Abstract

In this work, we present the design of an integrated photonic-crystal polarization beam splitter (PC-PBS) and a low-loss photonic-crystal 60° waveguide bend. Firstly, the modal properties of the PC-PBS and the mechanism of the low-loss waveguide bend are investigated by the two-dimensional finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, and then the integration of the two devices is studied. It shows that, although the individual devices perform well separately, the performance of the integrated circuit is poor due to the multi-mode property of the PC-PBS. By introducing deformed airhole structures, a single-mode PC-PBS is proposed, which significantly enhance the performance of the circuit with the extinction ratios remaining above 20dB for both transverse-electric (TE) and transverse-magnetic (TM) polarizations. Both the specific result and the general idea of integration design are promising in the photonic crystal integrated circuits in the future.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  4. W. H. Zheng, G. Ren, X.T. Ma, X. H. Cai, L.H. Chen, K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Dipole mode photonic crystal point defect laser on InGaAsP/InP," J. Crystal Growth 292, 341-344 (2006).
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  8. L. B. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, "Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/LnP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402-405 (1994).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Chutinan, M. Okano, and S. Noda, "Wider bandwidth with high transmission through waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1698-1700 (2002).
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    [CrossRef]
  18. P. I. Borel, A. Harpøth, L. H. Frandsen, M. Kristensen, "Topology optimization and fabrication of photonic crystal structures," Optics Express 12, 1996-2001 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Adibi, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, "Guiding mechanisms in dielectric-core photonic-crystal optical waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 64, 033308 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  23. P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, M. Thorhauge, A. Harpøth, Y. X. Zhuang and M. Kristensen, Opt. Express 11, 1757 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. G. Ren, W. H. Zheng, Y. J. Zhang, K. Wang, X. Y. Du, M. X. Xing, and L. H. Chen, "Mode Analysis and Design of a Low-Loss Photonic Crystal 60 Waveguide Bend," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2215-2218, (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Emulation of two-dimensional photonic crystal defect modes in a photonic crystal with a three-dimensional photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. B. 64, 075313 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

K. Nozaki, H. Watanabe, and T. Baba, "Photonic crystal nanolaser monolithically integrated with passive waveguide for effective light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Ren, W. H. Zheng, Y. J. Zhang, K. Wang, X. Y. Du, M. X. Xing, and L. H. Chen, "Mode Analysis and Design of a Low-Loss Photonic Crystal 60 Waveguide Bend," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2215-2218, (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

T. Liu, A. R. Zakharian, M. Fallahi, J. V. Moloney, and M. Mansuripur, "Design of a Compact Photonic-Crystal-Based Polarizing Beam Splitter," IEEE Photon Techol. Lett. 17, 1435-1437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

B. Miao, C. Chen, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, "High-Efficiency Broad-Band Transmission Through a Double-60°Bend in a Planar Photonic Crystal Single-Line Defect Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2469-2471 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. I. Borel, A. Harpøth, L. H. Frandsen, M. Kristensen, "Topology optimization and fabrication of photonic crystal structures," Optics Express 12, 1996-2001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Moll and G.-L. Bona, "Bend design for the low-group-velocity mode in photonic crystal-slab waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4322-4324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

J. M. Hong, H. H. Ryu, S. R. Park, J. W. Jeong, S. G. Lee, E. H. Lee, S. G. Park, D. Woo, S. Kim, and B. H. O, "Design and Fabrication of a Significantly Shortened Multimode Interference Coupler for Polarization Splitter Application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 72-74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, M. Thorhauge, A. Harpøth, Y. X. Zhuang and M. Kristensen, Opt. Express 11, 1757 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

A. Chutinan, M. Okano, and S. Noda, "Wider bandwidth with high transmission through waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1698-1700 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, "Coupling and Decoupling of Electromagnetic Waves in Parallel 2-D Photonic Crystal Waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

