Abstract

We demonstrate a novel kind of tunable optical delays based on dynamic grating generated by Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber. An axial strain gradient is applied to a 15 m section of a polarizationmaintaining fiber, and the Brillouin reflection grating is generated position-selectively by controlling the optical frequencies of Brillouin pump waves. Tunable time delays of up to 132 ns are achieved with an 82 ns Gaussian pulse.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical networks: a practical perspective (Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, CA, 2002) 2nd Ed., Chap. 12.
  3. J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Choi, J. Na, S. Y. Ryu, G. Mudhana, and B. H. Lee, "All-fiber variable optical delay line for applications in optical coherence tomography: feasibility study for a novel delay line," Opt. Express 13, 1334-1345 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. L. Hall, D. T. Moriarty, H. Hakami, F. Hakami, B. S. Robinson, and K. A. Rauschenbach, "An ultrafast variable optical delay technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 208-210 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, J. van Howe, C. Xu, Y. Wang, A. E. Willner, and A. L. Gaeta, "All-optical, wavelength and bandwidth preserving, pulse delay based on parametric wavelength conversion and dispersion," Opt. Express 13, 7872-7877 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, C. Xu, and A. L. Gaeta, "Large tunable optical delays via self-phase modulation and dispersion," Opt. Express 14, 12022-12027 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, "‘Slow’ and ‘Fast’ Light," Ch. 6 in Progress in Optics43, E. Wolf, Ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002), 497-530.
  9. K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez and L. Thévenaz, "Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Express 13,82-88 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi and A. L. Gaeta, "Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13,6092-6098 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Dahan and G. Eisenstein, "Tunable all optical delay via slow and fast light propagation in a Raman assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier: a route to all optical buffering," Opt. Express 13,6234-6249 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Y. Song, W. Zou, Z. He, and K. Hotate, "All-optical dynamic grating generation based on Brillouin scattering in polarization-maintaining fiber," Opt. Lett. 33, 926-929 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. Zou, Z. He, and K. Hotate, "Complete discrimination of strain and temperature using Brillouin frequency shift and birefringence in a polarization-maintaining fiber," Opt. Express 17, 1248-1255 (2009.
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single mode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. S. Abedin, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode tellurite glass fiber," Opt. Express 14, 11766-11772 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. S. Abedin, "Observation of strong stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode As2Se3 chalcogenide fiber," Opt. Express 13, 10266-10271 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. G. Herráez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thévenaz, "Arbitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers," Opt. Express 14, 1395-1400 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2006 (3)

2005 (6)

2000 (1)

K. L. Hall, D. T. Moriarty, H. Hakami, F. Hakami, B. S. Robinson, and K. A. Rauschenbach, "An ultrafast variable optical delay technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 208-210 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single mode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Choi, E.

Corral, J. L.

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dahan, D.

Eisenstein, G.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fuster, J. M.

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hakami, F.

K. L. Hall, D. T. Moriarty, H. Hakami, F. Hakami, B. S. Robinson, and K. A. Rauschenbach, "An ultrafast variable optical delay technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 208-210 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hakami, H.

K. L. Hall, D. T. Moriarty, H. Hakami, F. Hakami, B. S. Robinson, and K. A. Rauschenbach, "An ultrafast variable optical delay technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 208-210 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hall, K. L.

K. L. Hall, D. T. Moriarty, H. Hakami, F. Hakami, B. S. Robinson, and K. A. Rauschenbach, "An ultrafast variable optical delay technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 208-210 (2000).
[CrossRef]

He, Z.

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Herráez, M. G.

Hotate, K.

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. H.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Moriarty, D. T.

K. L. Hall, D. T. Moriarty, H. Hakami, F. Hakami, B. S. Robinson, and K. A. Rauschenbach, "An ultrafast variable optical delay technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 208-210 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mudhana, G.

Na, J.

Nikles, M.

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single mode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Okawachi, Y.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rauschenbach, K. A.

K. L. Hall, D. T. Moriarty, H. Hakami, F. Hakami, B. S. Robinson, and K. A. Rauschenbach, "An ultrafast variable optical delay technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 208-210 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Robert, P. A.

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single mode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, B. S.

K. L. Hall, D. T. Moriarty, H. Hakami, F. Hakami, B. S. Robinson, and K. A. Rauschenbach, "An ultrafast variable optical delay technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 208-210 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, S. Y.

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

Song, K. Y.

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Thevenaz, L.

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single mode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thévenaz, L.

van Howe, J.

Wang, Y.

Willner, A. E.

Xu, C.

Zou, W.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

K. L. Hall, D. T. Moriarty, H. Hakami, F. Hakami, B. S. Robinson, and K. A. Rauschenbach, "An ultrafast variable optical delay technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 208-210 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, "True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1529-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single mode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (10)

K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez and L. Thévenaz, "Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Express 13,82-88 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Choi, J. Na, S. Y. Ryu, G. Mudhana, and B. H. Lee, "All-fiber variable optical delay line for applications in optical coherence tomography: feasibility study for a novel delay line," Opt. Express 13, 1334-1345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi and A. L. Gaeta, "Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13,6092-6098 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Dahan and G. Eisenstein, "Tunable all optical delay via slow and fast light propagation in a Raman assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier: a route to all optical buffering," Opt. Express 13,6234-6249 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, J. van Howe, C. Xu, Y. Wang, A. E. Willner, and A. L. Gaeta, "All-optical, wavelength and bandwidth preserving, pulse delay based on parametric wavelength conversion and dispersion," Opt. Express 13, 7872-7877 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, "Observation of strong stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode As2Se3 chalcogenide fiber," Opt. Express 13, 10266-10271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Herráez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thévenaz, "Arbitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers," Opt. Express 14, 1395-1400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode tellurite glass fiber," Opt. Express 14, 11766-11772 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, C. Xu, and A. L. Gaeta, "Large tunable optical delays via self-phase modulation and dispersion," Opt. Express 14, 12022-12027 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Zou, Z. He, and K. Hotate, "Complete discrimination of strain and temperature using Brillouin frequency shift and birefringence in a polarization-maintaining fiber," Opt. Express 17, 1248-1255 (2009.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical networks: a practical perspective (Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, CA, 2002) 2nd Ed., Chap. 12.

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, "‘Slow’ and ‘Fast’ Light," Ch. 6 in Progress in Optics43, E. Wolf, Ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002), 497-530.

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