Abstract

Significant improvement in the polishing process of fused silica optical components has increased their lifetimes at 351 nm. Nevertheless, for large laser facilities like the LaserMegaJoule (LMJ), zero defect optical components are not yet available. Therefore, a damage mitigation technique has been developed to prevent the growth of the laser-initiated damage sites. Because of the difficulty to produce mitigated sites with sufficiently large depth, the initial morphology of damage to mitigate is a critical issue. The aim of this work is to determine laser parameters (pulse duration, fluence) which permit us to initiate damage sites in accordance with our mitigation process. Confocal microscopy is used to observe damage sites that have sub-surface cracks and consequently to measure precisely the diameter and the depth of the area to mitigate.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. L. André, "The French MégaJoule Project (LMJ)," Fusion Eng. Design 44, 43-49 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. A. Haynam, P. J. Wegner, J. M. Auerbach, M. W. Bowers, S. N. Dixit, G. V. Erbert, G. M. Heestand, M. A. Henesian, M. R. Hermann, K. S. Jancaitis, K. R. Manes, C. D. Marshall, N. C. Mehta, J. Menapace, E. Moses, J. R. Murray, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. Patterson, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, M. Spaeth, S. B. Sutton, W. H. Williams, C. C. Widmayer, R. K. White, S. T. Yang, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, "National Ignition Facility laser performance status," Appl. Opt. 46, 3276-3303 (2007)
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J-P. Morreeuw, "Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica," Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Razé, J.M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, "Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows," Proc. SPIE 4932, 127-135 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Investigation of processes leading to damage growth in optical materials for large aperture lasers," Appl. Opt. 41(18), 3628-3633 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. Mendez, K. M. Nowak, H. J. Baker, F. J. Villareal, and D. R. Hall, "Localized Co2 laser damage repair of fused silica optics," Appl. Opt. 45(21), 5358-5367 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  9. I. L. Bass, G. M. Guss, and R. P. H Ackel, "Mitigaztion of laser damage growth in fused silica with a galvanomter scanned CO2 laser," Proc. SPIE 5991, 599010C (2006).
  10. G. Guss, I. L. Bass, V. Draggoo, R. Hackel, S. Payne, M. J. Lancaster, P. Mak, "Mitigation of growth of laser initiated surface damage in fused silica using a 4-6µm wavelength laser," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030M (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and P. Hackel, "Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics," Proc. SPIE 5273, 296-302 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Palmier, L. Gallais, M. Commandré, P. Cormont, R. Courchinoux, L. Lamaignère, J-L Rullier, and P. Legros "Optimization of a laser mitigation process in damaged fused silicaAppl. Surface Science 255(10), 5532-5536 (2009).
  13. B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, X. Leborgne, and D. Plessis, "SOCRATE: an optical bench dedicated to the understanding and the improvement of laser conditioning process," Appl. Opt. 45(33), 8506-8516 (2006).Q1
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-Induced Damage in Dielectrics with Nanosecond to Subpicosecond Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248-2251 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, "Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041110 (2007)
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Lamaignére, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, J-C. Poncetta, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Presentation and comparison of damage test procedures for fused silica and KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320X (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, "The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. Demos, "In situ monitoring of surface post processing in large-aperture fused silica optics with optical coherent tomography," Appl. Opt. 47(25), 4569-4576 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, J. H. Kinney, "Morphology and microsctructure in fised silica induced by high ultraviolet 3ω (355nm), " J. Non Cryst. Solids 352, 255-272 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Norton, J. Adams, C. Carr, E. Donohue, M. Feit, R. Hackel, W. Hollingsworth, J. Jarboe, M. Matthews, A. Rubenchik, and M. Spaeth., "Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio," Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. M. Rubenchick and M. D. Feit, "Initiation, Growth and Mitigation of UV Laser Induced Damage in Fused Silica," Proc. SPIE 4679, 79-95 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  22. B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, G. Gaborit, L. Lamaignère, P. Legros, and J-L. Rullier, "Effect of the temporal pulse duration on the initiation of damage sites on fused silica surfaces," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320A (2008)
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

S. Palmier, L. Gallais, M. Commandré, P. Cormont, R. Courchinoux, L. Lamaignère, J-L Rullier, and P. Legros "Optimization of a laser mitigation process in damaged fused silicaAppl. Surface Science 255(10), 5532-5536 (2009).