A. Adibi, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, "Guiding mechanisms in dielectric-core photonic-crystal optical waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 64, 033308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, M. Qiu, A. Karlsson, C. J. M. Smith, R. Houdré and U. Oesterle, "Resonant and nonresonant transmission through waveguide bends in a planar photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2514-2516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Emulation of two-dimensional photonic crystal defect modes in a photonic crystal with a three-dimensional photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. B. 64, 075313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Benisty C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, Richard M. De La Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, "Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2063-2077, (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "High Transmission through Sharp Bends in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787-3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

L. B. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, "Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/LnP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402-405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Wei and W. S. Wang, "A TE-TM Mode Splitter on Lithium Niobate Using Ti, Ni, and MgO Diffusions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 245-248 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited Spontaneous Emission in Solid-State Physics and Electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adibi, A.

A. Adibi, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, "Guiding mechanisms in dielectric-core photonic-crystal optical waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 64, 033308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Asakawa, K.

Y. Watanabe, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Takata, Y. Kitagawa, A. Mizutani, N. Ozaki, and K. Asakawa, "Topology optimization of waveguide bends with wide, flat bandwidth in air-bridge-type photonic crystal slabs," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

K. Nozaki, H. Watanabe, and T. Baba, "Photonic crystal nanolaser monolithically integrated with passive waveguide for effective light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Zheng, G. Ren, X.T. Ma, X. H. Cai, L.H. Chen, K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Dipole mode photonic crystal point defect laser on InGaAsP/InP," J. Crystal Growth 292, 341-344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Benisty, H.

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, M. Qiu, A. Karlsson, C. J. M. Smith, R. Houdré and U. Oesterle, "Resonant and nonresonant transmission through waveguide bends in a planar photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2514-2516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bona, G.-L.

N. Moll and G.-L. Bona, "Bend design for the low-group-velocity mode in photonic crystal-slab waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4322-4324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Borel, P. I.

P. I. Borel, A. Harpøth, L. H. Frandsen, M. Kristensen, "Topology optimization and fabrication of photonic crystal structures," Optics Express 12, 1996-2001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, M. Thorhauge, A. Harpøth, Y. X. Zhuang and M. Kristensen, Opt. Express 11, 1757 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boscolo, S.

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, "Coupling and Decoupling of Electromagnetic Waves in Parallel 2-D Photonic Crystal Waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cai, X. H.

W. H. Zheng, G. Ren, X.T. Ma, X. H. Cai, L.H. Chen, K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Dipole mode photonic crystal point defect laser on InGaAsP/InP," J. Crystal Growth 292, 341-344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

B. Miao, C. Chen, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, "High-Efficiency Broad-Band Transmission Through a Double-60°Bend in a Planar Photonic Crystal Single-Line Defect Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2469-2471 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. C.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "High Transmission through Sharp Bends in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787-3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, L. H.

G. Ren, W. H. Zheng, Y. J. Zhang, K. Wang, X. Y. Du, M. X. Xing, and L. H. Chen, "Mode Analysis and Design of a Low-Loss Photonic Crystal 60 Waveguide Bend," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2215-2218, (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Zheng, G. Ren, X.T. Ma, X. H. Cai, L.H. Chen, K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Dipole mode photonic crystal point defect laser on InGaAsP/InP," J. Crystal Growth 292, 341-344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chutinan, A.

A. Chutinan, M. Okano, and S. Noda, "Wider bandwidth with high transmission through waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1698-1700 (2002).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R. M.

de Vreede, A. H.

L. B. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, "Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/LnP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402-405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Du, X. Y.

G. Ren, W. H. Zheng, Y. J. Zhang, K. Wang, X. Y. Du, M. X. Xing, and L. H. Chen, "Mode Analysis and Design of a Low-Loss Photonic Crystal 60 Waveguide Bend," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2215-2218, (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dunbar, L. A.

Fallahi, M.

