Abstract

We report relaxation oscillation free, true continuous-wave operation of a singly-resonant, intracavity optical parametric oscillator (OPO) based upon periodically-poled, MgO-doped LiNbO3 and pumped internal to the cavity of a compact, optically-excited semiconductor disk laser (or VECSEL). The very short upper-laser-state lifetime of this laser gain medium, coupled with the enhancing effect of the high-finesse pump laser cavity in which the OPO is located, enables a low threshold, high efficiency intracavity device to be operated free of relaxation oscillations in continuous-wave mode. By optimizing for low-power operation, parametric threshold was achieved at a diode-laser power of only 1.4W. At 8.5W of diode-laser power, 205mW of idler power was extracted, indicating a total down-converted power of 1.25W, and hence a down-conversion efficiency of 83%.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, "Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Optic. 66(6), 741-745 (1998).
  2. D. J. M. Stothard, M. H. Dunn, and C. F. Rae, "Hyperspectral imaging of gases with a continuous-wave pump- enhanced optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Express 12(5), 947-955 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-5-947.
    [CrossRef]
  3. I. D. Lindsay, P. Gross, C. J. Lee, B. Adhimoolam, and K. J. Boller, "Mid-infrared wavelength- and frequency-modulation spectroscopy with a pump-modulated singly-resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Express 14(25), 12341-12346 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-25-12341.
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. von Basum, D. Halmer, P. Hering, M. Murtz, S. Schiller, F. Muller, A. Popp, and F. Kuhnemann, "Parts per trillion sensitivity for ethane in air with an optical parametric oscillator cavity leak-out spectrometer," Opt. Lett. 29(8), 797-799 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. D. Lindsay, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Doubly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-mode diode laser," Opt. Lett. 23(24), 1889-1891 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. M. Gibson, G. R. Morrison, P. L. Hansen, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Dynamic behaviour of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 423-428 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-Wave, Dual-Cavity, Doubly Resonant, Optical Parametric Oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(12), 1490-1492 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Tuning characteristics of a cw dual-cavity KTP optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 66(2), 133-143 (1998).
  9. G. M. Gibson, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Application of a continuously tunable, cw optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 23, 40 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, and R. L. Byer, "Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Lett. 21(10), 713 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. E. Bisson, K. M. Armstrong, T. J. Kulp, and M. Hartings, "Broadly tunable, mode-hop-tuned cw optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Appl. Opt. 40(33), 6049-6055 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Robertson, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave singly resonant pump-enhanced type II LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19(21), 1735 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Petelski, R. S. Conroy, K. Bencheikh, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, "All-solid-state, tunable, single-frequency source of yellow light for high-resolution spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 26(13), 1013-1015 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. G. Colville, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 22(2), 75 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Continuous-wave, singly-resonant, optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Express 6(3), 58-63 (2000), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-6-3-58.
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Low pump threshold, continuous-wave, singly resonant, optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 23, 1895 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. J. M. Stothard, P. Y. Fortin, A. Carleton, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Comparison of continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators based on periodically poled LiNbO3 and periodically poled RbTiOAsO4 pumped internal to a high-power Nd : YVO4 laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(10), 2102-2108 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. A. Turnbull, D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Transient Dynamics of CW Intracavity Singly Resonant Optical Parametric Oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(11), 1666-1672 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Carleton, D. J. M. Stothard, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Compact, continuous-wave, singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled RbTiOAsO4 in a Nd : YVO4 laser," Opt. Lett. 28(7), 555-557 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high-power (> 0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(3), 561-573 (1999).
  21. J. Y. Kim, S. Cho, S. M. Lee, G. B. Kim, J. Lee, J. Yoo, K. S. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Park, "Highly efficient green VECSEL with intra-cavity diamond heat spreader," Electron.Lett. 43(2), 105-107 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. J. Maclean, A. J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J. Y. Kim, T. Kim, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Continuous tuning and efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation in a semiconductor disk laser with an intracavity diamond heatspreader," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3-4), 216-225 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008

A. J. Maclean, A. J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J. Y. Kim, T. Kim, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Continuous tuning and efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation in a semiconductor disk laser with an intracavity diamond heatspreader," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3-4), 216-225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. Y. Kim, S. Cho, S. M. Lee, G. B. Kim, J. Lee, J. Yoo, K. S. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Park, "Highly efficient green VECSEL with intra-cavity diamond heat spreader," Electron.Lett. 43(2), 105-107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2004

2003

2001

2000

1999

G. A. Turnbull, D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Transient Dynamics of CW Intracavity Singly Resonant Optical Parametric Oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(11), 1666-1672 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high-power (> 0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(3), 561-573 (1999).

