Abstract

Spectrally-isolated narrowband Cherenkov radiation from commercial nonlinear photonic crystal fibers is demonstrated as an ultrafast optical source with a visible tuning range of 485–690 nm, which complementarily extends the near-infrared tuning range of 690–1020 nm from the corresponding femtosecond Ti:sapphire pump laser. Pump-to-signal conversion efficiency routinely surpasses 10%, enabling multimilliwatt visible output across the entire tuning range. Appropriate selection of fiber parameters and pumping conditions efficiently suppresses the supercontinuum generation typically associated with Cherenkov radiation.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009 (3)

2008 (2)

2007 (3)

J. C. Knight and D. V. Skryabin, "Nonlinear waveguide optics and photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 15365-15376 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15365.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic crystal fibres," Nat. Photonics 1, 653-657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A.V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A,  76, 053803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (8)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Moutzouris, F. Adler, F. Sotier, D. Träutlein, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Multimilliwatt ultrashort pulses continuously tunable in the visible from a compact fiber source," Opt. Lett. 31, 1148-1150 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-31-8-1148.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Szpulak, W. Urbanczyk, and J. Wójcik, "Polarization-controlled vectorial spectral transformations of femtosecond pulses in a birefringent photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 986-991 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23-5-986.
[CrossRef]

F. Lu and W. H. Knox, "Generation, characterization, and application of broadband coherent femtosecond visible pulses in dispersion micromanaged holey fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1221-1227 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23-6-1221.
[CrossRef]

M. G. Banaee and J. F. Young, "High-order soliton breakup and soliton self-frequency shifts in a microstructured optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1484-1489 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, "Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum," Opt. Express 14, 9854-9863 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-21-9854.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Mitrofanov, Y. M. Linik, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, D. Lorenc, I. Bugar, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Highly birefringent silicate glass photonic-crystal fiber with polarization-controlled frequency-shifted output: A promising fiber light source for nonlinear Raman microspectroscopy," Opt. Express 14, 10645-10651 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-22-10645.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Austin, C. Martijn de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and T. G. Brown, "Dispersive wave blue-shift in supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 14, 11997-12007 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-25-11997.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

2004 (5)

2003 (3)

2002 (7)

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Pulse trapping by ultrashort soliton pulses in optical fibers across zero-dispersion wavelength," Opt. Lett. 27, 152-154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. M. de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers. I. Formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2322-2330 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-10-2322.
[CrossRef]

B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, and C. Martijn de Sterke, "Modal cutoff in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 27, 1684-1686 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-27-19-1684.
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, J. Broeng, and M. Kaivola, "Spectral broadening of femtosecond pulses into continuum radiation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 10, 1083-1098 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-20-1083.
[PubMed]

J. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O'Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. Windeler, "Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments," Opt. Express 10, 1215-1221 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-21-1215.
[PubMed]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Pulse breaking and supercontinuum generation with 200-fs pump pulses in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2567-2572 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-11-2567.
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, "Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: Application to reflection filter fabrication," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Adler, F.

Agrawal, G. P.

Alfimov, M. V.

Austin, D. R.

Banaee, M. G.

Boer, V.

Boppart, S. A.

Botten, L. C.

Broeng, J.

Brown, T. G.

Buczynski, R.

Bugar, I.

Chai, L.

Coen, S.

Cristiani, I.

de Sterke, C. M.

Degiorgio, V.

Deng, Y.

Dudley, J.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Fedotov, A. B.

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, "Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: Application to reflection filter fabrication," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Genty, G.

Gerritsen, H.

Gorbach, A. V.

Gorbach, A.V.

A.V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A,  76, 053803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A.V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic crystal fibres," Nat. Photonics 1, 653-657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Goto, T.

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, X.

Harvey, J. D.

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, "Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: Application to reflection filter fabrication," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hilligsøe, K. M.

Hu, M.

Husakou, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, S.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, A. A.

Jiang, Z.

H. Tu, Z. Jiang, D. L. Marks, and S. A. Boppart, "Intermodal four-wave mixing from femtosecond pulse-pumped photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, "Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: Application to reflection filter fabrication," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kaivola, M.

Kashiwada, T.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, "Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: Application to reflection filter fabrication," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Keiding, S. R.

Kimmel, M.

Knight, J. C.

