Abstract

We have investigated the characteristics of Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser (BEFL) with variation of Erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) locations in a ring cavity configuration. Three possible locations of the EDFA in the laser cavity have been studied. The experimental results show that the location of EDFA plays vital role in determining the output power and the tuning range. Besides the Erbium gain, Brillouin gain also contributes to the performance of the BEFL. By placing the EDFA next to the Brillouin gain medium (dispersion compensating fiber), the Brillouin pump signal is amplified thereby generating higher intensities of Brillouin Stokes line. This efficient process suppresses the free running self-lasing cavity modes from oscillating in cavity as a result of higher Stokes laser power and thus provide a wider tuning range. At the injected Brillouin pump power of 1.6 mW and the maximum 1480 nm pump power of 135 mW, the maximum Stokes laser power of 25.1 mW was measured and a tuning range of 50 nm without any self-lasing cavity modes was obtained.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).
  2. V. I. Kovalev and R. G. Harrison, "Threshold for stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fiber," Opt. Express 15, 17625-17630 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Inoue, "Brillouin threshold in an optical fiber with bidirectional pump lights," Opt. Commun. 120, 34-38 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. McIntosh, A. Yeniay, and J. Toulouse, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in dispersion-compensating fibers," Opt. Fiber. Technol. 3, 173-176 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. J. Cowle, D. Yu. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, "Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198-1204 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. J. Cowle and D. Yu. Stepanov, "Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 21, 1250-1252 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Modelling of multi-line Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abd-Rahman, F. R. M. Adikan, and M. A. Mahdi, "Widely tunable linear cavity multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber lasers," Opt. Express 13, 3471-3476 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. H. Al-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity," Opt. Commun. 242, 209-214 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, B. M. Ali, and M. A. Mahdi, "Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity for multi-wavelength communication systems," Opt. Laser Technol. 37, 387-390, (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A Mahdi, "Tunable range enhancement of Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing Brillouin preamplification technique," Opt. Express 16, 7649-7654 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. Yu. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Properties of Brillouin/Erbium fibre lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1049-1057 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. H. Al-Mansoori, A.W. Naji, S. J. Iqbal, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser pumped with 1480 nm pumping scheme in a linear cavity," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 371-375 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. M. Samsuri, A. K Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ahmad, and A. Mahdi, "Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with enhanced feedback coupling using common Erbium gain section," Opt. Express 16, 16475-16480 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, "Broadband high-gain dispersion compensating Raman amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 1355-1356 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2008

2007

V. I. Kovalev and R. G. Harrison, "Threshold for stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fiber," Opt. Express 15, 17625-17630 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A.W. Naji, S. J. Iqbal, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser pumped with 1480 nm pumping scheme in a linear cavity," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 371-375 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, B. M. Ali, and M. A. Mahdi, "Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity for multi-wavelength communication systems," Opt. Laser Technol. 37, 387-390, (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abd-Rahman, F. R. M. Adikan, and M. A. Mahdi, "Widely tunable linear cavity multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber lasers," Opt. Express 13, 3471-3476 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

M. H. Al-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity," Opt. Commun. 242, 209-214 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, "Broadband high-gain dispersion compensating Raman amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 1355-1356 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Modelling of multi-line Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

C. McIntosh, A. Yeniay, and J. Toulouse, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in dispersion-compensating fibers," Opt. Fiber. Technol. 3, 173-176 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. Yu. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, "Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198-1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Yu. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Properties of Brillouin/Erbium fibre lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1049-1057 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

K. Inoue, "Brillouin threshold in an optical fiber with bidirectional pump lights," Opt. Commun. 120, 34-38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Abd-Rahman, M. K.

Abdullah, M. K.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A.W. Naji, S. J. Iqbal, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser pumped with 1480 nm pumping scheme in a linear cavity," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 371-375 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, B. M. Ali, and M. A. Mahdi, "Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity for multi-wavelength communication systems," Opt. Laser Technol. 37, 387-390, (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity," Opt. Commun. 242, 209-214 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Adikan, F. R. M.

Ahmad, A.

Ali, B. M.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, B. M. Ali, and M. A. Mahdi, "Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity for multi-wavelength communication systems," Opt. Laser Technol. 37, 387-390, (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity," Opt. Commun. 242, 209-214 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A Mahdi, "Tunable range enhancement of Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing Brillouin preamplification technique," Opt. Express 16, 7649-7654 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. M. Samsuri, A. K Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ahmad, and A. Mahdi, "Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with enhanced feedback coupling using common Erbium gain section," Opt. Express 16, 16475-16480 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A.W. Naji, S. J. Iqbal, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser pumped with 1480 nm pumping scheme in a linear cavity," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 371-375 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abd-Rahman, F. R. M. Adikan, and M. A. Mahdi, "Widely tunable linear cavity multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber lasers," Opt. Express 13, 3471-3476 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, B. M. Ali, and M. A. Mahdi, "Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity for multi-wavelength communication systems," Opt. Laser Technol. 37, 387-390, (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity," Opt. Commun. 242, 209-214 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bouzid, B.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity," Opt. Commun. 242, 209-214 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chernikov, S. V.