1998

D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Low pump threshold, continuous-wave, singly resonant, optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 23, 1895 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, "Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Optic. 66(6), 741-745 (1998).

D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Tuning characteristics of a cw dual-cavity KTP optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 66(2), 133-143 (1998).

G. M. Gibson, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Application of a continuously tunable, cw optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 23, 40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Lindsay, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Doubly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-mode diode laser," Opt. Lett. 23(24), 1889-1891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

G. M. Gibson, G. R. Morrison, P. L. Hansen, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Dynamic behaviour of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 423-428 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 22(2), 75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1994

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-Wave, Dual-Cavity, Doubly Resonant, Optical Parametric Oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(12), 1490-1492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Robertson, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave singly resonant pump-enhanced type II LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19(21), 1735 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Adhimoolam, B.

Alexander, J. I.

Armstrong, K. M.

Bencheikh, K.

Bisson, S. E.

Boller, K. J.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Burns, D.

A. J. Maclean, A. J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J. Y. Kim, T. Kim, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Continuous tuning and efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation in a semiconductor disk laser with an intracavity diamond heatspreader," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3-4), 216-225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Calvez, S.

A. J. Maclean, A. J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J. Y. Kim, T. Kim, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Continuous tuning and efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation in a semiconductor disk laser with an intracavity diamond heatspreader," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3-4), 216-225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carleton, A.

Cho, S.

J. Y. Kim, S. Cho, S. M. Lee, G. B. Kim, J. Lee, J. Yoo, K. S. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Park, "Highly efficient green VECSEL with intra-cavity diamond heat spreader," Electron.Lett. 43(2), 105-107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Colville, F. G.

F. G. Colville, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 22(2), 75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-Wave, Dual-Cavity, Doubly Resonant, Optical Parametric Oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(12), 1490-1492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Conroy, R. S.

Dawson, M. D.

A. J. Maclean, A. J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J. Y. Kim, T. Kim, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Continuous tuning and efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation in a semiconductor disk laser with an intracavity diamond heatspreader," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3-4), 216-225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drobshoff, A.

Dunn, M. H.

D. J. M. Stothard, M. H. Dunn, and C. F. Rae, "Hyperspectral imaging of gases with a continuous-wave pump- enhanced optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Express 12(5), 947-955 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-5-947.
[CrossRef]

A. Carleton, D. J. M. Stothard, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Compact, continuous-wave, singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled RbTiOAsO4 in a Nd : YVO4 laser," Opt. Lett. 28(7), 555-557 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. J. M. Stothard, P. Y. Fortin, A. Carleton, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Comparison of continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators based on periodically poled LiNbO3 and periodically poled RbTiOAsO4 pumped internal to a high-power Nd : YVO4 laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(10), 2102-2108 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Continuous-wave, singly-resonant, optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Express 6(3), 58-63 (2000), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-6-3-58.
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Transient Dynamics of CW Intracavity Singly Resonant Optical Parametric Oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(11), 1666-1672 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Low pump threshold, continuous-wave, singly resonant, optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 23, 1895 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gibson, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Application of a continuously tunable, cw optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 23, 40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Lindsay, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Doubly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-mode diode laser," Opt. Lett. 23(24), 1889-1891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gibson, G. R. Morrison, P. L. Hansen, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Dynamic behaviour of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 423-428 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 22(2), 75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Robertson, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave singly resonant pump-enhanced type II LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19(21), 1735 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-Wave, Dual-Cavity, Doubly Resonant, Optical Parametric Oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(12), 1490-1492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

D. J. M. Stothard, P. Y. Fortin, A. Carleton, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Comparison of continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators based on periodically poled LiNbO3 and periodically poled RbTiOAsO4 pumped internal to a high-power Nd : YVO4 laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(10), 2102-2108 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Carleton, D. J. M. Stothard, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Compact, continuous-wave, singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled RbTiOAsO4 in a Nd : YVO4 laser," Opt. Lett. 28(7), 555-557 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Continuous-wave, singly-resonant, optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4," Opt. Express 6(3), 58-63 (2000), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-6-3-58.
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Transient Dynamics of CW Intracavity Singly Resonant Optical Parametric Oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(11), 1666-1672 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Low pump threshold, continuous-wave, singly resonant, optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 23, 1895 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Lindsay, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Doubly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-mode diode laser," Opt. Lett. 23(24), 1889-1891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 22(2), 75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, T. J.

