Abstract

We have fabricated a tunable external cavity laser (T-ECL) based on a superluminescent diode and a polymeric waveguide Bragg reflector, providing a cost-effective solution for wavelength division multiplexing–passive optical network (WDM-PON) systems. The wavelength of the T-ECL is tuned through 100 GHz-spacing 16 channels by the thermo-optic tuning of the refractive index of the polymer waveguide at a low input power of 70 mW. The maximum output power and the slope efficiency of the uncooled diode at 20 (75) °C are 8.83 (3.80) mW and 0.107 (0.061) W/A, respectively. The T-ECL operated successfully in the direct modulation for 1.25 Gbit/s transmissions over 20 km.

© 2009 OSA

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  1. L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, and C. W. Coldren, “Tunable semiconductor lasers: A Tutorial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 193–202 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Liu, A. R. Davies, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Uncooled DBR laser directly modulated at 3.125Gb/s as athermal transmitter for low-cost WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(10), 2026–2028 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects of upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on manchester or inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30, 255–260 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H.-C. Ji, I. Yamashita, and K.-I. Kitayama, “Cost-effective colorless WDM-PON delivering up/down-stream data and broadcast services on a single wavelength using mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4520–4528 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. G. Kim, C.-J. Chae, and M.-H. Kang, “Mini-Slot-Based Transmission Scheme for Local Customer Internetworking in PONs,” ETRI J. 30, 282–289 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Lung, “PON architecture ‘future proofs’ FTTH,” Lightwave Mag. 16, 104–107 (1999).
  7. S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 71120 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K.-J. Kim, J.-K. Seo, and M.-C. Oh, “Strain induced tunable wavelength filters based on flexible polymer waveguide Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1423–1430 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S. H. Oh, and M. C. Oh, “Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18194–18201 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-mm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiengy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K.-R. Oh, “InGaAaP/InP buried ridge waveguide laser: a new waveguide structure with an improved lateral single mode property,” ETRI J. 30, 480–482 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, “Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability,” Opt. Commun. 242(4-6), 533–540 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. W. Hakki and T. L. Paoli, “Gain spectra in GaAs double heterostructure injection laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 46(3), 1299–1306 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “External Cavity Lasers Composed of High Order Grating and SLD on PLC Platform,” ETRI J. 29, 452–456 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Van Thourhout, A. Van Hove, T. Van Caenegem, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. Baets, X. J. M. Leijtens, and M. K. Smit, “Packaged hybrid integrated phased-array multi-wavelength laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 434–436 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “Multi-Wavelength Lasers for WDM-PON Optical Line Terminal Source by Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit Hybrid Integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (6)

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects of upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on manchester or inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30, 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H.-C. Ji, I. Yamashita, and K.-I. Kitayama, “Cost-effective colorless WDM-PON delivering up/down-stream data and broadcast services on a single wavelength using mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4520–4528 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. G. Kim, C.-J. Chae, and M.-H. Kang, “Mini-Slot-Based Transmission Scheme for Local Customer Internetworking in PONs,” ETRI J. 30, 282–289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-J. Kim, J.-K. Seo, and M.-C. Oh, “Strain induced tunable wavelength filters based on flexible polymer waveguide Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1423–1430 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S. H. Oh, and M. C. Oh, “Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18194–18201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “External Cavity Lasers Composed of High Order Grating and SLD on PLC Platform,” ETRI J. 29, 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “Multi-Wavelength Lasers for WDM-PON Optical Line Terminal Source by Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit Hybrid Integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-mm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiengy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. Liu, A. R. Davies, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Uncooled DBR laser directly modulated at 3.125Gb/s as athermal transmitter for low-cost WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(10), 2026–2028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, and C. W. Coldren, “Tunable semiconductor lasers: A Tutorial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 193–202 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, “Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability,” Opt. Commun. 242(4-6), 533–540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. Van Thourhout, A. Van Hove, T. Van Caenegem, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. Baets, X. J. M. Leijtens, and M. K. Smit, “Packaged hybrid integrated phased-array multi-wavelength laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 434–436 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

B. Lung, “PON architecture ‘future proofs’ FTTH,” Lightwave Mag. 16, 104–107 (1999).

1975 (1)

B. W. Hakki and T. L. Paoli, “Gain spectra in GaAs double heterostructure injection laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 46(3), 1299–1306 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, S.-W.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Akulova, Y.

Baek, Y.-S.

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

D. Van Thourhout, A. Van Hove, T. Van Caenegem, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. Baets, X. J. M. Leijtens, and M. K. Smit, “Packaged hybrid integrated phased-array multi-wavelength laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 434–436 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barton, J. S.

Chae, C.-J.

J. G. Kim, C.-J. Chae, and M.-H. Kang, “Mini-Slot-Based Transmission Scheme for Local Customer Internetworking in PONs,” ETRI J. 30, 282–289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin, W.-J.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chung, H. S.

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects of upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on manchester or inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30, 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, C. W.

