Abstract

We propose a new scheme to realize a multistage optical Stark deceleration for a supersonic molecular beam using a time-varying red-detuned quasi-cw optical lattice with a length of up to 10mm. We analyze the motion of the slowed molecules inside the optical decelerator, and study the dependences of the velocity of the slowed molecular packet on the synchronous phase angle and the number of the deceleration stages (i.e., the number of the optical-lattice cells) by using Monte-Carlo method. Our study shows that the proposed optical Stark decelerator cannot only efficiently slow a pulsed supersonic beam from 230m/s to zero (standstill), but also obtain an ultracold molecular packet with a temperature of sub-mK due to bunching effect in the multistage optical Stark decelerator, which can be trapped in the optical lattice by rapidly turning off the modulation signal of the lattice. Also, we compare the decelerated results of our multistage optical Stark decelerator with a single-stage optical one, and find that our scheme cannot only obtain a colder molecular packet under the same molecular-beam parameters and deceleration conditions, but also be directly used to trap the slowed cold molecules after the deceleration, while don’t need to use another molecular trap.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. J. Hudson, B. E. Sauer, M. R. Tarbutt, and E. A. Hinds, "Measurement of the Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using YbF Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023003-023006 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. DeMille, F. Bay, S. Bickman, D. Kawall, D. Krause, Jr., S. E. Maxwell, and L. R. Hunter, "Investigation of PbO as a system for measuring the electric dipole moment of the electron," Phys. Rev. A 61, 052507-1-8 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Balakrishnan and A. Dalgarno, "Chemistry at ultracold temperatures," Chem. Phys. Lett. 341, 652-656 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga and C. J. Williams, "Quantum encounters of the cold kind," Nature. 416, 225-232 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. Bodo, F. A. Gianturco and A. Dalgarno, "F+D2 reaction at ultracold temperatures," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 9222-9227 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Willitsch, M. T. Bell, A. D. Gingell, S. R. Procterr and T. P. Softley, "Cold Reactive Collisions between Laser-Cooled Ions and Velocity-Selected Neutral Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 043203-1-4 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. DeMille, "Quantum computation with trapped polar molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett.  88, 067901-1-4 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf and P. Zoller, "A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators," Nat. Physics 2, 636-642 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. L. Bethlem, G. Berden, and G. Meijer, "Decelerating Neutral Dipolar Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1558-1561 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij and G. Meijer, "Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules," Nature. 406, 491-494 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. R. Bochinski, E. R. Hudson, H. J. Lewandowski, G. Meijer and J. Ye, "Phase Space Manipulation of Cold Free Radical OH Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett.  91, 243001-1-4 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, P. H. M. Smeets, N. Vanhaecke, R. T. Jongma and G. Meijer, "Deceleration and Electrostatic Trapping of OH Radicals," Phys. Rev. Lett.  94, 023004-1-4 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Hoekstra, J. J. Gilijamse, B. Sartakov, N. Vanhaecke, L. Scharfenberg, S. Y. T. Van de Meerakker and G. Meijer, "Optical Pumping of Trapped Neutral Molecules by Blackbody Radiation," Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 133001-1-4 (2007)
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper and G. Meijer, "Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals," J. Phys. B 39, S1077-1084 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. R. Hudson, C. Ticknor, B. C. Sawyer, C. A. Taatjes, H. J. Lewandowski, J. R. Bochinski, J. L. Bohn, and J. Ye, "Production of cold formaldehyde molecules for study and control of chemical reaction dynamics with hydroxyl radicals," Phys. Rev. A 73, 063404-1-6 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Jung, E. Tiemann and Ch. Lisdat, "Cold atoms and molecules from fragmentation of decelerated SO2," Phys. Rev. A 74, 040701-1-4 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. L. Bethlem, A. J. A. van Roij, R. T. Jongma and G. Meijer, "Alternate Gradient Focusing and Deceleration of a Molecular Beam," Phys. Rev. Lett.  88, 133003-1-4 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer and E. A. Hinds, "Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. K. Wohlfart, F. Grtäz, F. Filsinger, H. Haak, G. Meijer and J. Küpper, "Alternating-gradient focusing and deceleration of large molecules," Phys. Rev. A 77, 031404-1-4 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, "Multistage Zeeman deceleration of hydrogen atoms," Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier and F. Merkt, "Zeeman deceleration of H and D," Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Evem and M. G. Raizen, "Stopping Supersonic Beams with a Series of Pulsed Electromagnetic Coils: An Atomic Coilgun," Phys. Rev. Lett.  100, 093003-1-4 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Even and M. G. Raizen, "Stopping supersonic oxygen with a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils: A molecular coilgun," Phys. Rev. A 77, 051401(R) (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. Ramirez-Serrano, K. E. Strecker, and D. W. Chandler, "Modification of the velocity distribution of H2 molecules in a supersonic beam by intense pulsed optical gradients," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 2985-2989 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, M. N. Shneider and P. F. Barker, "Controlling the motion of cold molecules with deep periodic optical potentials," Nat. Physics 2, 465-468 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  26. R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, and P. F. Barker, "Optical Stark Decelerator for Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett.  93, 243004-1-4 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  27. http://www.eopc.com
  28. J. van Veldhoven, "AC trapping and high-resolution spectroscopy of ammonia molecules," Ph.D. Thesis, Page 49, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen (2006).
  29. Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, and D. N. Payne, "Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power," Opt. Lett. 30, 459-461 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. G. Scoles, Atomic and molecular beam methods (Oxford University Press, 1988).
  31. H. L. Bethlem, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, "Deceleration and trapping of ammonia using time-varying electric fields," Phys. Rev. A 65, 053416-1-20 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  32. Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, "Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546-551 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  33. http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/63338/.
  34. T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, "Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice," Nat. Physics 2, 692 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  35. J. Yin, "Realization and research of optically-trapped quantum degenerate gases," Phys. Rep.  430‚ 1-116 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, "Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546-551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, "Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice," Nat. Physics 2, 692 (2006)
[CrossRef]

