Abstract

We report emission of broadband light in the spectral range 500 nm-900 nm from single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in a liquid environment upon irradiance by a very low power (typically <5 mW), continuous-wave laser source in a tweezers setup. We show (i) formation of micro-bubbles upon irradiation of fluids containing bundles of SWNTs, (ii) optical trapping of such micro-bubbles, (iii) adhesion of SWNTs on the surface of such micro-bubbles, and (iv) bright emission of white light due to tweezer-induced localized heating of spatially-constrained SWNTs.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics," Nat. Photon. 2,341-350 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Li, K. Jiang, M. Liu, Q. Li, and S. Fan, "Polarized incandescent light emission from carbon nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1763-1765 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Wei, H. Zhu, and D. Wu, "Carbon nanotube filaments in household light bulbs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4869-4871 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Li, K. Wang, J. Wei, B. Wei, H. Zhu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, W. Liu, M. Zheng, and D. Wu, "Luminescence of carbon nanotube bulbs," Chinese Science Bulletin 52,113-117 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. Bonard, T. Stöckli, F. Maier, W.A. de Heer, and A. Châtelain, "Field-Emission-Induced Luminescence from carbon nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1441-1444 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Sveningsson, M. Jönsson, O. A. Nerushev, F. Rohmund, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Blackbody radiation from resistively heated multiwalled carbon nanotubes during field emission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1095-1097 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Saito, S. Uemura, and K. Hamaguchi, "Cathode ray tube lighting elements with carbon nanotube field emitters," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L346-348 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Saito, K. Hata, A. Takakura, J. Yotani, and S. Uemura, "Field emission of carbon nanotubes and its application as electron sources of ultra-high luminance light-source devices," Physica B 323, 30-37 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Mann, Y. K. Kato, A. Kinkhabwala, E. Pop, J. Cao, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Guo, and H. Dai, "Electrically driven thermal light emission from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 33-38 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, Ph. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, "Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET," Science 300,783-786 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, T. Skipa, and M. Kappes, "Near-infrared photoluminescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes prepared by the laser vaporization method," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 1949-1956 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, M. Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, "Efficient visible photoluminescence from carbon nanotubes in zeolite templates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402-1-4 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of SWNT," J. Phys. Chem. C. 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. L. van der Waal, G. M. Berger, T. M. Ticich, and P. D. Patel, "Application of laser-induced incandescence to the detection of carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers," Appl. Opt. 41, 5678-5690 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. Wang, G. Dukovic, L. E. Brus, and T. F. Heinz, "Time-resolved fluorescence of carbon nanotubes and its implication for radiative lifetimes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 177401-1-4 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  17. S.-Y. Ju, W. P. Kopcha, and F. Papadimitrakopoulos, "Brightly fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotubes via an oxygen-excluding surfactant organization," Science 323, 1319-1323 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. A Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, "Using an optical trap to fold and align single red blood cells," Curr. Sci. 86, 1432-1437 (2004).
  20. R. R. Agayan, F. Gittes, R. Kopelman, and C. F. Schmidt, "Optical trapping near resonance absorption," Appl. Opt. 41, 2318-27 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. S. Taylor and C. Hnatovsky, "Trapping and mixing of particles in water using a microbubble attached to an NSOM fiber probe," Opt. Express 12, 916-928 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. P. M. Ajayan, M. Terrones, A. de la Guardia, V. Huc, N. Grobert, B. Q. Wei, H. Lezec, G. Ramanath, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Nanotubes in a flash - ignition and reconstruction," Science 296, 705 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. Y. Fan, S. B. Singer, R. Bergstrom, and B. C. Regan, "Probing Planck’s law with incandescent light emission from a single carbon nanotube," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 187402-1-4 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009

S.-Y. Ju, W. P. Kopcha, and F. Papadimitrakopoulos, "Brightly fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotubes via an oxygen-excluding surfactant organization," Science 323, 1319-1323 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of SWNT," J. Phys. Chem. C. 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics," Nat. Photon. 2,341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. Li, K. Wang, J. Wei, B. Wei, H. Zhu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, W. Liu, M. Zheng, and D. Wu, "Luminescence of carbon nanotube bulbs," Chinese Science Bulletin 52,113-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Mann, Y. K. Kato, A. Kinkhabwala, E. Pop, J. Cao, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Guo, and H. Dai, "Electrically driven thermal light emission from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 33-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. A Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, "Using an optical trap to fold and align single red blood cells," Curr. Sci. 86, 1432-1437 (2004).