Coldren, L. A.

Davies, A. R.

Y. Liu, A. R. Davies, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Uncooled DBR laser directly modulated at 3.125Gb/s as athermal transmitter for low-cost WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(10), 2026–2028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fish, G. A.

Hakki, B. W.

B. W. Hakki and T. L. Paoli, “Gain spectra in GaAs double heterostructure injection laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 46(3), 1299–1306 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Han, J. H.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-mm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiengy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Han, S.-G.

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, “Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability,” Opt. Commun. 242(4-6), 533–540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y. T.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-mm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiengy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.-T.

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “External Cavity Lasers Composed of High Order Grating and SLD on PLC Platform,” ETRI J. 29, 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, W.-Y.

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, “Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability,” Opt. Commun. 242(4-6), 533–540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ingham, J. D.

Y. Liu, A. R. Davies, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Uncooled DBR laser directly modulated at 3.125Gb/s as athermal transmitter for low-cost WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(10), 2026–2028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H.-C.

Johansson, L.

Ju, J. J.

Kang, M.-H.

J. G. Kim, C.-J. Chae, and M.-H. Kang, “Mini-Slot-Based Transmission Scheme for Local Customer Internetworking in PONs,” ETRI J. 30, 282–289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. K.

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects of upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on manchester or inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30, 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-mm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiengy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.-H.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. G.

J. G. Kim, C.-J. Chae, and M.-H. Kang, “Mini-Slot-Based Transmission Scheme for Local Customer Internetworking in PONs,” ETRI J. 30, 282–289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-M.

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, “Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability,” Opt. Commun. 242(4-6), 533–540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects of upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on manchester or inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30, 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. S.

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K.-R. Oh, “InGaAaP/InP buried ridge waveguide laser: a new waveguide structure with an improved lateral single mode property,” ETRI J. 30, 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.-J.

Kim, M.-S.

Kim, S.-B.

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “Multi-Wavelength Lasers for WDM-PON Optical Line Terminal Source by Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit Hybrid Integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.-I.

Kwon, O. K.

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K.-R. Oh, “InGaAaP/InP buried ridge waveguide laser: a new waveguide structure with an improved lateral single mode property,” ETRI J. 30, 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, “Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability,” Opt. Commun. 242(4-6), 533–540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.-H.

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.-J.

Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S. H. Oh, and M. C. Oh, “Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18194–18201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, “Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability,” Opt. Commun. 242(4-6), 533–540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-D.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-S.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leijtens, X. J. M.

D. Van Thourhout, A. Van Hove, T. Van Caenegem, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. Baets, X. J. M. Leijtens, and M. K. Smit, “Packaged hybrid integrated phased-array multi-wavelength laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 434–436 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, A. R. Davies, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Uncooled DBR laser directly modulated at 3.125Gb/s as athermal transmitter for low-cost WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(10), 2026–2028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lung, B.

B. Lung, “PON architecture ‘future proofs’ FTTH,” Lightwave Mag. 16, 104–107 (1999).

Moerman, I.

D. Van Thourhout, A. Van Hove, T. Van Caenegem, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. Baets, X. J. M. Leijtens, and M. K. Smit, “Packaged hybrid integrated phased-array multi-wavelength laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 434–436 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Noh, Y.-O.

Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S. H. Oh, and M. C. Oh, “Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18194–18201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, “Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability,” Opt. Commun. 242(4-6), 533–540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.-R.

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K.-R. Oh, “InGaAaP/InP buried ridge waveguide laser: a new waveguide structure with an improved lateral single mode property,” ETRI J. 30, 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “External Cavity Lasers Composed of High Order Grating and SLD on PLC Platform,” ETRI J. 29, 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “Multi-Wavelength Lasers for WDM-PON Optical Line Terminal Source by Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit Hybrid Integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oh, M. C.

Oh, M.-C.

K.-J. Kim, J.-K. Seo, and M.-C. Oh, “Strain induced tunable wavelength filters based on flexible polymer waveguide Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1423–1430 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, “Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability,” Opt. Commun. 242(4-6), 533–540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oh, S. H.

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K.-R. Oh, “InGaAaP/InP buried ridge waveguide laser: a new waveguide structure with an improved lateral single mode property,” ETRI J. 30, 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S. H. Oh, and M. C. Oh, “Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18194–18201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “External Cavity Lasers Composed of High Order Grating and SLD on PLC Platform,” ETRI J. 29, 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “Multi-Wavelength Lasers for WDM-PON Optical Line Terminal Source by Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit Hybrid Integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paoli, T. L.

B. W. Hakki and T. L. Paoli, “Gain spectra in GaAs double heterostructure injection laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 46(3), 1299–1306 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “Multi-Wavelength Lasers for WDM-PON Optical Line Terminal Source by Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit Hybrid Integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. S.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-mm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiengy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. W.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-mm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiengy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-H.

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “External Cavity Lasers Composed of High Order Grating and SLD on PLC Platform,” ETRI J. 29, 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.-J.

