Abstract

Polymer refractive microstructures are fabricated on metallic thin films and employed to modulate surface plasmons (SPs) propagations in a refractive manner. SP waves converging with different focal lengths and diverging effects are realized by the refractive structures. Authors investigated the modulation effect on SP waves as a function of different thicknesses and different shapes of the polymer micro-structures based on the effective refractive index model, where imaging properties of the SPs are observed experimentally by detecting the leaky radiation intensity of the SPs.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging Photonics and Electronics at Nanoscale Dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Compact gradual bends for channel plasmon polaritons," Opt. Express 14, 4494-4503 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508-511 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Laurent, and D. Alain, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Imaging and focusing properties of plasmonic metamaterial devices," Phys. Rev. B 76, 205424 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. Q. Wang, X. Yuan, P. Tan, and D. Zhang, "Phase modulation of surface plasmon polaritonsby surface relief dielectric structures," Opt. Express 16, 19271-19276 (2008).
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  21. A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimensional numerical modeling of photonic integration with dielectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B. 78, 045425 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (4)

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Laurent, and D. Alain, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Griesing, A. Englisch, and U. Hartmann, "Refractive and reflective behavior of polymer prisms used for surface plasmon guidance," Opt. Lett. 33, 575-577 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Wang, X. Yuan, P. Tan, and D. Zhang, "Phase modulation of surface plasmon polaritonsby surface relief dielectric structures," Opt. Express 16, 19271-19276 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimensional numerical modeling of photonic integration with dielectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B. 78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phy. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Magnifying superlens in the visible frequency range," Science 315, 1699-1701 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Imaging and focusing properties of plasmonic metamaterial devices," Phys. Rev. B 76, 205424 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45o surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phy. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging Photonics and Electronics at Nanoscale Dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Compact gradual bends for channel plasmon polaritons," Opt. Express 14, 4494-4503 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (6)

J. C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, "Subwavelength Focusing and Guiding of Surface Plasmons," Nano. Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 30, 893-895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bouhelier, and G. P. Wiederrecht, "Surface plasmon rainbow jets," Opt. Lett. 30, 884-886 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rashid Zia, Mark D. Selker, and Mark L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phy. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Surface plasmon dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830, (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phy. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Alain, D.

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Laurent, and D. Alain, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 30, 893-895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phy. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830, (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baudrion, A. L.

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45o surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phy. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bouhelier, A.

A. Bouhelier, and G. P. Wiederrecht, "Surface plasmon rainbow jets," Opt. Lett. 30, 884-886 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Laurent, and D. Alain, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Compact gradual bends for channel plasmon polaritons," Opt. Express 14, 4494-4503 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brongersma, Mark L.

Rashid Zia, Mark D. Selker, and Mark L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phy. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brown, D. E.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, "Subwavelength Focusing and Guiding of Surface Plasmons," Nano. Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, C. C.

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Imaging and focusing properties of plasmonic metamaterial devices," Phys. Rev. B 76, 205424 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Magnifying superlens in the visible frequency range," Science 315, 1699-1701 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Surface plasmon dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45o surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phy. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830, (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45o surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phy. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Compact gradual bends for channel plasmon polaritons," Opt. Express 14, 4494-4503 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, H.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 30, 893-895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phy. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Drezet, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 30, 893-895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45o surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phy. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Compact gradual bends for channel plasmon polaritons," Opt. Express 14, 4494-4503 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830, (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Englisch, A.

Gonzalez, M. U.

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45o surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phy. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Griesing, S.

Hartmann, U.

Hiller, J. M.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, "Subwavelength Focusing and Guiding of Surface Plasmons," Nano. Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hohenau, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 30, 893-895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holmgaard, T.

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Laurent, and D. Alain, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hua, J.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, "Subwavelength Focusing and Guiding of Surface Plasmons," Nano. Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hung, Y. J.