J. Ramirez-Serrano, K. E. Strecker, and D. W. Chandler, "Modification of the velocity distribution of H2 molecules in a supersonic beam by intense pulsed optical gradients," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 2985-2989 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, M. N. Shneider and P. F. Barker, "Controlling the motion of cold molecules with deep periodic optical potentials," Nat. Physics 2, 465-468 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf and P. Zoller, "A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators," Nat. Physics 2, 636-642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper and G. Meijer, "Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals," J. Phys. B 39, S1077-1084 (2006)
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer and E. A. Hinds, "Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

J. J. Hudson, B. E. Sauer, M. R. Tarbutt, and E. A. Hinds, "Measurement of the Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using YbF Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023003-023006 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga and C. J. Williams, "Quantum encounters of the cold kind," Nature. 416, 225-232 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Bodo, F. A. Gianturco and A. Dalgarno, "F+D2 reaction at ultracold temperatures," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 9222-9227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

N. Balakrishnan and A. Dalgarno, "Chemistry at ultracold temperatures," Chem. Phys. Lett. 341, 652-656 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij and G. Meijer, "Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules," Nature. 406, 491-494 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

H. L. Bethlem, G. Berden, and G. Meijer, "Decelerating Neutral Dipolar Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1558-1561 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Alegria, C.

André, A.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf and P. Zoller, "A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators," Nat. Physics 2, 636-642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Balakrishnan, N.

N. Balakrishnan and A. Dalgarno, "Chemistry at ultracold temperatures," Chem. Phys. Lett. 341, 652-656 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barker, P. F.

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, M. N. Shneider and P. F. Barker, "Controlling the motion of cold molecules with deep periodic optical potentials," Nat. Physics 2, 465-468 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, D. M.

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, "Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice," Nat. Physics 2, 692 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Berden, G.

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij and G. Meijer, "Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules," Nature. 406, 491-494 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. L. Bethlem, G. Berden, and G. Meijer, "Decelerating Neutral Dipolar Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1558-1561 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bethlem, H. L

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij and G. Meijer, "Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules," Nature. 406, 491-494 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bethlem, H. L.

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer and E. A. Hinds, "Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. L. Bethlem, G. Berden, and G. Meijer, "Decelerating Neutral Dipolar Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1558-1561 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bishop, A. I.

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, M. N. Shneider and P. F. Barker, "Controlling the motion of cold molecules with deep periodic optical potentials," Nat. Physics 2, 465-468 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bodo, E.

E. Bodo, F. A. Gianturco and A. Dalgarno, "F+D2 reaction at ultracold temperatures," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 9222-9227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Burnett, K.