2008 (3)

L. Lamaignére, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, J-C. Poncetta, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Presentation and comparison of damage test procedures for fused silica and KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320X (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. Demos, "In situ monitoring of surface post processing in large-aperture fused silica optics with optical coherent tomography," Appl. Opt. 47(25), 4569-4576 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, G. Gaborit, L. Lamaignère, P. Legros, and J-L. Rullier, "Effect of the temporal pulse duration on the initiation of damage sites on fused silica surfaces," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320A (2008)
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, "Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041110 (2007)
[CrossRef]

M. Norton, J. Adams, C. Carr, E. Donohue, M. Feit, R. Hackel, W. Hollingsworth, J. Jarboe, M. Matthews, A. Rubenchik, and M. Spaeth., "Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio," Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Haynam, P. J. Wegner, J. M. Auerbach, M. W. Bowers, S. N. Dixit, G. V. Erbert, G. M. Heestand, M. A. Henesian, M. R. Hermann, K. S. Jancaitis, K. R. Manes, C. D. Marshall, N. C. Mehta, J. Menapace, E. Moses, J. R. Murray, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. Patterson, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, M. Spaeth, S. B. Sutton, W. H. Williams, C. C. Widmayer, R. K. White, S. T. Yang, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, "National Ignition Facility laser performance status," Appl. Opt. 46, 3276-3303 (2007)
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J-P. Morreeuw, "Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica," Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Guss, I. L. Bass, V. Draggoo, R. Hackel, S. Payne, M. J. Lancaster, P. Mak, "Mitigation of growth of laser initiated surface damage in fused silica using a 4-6µm wavelength laser," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030M (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

I. L. Bass, G. M. Guss, and R. P. H Ackel, "Mitigaztion of laser damage growth in fused silica with a galvanomter scanned CO2 laser," Proc. SPIE 5991, 599010C (2006).

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, J. H. Kinney, "Morphology and microsctructure in fised silica induced by high ultraviolet 3ω (355nm), " J. Non Cryst. Solids 352, 255-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, "The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, X. Leborgne, and D. Plessis, "SOCRATE: an optical bench dedicated to the understanding and the improvement of laser conditioning process," Appl. Opt. 45(33), 8506-8516 (2006).Q1
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and P. Hackel, "Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics," Proc. SPIE 5273, 296-302 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Razé, J.M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, "Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows," Proc. SPIE 4932, 127-135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Investigation of processes leading to damage growth in optical materials for large aperture lasers," Appl. Opt. 41(18), 3628-3633 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Rubenchick and M. D. Feit, "Initiation, Growth and Mitigation of UV Laser Induced Damage in Fused Silica," Proc. SPIE 4679, 79-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. L. André, "The French MégaJoule Project (LMJ)," Fusion Eng. Design 44, 43-49 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-Induced Damage in Dielectrics with Nanosecond to Subpicosecond Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ackel, R. P. H

I. L. Bass, G. M. Guss, and R. P. H Ackel, "Mitigaztion of laser damage growth in fused silica with a galvanomter scanned CO2 laser," Proc. SPIE 5991, 599010C (2006).

Adams, J.

M. Norton, J. Adams, C. Carr, E. Donohue, M. Feit, R. Hackel, W. Hollingsworth, J. Jarboe, M. Matthews, A. Rubenchik, and M. Spaeth., "Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio," Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

André, M. L.

M. L. André, "The French MégaJoule Project (LMJ)," Fusion Eng. Design 44, 43-49 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, J. M.

Bass, I.

Bass, I. L.

G. Guss, I. L. Bass, V. Draggoo, R. Hackel, S. Payne, M. J. Lancaster, P. Mak, "Mitigation of growth of laser initiated surface damage in fused silica using a 4-6µm wavelength laser," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030M (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. L. Bass, G. M. Guss, and R. P. H Ackel, "Mitigaztion of laser damage growth in fused silica with a galvanomter scanned CO2 laser," Proc. SPIE 5991, 599010C (2006).