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Magnifying superlens in the visible frequency range," Science 315, 1699-1701 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Imaging and focusing properties of plasmonic metamaterial devices," Phys. Rev. B 76, 205424 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Surface plasmon dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kimball, C. W.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, "Subwavelength Focusing and Guiding of Surface Plasmons," Nano. Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krasavin, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimensional numerical modeling of photonic integration with dielectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B. 78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phy. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45o surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phy. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 30, 893-895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phy. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Laluet, J.-Y.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laurent, M.

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Laurent, and D. Alain, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 30, 893-895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phy. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging Photonics and Electronics at Nanoscale Dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pearson, J.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, "Subwavelength Focusing and Guiding of Surface Plasmons," Nano. Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schider, G.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phy. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Selker, Mark D.

Rashid Zia, Mark D. Selker, and Mark L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phy. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smolyaninov, I. I.

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Magnifying superlens in the visible frequency range," Science 315, 1699-1701 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Imaging and focusing properties of plasmonic metamaterial devices," Phys. Rev. B 76, 205424 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Surface plasmon dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steinberger, B.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 30, 893-895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stepanov, A. L.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45o surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phy. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons," Opt. Lett. 30, 893-895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tan, P.

Vlasko-Vlasov, V. K.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, "Subwavelength Focusing and Guiding of Surface Plasmons," Nano. Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Compact gradual bends for channel plasmon polaritons," Opt. Express 14, 4494-4503 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

Weeber, J. C.

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45o surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phy. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Welp, U.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, "Subwavelength Focusing and Guiding of Surface Plasmons," Nano. Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiederrecht, G. P.

A. Bouhelier, and G. P. Wiederrecht, "Surface plasmon rainbow jets," Opt. Lett. 30, 884-886 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, L.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, "Subwavelength Focusing and Guiding of Surface Plasmons," Nano. Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, X.

Zayats, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimensional numerical modeling of photonic integration with dielectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B. 78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phy. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D.

Zia, Rashid

Rashid Zia, Mark D. Selker, and Mark L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phy. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phy. Lett. (2)

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phy. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phy. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Surface plasmon dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Laurent, and D. Alain, "Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides at telecommunication wavelengths: Excitation and characterization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzalez, A. L. Baudrion, and A. Dereux, "Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal strips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nano. Lett. (1)

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, "Subwavelength Focusing and Guiding of Surface Plasmons," Nano. Lett. 5, 1399-1402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (2)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature 440, 508-511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830, (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett (1)

A. Bouhelier, and G. P. Wiederrecht, "Surface plasmon rainbow jets," Opt. Lett. 30, 884-886 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phy. Rev. B (2)

Rashid Zia, Mark D. Selker, and Mark L. Brongersma, "Leaky and bound modes of surface plasmon waveguides," Phy. Rev. B 71, 165431 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. U. Gonzalez, J. C. Weeber, A. L. Baudrion, A. Dereux, A. L. Stepanov, J. R. Krenn, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Design, near-field characterization, and modeling of 45o surface-plasmon Bragg mirrors," Phy. Rev. B 73, 155416 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Imaging and focusing properties of plasmonic metamaterial devices," Phys. Rev. B 76, 205424 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B. (1)

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimensional numerical modeling of photonic integration with dielectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B. 78, 045425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y. J. Hung, and C. C. Davis, "Magnifying superlens in the visible frequency range," Science 315, 1699-1701 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging Photonics and Electronics at Nanoscale Dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

S. Griesing, A. Englisch, and U. Hartmann, "Fabrication and SNOM characterization of plasmon-optical elements," J. Phy: Conference Series, 364 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Rather, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and Gratings (Springer 1988).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Simulated Attenuated Total Reflection (ATR) curves for different PMMA thickness (h)

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Optical image of PMMA micro-structures and (b) Schematic graph of the experimental set-up

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

SPs converging and diverging. Leaky radiation microscope images of SPs beam modulated by polymer disc (a), semi-disc (b) and concave lens (c). The PMMA layer thickness was 110nm, and diameter of the disc was 10µm. The dashed lines represent the position of the micro-structures.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

SPs refraction with different PMMA thickness. (a) Thickness was 65nm; (b) thickness was about 110nm. The black lines represent the propagation direction. Refraction angle is 30° in both cases, while incidence angle is 36° and 42° respectively

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