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga and C. J. Williams, "Quantum encounters of the cold kind," Nature. 416, 225-232 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chandler, D. W.

J. Ramirez-Serrano, K. E. Strecker, and D. W. Chandler, "Modification of the velocity distribution of H2 molecules in a supersonic beam by intense pulsed optical gradients," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 2985-2989 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Codemard, C. A.

Crompvoets, F. M. H.

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij and G. Meijer, "Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules," Nature. 406, 491-494 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dalgarno, A.

E. Bodo, F. A. Gianturco and A. Dalgarno, "F+D2 reaction at ultracold temperatures," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 9222-9227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Balakrishnan and A. Dalgarno, "Chemistry at ultracold temperatures," Chem. Phys. Lett. 341, 652-656 (2001).
[CrossRef]

DeMille, D.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf and P. Zoller, "A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators," Nat. Physics 2, 636-642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Doyle, J. M.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf and P. Zoller, "A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators," Nat. Physics 2, 636-642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dupriez, P.

Dürr, S.

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, "Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice," Nat. Physics 2, 692 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Fulton, R.

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, M. N. Shneider and P. F. Barker, "Controlling the motion of cold molecules with deep periodic optical potentials," Nat. Physics 2, 465-468 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gianturco, F. A.

E. Bodo, F. A. Gianturco and A. Dalgarno, "F+D2 reaction at ultracold temperatures," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 9222-9227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hansis, E.

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, "Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice," Nat. Physics 2, 692 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Hickey, L. M. B.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, "Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546-551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hinds, E. A.

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer and E. A. Hinds, "Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Hudson, B. E. Sauer, M. R. Tarbutt, and E. A. Hinds, "Measurement of the Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using YbF Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023003-023006 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoekstra, S.

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper and G. Meijer, "Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals," J. Phys. B 39, S1077-1084 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Horley, R.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, "Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546-551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hudson, J. J.

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer and E. A. Hinds, "Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Hudson, B. E. Sauer, M. R. Tarbutt, and E. A. Hinds, "Measurement of the Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using YbF Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023003-023006 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, "Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546-551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, and D. N. Payne, "Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power," Opt. Lett. 30, 459-461 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jongma, R. T.

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij and G. Meijer, "Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules," Nature. 406, 491-494 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Julienne, P. S.

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga and C. J. Williams, "Quantum encounters of the cold kind," Nature. 416, 225-232 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kupper, J.

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper and G. Meijer, "Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals," J. Phys. B 39, S1077-1084 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Labazan, I.

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper and G. Meijer, "Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals," J. Phys. B 39, S1077-1084 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Lett, P. D.

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga and C. J. Williams, "Quantum encounters of the cold kind," Nature. 416, 225-232 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf and P. Zoller, "A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators," Nat. Physics 2, 636-642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maxwell, S. E.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf and P. Zoller, "A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators," Nat. Physics 2, 636-642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meijer, G.

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper and G. Meijer, "Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals," J. Phys. B 39, S1077-1084 (2006)
[CrossRef]

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer and E. A. Hinds, "Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij and G. Meijer, "Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules," Nature. 406, 491-494 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. L. Bethlem, G. Berden, and G. Meijer, "Decelerating Neutral Dipolar Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1558-1561 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, "Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546-551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, and D. N. Payne, "Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power," Opt. Lett. 30, 459-461 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Payne, D. N.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, "Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546-551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, and D. N. Payne, "Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power," Opt. Lett. 30, 459-461 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rabl, P.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf and P. Zoller, "A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators," Nat. Physics 2, 636-642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ramirez-Serrano, J.

J. Ramirez-Serrano, K. E. Strecker, and D. W. Chandler, "Modification of the velocity distribution of H2 molecules in a supersonic beam by intense pulsed optical gradients," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 2985-2989 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rempe, G.

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, "Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice," Nat. Physics 2, 692 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Ryabov, V. L.

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer and E. A. Hinds, "Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryzhov, V. A.

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer and E. A. Hinds, "Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sahu, J. K.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, "Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546-551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, and D. N. Payne, "Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power," Opt. Lett. 30, 459-461 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauer, B. E

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer and E. A. Hinds, "Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauer, B. E.

J. J. Hudson, B. E. Sauer, M. R. Tarbutt, and E. A. Hinds, "Measurement of the Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using YbF Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023003-023006 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schoelkopf, R. J.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf and P. Zoller, "A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators," Nat. Physics 2, 636-642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shneider, M. N.