Bercegol, H.

L. Lamaignére, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, J-C. Poncetta, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Presentation and comparison of damage test procedures for fused silica and KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320X (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J-P. Morreeuw, "Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica," Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Razé, J.M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, "Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows," Proc. SPIE 4932, 127-135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bernacil, M.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and P. Hackel, "Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics," Proc. SPIE 5273, 296-302 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bertussi, B.

L. Lamaignére, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, J-C. Poncetta, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Presentation and comparison of damage test procedures for fused silica and KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320X (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, G. Gaborit, L. Lamaignère, P. Legros, and J-L. Rullier, "Effect of the temporal pulse duration on the initiation of damage sites on fused silica surfaces," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320A (2008)
[CrossRef]

B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, X. Leborgne, and D. Plessis, "SOCRATE: an optical bench dedicated to the understanding and the improvement of laser conditioning process," Appl. Opt. 45(33), 8506-8516 (2006).Q1
[CrossRef]

Bouillet, S.

L. Lamaignére, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, J-C. Poncetta, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Presentation and comparison of damage test procedures for fused silica and KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320X (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, M. W.

Bruere, J. R.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and P. Hackel, "Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics," Proc. SPIE 5273, 296-302 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brusaco, R. M.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bude, J. D.

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, "The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, A. K.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Butler, J. A.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Carr, C.

M. Norton, J. Adams, C. Carr, E. Donohue, M. Feit, R. Hackel, W. Hollingsworth, J. Jarboe, M. Matthews, A. Rubenchik, and M. Spaeth., "Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio," Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Carr, C. W.

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, "Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041110 (2007)
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, "The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carr, J. W.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Commandré, M.

S. Palmier, L. Gallais, M. Commandré, P. Cormont, R. Courchinoux, L. Lamaignère, J-L Rullier, and P. Legros "Optimization of a laser mitigation process in damaged fused silicaAppl. Surface Science 255(10), 5532-5536 (2009).

Cormont, P.

S. Palmier, L. Gallais, M. Commandré, P. Cormont, R. Courchinoux, L. Lamaignère, J-L Rullier, and P. Legros "Optimization of a laser mitigation process in damaged fused silicaAppl. Surface Science 255(10), 5532-5536 (2009).

B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, G. Gaborit, L. Lamaignère, P. Legros, and J-L. Rullier, "Effect of the temporal pulse duration on the initiation of damage sites on fused silica surfaces," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320A (2008)
[CrossRef]

Courchinoux, R.

S. Palmier, L. Gallais, M. Commandré, P. Cormont, R. Courchinoux, L. Lamaignère, J-L Rullier, and P. Legros "Optimization of a laser mitigation process in damaged fused silicaAppl. Surface Science 255(10), 5532-5536 (2009).

L. Lamaignére, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, J-C. Poncetta, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Presentation and comparison of damage test procedures for fused silica and KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320X (2008).
[CrossRef]

Damiani, D.

Demos, S.

Demos, S. G.

Dixit, S. N.

Donohue, E.

M. Norton, J. Adams, C. Carr, E. Donohue, M. Feit, R. Hackel, W. Hollingsworth, J. Jarboe, M. Matthews, A. Rubenchik, and M. Spaeth., "Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio," Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Donohue, E. E.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Donval, T.

L. Lamaignére, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, J-C. Poncetta, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Presentation and comparison of damage test procedures for fused silica and KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320X (2008).
[CrossRef]

Draggoo, V.

G. Guss, I. L. Bass, V. Draggoo, R. Hackel, S. Payne, M. J. Lancaster, P. Mak, "Mitigation of growth of laser initiated surface damage in fused silica using a 4-6µm wavelength laser," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030M (2007).
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G. V.

Feit, M.

