Abstract

The significance of full vectorial pulse propagation through emerging waveguides has not been investigated. Here we report the development of a generalised vectorial model of nonlinear pulse propagation due to the effects of Stimulated Raman Scattering (SRS) in optical waveguides. Unlike standard models, this model does not use the weak guidance approximation, and thus accurately models the modal Raman gain of optical waveguides in the strong guidance regime. Here we develop a vectorial-based nonlinear Schrödinger Eq. (VNSE) to demonstrate how the standard model fails in certain regimes, with up to factors of 2.5 enhancement in Raman gain between the VNSE and the standard model. Using the VNSE we are able to explore opportunities for tailoring of the modal Raman gain spectrum to achieve effects such as gain flattening through design of the optical fiber.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009 (2)

2008 (3)

2007 (7)

V. Ta’eed, N. Baker, L. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M. Lamont, D. Moss, H. Nguyen, B. Eggleton, D. Choi, S. Madden and B. Luther-Davies, "Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits," Opt. Express 15(15), 9205-9221 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Lamont, C. de Sterke, and B. Eggleton, "Dispersion engineering of highly nonlinear As_2S_3 waveguides for parametric gain and wavelength conversion," Opt. Express 15(15), 9458-9463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Guanshi, R. Jose, and Y. Ohishi, "Design of ultimate gain-flattened O+ E and S+ C+ L ultrabroadband fiber amplifiers using a new fiber Raman gain medium," J. Lightwave Technol. 25(9), 2727-2738 (2007). USA.
[CrossRef]

S. Afshar V., S. Warren-Smith, and T. Monro, "Enhancement of fluorescence-based sensing using microstructured optical fibres," Opt. Express 15(26), 17,891-17,901 (2007).

M. Foster, A. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. Gaeta, "Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides," Opt. Express 15(20), 12,949-12,958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Wiederhecker, C. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. Maier, J. Knight, C. Cruz, and H. Fragnito, "Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core," Nature 1(2), 115-118 (2007).

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: Modeling and applications," Opt. Express 15(25), 16,604-16,644 (2007).

2006 (3)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Chen, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, "Theory of Raman-mediated pulsed amplification in silicon-wire waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(1-2), 160-170 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagel, A. Marchewka, and H. Kurz, "Low-index discontinuity terahertz waveguides," Opt. Express 14(21), 9944-9954 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, "Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 13(12), 4629-4637 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yiou, P. Delaye, A. Rouvie, J. Chinaud, R. Frey, G. Roosen, P. Viale, S. Février, P. Roy, J. Auguste and J. Blondy, "Stimulated Raman scattering in an ethanol core microstructured optical fiber," Opt. Express 13(12), 4786-4791 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Foster, J. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 81(2), 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Kakkar and K. Thyagarajan, "High gain Raman amplifier with inherent gain flattening and dispersion compensation," Opt. Commun. 250(1-3), 77-83 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (6)

2003 (4)

2002 (4)

1996 (1)

1977 (1)

R. Hellwarth, "Third-order optical susceptibilities of liquids and solids," Prog. Quantum Electron. 5(1), 2-68 (1977).

Aggarwal, I.

Agrawal, G. P.

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: Modeling and applications," Opt. Express 15(25), 16,604-16,644 (2007).

C. Headley and G. P. Agrawal, "Unified description of ultrafast stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(10), 2170-2177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, V.

Antonopoulos, G.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. S. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298(5592), 399-402 (2002). USA.
[CrossRef]

Atakaramians, S.

Auguste, J.

Baker, N.

Beloglazov, V.

S. Konorov, D. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Zheltikov, I. Bugar, D. ChorvatJr, D. Chorvat, V. Beloglazov, N. Skibina, M. Bloemer, and M. Scalora, "Self-phase modulation of submicrojoule femtosecond pulses in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3690 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Benabid, F.

G. Wiederhecker, C. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. Maier, J. Knight, C. Cruz, and H. Fragnito, "Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core," Nature 1(2), 115-118 (2007).

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. S. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298(5592), 399-402 (2002). USA.
[CrossRef]

Bloemer, M.

S. Konorov, D. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Zheltikov, I. Bugar, D. ChorvatJr, D. Chorvat, V. Beloglazov, N. Skibina, M. Bloemer, and M. Scalora, "Self-phase modulation of submicrojoule femtosecond pulses in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3690 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blondy, J.

Botten, L.

Bugar, I.

S. Konorov, D. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Zheltikov, I. Bugar, D. ChorvatJr, D. Chorvat, V. Beloglazov, N. Skibina, M. Bloemer, and M. Scalora, "Self-phase modulation of submicrojoule femtosecond pulses in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3690 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cao, Q.

M. Foster, J. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 81(2), 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cardinal, T.