J. Wei, H. Zhu, and D. Wu, "Carbon nanotube filaments in household light bulbs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4869-4871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Taylor and C. Hnatovsky, "Trapping and mixing of particles in water using a microbubble attached to an NSOM fiber probe," Opt. Express 12, 916-928 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

P. Li, K. Jiang, M. Liu, Q. Li, and S. Fan, "Polarized incandescent light emission from carbon nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1763-1765 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, Ph. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, "Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET," Science 300,783-786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, T. Skipa, and M. Kappes, "Near-infrared photoluminescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes prepared by the laser vaporization method," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 1949-1956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Ajayan, M. Terrones, A. de la Guardia, V. Huc, N. Grobert, B. Q. Wei, H. Lezec, G. Ramanath, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Nanotubes in a flash - ignition and reconstruction," Science 296, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. Agayan, F. Gittes, R. Kopelman, and C. F. Schmidt, "Optical trapping near resonance absorption," Appl. Opt. 41, 2318-27 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. van der Waal, G. M. Berger, T. M. Ticich, and P. D. Patel, "Application of laser-induced incandescence to the detection of carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers," Appl. Opt. 41, 5678-5690 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Saito, K. Hata, A. Takakura, J. Yotani, and S. Uemura, "Field emission of carbon nanotubes and its application as electron sources of ultra-high luminance light-source devices," Physica B 323, 30-37 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Sveningsson, M. Jönsson, O. A. Nerushev, F. Rohmund, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Blackbody radiation from resistively heated multiwalled carbon nanotubes during field emission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1095-1097 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

Y. Saito, S. Uemura, and K. Hamaguchi, "Cathode ray tube lighting elements with carbon nanotube field emitters," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L346-348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Bonard, T. Stöckli, F. Maier, W.A. de Heer, and A. Châtelain, "Field-Emission-Induced Luminescence from carbon nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1441-1444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Agayan, R. R.

Ajayan, P. M.

P. M. Ajayan, M. Terrones, A. de la Guardia, V. Huc, N. Grobert, B. Q. Wei, H. Lezec, G. Ramanath, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Nanotubes in a flash - ignition and reconstruction," Science 296, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avouris, P.

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics," Nat. Photon. 2,341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Avouris, Ph.

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, Ph. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, "Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET," Science 300,783-786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bachilo, S. M.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bai, M.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, M. Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, "Efficient visible photoluminescence from carbon nanotubes in zeolite templates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Berger, G. M.

Bergstrom, R.

Y. Fan, S. B. Singer, R. Bergstrom, and B. C. Regan, "Probing Planck’s law with incandescent light emission from a single carbon nanotube," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 187402-1-4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bonard, J. M.

J. M. Bonard, T. Stöckli, F. Maier, W.A. de Heer, and A. Châtelain, "Field-Emission-Induced Luminescence from carbon nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1441-1444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boul, P. J.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brus, L. E.

F. Wang, G. Dukovic, L. E. Brus, and T. F. Heinz, "Time-resolved fluorescence of carbon nanotubes and its implication for radiative lifetimes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 177401-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Campbell, E. E. B.

M. Sveningsson, M. Jönsson, O. A. Nerushev, F. Rohmund, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Blackbody radiation from resistively heated multiwalled carbon nanotubes during field emission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1095-1097 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cao, J.

D. Mann, Y. K. Kato, A. Kinkhabwala, E. Pop, J. Cao, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Guo, and H. Dai, "Electrically driven thermal light emission from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 33-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. T.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, M. Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, "Efficient visible photoluminescence from carbon nanotubes in zeolite templates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Châtelain, A.

J. M. Bonard, T. Stöckli, F. Maier, W.A. de Heer, and A. Châtelain, "Field-Emission-Induced Luminescence from carbon nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1441-1444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cui, X.

H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of SWNT," J. Phys. Chem. C. 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dai, H.

D. Mann, Y. K. Kato, A. Kinkhabwala, E. Pop, J. Cao, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Guo, and H. Dai, "Electrically driven thermal light emission from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 33-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dai, J.

H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of SWNT," J. Phys. Chem. C. 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
[CrossRef]

de Heer, W.A.