M. Norton, J. Adams, C. Carr, E. Donohue, M. Feit, R. Hackel, W. Hollingsworth, J. Jarboe, M. Matthews, A. Rubenchik, and M. Spaeth., "Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio," Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Rubenchick and M. D. Feit, "Initiation, Growth and Mitigation of UV Laser Induced Damage in Fused Silica," Proc. SPIE 4679, 79-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-Induced Damage in Dielectrics with Nanosecond to Subpicosecond Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ferriera, J. L.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, J. H. Kinney, "Morphology and microsctructure in fised silica induced by high ultraviolet 3ω (355nm), " J. Non Cryst. Solids 352, 255-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gaborit, G.

B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, G. Gaborit, L. Lamaignère, P. Legros, and J-L. Rullier, "Effect of the temporal pulse duration on the initiation of damage sites on fused silica surfaces," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320A (2008)
[CrossRef]

Gallais, L.

S. Palmier, L. Gallais, M. Commandré, P. Cormont, R. Courchinoux, L. Lamaignère, J-L Rullier, and P. Legros "Optimization of a laser mitigation process in damaged fused silicaAppl. Surface Science 255(10), 5532-5536 (2009).

Grua, P.

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J-P. Morreeuw, "Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica," Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grundler, W.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Guss, G.

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. Demos, "In situ monitoring of surface post processing in large-aperture fused silica optics with optical coherent tomography," Appl. Opt. 47(25), 4569-4576 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Guss, I. L. Bass, V. Draggoo, R. Hackel, S. Payne, M. J. Lancaster, P. Mak, "Mitigation of growth of laser initiated surface damage in fused silica using a 4-6µm wavelength laser," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030M (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guss, G. M.

I. L. Bass, G. M. Guss, and R. P. H Ackel, "Mitigaztion of laser damage growth in fused silica with a galvanomter scanned CO2 laser," Proc. SPIE 5991, 599010C (2006).

Hackel, L. A.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hackel, P.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and P. Hackel, "Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics," Proc. SPIE 5273, 296-302 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hackel, R.

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. Demos, "In situ monitoring of surface post processing in large-aperture fused silica optics with optical coherent tomography," Appl. Opt. 47(25), 4569-4576 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Guss, I. L. Bass, V. Draggoo, R. Hackel, S. Payne, M. J. Lancaster, P. Mak, "Mitigation of growth of laser initiated surface damage in fused silica using a 4-6µm wavelength laser," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030M (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Norton, J. Adams, C. Carr, E. Donohue, M. Feit, R. Hackel, W. Hollingsworth, J. Jarboe, M. Matthews, A. Rubenchik, and M. Spaeth., "Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio," Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Halpin, J.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and P. Hackel, "Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics," Proc. SPIE 5273, 296-302 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Haupt, D. L.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, J. H. Kinney, "Morphology and microsctructure in fised silica induced by high ultraviolet 3ω (355nm), " J. Non Cryst. Solids 352, 255-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haynam, C. A.

Hebert, D.

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J-P. Morreeuw, "Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica," Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Heestand, G. M.

Henesian, M. A.

Hermann, M. R.

Hill, R. M.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hollingsworth, W.

M. Norton, J. Adams, C. Carr, E. Donohue, M. Feit, R. Hackel, W. Hollingsworth, J. Jarboe, M. Matthews, A. Rubenchik, and M. Spaeth., "Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio," Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hrubesh, L. W.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hutcheon, I. D.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, J. H. Kinney, "Morphology and microsctructure in fised silica induced by high ultraviolet 3ω (355nm), " J. Non Cryst. Solids 352, 255-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jancaitis, K. S.

Jarboe, J.

M. Norton, J. Adams, C. Carr, E. Donohue, M. Feit, R. Hackel, W. Hollingsworth, J. Jarboe, M. Matthews, A. Rubenchik, and M. Spaeth., "Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio," Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Josse, M.

G. Razé, J.M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, "Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows," Proc. SPIE 4932, 127-135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Key, M. H.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kinney, J. H.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, J. H. Kinney, "Morphology and microsctructure in fised silica induced by high ultraviolet 3ω (355nm), " J. Non Cryst. Solids 352, 255-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kozlowski, M. R.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Investigation of processes leading to damage growth in optical materials for large aperture lasers," Appl. Opt. 41(18), 3628-3633 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lamaignére, L.