Chen, X. G.

Chinaud, J.

Choi, D.

Chorvat, D.

S. Konorov, D. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Zheltikov, I. Bugar, D. ChorvatJr, D. Chorvat, V. Beloglazov, N. Skibina, M. Bloemer, and M. Scalora, "Self-phase modulation of submicrojoule femtosecond pulses in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3690 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Konorov, D. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Zheltikov, I. Bugar, D. ChorvatJr, D. Chorvat, V. Beloglazov, N. Skibina, M. Bloemer, and M. Scalora, "Self-phase modulation of submicrojoule femtosecond pulses in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3690 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chou, C. Y.

Claps, R.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cordeiro, C.

G. Wiederhecker, C. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. Maier, J. Knight, C. Cruz, and H. Fragnito, "Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core," Nature 1(2), 115-118 (2007).

Couny, F.

G. Wiederhecker, C. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. Maier, J. Knight, C. Cruz, and H. Fragnito, "Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core," Nature 1(2), 115-118 (2007).

Cruz, C.

G. Wiederhecker, C. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. Maier, J. Knight, C. Cruz, and H. Fragnito, "Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core," Nature 1(2), 115-118 (2007).

Cui, S.

S. Cui, J. S. Liu, and X. M. Ma, "A novel efficient optimal design method for gain-flattened multiwavelength pumped fiber Raman amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(11), 2451-2453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dadap, J.

Dadap, J. I.

de Sterke, C.

Delaye, P.

Delfyett, P.

Dimitropoulos, D.

Driscoll, J.

Dudley, J.

M. Foster, J. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 81(2), 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dulkeith, E.

Efimov, A.

Eggleton, B.

Février, S.

Finsterbusch, K.

Foster, M.

M. Foster, A. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. Gaeta, "Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires," Opt. Express 16(2), 1300-1320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Foster, A. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. Gaeta, "Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides," Opt. Express 15(20), 12,949-12,958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Foster, J. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 81(2), 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fragnito, H.

G. Wiederhecker, C. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. Maier, J. Knight, C. Cruz, and H. Fragnito, "Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core," Nature 1(2), 115-118 (2007).

Frey, R.

Fu, L.

Fukuda, H.

Gaeta, A.

M. Foster, A. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. Gaeta, "Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires," Opt. Express 16(2), 1300-1320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Foster, A. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. Gaeta, "Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides," Opt. Express 15(20), 12,949-12,958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Foster, J. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 81(2), 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Graf, T.

A. Kireev and T. Graf, "Vector coupled-mode theory of dielectric waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(7), 866-873 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Green, W. M. J.

Guanshi, Q.

Headley, C.

Hellwarth, R.

R. Hellwarth, "Third-order optical susceptibilities of liquids and solids," Prog. Quantum Electron. 5(1), 2-68 (1977).

Hodelin, J.

Hongki, K.

Hsieh, I.

Hsieh, I. W.

Itabashi, S.

Jalali, B.

Jankovic, L.

Jose, R.

Kakkar, C.

C. Kakkar and K. Thyagarajan, "High gain Raman amplifier with inherent gain flattening and dispersion compensation," Opt. Commun. 250(1-3), 77-83 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Thyagarajan and C. Kakkar, "Novel fiber design for flat gain Raman amplification using single pump and dispersion compensation in S band," J. Lightwave Technol. 22(10), 2279-2286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kibler, B.

M. Foster, J. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 81(2), 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kireev, A.

A. Kireev and T. Graf, "Vector coupled-mode theory of dielectric waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(7), 866-873 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J.

G. Wiederhecker, C. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. Maier, J. Knight, C. Cruz, and H. Fragnito, "Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core," Nature 1(2), 115-118 (2007).

A. Efimov, A. Taylor, F. Omenetto, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11(20), 2567-2576 (2003).

Knight, J. C.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. S. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298(5592), 399-402 (2002). USA.
[CrossRef]

Konorov, S.

S. Konorov, D. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Zheltikov, I. Bugar, D. ChorvatJr, D. Chorvat, V. Beloglazov, N. Skibina, M. Bloemer, and M. Scalora, "Self-phase modulation of submicrojoule femtosecond pulses in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3690 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuhlmey, B.

Kurz, H.

Lamont, M.

Lee, D.

M. Foster, J. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 81(2), 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, G.

Lin, Q.

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: Modeling and applications," Opt. Express 15(25), 16,604-16,644 (2007).

Lipson, M.

Liu, J. S.

S. Cui, J. S. Liu, and X. M. Ma, "A novel efficient optimal design method for gain-flattened multiwavelength pumped fiber Raman amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(11), 2451-2453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Liu, X. P.

Luther-Davies, B.

Ma, X. M.