T. Liu, A. R. Zakharian, M. Fallahi, J. V. Moloney, and M. Mansuripur, "Design of a Compact Photonic-Crystal-Based Polarizing Beam Splitter," IEEE Photon Techol. Lett. 17, 1435-1437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Emulation of two-dimensional photonic crystal defect modes in a photonic crystal with a three-dimensional photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. B. 64, 075313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "High Transmission through Sharp Bends in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787-3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frandsen, L. H.

P. I. Borel, A. Harpøth, L. H. Frandsen, M. Kristensen, "Topology optimization and fabrication of photonic crystal structures," Optics Express 12, 1996-2001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, M. Thorhauge, A. Harpøth, Y. X. Zhuang and M. Kristensen, Opt. Express 11, 1757 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Groen, F. H.

L. B. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, "Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/LnP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402-405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Harpøth, A.

P. I. Borel, A. Harpøth, L. H. Frandsen, M. Kristensen, "Topology optimization and fabrication of photonic crystal structures," Optics Express 12, 1996-2001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, M. Thorhauge, A. Harpøth, Y. X. Zhuang and M. Kristensen, Opt. Express 11, 1757 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, J. M.

J. M. Hong, H. H. Ryu, S. R. Park, J. W. Jeong, S. G. Lee, E. H. Lee, S. G. Park, D. Woo, S. Kim, and B. H. O, "Design and Fabrication of a Significantly Shortened Multimode Interference Coupler for Polarization Splitter Application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 72-74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Houdré, R.

V. Zabelin, L. A. Dunbar, N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, L. O'Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, "Self-collimating photonic crystal polarization beam splitter," Opt. Lett. 32, 530-532 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, M. Qiu, A. Karlsson, C. J. M. Smith, R. Houdré and U. Oesterle, "Resonant and nonresonant transmission through waveguide bends in a planar photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2514-2516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, N.

Y. Watanabe, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Takata, Y. Kitagawa, A. Mizutani, N. Ozaki, and K. Asakawa, "Topology optimization of waveguide bends with wide, flat bandwidth in air-bridge-type photonic crystal slabs," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, J. W.

J. M. Hong, H. H. Ryu, S. R. Park, J. W. Jeong, S. G. Lee, E. H. Lee, S. G. Park, D. Woo, S. Kim, and B. H. O, "Design and Fabrication of a Significantly Shortened Multimode Interference Coupler for Polarization Splitter Application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 72-74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Emulation of two-dimensional photonic crystal defect modes in a photonic crystal with a three-dimensional photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. B. 64, 075313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "High Transmission through Sharp Bends in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787-3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, S. G.

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Emulation of two-dimensional photonic crystal defect modes in a photonic crystal with a three-dimensional photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. B. 64, 075313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, A.

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, M. Qiu, A. Karlsson, C. J. M. Smith, R. Houdré and U. Oesterle, "Resonant and nonresonant transmission through waveguide bends in a planar photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2514-2516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

J. M. Hong, H. H. Ryu, S. R. Park, J. W. Jeong, S. G. Lee, E. H. Lee, S. G. Park, D. Woo, S. Kim, and B. H. O, "Design and Fabrication of a Significantly Shortened Multimode Interference Coupler for Polarization Splitter Application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 72-74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kitagawa, Y.

Y. Watanabe, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Takata, Y. Kitagawa, A. Mizutani, N. Ozaki, and K. Asakawa, "Topology optimization of waveguide bends with wide, flat bandwidth in air-bridge-type photonic crystal slabs," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kotlyar, M. V.

Krauss, T. F.

Kristensen, M.

P. I. Borel, A. Harpøth, L. H. Frandsen, M. Kristensen, "Topology optimization and fabrication of photonic crystal structures," Optics Express 12, 1996-2001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, M. Thorhauge, A. Harpøth, Y. X. Zhuang and M. Kristensen, Opt. Express 11, 1757 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurland, I.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "High Transmission through Sharp Bends in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787-3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Thomas, N.

Lee, E. H.