L. Lamaignére, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, J-C. Poncetta, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Presentation and comparison of damage test procedures for fused silica and KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320X (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lamaignère, L.

S. Palmier, L. Gallais, M. Commandré, P. Cormont, R. Courchinoux, L. Lamaignère, J-L Rullier, and P. Legros "Optimization of a laser mitigation process in damaged fused silicaAppl. Surface Science 255(10), 5532-5536 (2009).

B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, G. Gaborit, L. Lamaignère, P. Legros, and J-L. Rullier, "Effect of the temporal pulse duration on the initiation of damage sites on fused silica surfaces," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320A (2008)
[CrossRef]

G. Razé, J.M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, "Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows," Proc. SPIE 4932, 127-135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lancaster, M. J.

G. Guss, I. L. Bass, V. Draggoo, R. Hackel, S. Payne, M. J. Lancaster, P. Mak, "Mitigation of growth of laser initiated surface damage in fused silica using a 4-6µm wavelength laser," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030M (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leborgne, X.

Legros, P.

S. Palmier, L. Gallais, M. Commandré, P. Cormont, R. Courchinoux, L. Lamaignère, J-L Rullier, and P. Legros "Optimization of a laser mitigation process in damaged fused silicaAppl. Surface Science 255(10), 5532-5536 (2009).

B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, G. Gaborit, L. Lamaignère, P. Legros, and J-L. Rullier, "Effect of the temporal pulse duration on the initiation of damage sites on fused silica surfaces," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320A (2008)
[CrossRef]

Lindsey, E. F.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, J. H. Kinney, "Morphology and microsctructure in fised silica induced by high ultraviolet 3ω (355nm), " J. Non Cryst. Solids 352, 255-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loiseau, M.

L. Lamaignére, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, J-C. Poncetta, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Presentation and comparison of damage test procedures for fused silica and KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320X (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Razé, J.M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, "Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows," Proc. SPIE 4932, 127-135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lucero, P.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and P. Hackel, "Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics," Proc. SPIE 5273, 296-302 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mailhiot, C.

Mak, P.

G. Guss, I. L. Bass, V. Draggoo, R. Hackel, S. Payne, M. J. Lancaster, P. Mak, "Mitigation of growth of laser initiated surface damage in fused silica using a 4-6µm wavelength laser," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030M (2007).
[CrossRef]

Manes, K. R.

Maricle, S. M.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, C. D.

Matthews, M.

M. Norton, J. Adams, C. Carr, E. Donohue, M. Feit, R. Hackel, W. Hollingsworth, J. Jarboe, M. Matthews, A. Rubenchik, and M. Spaeth., "Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio," Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, M. J.

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, "The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mehta, N. C.

Menapace, J.

Milam, D.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mills, S.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and P. Hackel, "Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics," Proc. SPIE 5273, 296-302 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Molander, W. A.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Morchain, J.M.

G. Razé, J.M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, "Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows," Proc. SPIE 4932, 127-135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Morreeuw, J-P.

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J-P. Morreeuw, "Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica," Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moses, E.

Murray, J. R.

Neeb, K. P.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Norton, M.

M. Norton, J. Adams, C. Carr, E. Donohue, M. Feit, R. Hackel, W. Hollingsworth, J. Jarboe, M. Matthews, A. Rubenchik, and M. Spaeth., "Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio," Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Norton, M. A.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nostrand, M. C.

Orth, C. D.

Palmier, S.

S. Palmier, L. Gallais, M. Commandré, P. Cormont, R. Courchinoux, L. Lamaignère, J-L Rullier, and P. Legros "Optimization of a laser mitigation process in damaged fused silicaAppl. Surface Science 255(10), 5532-5536 (2009).

B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, G. Gaborit, L. Lamaignère, P. Legros, and J-L. Rullier, "Effect of the temporal pulse duration on the initiation of damage sites on fused silica surfaces," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320A (2008)
[CrossRef]

Patterson, R.

Payne, S.