S. Cui, J. S. Liu, and X. M. Ma, "A novel efficient optimal design method for gain-flattened multiwavelength pumped fiber Raman amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(11), 2451-2453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Madden, S.

Maier, S.

G. Wiederhecker, C. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. Maier, J. Knight, C. Cruz, and H. Fragnito, "Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core," Nature 1(2), 115-118 (2007).

Marchewka, A.

Masuda, H.

Maystre, D.

McNab, S. J.

McPhedran, R.

Mori, A.

Moss, D.

Nagel, M.

Nguyen, H.

Ohishi, Y.

Omenetto, F.

Osgood, R.

Osgood, R. M.

Painter, O. J.

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: Modeling and applications," Opt. Express 15(25), 16,604-16,644 (2007).

Panepucci, R.

Panoiu, N. C.

Perlin, V. E.

Raghunathan, V.

Renversez, G.

Richardson, K.

Rivero, C.

Roosen, G.

Rouvie, A.

Roy, P.

Russell, P.

Russell, P. S. J.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. S. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298(5592), 399-402 (2002). USA.
[CrossRef]

Salem, R.

M. Foster, A. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. Gaeta, "Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides," Opt. Express 15(20), 12,949-12,958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sanghera, J.

Scalora, M.

S. Konorov, D. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Zheltikov, I. Bugar, D. ChorvatJr, D. Chorvat, V. Beloglazov, N. Skibina, M. Bloemer, and M. Scalora, "Self-phase modulation of submicrojoule femtosecond pulses in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3690 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schulte, A.

Sekaric, L.

Shaw, L.

Shikano, K.

Shimizu, M.

Shoji, T.

Sidorov-Biryukov, D.

S. Konorov, D. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Zheltikov, I. Bugar, D. ChorvatJr, D. Chorvat, V. Beloglazov, N. Skibina, M. Bloemer, and M. Scalora, "Self-phase modulation of submicrojoule femtosecond pulses in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3690 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Skibina, N.

S. Konorov, D. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Zheltikov, I. Bugar, D. ChorvatJr, D. Chorvat, V. Beloglazov, N. Skibina, M. Bloemer, and M. Scalora, "Self-phase modulation of submicrojoule femtosecond pulses in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3690 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R.

Stegeman, G.

Stegeman, R.

Ta’eed, V.

Takahashi, J.

Takahashi, M.

Taylor, A.

Thyagarajan, K.

C. Kakkar and K. Thyagarajan, "High gain Raman amplifier with inherent gain flattening and dispersion compensation," Opt. Commun. 250(1-3), 77-83 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Thyagarajan and C. Kakkar, "Novel fiber design for flat gain Raman amplification using single pump and dispersion compensation in S band," J. Lightwave Technol. 22(10), 2279-2286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

M. Foster, J. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 81(2), 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

Turner, A.

M. Foster, A. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. Gaeta, "Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires," Opt. Express 16(2), 1300-1320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Foster, A. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. Gaeta, "Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides," Opt. Express 15(20), 12,949-12,958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Viale, P.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Wadsworth, W.

Watanabe, T.

White, T.

Wiederhecker, G.

G. Wiederhecker, C. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. Maier, J. Knight, C. Cruz, and H. Fragnito, "Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core," Nature 1(2), 115-118 (2007).

Winful, H. G.

Xia, F. N.

Xu, Q.

Yamada, K.

Yasseri, S.

Yiou, S.

Yu, G.

Zheltikov, A.

S. Konorov, D. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Zheltikov, I. Bugar, D. ChorvatJr, D. Chorvat, V. Beloglazov, N. Skibina, M. Bloemer, and M. Scalora, "Self-phase modulation of submicrojoule femtosecond pulses in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3690 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics (1)

M. Foster, J. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers and Optics 81(2), 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Konorov, D. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Zheltikov, I. Bugar, D. ChorvatJr, D. Chorvat, V. Beloglazov, N. Skibina, M. Bloemer, and M. Scalora, "Self-phase modulation of submicrojoule femtosecond pulses in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3690 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

X. G. Chen, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, "Theory of Raman-mediated pulsed amplification in silicon-wire waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(1-2), 160-170 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Kireev and T. Graf, "Vector coupled-mode theory of dielectric waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(7), 866-873 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Cui, J. S. Liu, and X. M. Ma, "A novel efficient optimal design method for gain-flattened multiwavelength pumped fiber Raman amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(11), 2451-2453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Nature (1)

G. Wiederhecker, C. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. Maier, J. Knight, C. Cruz, and H. Fragnito, "Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core," Nature 1(2), 115-118 (2007).