J. M. Hong, H. H. Ryu, S. R. Park, J. W. Jeong, S. G. Lee, E. H. Lee, S. G. Park, D. Woo, S. Kim, and B. H. O, "Design and Fabrication of a Significantly Shortened Multimode Interference Coupler for Polarization Splitter Application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 72-74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. K.

A. Adibi, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, "Guiding mechanisms in dielectric-core photonic-crystal optical waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 64, 033308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. G.

J. M. Hong, H. H. Ryu, S. R. Park, J. W. Jeong, S. G. Lee, E. H. Lee, S. G. Park, D. Woo, S. Kim, and B. H. O, "Design and Fabrication of a Significantly Shortened Multimode Interference Coupler for Polarization Splitter Application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 72-74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, T.

T. Liu, A. R. Zakharian, M. Fallahi, J. V. Moloney, and M. Mansuripur, "Design of a Compact Photonic-Crystal-Based Polarizing Beam Splitter," IEEE Photon Techol. Lett. 17, 1435-1437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X. T.

W. H. Zheng, G. Ren, X.T. Ma, X. H. Cai, L.H. Chen, K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Dipole mode photonic crystal point defect laser on InGaAsP/InP," J. Crystal Growth 292, 341-344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mansuripur, M.

T. Liu, A. R. Zakharian, M. Fallahi, J. V. Moloney, and M. Mansuripur, "Design of a Compact Photonic-Crystal-Based Polarizing Beam Splitter," IEEE Photon Techol. Lett. 17, 1435-1437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mastroiacovo, S.

Mekis, A.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "High Transmission through Sharp Bends in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787-3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Metaal, E. G.

L. B. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, "Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/LnP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402-405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Miao, B.

B. Miao, C. Chen, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, "High-Efficiency Broad-Band Transmission Through a Double-60°Bend in a Planar Photonic Crystal Single-Line Defect Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2469-2471 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Midrio, M.

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, "Coupling and Decoupling of Electromagnetic Waves in Parallel 2-D Photonic Crystal Waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mizutani, A.

Y. Watanabe, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Takata, Y. Kitagawa, A. Mizutani, N. Ozaki, and K. Asakawa, "Topology optimization of waveguide bends with wide, flat bandwidth in air-bridge-type photonic crystal slabs," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moll, N.

N. Moll and G.-L. Bona, "Bend design for the low-group-velocity mode in photonic crystal-slab waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4322-4324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

T. Liu, A. R. Zakharian, M. Fallahi, J. V. Moloney, and M. Mansuripur, "Design of a Compact Photonic-Crystal-Based Polarizing Beam Splitter," IEEE Photon Techol. Lett. 17, 1435-1437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Murakowski, J.

B. Miao, C. Chen, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, "High-Efficiency Broad-Band Transmission Through a Double-60°Bend in a Planar Photonic Crystal Single-Line Defect Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2469-2471 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

A. Chutinan, M. Okano, and S. Noda, "Wider bandwidth with high transmission through waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1698-1700 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nozaki, K.

K. Nozaki, H. Watanabe, and T. Baba, "Photonic crystal nanolaser monolithically integrated with passive waveguide for effective light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Zheng, G. Ren, X.T. Ma, X. H. Cai, L.H. Chen, K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Dipole mode photonic crystal point defect laser on InGaAsP/InP," J. Crystal Growth 292, 341-344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oesterle, U.

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, M. Qiu, A. Karlsson, C. J. M. Smith, R. Houdré and U. Oesterle, "Resonant and nonresonant transmission through waveguide bends in a planar photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2514-2516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O'Faolain, L.

Okano, M.

A. Chutinan, M. Okano, and S. Noda, "Wider bandwidth with high transmission through waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1698-1700 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, S.

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, M. Qiu, A. Karlsson, C. J. M. Smith, R. Houdré and U. Oesterle, "Resonant and nonresonant transmission through waveguide bends in a planar photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2514-2516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, N.

Y. Watanabe, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Takata, Y. Kitagawa, A. Mizutani, N. Ozaki, and K. Asakawa, "Topology optimization of waveguide bends with wide, flat bandwidth in air-bridge-type photonic crystal slabs," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. G.

