Abstract

A technique based on using optical fiber taper waveguides for probing single emitters embedded in thin dielectric membranes is assessed through numerical simulations. For an appropriate membrane geometry, photoluminescence collection efficiencies in excess of 10 % are predicted, exceeding the efficiency of standard free-space collection by an order of magnitude. Our results indicate that these fiber taper waveguides offer excellent prospects for performing efficient spectroscopy of single emitters embedded in thin films, such as a single self-assembled quantum dot in a semiconductor membrane.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

G. Wrigge, I. Gerhardt, J. Hwang, G. Zumofen, and V. Sandoghdar, "Efficient coupling of photons to a single molecule and the observation of its resonance fluorescence," Nat. Phys. 4, 60-66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

K. Srinivasan and O. Painter, "Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a strongly coupled microdiskquantum dot system," Nature 450, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Vamivakas, M. Atature, J. Dreiser, S. T. Yilmaz, A. Badolato, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, A. Imamoglu, and M. S. Unlu, "Strong Extinction of a Far-Field Laser Beam by a Single Quantum Dot," Nano Lett. 7, 2892-2896 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Michael, M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, and O. Painter, "An optical fiber taper probe for wafer-scale microphotonic device characterization," Opt. Express 15, 4745-4752 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Nayak, P. Melentiev, M. Morinaga, F. Le Kien, V. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, "Optical nanofiber as an efficient tool for manipulating and probing atomic fluorescences," Opt. Express 15, 5431-5438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, H. J. Kimble, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, "Observation of Strong Coupling between One Atom and a Monolithic Microresonator," Nature 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

C. F. Wang, A. Badolato, I. Wilson-Rae, P. M. Petroff, E. Hu, J. Urayama, and A. Imamoglu, "Optical properties of single InAs quantum dots in close proximity to surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3423-3425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Jayavel, H. Tanaka, T. Kita, O. Wada, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, J. Tatebayashi, Y. Arakawa, Y. Nakat, and T. Akiyama, "Control of optical polarization anisotropy in edge emitting luminescence of InAs/GaAs selfassemble quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, "Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure," Opt. Lett. 29, 1209-1211 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

1996 (1)

H. Rigneault and S. Monneret, "Modal analysis of spontaneous emission in a planar microcavity," Phys. Rev. A 54, 2356-2368 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1985 (1)

C. W. Gardiner and M. J. Collett, "Input and output in damped quantum systems: Quantum stochastic differential equations and the master equation," Phys. Rev. A 31, 3761-3774 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, T.

P. Jayavel, H. Tanaka, T. Kita, O. Wada, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, J. Tatebayashi, Y. Arakawa, Y. Nakat, and T. Akiyama, "Control of optical polarization anisotropy in edge emitting luminescence of InAs/GaAs selfassemble quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, V. R.

Aoki, T.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, H. J. Kimble, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, "Observation of Strong Coupling between One Atom and a Monolithic Microresonator," Nature 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

P. Jayavel, H. Tanaka, T. Kita, O. Wada, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, J. Tatebayashi, Y. Arakawa, Y. Nakat, and T. Akiyama, "Control of optical polarization anisotropy in edge emitting luminescence of InAs/GaAs selfassemble quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Atature, M.

A. N. Vamivakas, M. Atature, J. Dreiser, S. T. Yilmaz, A. Badolato, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, A. Imamoglu, and M. S. Unlu, "Strong Extinction of a Far-Field Laser Beam by a Single Quantum Dot," Nano Lett. 7, 2892-2896 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Badolato, A.

A. N. Vamivakas, M. Atature, J. Dreiser, S. T. Yilmaz, A. Badolato, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, A. Imamoglu, and M. S. Unlu, "Strong Extinction of a Far-Field Laser Beam by a Single Quantum Dot," Nano Lett. 7, 2892-2896 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Wang, A. Badolato, I. Wilson-Rae, P. M. Petroff, E. Hu, J. Urayama, and A. Imamoglu, "Optical properties of single InAs quantum dots in close proximity to surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3423-3425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Balykin, V.

Barrios, C. A.

Benisty, H.

Borselli, M.

Bowen, W. P.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, H. J. Kimble, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, "Observation of Strong Coupling between One Atom and a Monolithic Microresonator," Nature 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Collett, M. J.

C. W. Gardiner and M. J. Collett, "Input and output in damped quantum systems: Quantum stochastic differential equations and the master equation," Phys. Rev. A 31, 3761-3774 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dayan, B.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, H. J. Kimble, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, "Observation of Strong Coupling between One Atom and a Monolithic Microresonator," Nature 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dreiser, J.