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, M. N. Shneider and P. F. Barker, "Controlling the motion of cold molecules with deep periodic optical potentials," Nat. Physics 2, 465-468 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Soh, D. B. S.

Strecker, K. E.

J. Ramirez-Serrano, K. E. Strecker, and D. W. Chandler, "Modification of the velocity distribution of H2 molecules in a supersonic beam by intense pulsed optical gradients," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 2985-2989 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Syassen, N.

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, "Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice," Nat. Physics 2, 692 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Tarbutt, M. R.

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer and E. A. Hinds, "Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Hudson, B. E. Sauer, M. R. Tarbutt, and E. A. Hinds, "Measurement of the Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using YbF Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023003-023006 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tiesinga, E.

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga and C. J. Williams, "Quantum encounters of the cold kind," Nature. 416, 225-232 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turner, P. W.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, "Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546-551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van de Meerakker, S. Y. T.

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper and G. Meijer, "Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals," J. Phys. B 39, S1077-1084 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Van Roij, A. J. A.

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij and G. Meijer, "Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules," Nature. 406, 491-494 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vdz, T.

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, "Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice," Nat. Physics 2, 692 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Williams, C. J.

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga and C. J. Williams, "Quantum encounters of the cold kind," Nature. 416, 225-232 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoller, P.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf and P. Zoller, "A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators," Nat. Physics 2, 636-642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Balakrishnan and A. Dalgarno, "Chemistry at ultracold temperatures," Chem. Phys. Lett. 341, 652-656 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, "Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546-551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

E. Bodo, F. A. Gianturco and A. Dalgarno, "F+D2 reaction at ultracold temperatures," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 9222-9227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (1)

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper and G. Meijer, "Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals," J. Phys. B 39, S1077-1084 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Nat. Physics (3)

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf and P. Zoller, "A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators," Nat. Physics 2, 636-642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, "Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice," Nat. Physics 2, 692 (2006)
[CrossRef]

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, M. N. Shneider and P. F. Barker, "Controlling the motion of cold molecules with deep periodic optical potentials," Nat. Physics 2, 465-468 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature. (2)

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga and C. J. Williams, "Quantum encounters of the cold kind," Nature. 416, 225-232 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij and G. Meijer, "Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules," Nature. 406, 491-494 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. Ramirez-Serrano, K. E. Strecker, and D. W. Chandler, "Modification of the velocity distribution of H2 molecules in a supersonic beam by intense pulsed optical gradients," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 2985-2989 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer and E. A. Hinds, "Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Hudson, B. E. Sauer, M. R. Tarbutt, and E. A. Hinds, "Measurement of the Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using YbF Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023003-023006 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. L. Bethlem, G. Berden, and G. Meijer, "Decelerating Neutral Dipolar Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1558-1561 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (21)

S. Willitsch, M. T. Bell, A. D. Gingell, S. R. Procterr and T. P. Softley, "Cold Reactive Collisions between Laser-Cooled Ions and Velocity-Selected Neutral Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 043203-1-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. DeMille, "Quantum computation with trapped polar molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett.  88, 067901-1-4 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. DeMille, F. Bay, S. Bickman, D. Kawall, D. Krause, Jr., S. E. Maxwell, and L. R. Hunter, "Investigation of PbO as a system for measuring the electric dipole moment of the electron," Phys. Rev. A 61, 052507-1-8 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Bochinski, E. R. Hudson, H. J. Lewandowski, G. Meijer and J. Ye, "Phase Space Manipulation of Cold Free Radical OH Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett.  91, 243001-1-4 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, P. H. M. Smeets, N. Vanhaecke, R. T. Jongma and G. Meijer, "Deceleration and Electrostatic Trapping of OH Radicals," Phys. Rev. Lett.  94, 023004-1-4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Hoekstra, J. J. Gilijamse, B. Sartakov, N. Vanhaecke, L. Scharfenberg, S. Y. T. Van de Meerakker and G. Meijer, "Optical Pumping of Trapped Neutral Molecules by Blackbody Radiation," Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 133001-1-4 (2007)
[CrossRef]

