Abstract

We present a reconstruction technique for simultaneous retrieval of absorption and phase shifting properties of an object recorded by in-line holography. The routine is experimentally tested by applying it to optical holograms of a pure phase respectively a pure amplitude object of micrometer dimensions that has been machined into a glass-plate using a focused ion beam. The method has also been applied to previously published electron holograms of single DNA molecules.

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  1. D. Gabor, “A new microscopic principle,” Nature 161(4098), 777–778 (1948).
    [CrossRef]
  2. X. M. H. Huang, J. M. Zuo, and J. C. H. Spence, “Wavefront reconstruction for in-line holograms formed by pure amplitude objects,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 148(3-4), 229–234 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Cuche, F. Bevilacqua, and C. Depeursinge, “Digital holography for quantitative phase-contrast imaging,” Opt. Lett. 24(5), 291–293 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Matsumoto, T. Tanji, and A. Tonomura, “Phase contrast visualization of an undecagold cluster by in-line electron holography,” Ultramicroscopy 54(2-4), 317–334 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Matsumoto, “Visualization of DNA in solution by Fraunhofer in-line electron holography: I. Simulation,” Optik (Stuttg.) 99, 25–28 (1995).
  6. T. Matsumoto, T. Tanji, and A. Tonomura, “Visualization of DNA in solution by Fraunhofer in-line electron holography: II. Experiments,” Optik (Stuttg.) 100, 71–74 (1995).
  7. H.-W. Fink, W. Stocker, and H. Schmid, “Holography with low-energy electrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(10), 1204–1206 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. J. Barton, “Removing multiple scattering and twin images from holographic images,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67(22), 3106–3109 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Y. Tong, H. Li, and H. Huang, “Energy extension in three-dimensional atomic imaging by electron emission holography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67(22), 3102–3105 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Zhang and X. Zhang, “Reconstruction of a complex object from two in-line holograms,” Opt. Express 11(6), 572–578 (2003).
  11. Y. Zhang, G. Pedrini, W. Osten, and H. J. Tiziani, “Whole optical wave field reconstruction from double or multi in-line holograms by phase retrieval algorithm,” Opt. Express 11(24), 3234–3241 (2003).
  12. Y. Zhang, G. Pedrini, W. Osten, and H. J. Tiziani, “Reconstruction of in-line digital holograms from two intensity measurements,” Opt. Lett. 29(15), 1787–1789 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. Pedrini, W. Osten, and Y. Zhang, “Wave-front reconstruction from a sequence of interferograms recorded at different planes,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 833–835 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Yamazaki, Y. Kohmura, T. Sakurai, and T. Ishikawa, “Reconstruction of complex-valued electron density with x-ray in-line holograms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23(12), 3171–3176 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. J. Barton, “Photoelectron holography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(12), 1356–1359 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H.-W. Fink, H. Schmidt, E. Ermantraut, and T. Schulz, “Electron holography of individual DNA molecules,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(9), 2168–2172 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

1999 (2)

E. Cuche, F. Bevilacqua, and C. Depeursinge, “Digital holography for quantitative phase-contrast imaging,” Opt. Lett. 24(5), 291–293 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. M. H. Huang, J. M. Zuo, and J. C. H. Spence, “Wavefront reconstruction for in-line holograms formed by pure amplitude objects,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 148(3-4), 229–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1995 (2)

T. Matsumoto, “Visualization of DNA in solution by Fraunhofer in-line electron holography: I. Simulation,” Optik (Stuttg.) 99, 25–28 (1995).

T. Matsumoto, T. Tanji, and A. Tonomura, “Visualization of DNA in solution by Fraunhofer in-line electron holography: II. Experiments,” Optik (Stuttg.) 100, 71–74 (1995).

1994 (1)

T. Matsumoto, T. Tanji, and A. Tonomura, “Phase contrast visualization of an undecagold cluster by in-line electron holography,” Ultramicroscopy 54(2-4), 317–334 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

J. J. Barton, “Removing multiple scattering and twin images from holographic images,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67(22), 3106–3109 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Tong, H. Li, and H. Huang, “Energy extension in three-dimensional atomic imaging by electron emission holography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67(22), 3102–3105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

H.-W. Fink, W. Stocker, and H. Schmid, “Holography with low-energy electrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(10), 1204–1206 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

J. J. Barton, “Photoelectron holography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(12), 1356–1359 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1948 (1)

D. Gabor, “A new microscopic principle,” Nature 161(4098), 777–778 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Barton, J. J.

J. J. Barton, “Removing multiple scattering and twin images from holographic images,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67(22), 3106–3109 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Barton, “Photoelectron holography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(12), 1356–1359 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bevilacqua, F.

Cuche, E.

Depeursinge, C.

Ermantraut, E.