J. M. Hong, H. H. Ryu, S. R. Park, J. W. Jeong, S. G. Lee, E. H. Lee, S. G. Park, D. Woo, S. Kim, and B. H. O, "Design and Fabrication of a Significantly Shortened Multimode Interference Coupler for Polarization Splitter Application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 72-74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. R.

J. M. Hong, H. H. Ryu, S. R. Park, J. W. Jeong, S. G. Lee, E. H. Lee, S. G. Park, D. Woo, S. Kim, and B. H. O, "Design and Fabrication of a Significantly Shortened Multimode Interference Coupler for Polarization Splitter Application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 72-74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Park, W.

Pottier, P.

Povinelli, M. L.

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Emulation of two-dimensional photonic crystal defect modes in a photonic crystal with a three-dimensional photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. B. 64, 075313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Prather, D. W.

B. Miao, C. Chen, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, "High-Efficiency Broad-Band Transmission Through a Double-60°Bend in a Planar Photonic Crystal Single-Line Defect Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2469-2471 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Qiang, Z.

Qiu, M.

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, M. Qiu, A. Karlsson, C. J. M. Smith, R. Houdré and U. Oesterle, "Resonant and nonresonant transmission through waveguide bends in a planar photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2514-2516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rattier, M.

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, M. Qiu, A. Karlsson, C. J. M. Smith, R. Houdré and U. Oesterle, "Resonant and nonresonant transmission through waveguide bends in a planar photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2514-2516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ren, G.

G. Ren, W. H. Zheng, Y. J. Zhang, K. Wang, X. Y. Du, M. X. Xing, and L. H. Chen, "Mode Analysis and Design of a Low-Loss Photonic Crystal 60 Waveguide Bend," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2215-2218, (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Zheng, G. Ren, X.T. Ma, X. H. Cai, L.H. Chen, K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Dipole mode photonic crystal point defect laser on InGaAsP/InP," J. Crystal Growth 292, 341-344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H. H.

J. M. Hong, H. H. Ryu, S. R. Park, J. W. Jeong, S. G. Lee, E. H. Lee, S. G. Park, D. Woo, S. Kim, and B. H. O, "Design and Fabrication of a Significantly Shortened Multimode Interference Coupler for Polarization Splitter Application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 72-74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

A. Adibi, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, "Guiding mechanisms in dielectric-core photonic-crystal optical waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 64, 033308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schonbrun, E.

Shi, S.

B. Miao, C. Chen, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, "High-Efficiency Broad-Band Transmission Through a Double-60°Bend in a Planar Photonic Crystal Single-Line Defect Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2469-2471 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M. K.

L. B. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, "Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/LnP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402-405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C. J. M.

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, M. Qiu, A. Karlsson, C. J. M. Smith, R. Houdré and U. Oesterle, "Resonant and nonresonant transmission through waveguide bends in a planar photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2514-2516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Soldano, L. B.

L. B. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, "Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/LnP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402-405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Someda, C. G.

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, "Coupling and Decoupling of Electromagnetic Waves in Parallel 2-D Photonic Crystal Waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R.A.

Sugimoto, Y.

Y. Watanabe, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Takata, Y. Kitagawa, A. Mizutani, N. Ozaki, and K. Asakawa, "Topology optimization of waveguide bends with wide, flat bandwidth in air-bridge-type photonic crystal slabs," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Summers, C. J.

Takata, Y.

Y. Watanabe, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Takata, Y. Kitagawa, A. Mizutani, N. Ozaki, and K. Asakawa, "Topology optimization of waveguide bends with wide, flat bandwidth in air-bridge-type photonic crystal slabs," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thorhauge, M.

Verbeek, B. H.

L. B. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, "Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/LnP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402-405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "High Transmission through Sharp Bends in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787-3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, K.