A. N. Vamivakas, M. Atature, J. Dreiser, S. T. Yilmaz, A. Badolato, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, A. Imamoglu, and M. S. Unlu, "Strong Extinction of a Far-Field Laser Beam by a Single Quantum Dot," Nano Lett. 7, 2892-2896 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ebe, H.

P. Jayavel, H. Tanaka, T. Kita, O. Wada, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, J. Tatebayashi, Y. Arakawa, Y. Nakat, and T. Akiyama, "Control of optical polarization anisotropy in edge emitting luminescence of InAs/GaAs selfassemble quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gardiner, C. W.

C. W. Gardiner and M. J. Collett, "Input and output in damped quantum systems: Quantum stochastic differential equations and the master equation," Phys. Rev. A 31, 3761-3774 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gerhardt, I.

G. Wrigge, I. Gerhardt, J. Hwang, G. Zumofen, and V. Sandoghdar, "Efficient coupling of photons to a single molecule and the observation of its resonance fluorescence," Nat. Phys. 4, 60-66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, B. B.

A. N. Vamivakas, M. Atature, J. Dreiser, S. T. Yilmaz, A. Badolato, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, A. Imamoglu, and M. S. Unlu, "Strong Extinction of a Far-Field Laser Beam by a Single Quantum Dot," Nano Lett. 7, 2892-2896 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hakuta, K.

Hu, E.

C. F. Wang, A. Badolato, I. Wilson-Rae, P. M. Petroff, E. Hu, J. Urayama, and A. Imamoglu, "Optical properties of single InAs quantum dots in close proximity to surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3423-3425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W.-P.

Hwang, J.

G. Wrigge, I. Gerhardt, J. Hwang, G. Zumofen, and V. Sandoghdar, "Efficient coupling of photons to a single molecule and the observation of its resonance fluorescence," Nat. Phys. 4, 60-66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Imamoglu, A.

A. N. Vamivakas, M. Atature, J. Dreiser, S. T. Yilmaz, A. Badolato, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, A. Imamoglu, and M. S. Unlu, "Strong Extinction of a Far-Field Laser Beam by a Single Quantum Dot," Nano Lett. 7, 2892-2896 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Wang, A. Badolato, I. Wilson-Rae, P. M. Petroff, E. Hu, J. Urayama, and A. Imamoglu, "Optical properties of single InAs quantum dots in close proximity to surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3423-3425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jayavel, P.

P. Jayavel, H. Tanaka, T. Kita, O. Wada, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, J. Tatebayashi, Y. Arakawa, Y. Nakat, and T. Akiyama, "Control of optical polarization anisotropy in edge emitting luminescence of InAs/GaAs selfassemble quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, T. J.

Kimble, H. J.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, H. J. Kimble, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, "Observation of Strong Coupling between One Atom and a Monolithic Microresonator," Nature 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kippenberg, T. J.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, H. J. Kimble, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, "Observation of Strong Coupling between One Atom and a Monolithic Microresonator," Nature 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kita, T.

P. Jayavel, H. Tanaka, T. Kita, O. Wada, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, J. Tatebayashi, Y. Arakawa, Y. Nakat, and T. Akiyama, "Control of optical polarization anisotropy in edge emitting luminescence of InAs/GaAs selfassemble quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Le Kien, F.

Lipson, M.

Mayer, M.

Melentiev, P.

Michael, C. P.

Monneret, S.

H. Rigneault and S. Monneret, "Modal analysis of spontaneous emission in a planar microcavity," Phys. Rev. A 54, 2356-2368 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Morinaga, M.

Nakat, Y.

P. Jayavel, H. Tanaka, T. Kita, O. Wada, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, J. Tatebayashi, Y. Arakawa, Y. Nakat, and T. Akiyama, "Control of optical polarization anisotropy in edge emitting luminescence of InAs/GaAs selfassemble quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nayak, K.

Painter, O.

C. P. Michael, M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, and O. Painter, "An optical fiber taper probe for wafer-scale microphotonic device characterization," Opt. Express 15, 4745-4752 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Srinivasan and O. Painter, "Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a strongly coupled microdiskquantum dot system," Nature 450, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Parkins, A. S.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, H. J. Kimble, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, "Observation of Strong Coupling between One Atom and a Monolithic Microresonator," Nature 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, P. M.

C. F. Wang, A. Badolato, I. Wilson-Rae, P. M. Petroff, E. Hu, J. Urayama, and A. Imamoglu, "Optical properties of single InAs quantum dots in close proximity to surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3423-3425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rigneault, H.

H. Rigneault and S. Monneret, "Modal analysis of spontaneous emission in a planar microcavity," Phys. Rev. A 54, 2356-2368 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rikken, G. L. J. A.