Fink, H.-W.

H.-W. Fink, H. Schmidt, E. Ermantraut, and T. Schulz, “Electron holography of individual DNA molecules,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(9), 2168–2172 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H.-W. Fink, W. Stocker, and H. Schmid, “Holography with low-energy electrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(10), 1204–1206 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gabor, D.

D. Gabor, “A new microscopic principle,” Nature 161(4098), 777–778 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.

S. Y. Tong, H. Li, and H. Huang, “Energy extension in three-dimensional atomic imaging by electron emission holography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67(22), 3102–3105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X. M. H.

X. M. H. Huang, J. M. Zuo, and J. C. H. Spence, “Wavefront reconstruction for in-line holograms formed by pure amplitude objects,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 148(3-4), 229–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, T.

Kohmura, Y.

Li, H.

S. Y. Tong, H. Li, and H. Huang, “Energy extension in three-dimensional atomic imaging by electron emission holography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67(22), 3102–3105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, T.

T. Matsumoto, T. Tanji, and A. Tonomura, “Visualization of DNA in solution by Fraunhofer in-line electron holography: II. Experiments,” Optik (Stuttg.) 100, 71–74 (1995).

T. Matsumoto, “Visualization of DNA in solution by Fraunhofer in-line electron holography: I. Simulation,” Optik (Stuttg.) 99, 25–28 (1995).

T. Matsumoto, T. Tanji, and A. Tonomura, “Phase contrast visualization of an undecagold cluster by in-line electron holography,” Ultramicroscopy 54(2-4), 317–334 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Osten, W.

Pedrini, G.

Sakurai, T.

Schmid, H.

H.-W. Fink, W. Stocker, and H. Schmid, “Holography with low-energy electrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(10), 1204–1206 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, H.

Schulz, T.

Spence, J. C. H.

X. M. H. Huang, J. M. Zuo, and J. C. H. Spence, “Wavefront reconstruction for in-line holograms formed by pure amplitude objects,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 148(3-4), 229–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stocker, W.

H.-W. Fink, W. Stocker, and H. Schmid, “Holography with low-energy electrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(10), 1204–1206 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tanji, T.

T. Matsumoto, T. Tanji, and A. Tonomura, “Visualization of DNA in solution by Fraunhofer in-line electron holography: II. Experiments,” Optik (Stuttg.) 100, 71–74 (1995).

T. Matsumoto, T. Tanji, and A. Tonomura, “Phase contrast visualization of an undecagold cluster by in-line electron holography,” Ultramicroscopy 54(2-4), 317–334 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tiziani, H. J.

Tong, S. Y.

S. Y. Tong, H. Li, and H. Huang, “Energy extension in three-dimensional atomic imaging by electron emission holography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67(22), 3102–3105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tonomura, A.

T. Matsumoto, T. Tanji, and A. Tonomura, “Visualization of DNA in solution by Fraunhofer in-line electron holography: II. Experiments,” Optik (Stuttg.) 100, 71–74 (1995).

T. Matsumoto, T. Tanji, and A. Tonomura, “Phase contrast visualization of an undecagold cluster by in-line electron holography,” Ultramicroscopy 54(2-4), 317–334 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, H.

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Zuo, J. M.

X. M. H. Huang, J. M. Zuo, and J. C. H. Spence, “Wavefront reconstruction for in-line holograms formed by pure amplitude objects,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 148(3-4), 229–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

X. M. H. Huang, J. M. Zuo, and J. C. H. Spence, “Wavefront reconstruction for in-line holograms formed by pure amplitude objects,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 148(3-4), 229–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Nature (1)

D. Gabor, “A new microscopic principle,” Nature 161(4098), 777–778 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optik (Stuttg.) (2)

T. Matsumoto, “Visualization of DNA in solution by Fraunhofer in-line electron holography: I. Simulation,” Optik (Stuttg.) 99, 25–28 (1995).

T. Matsumoto, T. Tanji, and A. Tonomura, “Visualization of DNA in solution by Fraunhofer in-line electron holography: II. Experiments,” Optik (Stuttg.) 100, 71–74 (1995).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

H.-W. Fink, W. Stocker, and H. Schmid, “Holography with low-energy electrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(10), 1204–1206 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Barton, “Removing multiple scattering and twin images from holographic images,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67(22), 3106–3109 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Tong, H. Li, and H. Huang, “Energy extension in three-dimensional atomic imaging by electron emission holography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67(22), 3102–3105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Barton, “Photoelectron holography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(12), 1356–1359 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ultramicroscopy (1)

T. Matsumoto, T. Tanji, and A. Tonomura, “Phase contrast visualization of an undecagold cluster by in-line electron holography,” Ultramicroscopy 54(2-4), 317–334 (1994).
[CrossRef]

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