J. M. Bonard, T. Stöckli, F. Maier, W.A. de Heer, and A. Châtelain, "Field-Emission-Induced Luminescence from carbon nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1441-1444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

de la Guardia, A.

P. M. Ajayan, M. Terrones, A. de la Guardia, V. Huc, N. Grobert, B. Q. Wei, H. Lezec, G. Ramanath, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Nanotubes in a flash - ignition and reconstruction," Science 296, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dharmadhikari, J. A

J. A Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, "Using an optical trap to fold and align single red blood cells," Curr. Sci. 86, 1432-1437 (2004).

Dukovic, G.

F. Wang, G. Dukovic, L. E. Brus, and T. F. Heinz, "Time-resolved fluorescence of carbon nanotubes and its implication for radiative lifetimes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 177401-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

P. M. Ajayan, M. Terrones, A. de la Guardia, V. Huc, N. Grobert, B. Q. Wei, H. Lezec, G. Ramanath, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Nanotubes in a flash - ignition and reconstruction," Science 296, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

P. Li, K. Jiang, M. Liu, Q. Li, and S. Fan, "Polarized incandescent light emission from carbon nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1763-1765 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y.

Y. Fan, S. B. Singer, R. Bergstrom, and B. C. Regan, "Probing Planck’s law with incandescent light emission from a single carbon nanotube," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 187402-1-4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, M.

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics," Nat. Photon. 2,341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ge, W. K.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, M. Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, "Efficient visible photoluminescence from carbon nanotubes in zeolite templates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Gittes, F.

Grobert, N.

P. M. Ajayan, M. Terrones, A. de la Guardia, V. Huc, N. Grobert, B. Q. Wei, H. Lezec, G. Ramanath, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Nanotubes in a flash - ignition and reconstruction," Science 296, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, J.

D. Mann, Y. K. Kato, A. Kinkhabwala, E. Pop, J. Cao, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Guo, and H. Dai, "Electrically driven thermal light emission from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 33-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, M. Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, "Efficient visible photoluminescence from carbon nanotubes in zeolite templates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Hamaguchi, K.

Y. Saito, S. Uemura, and K. Hamaguchi, "Cathode ray tube lighting elements with carbon nanotube field emitters," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L346-348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Haroz, E. H.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hata, K.

Y. Saito, K. Hata, A. Takakura, J. Yotani, and S. Uemura, "Field emission of carbon nanotubes and its application as electron sources of ultra-high luminance light-source devices," Physica B 323, 30-37 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hauge, R. H.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinz, T. F.

F. Wang, G. Dukovic, L. E. Brus, and T. F. Heinz, "Time-resolved fluorescence of carbon nanotubes and its implication for radiative lifetimes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 177401-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Heinze, S.

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, Ph. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, "Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET," Science 300,783-786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hennrich, F.

S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, T. Skipa, and M. Kappes, "Near-infrared photoluminescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes prepared by the laser vaporization method," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 1949-1956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hnatovsky, C.

Huc, V.

P. M. Ajayan, M. Terrones, A. de la Guardia, V. Huc, N. Grobert, B. Q. Wei, H. Lezec, G. Ramanath, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Nanotubes in a flash - ignition and reconstruction," Science 296, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huffman, C. B.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, K.

P. Li, K. Jiang, M. Liu, Q. Li, and S. Fan, "Polarized incandescent light emission from carbon nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1763-1765 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jönsson, M.

M. Sveningsson, M. Jönsson, O. A. Nerushev, F. Rohmund, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Blackbody radiation from resistively heated multiwalled carbon nanotubes during field emission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1095-1097 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ju, S.-Y.

S.-Y. Ju, W. P. Kopcha, and F. Papadimitrakopoulos, "Brightly fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotubes via an oxygen-excluding surfactant organization," Science 323, 1319-1323 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kappes, M.

S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, T. Skipa, and M. Kappes, "Near-infrared photoluminescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes prepared by the laser vaporization method," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 1949-1956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kato, Y. K.

D. Mann, Y. K. Kato, A. Kinkhabwala, E. Pop, J. Cao, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Guo, and H. Dai, "Electrically driven thermal light emission from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 33-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kinkhabwala, A.

D. Mann, Y. K. Kato, A. Kinkhabwala, E. Pop, J. Cao, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Guo, and H. Dai, "Electrically driven thermal light emission from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 33-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kittrell, C.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kopcha, W. P.

