period soliton pulsations in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(6), 066612 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Ph. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Group interactions of dissipative solitons in a laser cavity: the case of 2+1,” Opt. Express 12(14), 3184–3189 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3184 .
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Olivier, V. Roy, M. Piché, and F. Babin, “Pulse collisions in the stretched-pulse fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(13), 1461–1463 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Grapinet and Ph. Grelu, “Vibrating soliton pairs in a mode-locked laser cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2115–2117 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, and N. Devine, “Soliton complexes in dissipative systems: vibrating, shaking, and mixed soliton pairs,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 75(1), 016613 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Ph. Grelu and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Multisoliton states and pulse fragmentation in a passively mode-locked fibre laser,” J. Opt. B. 6, S271–S278 (2004).
  8. A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Wabnitz, “Control of soliton train transmission, storage, and clock recovery by cw light injection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(12), 2739–2749 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, Ph. Grelu, and F. Belhache, “Quantized separations of phase-locked soliton pairs in fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 28(19), 1757–1759 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Spectral-selective management of dissipative solitons in passive mode-locked fibre lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(12), 1149–1156 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V. Matsas, T. Newson, D. Richardson, and D. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1392 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Martel, C. Chédot, A. Hideur, and Ph. Grelu, “Numerical Maps for Fiber Lasers Mode Locked with Nonlinear Polarization Evolution: Comparison with Semi-Analytical Models,” Fib. Integr. Opt. 27(5), 320–340 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. P. Gordon, “Dispersive perturbations of solitons of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9(1), 91–97 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, and G. Town, “Continuous-wave versus pulse regime in a passively mode-locked laser with a fast saturable absorber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(2), 234–242 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Gordon, O. Gat, B. Fischer, and F. Kärtner, “Self-starting of passive mode locking,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11142–11154 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-23-11142 .
    [CrossRef]

2008

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Martel, C. Chédot, A. Hideur, and Ph. Grelu, “Numerical Maps for Fiber Lasers Mode Locked with Nonlinear Polarization Evolution: Comparison with Semi-Analytical Models,” Fib. Integr. Opt. 27(5), 320–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Spectral-selective management of dissipative solitons in passive mode-locked fibre lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(12), 1149–1156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, and N. Devine, “Soliton complexes in dissipative systems: vibrating, shaking, and mixed soliton pairs,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 75(1), 016613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

Ph. Grelu and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Multisoliton states and pulse fragmentation in a passively mode-locked fibre laser,” J. Opt. B. 6, S271–S278 (2004).

J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Grapinet, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Bifurcations and multiple-period soliton pulsations in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(6), 066612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Group interactions of dissipative solitons in a laser cavity: the case of 2+1,” Opt. Express 12(14), 3184–3189 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3184 .
[CrossRef]

M. Olivier, V. Roy, M. Piché, and F. Babin, “Pulse collisions in the stretched-pulse fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(13), 1461–1463 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

1996

1992

V. Matsas, T. Newson, D. Richardson, and D. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon, “Dispersive perturbations of solitons of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9(1), 91–97 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, and N. Devine, “Soliton complexes in dissipative systems: vibrating, shaking, and mixed soliton pairs,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 75(1), 016613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Grapinet, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Bifurcations and multiple-period soliton pulsations in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(6), 066612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Group interactions of dissipative solitons in a laser cavity: the case of 2+1,” Opt. Express 12(14), 3184–3189 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3184 .
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, Ph. Grelu, and F. Belhache, “Quantized separations of phase-locked soliton pairs in fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 28(19), 1757–1759 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, and G. Town, “Continuous-wave versus pulse regime in a passively mode-locked laser with a fast saturable absorber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(2), 234–242 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Babin, F.

Belhache, F.

Chédot, C.

G. Martel, C. Chédot, A. Hideur, and Ph. Grelu, “Numerical Maps for Fiber Lasers Mode Locked with Nonlinear Polarization Evolution: Comparison with Semi-Analytical Models,” Fib. Integr. Opt. 27(5), 320–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Devine, N.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, and N. Devine, “Soliton complexes in dissipative systems: vibrating, shaking, and mixed soliton pairs,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 75(1), 016613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

Gat, O.

Gordon, A.

Gordon, J. P.

Grapinet, M.

M. Grapinet and Ph. Grelu, “Vibrating soliton pairs in a mode-locked laser cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2115–2117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Grapinet, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Bifurcations and multiple-period soliton pulsations in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(6), 066612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grelu, Ph.