Fortin, P. Y.

Gibson, G. M.

G. M. Gibson, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Application of a continuously tunable, cw optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 23, 40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gibson, G. R. Morrison, P. L. Hansen, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Dynamic behaviour of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 423-428 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gross, P.

Hakimi, F.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high-power (> 0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(3), 561-573 (1999).

Halmer, D.

Hansen, P. L.

G. M. Gibson, G. R. Morrison, P. L. Hansen, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Dynamic behaviour of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 423-428 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hartings, M.

Hecker, A.

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, "Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Optic. 66(6), 741-745 (1998).

Hering, P.

Kemp, A. J.

A. J. Maclean, A. J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J. Y. Kim, T. Kim, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Continuous tuning and efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation in a semiconductor disk laser with an intracavity diamond heatspreader," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3-4), 216-225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G. B.

J. Y. Kim, S. Cho, S. M. Lee, G. B. Kim, J. Lee, J. Yoo, K. S. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Park, "Highly efficient green VECSEL with intra-cavity diamond heat spreader," Electron.Lett. 43(2), 105-107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. Y.

A. J. Maclean, A. J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J. Y. Kim, T. Kim, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Continuous tuning and efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation in a semiconductor disk laser with an intracavity diamond heatspreader," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3-4), 216-225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Kim, S. Cho, S. M. Lee, G. B. Kim, J. Lee, J. Yoo, K. S. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Park, "Highly efficient green VECSEL with intra-cavity diamond heat spreader," Electron.Lett. 43(2), 105-107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. S.

J. Y. Kim, S. Cho, S. M. Lee, G. B. Kim, J. Lee, J. Yoo, K. S. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Park, "Highly efficient green VECSEL with intra-cavity diamond heat spreader," Electron.Lett. 43(2), 105-107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.

A. J. Maclean, A. J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J. Y. Kim, T. Kim, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Continuous tuning and efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation in a semiconductor disk laser with an intracavity diamond heatspreader," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3-4), 216-225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Kim, S. Cho, S. M. Lee, G. B. Kim, J. Lee, J. Yoo, K. S. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Park, "Highly efficient green VECSEL with intra-cavity diamond heat spreader," Electron.Lett. 43(2), 105-107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuhnemann, F.

G. von Basum, D. Halmer, P. Hering, M. Murtz, S. Schiller, F. Muller, A. Popp, and F. Kuhnemann, "Parts per trillion sensitivity for ethane in air with an optical parametric oscillator cavity leak-out spectrometer," Opt. Lett. 29(8), 797-799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, "Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Optic. 66(6), 741-745 (1998).

Kulp, T. J.

Kuznetsov, M.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high-power (> 0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(3), 561-573 (1999).

Lee, C. J.

Lee, D.

D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Tuning characteristics of a cw dual-cavity KTP optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 66(2), 133-143 (1998).

Lee, J.

J. Y. Kim, S. Cho, S. M. Lee, G. B. Kim, J. Lee, J. Yoo, K. S. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Park, "Highly efficient green VECSEL with intra-cavity diamond heat spreader," Electron.Lett. 43(2), 105-107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. M.

J. Y. Kim, S. Cho, S. M. Lee, G. B. Kim, J. Lee, J. Yoo, K. S. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Park, "Highly efficient green VECSEL with intra-cavity diamond heat spreader," Electron.Lett. 43(2), 105-107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lindsay, I. D.

Maclean, A. J.

A. J. Maclean, A. J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J. Y. Kim, T. Kim, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Continuous tuning and efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation in a semiconductor disk laser with an intracavity diamond heatspreader," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3-4), 216-225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martis, A. A. E.

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, "Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Optic. 66(6), 741-745 (1998).

Mlynek, J.

T. Petelski, R. S. Conroy, K. Bencheikh, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, "All-solid-state, tunable, single-frequency source of yellow light for high-resolution spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 26(13), 1013-1015 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, "Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Optic. 66(6), 741-745 (1998).

Mooradian, A.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high-power (> 0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(3), 561-573 (1999).

Morrison, G. R.

G. M. Gibson, G. R. Morrison, P. L. Hansen, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Dynamic behaviour of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 423-428 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Muller, F.

Murtz, M.

Myers, L. E.

Padgett, M. J.