G. Guss, I. L. Bass, V. Draggoo, R. Hackel, S. Payne, M. J. Lancaster, P. Mak, "Mitigation of growth of laser initiated surface damage in fused silica using a 4-6µm wavelength laser," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030M (2007).
[CrossRef]

Penetrante, B. M.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-Induced Damage in Dielectrics with Nanosecond to Subpicosecond Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Piombini, H.

Plessis, D.

Pommies, M.

Poncetta, J-C.

L. Lamaignére, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, J-C. Poncetta, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Presentation and comparison of damage test procedures for fused silica and KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320X (2008).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, R. R.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and P. Hackel, "Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics," Proc. SPIE 5273, 296-302 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Razé, G.

G. Razé, J.M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, "Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows," Proc. SPIE 4932, 127-135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchick, A. M.

A. M. Rubenchick and M. D. Feit, "Initiation, Growth and Mitigation of UV Laser Induced Damage in Fused Silica," Proc. SPIE 4679, 79-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A.

M. Norton, J. Adams, C. Carr, E. Donohue, M. Feit, R. Hackel, W. Hollingsworth, J. Jarboe, M. Matthews, A. Rubenchik, and M. Spaeth., "Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio," Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-Induced Damage in Dielectrics with Nanosecond to Subpicosecond Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rullier, J-L

S. Palmier, L. Gallais, M. Commandré, P. Cormont, R. Courchinoux, L. Lamaignère, J-L Rullier, and P. Legros "Optimization of a laser mitigation process in damaged fused silicaAppl. Surface Science 255(10), 5532-5536 (2009).

Rullier, J-L.

B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, G. Gaborit, L. Lamaignère, P. Legros, and J-L. Rullier, "Effect of the temporal pulse duration on the initiation of damage sites on fused silica surfaces," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320A (2008)
[CrossRef]

Sacks, R. A.

Sell, W. D.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, M. J.

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-Induced Damage in Dielectrics with Nanosecond to Subpicosecond Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Spaeth, M.

Spaeth, M. L.

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, "Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041110 (2007)
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, "The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

Staggs, M.

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-Induced Damage in Dielectrics with Nanosecond to Subpicosecond Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sumers, L. J.

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, S. B.

Trenholme, J. B.

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, "Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041110 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Van Wonterghem, B. M.

Wegner, P. J.

C. A. Haynam, P. J. Wegner, J. M. Auerbach, M. W. Bowers, S. N. Dixit, G. V. Erbert, G. M. Heestand, M. A. Henesian, M. R. Hermann, K. S. Jancaitis, K. R. Manes, C. D. Marshall, N. C. Mehta, J. Menapace, E. Moses, J. R. Murray, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. Patterson, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, M. Spaeth, S. B. Sutton, W. H. Williams, C. C. Widmayer, R. K. White, S. T. Yang, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, "National Ignition Facility laser performance status," Appl. Opt. 46, 3276-3303 (2007)
[CrossRef]

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wenger, P.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

White, R. K.

Widmayer, C. C.

Williams, W. H.

Wong, J.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, J. H. Kinney, "Morphology and microsctructure in fised silica induced by high ultraviolet 3ω (355nm), " J. Non Cryst. Solids 352, 255-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S. T.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, "Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041110 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surface Science (1)

S. Palmier, L. Gallais, M. Commandré, P. Cormont, R. Courchinoux, L. Lamaignère, J-L Rullier, and P. Legros "Optimization of a laser mitigation process in damaged fused silicaAppl. Surface Science 255(10), 5532-5536 (2009).

Fusion Eng. Design (1)

M. L. André, "The French MégaJoule Project (LMJ)," Fusion Eng. Design 44, 43-49 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Non Cryst. Solids (1)

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, J. H. Kinney, "Morphology and microsctructure in fised silica induced by high ultraviolet 3ω (355nm), " J. Non Cryst. Solids 352, 255-272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-Induced Damage in Dielectrics with Nanosecond to Subpicosecond Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(12), 2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (12)

I. L. Bass, G. M. Guss, and R. P. H Ackel, "Mitigaztion of laser damage growth in fused silica with a galvanomter scanned CO2 laser," Proc. SPIE 5991, 599010C (2006).