S.-Y. Ju, W. P. Kopcha, and F. Papadimitrakopoulos, "Brightly fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotubes via an oxygen-excluding surfactant organization," Science 323, 1319-1323 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kopelman, R.

Lebedkin, S.

S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, T. Skipa, and M. Kappes, "Near-infrared photoluminescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes prepared by the laser vaporization method," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 1949-1956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H.

P. M. Ajayan, M. Terrones, A. de la Guardia, V. Huc, N. Grobert, B. Q. Wei, H. Lezec, G. Ramanath, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Nanotubes in a flash - ignition and reconstruction," Science 296, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, C.

C. Li, K. Wang, J. Wei, B. Wei, H. Zhu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, W. Liu, M. Zheng, and D. Wu, "Luminescence of carbon nanotube bulbs," Chinese Science Bulletin 52,113-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, G. D.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, M. Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, "Efficient visible photoluminescence from carbon nanotubes in zeolite templates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Li, P.

P. Li, K. Jiang, M. Liu, Q. Li, and S. Fan, "Polarized incandescent light emission from carbon nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1763-1765 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

P. Li, K. Jiang, M. Liu, Q. Li, and S. Fan, "Polarized incandescent light emission from carbon nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1763-1765 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. M.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, M. Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, "Efficient visible photoluminescence from carbon nanotubes in zeolite templates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. J.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, M. Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, "Efficient visible photoluminescence from carbon nanotubes in zeolite templates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.

P. Li, K. Jiang, M. Liu, Q. Li, and S. Fan, "Polarized incandescent light emission from carbon nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1763-1765 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

C. Li, K. Wang, J. Wei, B. Wei, H. Zhu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, W. Liu, M. Zheng, and D. Wu, "Luminescence of carbon nanotube bulbs," Chinese Science Bulletin 52,113-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luo, J.

C. Li, K. Wang, J. Wei, B. Wei, H. Zhu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, W. Liu, M. Zheng, and D. Wu, "Luminescence of carbon nanotube bulbs," Chinese Science Bulletin 52,113-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maier, F.

J. M. Bonard, T. Stöckli, F. Maier, W.A. de Heer, and A. Châtelain, "Field-Emission-Induced Luminescence from carbon nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1441-1444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mann, D.

D. Mann, Y. K. Kato, A. Kinkhabwala, E. Pop, J. Cao, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Guo, and H. Dai, "Electrically driven thermal light emission from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 33-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martel, R.

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, Ph. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, "Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET," Science 300,783-786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mathur, D.

J. A Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, "Using an optical trap to fold and align single red blood cells," Curr. Sci. 86, 1432-1437 (2004).

Misewich, J. A.

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, Ph. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, "Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET," Science 300,783-786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moore, V. C.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nerushev, O. A.

M. Sveningsson, M. Jönsson, O. A. Nerushev, F. Rohmund, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Blackbody radiation from resistively heated multiwalled carbon nanotubes during field emission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1095-1097 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Noon, W. H.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O'Connell, M. J.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Papadimitrakopoulos, F.

S.-Y. Ju, W. P. Kopcha, and F. Papadimitrakopoulos, "Brightly fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotubes via an oxygen-excluding surfactant organization," Science 323, 1319-1323 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patel, P. D.

Perebeinos, V.

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics," Nat. Photon. 2,341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pop, E.

D. Mann, Y. K. Kato, A. Kinkhabwala, E. Pop, J. Cao, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Guo, and H. Dai, "Electrically driven thermal light emission from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 33-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ramanath, G.

P. M. Ajayan, M. Terrones, A. de la Guardia, V. Huc, N. Grobert, B. Q. Wei, H. Lezec, G. Ramanath, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Nanotubes in a flash - ignition and reconstruction," Science 296, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Regan, B. C.

Y. Fan, S. B. Singer, R. Bergstrom, and B. C. Regan, "Probing Planck’s law with incandescent light emission from a single carbon nanotube," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 187402-1-4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rialon, K. L.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rohmund, F.

M. Sveningsson, M. Jönsson, O. A. Nerushev, F. Rohmund, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Blackbody radiation from resistively heated multiwalled carbon nanotubes during field emission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1095-1097 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saito, Y.

Y. Saito, K. Hata, A. Takakura, J. Yotani, and S. Uemura, "Field emission of carbon nanotubes and its application as electron sources of ultra-high luminance light-source devices," Physica B 323, 30-37 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Saito, S. Uemura, and K. Hamaguchi, "Cathode ray tube lighting elements with carbon nanotube field emitters," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L346-348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, C. F.