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, "Broadband high-gain dispersion compensating Raman amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 1355-1356 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chieng, Y. T.

G. J. Cowle, D. Yu. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, "Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198-1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cowle, G. J.

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Modelling of multi-line Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. Yu. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, "Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198-1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Yu. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Properties of Brillouin/Erbium fibre lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1049-1057 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Yu. Stepanov, "Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 21, 1250-1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harrison, R. G.

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, "Brillouin threshold in an optical fiber with bidirectional pump lights," Opt. Commun. 120, 34-38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Iqbal, S. J.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A.W. Naji, S. J. Iqbal, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser pumped with 1480 nm pumping scheme in a linear cavity," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 371-375 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kovalev, V. I.

Lewis, S. A. E.

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, "Broadband high-gain dispersion compensating Raman amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 1355-1356 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, A.

Mahdi, M. A

Mahdi, M. A.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A.W. Naji, S. J. Iqbal, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser pumped with 1480 nm pumping scheme in a linear cavity," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 371-375 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abd-Rahman, F. R. M. Adikan, and M. A. Mahdi, "Widely tunable linear cavity multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber lasers," Opt. Express 13, 3471-3476 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, B. M. Ali, and M. A. Mahdi, "Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity for multi-wavelength communication systems," Opt. Laser Technol. 37, 387-390, (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity," Opt. Commun. 242, 209-214 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McIntosh, C.

C. McIntosh, A. Yeniay, and J. Toulouse, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in dispersion-compensating fibers," Opt. Fiber. Technol. 3, 173-176 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Naji, A.W.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A.W. Naji, S. J. Iqbal, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser pumped with 1480 nm pumping scheme in a linear cavity," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 371-375 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Samsuri, N. M.

Stepanov, D. Y.

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Modelling of multi-line Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, D. Yu.

G. J. Cowle, D. Yu. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, "Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198-1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Yu. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Properties of Brillouin/Erbium fibre lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1049-1057 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Yu. Stepanov, "Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 21, 1250-1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, J. R.

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, "Broadband high-gain dispersion compensating Raman amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 1355-1356 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Toulouse, J.

C. McIntosh, A. Yeniay, and J. Toulouse, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in dispersion-compensating fibers," Opt. Fiber. Technol. 3, 173-176 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yeniay, A.

C. McIntosh, A. Yeniay, and J. Toulouse, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in dispersion-compensating fibers," Opt. Fiber. Technol. 3, 173-176 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zamzuri, A. K

Electron. Lett.

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, "Broadband high-gain dispersion compensating Raman amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 1355-1356 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

D. Yu. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Properties of Brillouin/Erbium fibre lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1049-1057 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

G. J. Cowle, D. Yu. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, "Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198-1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A.W. Naji, S. J. Iqbal, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser pumped with 1480 nm pumping scheme in a linear cavity," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 371-375 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, B. M. Ali, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity," Opt. Commun. 242, 209-214 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue, "Brillouin threshold in an optical fiber with bidirectional pump lights," Opt. Commun. 120, 34-38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber. Technol.

C. McIntosh, A. Yeniay, and J. Toulouse, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in dispersion-compensating fibers," Opt. Fiber. Technol. 3, 173-176 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, B. M. Ali, and M. A. Mahdi, "Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fibre laser in a linear cavity for multi-wavelength communication systems," Opt. Laser Technol. 37, 387-390, (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, "Modelling of multi-line Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Structure of the BEFL system with the three different locations of EDFA: (a) BEFL-1, (b) BEFL-2 and (c) BEFL-3.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Brillioun Stokes (BS) peak power against 1480 nm pump power for the three locations of EDFA in the BEFL system.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output spectra at 1550 nm of the BP wavelength and at maximum pump power of 135 mW.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Self-lasing cavity modes of the BEFL structures when no BP signal is injected for (a) BEFL-1, (b) BEFL-2 and (c) BEFL-3.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output spectrum of (a) BEFL-1, (b) BEFL-2 and (c) BEFL-3 at different BP wavelengths at 135 mW of 1480 nm pump power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Tuning range of Stokes signal at 135 mW of 1480 nm pump power for different locations of EDFA.

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