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “Multi-Wavelength Lasers for WDM-PON Optical Line Terminal Source by Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit Hybrid Integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “External Cavity Lasers Composed of High Order Grating and SLD on PLC Platform,” ETRI J. 29, 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Penty, R. V.

Y. Liu, A. R. Davies, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Uncooled DBR laser directly modulated at 3.125Gb/s as athermal transmitter for low-cost WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(10), 2026–2028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, S.-W.

S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seo, J.-K.

Shin, J.-U.

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “External Cavity Lasers Composed of High Order Grating and SLD on PLC Platform,” ETRI J. 29, 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “Multi-Wavelength Lasers for WDM-PON Optical Line Terminal Source by Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit Hybrid Integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sim, J.-S.

S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M. K.

D. Van Thourhout, A. Van Hove, T. Van Caenegem, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. Baets, X. J. M. Leijtens, and M. K. Smit, “Packaged hybrid integrated phased-array multi-wavelength laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 434–436 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. I.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-mm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiengy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sung, H. K.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-mm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiengy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sung, H.-K.

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “Multi-Wavelength Lasers for WDM-PON Optical Line Terminal Source by Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit Hybrid Integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “External Cavity Lasers Composed of High Order Grating and SLD on PLC Platform,” ETRI J. 29, 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van Caenegem, T.

D. Van Thourhout, A. Van Hove, T. Van Caenegem, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. Baets, X. J. M. Leijtens, and M. K. Smit, “Packaged hybrid integrated phased-array multi-wavelength laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 434–436 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Van Daele, P.

D. Van Thourhout, A. Van Hove, T. Van Caenegem, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. Baets, X. J. M. Leijtens, and M. K. Smit, “Packaged hybrid integrated phased-array multi-wavelength laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 434–436 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Van Hove, A.

D. Van Thourhout, A. Van Hove, T. Van Caenegem, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. Baets, X. J. M. Leijtens, and M. K. Smit, “Packaged hybrid integrated phased-array multi-wavelength laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 434–436 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

D. Van Thourhout, A. Van Hove, T. Van Caenegem, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. Baets, X. J. M. Leijtens, and M. K. Smit, “Packaged hybrid integrated phased-array multi-wavelength laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 434–436 (2000).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

Y. Liu, A. R. Davies, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Uncooled DBR laser directly modulated at 3.125Gb/s as athermal transmitter for low-cost WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(10), 2026–2028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Won, Y.-H.

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, “Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability,” Opt. Commun. 242(4-6), 533–540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, I.

Yoon, B. Y.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-mm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiengy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 71120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. Van Thourhout, A. Van Hove, T. Van Caenegem, I. Moerman, P. Van Daele, R. Baets, X. J. M. Leijtens, and M. K. Smit, “Packaged hybrid integrated phased-array multi-wavelength laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 434–436 (2000).
[CrossRef]

ETRI J. (4)

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K.-R. Oh, “InGaAaP/InP buried ridge waveguide laser: a new waveguide structure with an improved lateral single mode property,” ETRI J. 30, 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Kim, C.-J. Chae, and M.-H. Kang, “Mini-Slot-Based Transmission Scheme for Local Customer Internetworking in PONs,” ETRI J. 30, 282–289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects of upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on manchester or inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30, 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “External Cavity Lasers Composed of High Order Grating and SLD on PLC Platform,” ETRI J. 29, 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

Y. Liu, A. R. Davies, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Uncooled DBR laser directly modulated at 3.125Gb/s as athermal transmitter for low-cost WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(10), 2026–2028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-mm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiengy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, and K.-R. Oh, “Multi-Wavelength Lasers for WDM-PON Optical Line Terminal Source by Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit Hybrid Integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminescent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. W. Hakki and T. L. Paoli, “Gain spectra in GaAs double heterostructure injection laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 46(3), 1299–1306 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Lightwave Mag. (1)

B. Lung, “PON architecture ‘future proofs’ FTTH,” Lightwave Mag. 16, 104–107 (1999).

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y.-O. Noh, C.-H. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, Y.-H. Won, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, and M.-C. Oh, “Polymer waveguide variable optical attenuator and its reliability,” Opt. Commun. 242(4-6), 533–540 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

a schematic diagram of the hybrid integrated tunable laser consisting of a SLD, an aspheric microlens, and a polymeric tunable Bragg reflector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Light output power characteristics versus injection current at various temperatures of the SLD, (b) the peak of net modal gain for SSC SLD

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power of T-ECL as a function of the injection current at five different temperatures.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The wavelength tuning characteristics of the polymer Bragg grating tunable laser for 16 channels from 1546.6nm to 1532.4nm with a 0.8 nm spacing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Eye diagram of optical signals generated from 1.25 Gbit/s direct modulations of the ch1, ch6, ch11, and ch16 among the 16 channels of T-ECL.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Static characteristics of T-ECL at various temperatures.

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