Singer, S. B.

Y. Fan, S. B. Singer, R. Bergstrom, and B. C. Regan, "Probing Planck’s law with incandescent light emission from a single carbon nanotube," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 187402-1-4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Skipa, T.

S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, T. Skipa, and M. Kappes, "Near-infrared photoluminescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes prepared by the laser vaporization method," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 1949-1956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smalley, R. E.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stöckli, T.

J. M. Bonard, T. Stöckli, F. Maier, W.A. de Heer, and A. Châtelain, "Field-Emission-Induced Luminescence from carbon nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1441-1444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Strano, M. S.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sveningsson, M.

M. Sveningsson, M. Jönsson, O. A. Nerushev, F. Rohmund, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Blackbody radiation from resistively heated multiwalled carbon nanotubes during field emission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1095-1097 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takakura, A.

Y. Saito, K. Hata, A. Takakura, J. Yotani, and S. Uemura, "Field emission of carbon nanotubes and its application as electron sources of ultra-high luminance light-source devices," Physica B 323, 30-37 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Z. K.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, M. Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, "Efficient visible photoluminescence from carbon nanotubes in zeolite templates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Taylor, R. S.

Terrones, M.

P. M. Ajayan, M. Terrones, A. de la Guardia, V. Huc, N. Grobert, B. Q. Wei, H. Lezec, G. Ramanath, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Nanotubes in a flash - ignition and reconstruction," Science 296, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tersoff, J.

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, Ph. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, "Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET," Science 300,783-786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ticich, T. M.

Tsang, J. C.

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, Ph. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, "Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET," Science 300,783-786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uemura, S.

Y. Saito, K. Hata, A. Takakura, J. Yotani, and S. Uemura, "Field emission of carbon nanotubes and its application as electron sources of ultra-high luminance light-source devices," Physica B 323, 30-37 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Saito, S. Uemura, and K. Hamaguchi, "Cathode ray tube lighting elements with carbon nanotube field emitters," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L346-348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

van der Waal, R. L.

Wang, E. G.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, M. Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, "Efficient visible photoluminescence from carbon nanotubes in zeolite templates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, G. Dukovic, L. E. Brus, and T. F. Heinz, "Time-resolved fluorescence of carbon nanotubes and its implication for radiative lifetimes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 177401-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.

C. Li, K. Wang, J. Wei, B. Wei, H. Zhu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, W. Liu, M. Zheng, and D. Wu, "Luminescence of carbon nanotube bulbs," Chinese Science Bulletin 52,113-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

D. Mann, Y. K. Kato, A. Kinkhabwala, E. Pop, J. Cao, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Guo, and H. Dai, "Electrically driven thermal light emission from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 33-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

D. Mann, Y. K. Kato, A. Kinkhabwala, E. Pop, J. Cao, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Guo, and H. Dai, "Electrically driven thermal light emission from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 33-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

C. Li, K. Wang, J. Wei, B. Wei, H. Zhu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, W. Liu, M. Zheng, and D. Wu, "Luminescence of carbon nanotube bulbs," Chinese Science Bulletin 52,113-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wei, B.

C. Li, K. Wang, J. Wei, B. Wei, H. Zhu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, W. Liu, M. Zheng, and D. Wu, "Luminescence of carbon nanotube bulbs," Chinese Science Bulletin 52,113-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wei, B. Q.

P. M. Ajayan, M. Terrones, A. de la Guardia, V. Huc, N. Grobert, B. Q. Wei, H. Lezec, G. Ramanath, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Nanotubes in a flash - ignition and reconstruction," Science 296, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, J.

C. Li, K. Wang, J. Wei, B. Wei, H. Zhu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, W. Liu, M. Zheng, and D. Wu, "Luminescence of carbon nanotube bulbs," Chinese Science Bulletin 52,113-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Wei, H. Zhu, and D. Wu, "Carbon nanotube filaments in household light bulbs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4869-4871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weisman, R. B.

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, D.

C. Li, K. Wang, J. Wei, B. Wei, H. Zhu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, W. Liu, M. Zheng, and D. Wu, "Luminescence of carbon nanotube bulbs," Chinese Science Bulletin 52,113-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Wei, H. Zhu, and D. Wu, "Carbon nanotube filaments in household light bulbs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4869-4871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, M. Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, "Efficient visible photoluminescence from carbon nanotubes in zeolite templates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.

