Abstract

We demonstrate high power high efficiency (0:3 W) low noise single frequency operation of a compact extended–cavity surface–emitting–semiconductor–laser exhibiting a continuous tunability over 0:84 THz with high beam quality. We took advantage of thermal lens–based stability to develop a short (< 3 mm) plano–plano external cavity without any intracavity filter. The structure is optically pumped by a 1W commercial 830 nm multimode diode laser. No heat management was required. We measured a low divergence circular TEM00 beam at the diffraction limit (M2 < 1:05) with a linear light polarization (> 37 dB). The side mode suppression ratio is 60 dB. The free running laser linewidth is 850 kHz limited by pump induced thermal fluctuations. Thanks to this high-Q external cavity approach, the frequency noise is low and the dynamics is in the relaxation-oscillation-free regime, exhibiting a low intensity noise, with a cutoff frequency ~ 250MHz above which the shot noise level is reached. We show that pump properties define the cavity design and laser coherence.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Lutgen, T. Albrecht, P. Brick, W. Reill, J. Luft, and W. Spath, "8-W High-Efficiency Continuous-Wave Semiconductor Disk Laser at 1000 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3620-3622 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Garnache,  et al., "2-2.7mm single frequency tunable Sb-based lasers operating in CW at RT: Microcavity and External-cavity VCSELs, DFB," in Proc. SPIE Photonics Europe, Semiconductor lasers and laser dynamics, vol. 6184, p. 61840N (2006).
  3. A. Ouvrard, A. Garnache, L. Cerutti, F. Genty, and D. Romanini, "Single Frequency Tunable Sb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3mm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 128-134 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Garnache, A. Ouvrard, and D. Romanini, "Single-Frequency operation of External-Cavity VCSELs: Nonlinear multimode temporal dynamics and quantum limit." Opt. Express 15, 9403-9417 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. H. Abram, K. S. Gardner, E. Riis, and A. I. Ferguson, "Narrow linewidth operation of a tunable optically pumped semiconductor laser," Opt. Express 12, 5434-5439 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Lindberg, A. Larsson, and M. Strassner, "Single-frequency operation of a high-power, long-wavelength semiconductor disk laser," Opt. Lett. 30, 2260-2262 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Jacquemet,  et al., "Single-Frequency High-Power CW Vertical External Cavity Surface Emitting Semiconductor Laser at 1003 nm and 501nm by Intracavity Frequency Doubling," Appl. Phys. B 86, 503-510 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Kemp, A. M. J. Hastie, S. Smith, J.-M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, G. Valentine, M. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal lensing, thermal management and transverse mode control in microchip VECSELs," Appl. Phys. B (2006).
  9. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, Mill Valley (California), 1986).
  10. K. Petermann, Laser diode modulation and noise, ADOP (Kluwer Academic, Tokyo, 1988).

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

M. Jacquemet,  et al., "Single-Frequency High-Power CW Vertical External Cavity Surface Emitting Semiconductor Laser at 1003 nm and 501nm by Intracavity Frequency Doubling," Appl. Phys. B 86, 503-510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

H. Lindberg, A. Larsson, and M. Strassner, "Single-frequency operation of a high-power, long-wavelength semiconductor disk laser," Opt. Lett. 30, 2260-2262 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Ouvrard, A. Garnache, L. Cerutti, F. Genty, and D. Romanini, "Single Frequency Tunable Sb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3mm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 128-134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

S. Lutgen, T. Albrecht, P. Brick, W. Reill, J. Luft, and W. Spath, "8-W High-Efficiency Continuous-Wave Semiconductor Disk Laser at 1000 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3620-3622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Abram, R. H.

Albrecht, T.

S. Lutgen, T. Albrecht, P. Brick, W. Reill, J. Luft, and W. Spath, "8-W High-Efficiency Continuous-Wave Semiconductor Disk Laser at 1000 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3620-3622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brick, P.

S. Lutgen, T. Albrecht, P. Brick, W. Reill, J. Luft, and W. Spath, "8-W High-Efficiency Continuous-Wave Semiconductor Disk Laser at 1000 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3620-3622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cerutti, L.