G. Guss, I. L. Bass, V. Draggoo, R. Hackel, S. Payne, M. J. Lancaster, P. Mak, "Mitigation of growth of laser initiated surface damage in fused silica using a 4-6µm wavelength laser," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030M (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and P. Hackel, "Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics," Proc. SPIE 5273, 296-302 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J-P. Morreeuw, "Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica," Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wenger, "Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351nm," Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Razé, J.M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, "Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows," Proc. SPIE 4932, 127-135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. W. Hrubesh, M. A. Norton, W. A. Molander, E. E. Donohue, S. M. Maricle, B. M. Penetrante, R. M. Brusaco, W. Grundler, J. A. Butler, J. W. Carr, R. M. Hill, L. J. Sumers, M. D. Feit, A. Rubenchik, M. H. Key, P. J. Wegner, A. K. Burnham, L. A. Hackel, and M. R. Kozlowski, "Methods for mitigating surface damage growth on NIF final optics," Proc. SPIE 4679, 23-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Norton, J. Adams, C. Carr, E. Donohue, M. Feit, R. Hackel, W. Hollingsworth, J. Jarboe, M. Matthews, A. Rubenchik, and M. Spaeth., "Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio," Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Rubenchick and M. D. Feit, "Initiation, Growth and Mitigation of UV Laser Induced Damage in Fused Silica," Proc. SPIE 4679, 79-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, G. Gaborit, L. Lamaignère, P. Legros, and J-L. Rullier, "Effect of the temporal pulse duration on the initiation of damage sites on fused silica surfaces," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320A (2008)
[CrossRef]

L. Lamaignére, T. Donval, M. Loiseau, S. Bouillet, R. Courchinoux, J-C. Poncetta, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, "Presentation and comparison of damage test procedures for fused silica and KDP crystals," Proc. SPIE 7132, 71320X (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, "The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2," Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. Mendez, K. M. Nowak, H. J. Baker, F. J. Villareal, and D. R. Hall, "Localized Co2 laser damage repair of fused silica optics," Appl. Opt. 45(21), 5358-5367 (2006)
[CrossRef]

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The central image is the spatial beam intensity in the sample plane and the two profiles are: short axis on left and long axis on right.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Typical temporal profile of the laser beam.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Temporal profile of the laser beam with a tilt of the cavity exit mirror.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

CLSM characterization of the damage sites, including a close-up of the sample.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Principle of 3D image construction, with vibrating mirrors.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Typical morphology of a damage site (“pansy” type) observed with confocal microscopy. Left image is a top view. Central image is a side view. Right image is a three dimensional picture. (Resolution of 0.46 µm in xy, 1.0 µm in z and confocal volume of 0.21 femtoliter)

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Typical morphology of a damage site (“mussel” type) observed with confocal microscopy. Left image is a top view. Right image is a side view. (Resolution of 0.26 µm in xy, 1.0 µm in z and a confocal volume of 0.068 femtoliter)

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Mitigated site observed on front view with conventional microscopy (left image) and on transverse cut with confocal microscopy (right image). (Resolution of 0.92 µm in xy, 0.63 µm in z and a confocal volume of 0.53 femtoliter)

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Damage depth including subsurface cracks vs. diameter for two different nanosecond pulse durations (F=14 J/cm2 eq. 3 ns).

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Damage depth including subsurface cracks vs. diameter for different fluences of irradiation (τ=12 ns).

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Example of an unsuccessful mitigation and its observation with confocal microscopy. Right: resolution of 0.92µm in xy, 0.63µm in z and confocal volume of 0.53 femtoliter. Left: resolution of 0.26µm in xy, 1µm in z and confocal volume of 0.068 femtoliter.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Example of successful damage site mitigation and its observation with confocal microscopy. Right: resolution of 0.92µm in xy, 0.72µm in z and confocal volume of 0.61 femtoliter. Left: resolution of 0.15µm in xy, 0.8µm in z and confocal volume of 0.018 femtoliter.

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