E. R. Hudson, C. Ticknor, B. C. Sawyer, C. A. Taatjes, H. J. Lewandowski, J. R. Bochinski, J. L. Bohn, and J. Ye, "Production of cold formaldehyde molecules for study and control of chemical reaction dynamics with hydroxyl radicals," Phys. Rev. A 73, 063404-1-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Jung, E. Tiemann and Ch. Lisdat, "Cold atoms and molecules from fragmentation of decelerated SO2," Phys. Rev. A 74, 040701-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. L. Bethlem, A. J. A. van Roij, R. T. Jongma and G. Meijer, "Alternate Gradient Focusing and Deceleration of a Molecular Beam," Phys. Rev. Lett.  88, 133003-1-4 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Wohlfart, F. Grtäz, F. Filsinger, H. Haak, G. Meijer and J. Küpper, "Alternating-gradient focusing and deceleration of large molecules," Phys. Rev. A 77, 031404-1-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, "Multistage Zeeman deceleration of hydrogen atoms," Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier and F. Merkt, "Zeeman deceleration of H and D," Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Evem and M. G. Raizen, "Stopping Supersonic Beams with a Series of Pulsed Electromagnetic Coils: An Atomic Coilgun," Phys. Rev. Lett.  100, 093003-1-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Even and M. G. Raizen, "Stopping supersonic oxygen with a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils: A molecular coilgun," Phys. Rev. A 77, 051401(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, and P. F. Barker, "Optical Stark Decelerator for Molecules," Phys. Rev. Lett.  93, 243004-1-4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

http://www.eopc.com

J. van Veldhoven, "AC trapping and high-resolution spectroscopy of ammonia molecules," Ph.D. Thesis, Page 49, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen (2006).

J. Yin, "Realization and research of optically-trapped quantum degenerate gases," Phys. Rep.  430‚ 1-116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Scoles, Atomic and molecular beam methods (Oxford University Press, 1988).

H. L. Bethlem, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, "Deceleration and trapping of ammonia using time-varying electric fields," Phys. Rev. A 65, 053416-1-20 (2002)
[CrossRef]

http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/63338/.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). A schematic diagram of multistage optical Stark decelerator and trap for a supersonic molecular beam using a quasi-cw optical lattice. (b) Longitudinal Stark potential energy generated by the optical lattice for different phase angle ϕ.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulated time-of-flight signal of CH4 molecules at the outlet of the decelerator for the synchronous phase angle ϕ 0=900 and different deceleration stage n, and other simulation parameters are given in the text.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Simulated phase-space plot for the deceleration stages (a) n=9000, (b) n=11000 and (c) n=13000 with the same synchronous phase angle ϕ 0=900.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Simulated time-of-flight signal of CH4 molecules at the outlet of the decelerator for the deceleration stage n=7000 and different synchronous phase angle, and other simulation parameters are given in the text.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Simulated phase-space plot for the same deceleration stages n=7000 and the synchronous phase angle (a) ϕ 0=900, (b) ϕ 0=1200 and (c) ϕ 0=1500. The inset figure is the magnified Fig. 5(c).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Simulated velocity distribution of slowed cold methane molecules trapped in the cw optical lattice for the synchronous phase angle (a) ϕ 0=900, (b) ϕ 0=1200 and (c) ϕ 0=1500. The solid circles are the Monte-Carlo simulated results while the red lines are the Gaussian-fitted lines. The inset figure is the magnified Fig. 6(c).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Simulated NO molecular velocity distribution at the outlet of (a) multistage optical Stark decelerator using a quasi-cw optical lattice for the synchronous phase angle ϕ 0=900, the peak intensity I=4.2×1011W/m2, and the wave vector k=5.9×106/m, and (b) a single-stage optical Stark decelerator using a pulsed optical lattice for the synchronous phase angle ϕ 0=450, the peak intensity I=2.2×1015W/m2, the wave vector k=1.15×107/m, the lattice’s moving velocity vlattice =321m/s, and the laser pulse width t=5.8ns. The initial translational temperature of supersonic NO molecular beam and its initial flow velocity are T=1.8K and u=400 m/s, respectively.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

U =(2αIε0c) cos2 (kz2) ,
Fz =(αIε0c) sin(kz) ,
m z =(αIε0c) sin(kz) ,
ton (n)=(n1)Λ(n1)Λ+ϕΛ360(v02(n)) (4αI(ε0cm)(1cos2(kz2)))12dz,
toff (n)=(Λϕ0Λ360°) v (n) ,
t=Σ1n [ton(n)+toff(n)] .

Metrics