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Kakkar and K. Thyagarajan, "High gain Raman amplifier with inherent gain flattening and dispersion compensation," Opt. Commun. 250(1-3), 77-83 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (15)

S. Afshar V., S. Warren-Smith, and T. Monro, "Enhancement of fluorescence-based sensing using microstructured optical fibres," Opt. Express 15(26), 17,891-17,901 (2007).

A. Efimov, A. Taylor, F. Omenetto, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11(20), 2567-2576 (2003).

D. Dimitropoulos, V. Raghunathan, R. Claps, and B. Jalali, "Phase-matching and Nonlinear Optical Processes in Silicon Waveguides," Opt. Express 12(1), 149-160 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, "Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 13(12), 4629-4637 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yiou, P. Delaye, A. Rouvie, J. Chinaud, R. Frey, G. Roosen, P. Viale, S. Février, P. Roy, J. Auguste and J. Blondy, "Stimulated Raman scattering in an ethanol core microstructured optical fiber," Opt. Express 13(12), 4786-4791 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagel, A. Marchewka, and H. Kurz, "Low-index discontinuity terahertz waveguides," Opt. Express 14(21), 9944-9954 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Ta’eed, N. Baker, L. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M. Lamont, D. Moss, H. Nguyen, B. Eggleton, D. Choi, S. Madden and B. Luther-Davies, "Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits," Opt. Express 15(15), 9205-9221 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Lamont, C. de Sterke, and B. Eggleton, "Dispersion engineering of highly nonlinear As_2S_3 waveguides for parametric gain and wavelength conversion," Opt. Express 15(15), 9458-9463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Foster, A. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. Gaeta, "Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides," Opt. Express 15(20), 12,949-12,958 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: Modeling and applications," Opt. Express 15(25), 16,604-16,644 (2007).

J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, X. G. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, X. P. Liu, C. Y. Chou, E. Dulkeith, S. J. McNab, F. N. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, and R. M. Osgood, "Nonlinear-optical phase modification in dispersion-engineered Si photonic wires," Opt. Express 16(2), 1280-1299 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Foster, A. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. Gaeta, "Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires," Opt. Express 16(2), 1300-1320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., B. Fischer, D. Abbott, and T. Monro, "Porous fibers: a novel approach to low loss THz waveguides," Opt. Express 16(12), 8845-8854 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Afshar V. and T. Monro, "A full vectorial model for pulse propagation in emerging waveguides with subwavelength structures part I: Kerr nonlinearity," Opt. Express 17(4), 2298-2318 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Driscoll, X. Liu, S. Yasseri, I. Hsieh, J. Dadap, and R. Osgood, "Large longitudinal electric fields (E_z) in silicon nanowire waveguides," Opt. Express 17(4), 2797-2804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

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Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. S. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298(5592), 399-402 (2002). USA.
[CrossRef]

Other (12)

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. Knight, P. Russell, and F. Couny, "Ultrahigh Efficiency Laser Wavelength Conversion in a Gas-Filled Hollow Core Photonic Crystal Fiber by Pure Stimulated Rotational Raman Scattering in Molecular Hydrogen," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123,903 (2004).

V. R. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, "Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure," Opt. Lett. 29(11), 1209-1211 (2004). URL http://ol.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-29-11-1209.

M. Foster and A. Gaeta, "Ultra-low threshold supercontinuum generation in sub-wavelength waveguides," Opt. Express 12(14), 3137-3143 (2004). URL http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-14-3137.

Y. Lizé, E. Mägi, V. Ta’eed, J. Bolger, P. Steinvurzel, and B. Eggleton, "Microstructured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter," Opt. Express 12(14), 3209-3217 (2004). URL http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-14-3209.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, V. Finazzi, R. Moore, K. Frampton, F. Koizumi, D. Richardson, and T. Monro, "Bismuth glass holey fibers with high nonlinearity," Opt. Express 12(21), 5082-5087 (2004). URL http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-21-5082.

G. Renversez, B. Kuhlmey, and R. McPhedran, "Dispersion management with microstructured optical fibers: ultraflattened chromatic dispersion with low losses," Opt. Lett. 28(12), 989-991 (2003). URL http://ol.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-28-12-989.

A. Mussot, M. Beaugeois, M. Bouazaoui, and T. Sylvestre, "Tailoring CW supercontinuum generation in microstructured fibers with two-zero dispersion wavelengths," Opt. Express 15(18), 11,553-11,563 (2007). URL http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-18-11553.

P. Butcher and D. Cotter, The Elements of Nonlinear Optics (Cambridge University Press, 1990).

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R. Jose and Y. Ohishi, "Higher nonlinear indices, Raman gain coefficients, and bandwidths in the TeO/sub 2/-ZnO-Nb/sub 2/O/sub 5/-MoO/sub 3/ quaternary glass system," Appl. Phys. Lett . 90(21), 211,104-1-211,104-3 (2007). USA.

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