H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of SWNT," J. Phys. Chem. C. 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, M. Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, "Efficient visible photoluminescence from carbon nanotubes in zeolite templates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402-1-4 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Yotani, J.

Y. Saito, K. Hata, A. Takakura, J. Yotani, and S. Uemura, "Field emission of carbon nanotubes and its application as electron sources of ultra-high luminance light-source devices," Physica B 323, 30-37 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of SWNT," J. Phys. Chem. C. 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

D. Mann, Y. K. Kato, A. Kinkhabwala, E. Pop, J. Cao, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Guo, and H. Dai, "Electrically driven thermal light emission from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 33-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, M.

C. Li, K. Wang, J. Wei, B. Wei, H. Zhu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, W. Liu, M. Zheng, and D. Wu, "Luminescence of carbon nanotube bulbs," Chinese Science Bulletin 52,113-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, H.

C. Li, K. Wang, J. Wei, B. Wei, H. Zhu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, W. Liu, M. Zheng, and D. Wu, "Luminescence of carbon nanotube bulbs," Chinese Science Bulletin 52,113-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Wei, H. Zhu, and D. Wu, "Carbon nanotube filaments in household light bulbs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4869-4871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. Li, K. Jiang, M. Liu, Q. Li, and S. Fan, "Polarized incandescent light emission from carbon nanotubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1763-1765 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Wei, H. Zhu, and D. Wu, "Carbon nanotube filaments in household light bulbs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4869-4871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Sveningsson, M. Jönsson, O. A. Nerushev, F. Rohmund, and E. E. B. Campbell, "Blackbody radiation from resistively heated multiwalled carbon nanotubes during field emission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1095-1097 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chinese Science Bulletin

C. Li, K. Wang, J. Wei, B. Wei, H. Zhu, Z. Wang, J. Luo, W. Liu, M. Zheng, and D. Wu, "Luminescence of carbon nanotube bulbs," Chinese Science Bulletin 52,113-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Sci.

J. A Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, "Using an optical trap to fold and align single red blood cells," Curr. Sci. 86, 1432-1437 (2004).

J. Phys. Chem. B

S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, T. Skipa, and M. Kappes, "Near-infrared photoluminescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes prepared by the laser vaporization method," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 1949-1956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C

H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of single-walled carbon nanotubes," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C.

H. Zeng, C. Yang, J. Dai, and X. Cui, "Light-induced incandescence of SWNT," J. Phys. Chem. C. 112, 4172-4175 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Saito, S. Uemura, and K. Hamaguchi, "Cathode ray tube lighting elements with carbon nanotube field emitters," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L346-348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol.

D. Mann, Y. K. Kato, A. Kinkhabwala, E. Pop, J. Cao, X. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Guo, and H. Dai, "Electrically driven thermal light emission from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 33-38 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon.

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics," Nat. Photon. 2,341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. M. Bonard, T. Stöckli, F. Maier, W.A. de Heer, and A. Châtelain, "Field-Emission-Induced Luminescence from carbon nanotubes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1441-1444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Physica B

Y. Saito, K. Hata, A. Takakura, J. Yotani, and S. Uemura, "Field emission of carbon nanotubes and its application as electron sources of ultra-high luminance light-source devices," Physica B 323, 30-37 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Science

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, Ph. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, "Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET," Science 300,783-786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. O'Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, "Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes," Science 297, 593-596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MPG (1272 KB)     
» Media 2: MPG (1026 KB)     

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

a) Repulsion of SWNT bundle from the tweezer focal volume. SWNTs are manually translated towards the focal volume whereupon they are strongly repelled by the focused blue-detuned light (Media 1); b) Absorption spectrum of SWNT in SDS solution.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

SWNTs adhering to the surface of a microbubble (Media 2).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Emission from carbon nanotubes as a) sustained emission and b) an intense flash.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Successive frames (40 ms apart) of typical emission.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Typical spectra obtained from SWNT bundles in SDS solution upon irradiation by different values of incident laser power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spectrum of SWNT emission in dry condition.

Equations (2)

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F=12αE2
α(ω)=α'+iα"=q2mε0(ω02ω2)+2iγω(ω02ω2)2+4γ2ω2

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