G. Martel, C. Chédot, A. Hideur, and Ph. Grelu, “Numerical Maps for Fiber Lasers Mode Locked with Nonlinear Polarization Evolution: Comparison with Semi-Analytical Models,” Fib. Integr. Opt. 27(5), 320–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, and N. Devine, “Soliton complexes in dissipative systems: vibrating, shaking, and mixed soliton pairs,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 75(1), 016613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Grapinet and Ph. Grelu, “Vibrating soliton pairs in a mode-locked laser cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2115–2117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Grelu and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Multisoliton states and pulse fragmentation in a passively mode-locked fibre laser,” J. Opt. B. 6, S271–S278 (2004).

J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Grapinet, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Bifurcations and multiple-period soliton pulsations in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(6), 066612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Group interactions of dissipative solitons in a laser cavity: the case of 2+1,” Opt. Express 12(14), 3184–3189 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3184 .
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, Ph. Grelu, and F. Belhache, “Quantized separations of phase-locked soliton pairs in fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 28(19), 1757–1759 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Haboucha, A.

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hideur, A.

G. Martel, C. Chédot, A. Hideur, and Ph. Grelu, “Numerical Maps for Fiber Lasers Mode Locked with Nonlinear Polarization Evolution: Comparison with Semi-Analytical Models,” Fib. Integr. Opt. 27(5), 320–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F.

Komarov, A.

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Spectral-selective management of dissipative solitons in passive mode-locked fibre lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(12), 1149–1156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Komarov, K.

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Spectral-selective management of dissipative solitons in passive mode-locked fibre lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(12), 1149–1156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leblond, H.

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Spectral-selective management of dissipative solitons in passive mode-locked fibre lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(12), 1149–1156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A. Q.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martel, G.

G. Martel, C. Chédot, A. Hideur, and Ph. Grelu, “Numerical Maps for Fiber Lasers Mode Locked with Nonlinear Polarization Evolution: Comparison with Semi-Analytical Models,” Fib. Integr. Opt. 27(5), 320–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Matsas, V.

V. Matsas, T. Newson, D. Richardson, and D. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Newson, T.

V. Matsas, T. Newson, D. Richardson, and D. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, M.

Payne, D.

V. Matsas, T. Newson, D. Richardson, and D. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Piché, M.

Richardson, D.

V. Matsas, T. Newson, D. Richardson, and D. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Roy, V.

Salhi, M.

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, F.

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Spectral-selective management of dissipative solitons in passive mode-locked fibre lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(12), 1149–1156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, and N. Devine, “Soliton complexes in dissipative systems: vibrating, shaking, and mixed soliton pairs,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 75(1), 016613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Grapinet, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Bifurcations and multiple-period soliton pulsations in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(6), 066612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Grelu and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Multisoliton states and pulse fragmentation in a passively mode-locked fibre laser,” J. Opt. B. 6, S271–S278 (2004).

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, Ph. Grelu, and F. Belhache, “Quantized separations of phase-locked soliton pairs in fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 28(19), 1757–1759 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, and G. Town, “Continuous-wave versus pulse regime in a passively mode-locked laser with a fast saturable absorber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(2), 234–242 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Town, G.

Wabnitz, S.

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. M.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

V. Matsas, T. Newson, D. Richardson, and D. Payne, “Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation,” Electron. Lett. 28(15), 1391–1392 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fib. Integr. Opt.

G. Martel, C. Chédot, A. Hideur, and Ph. Grelu, “Numerical Maps for Fiber Lasers Mode Locked with Nonlinear Polarization Evolution: Comparison with Semi-Analytical Models,” Fib. Integr. Opt. 27(5), 320–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Spectral-selective management of dissipative solitons in passive mode-locked fibre lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(12), 1149–1156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B.

Ph. Grelu and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Multisoliton states and pulse fragmentation in a passively mode-locked fibre laser,” J. Opt. B. 6, S271–S278 (2004).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, M. Grapinet, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Bifurcations and multiple-period soliton pulsations in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(6), 066612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, and N. Devine, “Soliton complexes in dissipative systems: vibrating, shaking, and mixed soliton pairs,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 75(1), 016613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

Ph. Grelu, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Temporal soliton molecules in mode-locked lasers: collisions, pulsations and vibrations,” in Dissipative solitons: from optics to biology and medicine, N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2008).

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