G. Ren, W. H. Zheng, Y. J. Zhang, K. Wang, X. Y. Du, M. X. Xing, and L. H. Chen, "Mode Analysis and Design of a Low-Loss Photonic Crystal 60 Waveguide Bend," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2215-2218, (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W. S.

P. K. Wei and W. S. Wang, "A TE-TM Mode Splitter on Lithium Niobate Using Ti, Ni, and MgO Diffusions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 245-248 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, H.

K. Nozaki, H. Watanabe, and T. Baba, "Photonic crystal nanolaser monolithically integrated with passive waveguide for effective light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, Y.

Y. Watanabe, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Takata, Y. Kitagawa, A. Mizutani, N. Ozaki, and K. Asakawa, "Topology optimization of waveguide bends with wide, flat bandwidth in air-bridge-type photonic crystal slabs," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wei, P. K.

P. K. Wei and W. S. Wang, "A TE-TM Mode Splitter on Lithium Niobate Using Ti, Ni, and MgO Diffusions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 245-248 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Weisbuch, C.

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, M. Qiu, A. Karlsson, C. J. M. Smith, R. Houdré and U. Oesterle, "Resonant and nonresonant transmission through waveguide bends in a planar photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2514-2516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Woo, D.

J. M. Hong, H. H. Ryu, S. R. Park, J. W. Jeong, S. G. Lee, E. H. Lee, S. G. Park, D. Woo, S. Kim, and B. H. O, "Design and Fabrication of a Significantly Shortened Multimode Interference Coupler for Polarization Splitter Application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 72-74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

Xing, M. X.

G. Ren, W. H. Zheng, Y. J. Zhang, K. Wang, X. Y. Du, M. X. Xing, and L. H. Chen, "Mode Analysis and Design of a Low-Loss Photonic Crystal 60 Waveguide Bend," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2215-2218, (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

A. Adibi, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, "Guiding mechanisms in dielectric-core photonic-crystal optical waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 64, 033308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited Spontaneous Emission in Solid-State Physics and Electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamashita, T.

Yariv, A.

A. Adibi, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, "Guiding mechanisms in dielectric-core photonic-crystal optical waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 64, 033308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zabelin, V.

Zakharian, A. R.

T. Liu, A. R. Zakharian, M. Fallahi, J. V. Moloney, and M. Mansuripur, "Design of a Compact Photonic-Crystal-Based Polarizing Beam Splitter," IEEE Photon Techol. Lett. 17, 1435-1437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. J.

G. Ren, W. H. Zheng, Y. J. Zhang, K. Wang, X. Y. Du, M. X. Xing, and L. H. Chen, "Mode Analysis and Design of a Low-Loss Photonic Crystal 60 Waveguide Bend," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2215-2218, (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, W. H.

G. Ren, W. H. Zheng, Y. J. Zhang, K. Wang, X. Y. Du, M. X. Xing, and L. H. Chen, "Mode Analysis and Design of a Low-Loss Photonic Crystal 60 Waveguide Bend," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2215-2218, (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Zheng, G. Ren, X.T. Ma, X. H. Cai, L.H. Chen, K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Dipole mode photonic crystal point defect laser on InGaAsP/InP," J. Crystal Growth 292, 341-344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, W.

Zhuang, Y. X.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

K. Nozaki, H. Watanabe, and T. Baba, "Photonic crystal nanolaser monolithically integrated with passive waveguide for effective light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Chutinan, M. Okano, and S. Noda, "Wider bandwidth with high transmission through waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1698-1700 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, M. Qiu, A. Karlsson, C. J. M. Smith, R. Houdré and U. Oesterle, "Resonant and nonresonant transmission through waveguide bends in a planar photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2514-2516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Moll and G.-L. Bona, "Bend design for the low-group-velocity mode in photonic crystal-slab waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4322-4324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

G. Ren, W. H. Zheng, Y. J. Zhang, K. Wang, X. Y. Du, M. X. Xing, and L. H. Chen, "Mode Analysis and Design of a Low-Loss Photonic Crystal 60 Waveguide Bend," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2215-2218, (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, "Coupling and Decoupling of Electromagnetic Waves in Parallel 2-D Photonic Crystal Waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon Techol. Lett. (1)