H. P. Urbach and G. L. J. A. Rikken, "Spontaneous emission from a dielectric slab," Phys. Rev. A 57, 3913-3930 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

G. Wrigge, I. Gerhardt, J. Hwang, G. Zumofen, and V. Sandoghdar, "Efficient coupling of photons to a single molecule and the observation of its resonance fluorescence," Nat. Phys. 4, 60-66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Srinivasan, K.

K. Srinivasan and O. Painter, "Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a strongly coupled microdiskquantum dot system," Nature 450, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stanley, R.

Sugawara, M.

P. Jayavel, H. Tanaka, T. Kita, O. Wada, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, J. Tatebayashi, Y. Arakawa, Y. Nakat, and T. Akiyama, "Control of optical polarization anisotropy in edge emitting luminescence of InAs/GaAs selfassemble quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Swan, A. K.

A. N. Vamivakas, M. Atature, J. Dreiser, S. T. Yilmaz, A. Badolato, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, A. Imamoglu, and M. S. Unlu, "Strong Extinction of a Far-Field Laser Beam by a Single Quantum Dot," Nano Lett. 7, 2892-2896 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, H.

P. Jayavel, H. Tanaka, T. Kita, O. Wada, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, J. Tatebayashi, Y. Arakawa, Y. Nakat, and T. Akiyama, "Control of optical polarization anisotropy in edge emitting luminescence of InAs/GaAs selfassemble quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tatebayashi, J.

P. Jayavel, H. Tanaka, T. Kita, O. Wada, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, J. Tatebayashi, Y. Arakawa, Y. Nakat, and T. Akiyama, "Control of optical polarization anisotropy in edge emitting luminescence of InAs/GaAs selfassemble quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Unlu, M. S.

A. N. Vamivakas, M. Atature, J. Dreiser, S. T. Yilmaz, A. Badolato, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, A. Imamoglu, and M. S. Unlu, "Strong Extinction of a Far-Field Laser Beam by a Single Quantum Dot," Nano Lett. 7, 2892-2896 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Urayama, J.

C. F. Wang, A. Badolato, I. Wilson-Rae, P. M. Petroff, E. Hu, J. Urayama, and A. Imamoglu, "Optical properties of single InAs quantum dots in close proximity to surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3423-3425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Urbach, H. P.

H. P. Urbach and G. L. J. A. Rikken, "Spontaneous emission from a dielectric slab," Phys. Rev. A 57, 3913-3930 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, H. J. Kimble, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, "Observation of Strong Coupling between One Atom and a Monolithic Microresonator," Nature 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vamivakas, A. N.

A. N. Vamivakas, M. Atature, J. Dreiser, S. T. Yilmaz, A. Badolato, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, A. Imamoglu, and M. S. Unlu, "Strong Extinction of a Far-Field Laser Beam by a Single Quantum Dot," Nano Lett. 7, 2892-2896 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wada, O.

P. Jayavel, H. Tanaka, T. Kita, O. Wada, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, J. Tatebayashi, Y. Arakawa, Y. Nakat, and T. Akiyama, "Control of optical polarization anisotropy in edge emitting luminescence of InAs/GaAs selfassemble quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. F.

C. F. Wang, A. Badolato, I. Wilson-Rae, P. M. Petroff, E. Hu, J. Urayama, and A. Imamoglu, "Optical properties of single InAs quantum dots in close proximity to surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3423-3425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wilcut, E.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, H. J. Kimble, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, "Observation of Strong Coupling between One Atom and a Monolithic Microresonator," Nature 443, 671-674 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wilson-Rae, I.

C. F. Wang, A. Badolato, I. Wilson-Rae, P. M. Petroff, E. Hu, J. Urayama, and A. Imamoglu, "Optical properties of single InAs quantum dots in close proximity to surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3423-3425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wrigge, G.

G. Wrigge, I. Gerhardt, J. Hwang, G. Zumofen, and V. Sandoghdar, "Efficient coupling of photons to a single molecule and the observation of its resonance fluorescence," Nat. Phys. 4, 60-66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

Xu, Y.

Yilmaz, S. T.

A. N. Vamivakas, M. Atature, J. Dreiser, S. T. Yilmaz, A. Badolato, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, A. Imamoglu, and M. S. Unlu, "Strong Extinction of a Far-Field Laser Beam by a Single Quantum Dot," Nano Lett. 7, 2892-2896 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zumofen, G.

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Lumerical FDTD Solutions. Specific software packages are identified in this paper to foster understanding. Such identification does not imply recommendation or endorsement by NIST, nor does it imply that the software identified is necessarily the best available for the purpose.

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Comsol Multiphysics. Specific software packages are identified in this paper to foster understanding. Such identification does not imply recommendation or endorsement by NIST, nor does it imply that the software identified is necessarily the best available for the purpose.

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