J. M. Stone and J. C. Knight, "Visibly "white" light generation in uniform photonic crystal fiber using a microchip laser," Opt. Express 16, 2670-2675 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-4-2670.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight and D. V. Skryabin, "Nonlinear waveguide optics and photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 15365-15376 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15365.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, "Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum," Opt. Express 14, 9854-9863 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-21-9854.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Pulse breaking and supercontinuum generation with 200-fs pump pulses in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2567-2572 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-11-2567.
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

Korn, G.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Larsen, J. J.

Lehtonen, M.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Leonhardt, R.

Li, D.

Liang, X.

Lin, Q.

Linik, Y. M.

Lorenc, D.

Lu, F.

Luan, F.

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ludvigsen, H.

Marks, D. L.

Martijn de Sterke, C.

Maystre, D.

McPhedran, R. C.

Mitrofanov, A. V.

Moutzouris, K.

Murdoch, S. G.

Nishimura, M.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, N.

Okuno, T.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Onishi, M.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

O'Shea, P.

Palero, J.

Paulsen, H. N.

Pysz, D.

Qu, J. Y.

Renversez, G.

Russell, P. St. J.

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Pulse breaking and supercontinuum generation with 200-fs pump pulses in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2567-2572 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-11-2567.
[CrossRef]

Skryabin, D. V.

A.V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic crystal fibres," Nat. Photonics 1, 653-657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A.V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A,  76, 053803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight and D. V. Skryabin, "Nonlinear waveguide optics and photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 15365-15376 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15365.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, "Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum," Opt. Express 14, 9854-9863 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-21-9854.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sotier, F.

Sterenborg, H. J. C. M.

Stone, J. M.

Szpulak, M.

Tartara, L.

Tauser, F.

Tediosi, R.

Thøgersen, J.

Träutlein, D.

Trebino, R.

Tu, H.

Urbanczyk, W.

Vijverberg, J.

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C. Y.

White, T. P.

Windeler, R.

Wójcik, J.

Xu, L.

Xu, Y. Q.

Young, J. F.

Zeek, E.

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheltikov, A.

Zheltikov, A. M.

Zheng, W.

Zinth, W.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Tu, Z. Jiang, D. L. Marks, and S. A. Boppart, "Intermodal four-wave mixing from femtosecond pulse-pumped photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101109 (2009).
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K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, "Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: Application to reflection filter fabrication," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (6)

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. M. de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers. I. Formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2322-2330 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-10-2322.
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A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Pulse breaking and supercontinuum generation with 200-fs pump pulses in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2567-2572 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-11-2567.
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K. M. Hilligsøe, H. N. Paulsen, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Initial steps of supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1887-1893 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-20-9-1887.
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A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Szpulak, W. Urbanczyk, and J. Wójcik, "Polarization-controlled vectorial spectral transformations of femtosecond pulses in a birefringent photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 986-991 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23-5-986.
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F. Lu and W. H. Knox, "Generation, characterization, and application of broadband coherent femtosecond visible pulses in dispersion micromanaged holey fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1221-1227 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23-6-1221.
[CrossRef]

M. G. Banaee and J. F. Young, "High-order soliton breakup and soliton self-frequency shifts in a microstructured optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1484-1489 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A.V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic crystal fibres," Nat. Photonics 1, 653-657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (13)

F. Tauser, A. Leitenstorfer, and W. Zinth, "Amplified femtosecond pulses from an Er:fiber system: Nonlinear pulse shortening and selfreferencing detection of the carrier-envelope phase evolution," Opt. Express 11, 594-600 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-6-594.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, J. Broeng, and M. Kaivola, "Spectral broadening of femtosecond pulses into continuum radiation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 10, 1083-1098 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-20-1083.
[PubMed]

J. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O'Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. Windeler, "Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments," Opt. Express 10, 1215-1221 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-21-1215.
[PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, "Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum," Opt. Express 14, 9854-9863 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-21-9854.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Mitrofanov, Y. M. Linik, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, D. Lorenc, I. Bugar, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Highly birefringent silicate glass photonic-crystal fiber with polarization-controlled frequency-shifted output: A promising fiber light source for nonlinear Raman microspectroscopy," Opt. Express 14, 10645-10651 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-22-10645.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Austin, C. Martijn de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and T. G. Brown, "Dispersive wave blue-shift in supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 14, 11997-12007 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-25-11997.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight and D. V. Skryabin, "Nonlinear waveguide optics and photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 15365-15376 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-23-15365.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Stone and J. C. Knight, "Visibly "white" light generation in uniform photonic crystal fiber using a microchip laser," Opt. Express 16, 2670-2675 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-4-2670.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 124-135 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-1-124.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Palero, V. Boer, J. Vijverberg, H. Gerritsen, and H. J. C. M. Sterenborg, "Short-wavelength two-photon excitation fluorescence microscopy of tryptophan with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Express 13, 5363-5368 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-14-5363.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. Chai, and A. Zheltikov, "Frequency-tunable anti-Stokes line emission by eigenmodes of a birefringent microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 12, 1932-1937 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-9-1932.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 12, 3471-3480 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-15-3471.
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G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, "Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses," Opt. Express 12, 4614-4624 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-19-4614.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (9)

Y. Deng, Q. Lin, F. Lu, G. P. Agrawal, and W. H. Knox, "Broadly tunable femtosecond parametric oscillator using a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1234-1236 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-30-10-1234.
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F. Lu, Y. Deng, and W. H. Knox, "Generation of broadband femtosecond visible pulses in dispersion-micromanaged holey fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1566-1568 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-30-12-1566.
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K. Moutzouris, F. Adler, F. Sotier, D. Träutlein, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Multimilliwatt ultrashort pulses continuously tunable in the visible from a compact fiber source," Opt. Lett. 31, 1148-1150 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-31-8-1148.
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F. Tauser, F. Adler, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Widely tunable sub-30-fs pulses from a compact erbium-doped fiber source," Opt. Lett. 29, 516-518 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-29-5-516.
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Y. Q. Xu, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, and J. D. Harvey, "Widely tunable photonic crystal fiber Fabry-Perot optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 33, 1351-1353 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-33-12-1351.
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D. Li, W. Zheng, and J. Y. Qu, "Two-photon autofluorescence microscopy of multicolor excitation," Opt. Lett. 34, 202-204 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-34-2-202.
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H. Tu, X. Liang, D. L. Marks, and S. A. Boppart, "Emergence of self-organized long-period fiber gratings in supercontinuum-generating optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 34, 668-670 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-34-5-668.
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B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, and C. Martijn de Sterke, "Modal cutoff in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 27, 1684-1686 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-27-19-1684.
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N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, "Pulse trapping by ultrashort soliton pulses in optical fibers across zero-dispersion wavelength," Opt. Lett. 27, 152-154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A.V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, "Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A,  76, 053803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

C. L. Chen, Foundations for guide-wave optics, (Wiley-interscience, Hoboken, New Jersey, 2007).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

SEM images of the cross sections of NL-1.7-770 (left), NL-1.7-790 (middle), and NL-1.8-845 (right). The bottom panels are the magnified images of the upper panels.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dependence of the visible CR output power and overall spectra from a 71-cm long NL-1.7-770 fiber for varying pump-wavelength/input-power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a)–(c) Output spectra from a 71-cm long NL-1.7-770 fiber at a constant pump wavelength of 960 nm and different pump powers; (d) Output spectrum at a pump wavelength of 960 nm and a pump power of 58 mW after the 71-cm fiber is shortened to 21-cm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Threshold input power (open squares) or soliton order (solid triangles) of CR for a 71-cm NL-1.7-770 (blue curve), a 40-cm NL-1.7-790 (green curve) or a 40-cm NL-1.8-845 (red curve) fiber. (b) Observed or calculated CR wavelength as a function of pump wavelength for the three fibers. (c) Observed CR spectrum as a function of pump wavelength for the three fibers.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Dispersion coefficient D or (b) β 2 as a function of wavelength for the three fibers.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Wavelength dependent group index profile and the corresponding supercontinuum window of each of the three fibers. Each vertical arrow represents the location of the generated CR at a pump wavelength of 1020 nm.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

CR spectrum/power as a function of pump-wavelength/input-power for an 8.3-cm NL-1.8-845 fiber (upper 3 traces) and a 7.2-cm NL-1.7-770 fiber (lower 4 traces). The insets represent the far-field images of the exiting light from the fibers.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Properties of the photonic crystal fibers.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n2βn(ωs)n!(ωCRωS)=0
n2βn(ωs)n!=(ωCRωs)γPs2
Ps=pin(2N1)2N2
N=γPinT02β2(ωs)

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