G. M. Gibson, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Application of a continuously tunable, cw optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 23, 40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gibson, G. R. Morrison, P. L. Hansen, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Dynamic behaviour of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 423-428 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-Wave, Dual-Cavity, Doubly Resonant, Optical Parametric Oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(12), 1490-1492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Robertson, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave singly resonant pump-enhanced type II LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19(21), 1735 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

J. Y. Kim, S. Cho, S. M. Lee, G. B. Kim, J. Lee, J. Yoo, K. S. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Park, "Highly efficient green VECSEL with intra-cavity diamond heat spreader," Electron.Lett. 43(2), 105-107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Petelski, T.

Popp, A.

Rae, C. F.

Robertson, G.

Schiller, S.

Schneider, K.

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, "Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Optic. 66(6), 741-745 (1998).

Sprague, R.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high-power (> 0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(3), 561-573 (1999).

Stothard, D. J. M.

Turnbull, G. A.

Urban, W.

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, "Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Optic. 66(6), 741-745 (1998).

von Basum, G.

Wong, N. C.

D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Tuning characteristics of a cw dual-cavity KTP optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 66(2), 133-143 (1998).

Yoo, J.

J. Y. Kim, S. Cho, S. M. Lee, G. B. Kim, J. Lee, J. Yoo, K. S. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Park, "Highly efficient green VECSEL with intra-cavity diamond heat spreader," Electron.Lett. 43(2), 105-107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt.

D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Tuning characteristics of a cw dual-cavity KTP optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 66(2), 133-143 (1998).

Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Optic.

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, "Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Optic. 66(6), 741-745 (1998).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-Wave, Dual-Cavity, Doubly Resonant, Optical Parametric Oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(12), 1490-1492 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron.Lett.

J. Y. Kim, S. Cho, S. M. Lee, G. B. Kim, J. Lee, J. Yoo, K. S. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Park, "Highly efficient green VECSEL with intra-cavity diamond heat spreader," Electron.Lett. 43(2), 105-107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

A. J. Maclean, A. J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J. Y. Kim, T. Kim, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Continuous tuning and efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation in a semiconductor disk laser with an intracavity diamond heatspreader," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(3-4), 216-225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Transient Dynamics of CW Intracavity Singly Resonant Optical Parametric Oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(11), 1666-1672 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high-power (> 0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(3), 561-573 (1999).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

G. M. Gibson, G. R. Morrison, P. L. Hansen, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Dynamic behaviour of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 423-428 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Low pump threshold, continuous-wave, singly resonant, optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 23, 1895 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Carleton, D. J. M. Stothard, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, "Compact, continuous-wave, singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled RbTiOAsO4 in a Nd : YVO4 laser," Opt. Lett. 28(7), 555-557 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Robertson, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave singly resonant pump-enhanced type II LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19(21), 1735 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Petelski, R. S. Conroy, K. Bencheikh, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, "All-solid-state, tunable, single-frequency source of yellow light for high-resolution spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 26(13), 1013-1015 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 22(2), 75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. von Basum, D. Halmer, P. Hering, M. Murtz, S. Schiller, F. Muller, A. Popp, and F. Kuhnemann, "Parts per trillion sensitivity for ethane in air with an optical parametric oscillator cavity leak-out spectrometer," Opt. Lett. 29(8), 797-799 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Lindsay, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Doubly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-mode diode laser," Opt. Lett. 23(24), 1889-1891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gibson, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, "Application of a continuously tunable, cw optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 23, 40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, and R. L. Byer, "Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Lett. 21(10), 713 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the SDL-based intracavity optical parametric oscillator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transient behavior of the ICSRO after perturbation of the steady state in the case of the SRO pumped internal to (a) an Nd:YVO4 and (b) SDL laser. The different rise times observed in the two cases are due to different beam diameters being interrupted by the chopper wheel.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Amplitude spectrum of the circulating pump field in (a) the Nd:YVO4- and (b) SDL-based ICSRO. The insert-to each panel shows the temporal behavior of each respective pump field.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Behavior in the absence of additional Brewster surfaces: (a) Extracted idler/down-converted power evolution with diode pumping power, and (b) ICSRO impact on pump spectrum.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Downconversion power characteristics of the ICOPO when (a) optimised for lowest threshold and (b) optimised for maximum idler output power. In both cases the threshold of the pump laser occurred at a diode pump power of 1W, and the pump, signal and idler wavelengths were 1050nm, 1600nm and 3055nm respectively.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Summary of device efficiency. Optimum output-coupled E.P.F. (Extractable Pump Field) is the pump field extracted with the OPO components accommodated within the optimally output-coupled pump cavity but with parametric down-conversion suppressed.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ωoscX1τsτp
ωoscX1τsτ
γ(X1).(τsτpτ)τ
γX2τ
PthSRO=PthLPin

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