A. Ouvrard, A. Garnache, L. Cerutti, F. Genty, and D. Romanini, "Single Frequency Tunable Sb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3mm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 128-134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

Gardner, K. S.

Garnache, A.

A. Garnache, A. Ouvrard, and D. Romanini, "Single-Frequency operation of External-Cavity VCSELs: Nonlinear multimode temporal dynamics and quantum limit." Opt. Express 15, 9403-9417 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ouvrard, A. Garnache, L. Cerutti, F. Genty, and D. Romanini, "Single Frequency Tunable Sb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3mm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 128-134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Genty, F.

A. Ouvrard, A. Garnache, L. Cerutti, F. Genty, and D. Romanini, "Single Frequency Tunable Sb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3mm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 128-134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemet, M.

M. Jacquemet,  et al., "Single-Frequency High-Power CW Vertical External Cavity Surface Emitting Semiconductor Laser at 1003 nm and 501nm by Intracavity Frequency Doubling," Appl. Phys. B 86, 503-510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Larsson, A.

Lindberg, H.

Luft, J.

S. Lutgen, T. Albrecht, P. Brick, W. Reill, J. Luft, and W. Spath, "8-W High-Efficiency Continuous-Wave Semiconductor Disk Laser at 1000 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3620-3622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lutgen, S.

S. Lutgen, T. Albrecht, P. Brick, W. Reill, J. Luft, and W. Spath, "8-W High-Efficiency Continuous-Wave Semiconductor Disk Laser at 1000 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3620-3622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ouvrard, A.

A. Garnache, A. Ouvrard, and D. Romanini, "Single-Frequency operation of External-Cavity VCSELs: Nonlinear multimode temporal dynamics and quantum limit." Opt. Express 15, 9403-9417 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ouvrard, A. Garnache, L. Cerutti, F. Genty, and D. Romanini, "Single Frequency Tunable Sb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3mm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 128-134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reill, W.

S. Lutgen, T. Albrecht, P. Brick, W. Reill, J. Luft, and W. Spath, "8-W High-Efficiency Continuous-Wave Semiconductor Disk Laser at 1000 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3620-3622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Riis, E.

Romanini, D.

A. Garnache, A. Ouvrard, and D. Romanini, "Single-Frequency operation of External-Cavity VCSELs: Nonlinear multimode temporal dynamics and quantum limit." Opt. Express 15, 9403-9417 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ouvrard, A. Garnache, L. Cerutti, F. Genty, and D. Romanini, "Single Frequency Tunable Sb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3mm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 128-134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Spath, W.

S. Lutgen, T. Albrecht, P. Brick, W. Reill, J. Luft, and W. Spath, "8-W High-Efficiency Continuous-Wave Semiconductor Disk Laser at 1000 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3620-3622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Strassner, M.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Jacquemet,  et al., "Single-Frequency High-Power CW Vertical External Cavity Surface Emitting Semiconductor Laser at 1003 nm and 501nm by Intracavity Frequency Doubling," Appl. Phys. B 86, 503-510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Lutgen, T. Albrecht, P. Brick, W. Reill, J. Luft, and W. Spath, "8-W High-Efficiency Continuous-Wave Semiconductor Disk Laser at 1000 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3620-3622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Ouvrard, A. Garnache, L. Cerutti, F. Genty, and D. Romanini, "Single Frequency Tunable Sb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3mm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 128-134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (4)

A. Kemp, A. M. J. Hastie, S. Smith, J.-M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, G. Valentine, M. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal lensing, thermal management and transverse mode control in microchip VECSELs," Appl. Phys. B (2006).

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, Mill Valley (California), 1986).

K. Petermann, Laser diode modulation and noise, ADOP (Kluwer Academic, Tokyo, 1988).

A. Garnache,  et al., "2-2.7mm single frequency tunable Sb-based lasers operating in CW at RT: Microcavity and External-cavity VCSELs, DFB," in Proc. SPIE Photonics Europe, Semiconductor lasers and laser dynamics, vol. 6184, p. 61840N (2006).

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