T. Liu, A. R. Zakharian, M. Fallahi, J. V. Moloney, and M. Mansuripur, "Design of a Compact Photonic-Crystal-Based Polarizing Beam Splitter," IEEE Photon Techol. Lett. 17, 1435-1437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

B. Miao, C. Chen, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, "High-Efficiency Broad-Band Transmission Through a Double-60°Bend in a Planar Photonic Crystal Single-Line Defect Waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2469-2471 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, "Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Polarization Splitter in InGaAsP/LnP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402-405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Wei and W. S. Wang, "A TE-TM Mode Splitter on Lithium Niobate Using Ti, Ni, and MgO Diffusions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 245-248 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hong, H. H. Ryu, S. R. Park, J. W. Jeong, S. G. Lee, E. H. Lee, S. G. Park, D. Woo, S. Kim, and B. H. O, "Design and Fabrication of a Significantly Shortened Multimode Interference Coupler for Polarization Splitter Application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 72-74 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Watanabe, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Takata, Y. Kitagawa, A. Mizutani, N. Ozaki, and K. Asakawa, "Topology optimization of waveguide bends with wide, flat bandwidth in air-bridge-type photonic crystal slabs," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Crystal Growth (1)

W. H. Zheng, G. Ren, X.T. Ma, X. H. Cai, L.H. Chen, K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Dipole mode photonic crystal point defect laser on InGaAsP/InP," J. Crystal Growth 292, 341-344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

H. Benisty C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, Richard M. De La Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, "Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2063-2077, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optics Express (1)

P. I. Borel, A. Harpøth, L. H. Frandsen, M. Kristensen, "Topology optimization and fabrication of photonic crystal structures," Optics Express 12, 1996-2001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. Adibi, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, "Guiding mechanisms in dielectric-core photonic-crystal optical waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 64, 033308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B. (1)

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Emulation of two-dimensional photonic crystal defect modes in a photonic crystal with a three-dimensional photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. B. 64, 075313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "High Transmission through Sharp Bends in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787-3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited Spontaneous Emission in Solid-State Physics and Electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, second edition (Princeton Univ. Press, 2008).

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic view of the PC-PBS. The length of the coupler is 61a. The period of the triangular lattice is a=450 nm, and the radius of the air holes is r=0.36a. The refractive index is 3.32. The air holes separating the two waveguides have smaller radii of r1=0.28a.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The photonic band structures of the PC-PBS for (a) TE light and (b) TM light. In Fig. 2(a), the decoupling frequency is indicated by the horizontal dotted line. There is a high order odd supermode at the decoupling frequency. The Magnetic field distributions of the two modes are shown in the inset and indicated by arrows.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The transmission spectrum of the PC-PBS for (a) TE light and (b) TM light.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic view of the proposed low-loss 60° waveguide bend structure.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The photonic band structures of (a) the straight waveguide and (b) the waveguide bend. The red lines indicate the high-transmission frequency region. The supercell and the mode pattern are also shown as the inset.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The transmission spectrum of the proposed waveguide bend calculated by 2D-FDTD method.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Schematic view of the integration of the multi-mode PC-PBS and the waveguide bend. The length of the PC-PBS is 61a.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Transmission spectrum of the integrated circuit with the multi-mode PBS.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Schematic view of the integration of the single-mode PC-PBS and the waveguide bend. The length of the PC-PBS is 56a.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Photonic band structure of the proposed single-mode PC-PBS for TE light.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Transmission spectrum of the integrated circuit with the single-mode PBS.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

The poynting vector distributions of the integrated circuit at decoupled wavelength for (a) TE light with multi-mode PC-PBS (b) TE light with single-mode PC-PBS and (c) TM light with single-mode PC-PBS.

Equations (1)

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LB=2πkevenkodd

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