Abstract

Corrugated metallic thin film structures that do not support short-range surface plasmon modes but do support long-range modes are discussed. The coupling efficiency of the energy of excited fluorescent molecules to long-range modes is theoretically calculated using the rigorous coupled wave approach. The obtained maximum coupling efficiency is found to be 55%, more that two times higher than the efficiency of uncorrugated metallic thin films.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Okamoto, F. H’Dhili, and S. Kawata, "Towards plasmonic bandgap laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 853968 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Seidel, S. Grafstrom, and L. Eng, "Stimulated emission of surface plasmons at the ineterface between a silver film and an optically pumped dye solution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 177401 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2008

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginov, and V. A. Podolskiy, "Stimulated emission of surface plasmon polaritons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Okamoto, J. Simonen, and S. Kawata, "Plasmonic band gaps of structured metallic thin films evaluated for a surface plasmon laser using the coupled-wave approach," Phys. Rev. B 77, 115425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

G. Winter, S. Wedge, and W. L. Barnes, "Can lasing at visible wavelength be achieved using the low-loss longrange surface plasmon-polariton mode?," New J. Phys. 8, 125-138 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, J. Adegoke, C. E. Small, B. A. Ritzo, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, "Enhancement of surface plasmon in an Ag aggregate by optical gain in a dielectric medium," Opt. Lett. 31, 3022-3024 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J. -T. Shen, and S. Fan, "Guided modes supported by plasmonic films with a periodic arrangement of subwavelength slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

F. Marquier, J. -J. Greffet, S. Collin, F. Pardo, and J. L. Pelouard, "Resonant transmission through a metallic film due to coupled modes," Opt. Express 13, 70-76 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Seidel, S. Grafstrom, and L. Eng, "Stimulated emission of surface plasmons at the ineterface between a silver film and an optically pumped dye solution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 177401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

T. Okamoto, F. H’Dhili, and S. Kawata, "Towards plasmonic bandgap laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 853968 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature (London) 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, "Surface plasmon amplification by stimulated emission of radiation: Quantum generation of coherent surface plasmons in nanosystems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Steele, C. E. Moran, A. Lee, C. M. Aguirre, and N. J. Halas, "Metallodielectric gratings with subwavelength slots: Optical properties," Phys. Rev. 68, 205103 (2003).

2002

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Transmission and focusing of light in one-dimensional periodically nanostructured metals," Phys. Rev. B 66, 155412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J. -L. Pelouard, "Strong discontinuities in the complex photonic band structure of transmission metallic grating," Phys. Rev. B 63, 033107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. B. Pendry, "Transmission resonances on metallic grating with very narrow slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845-2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, J. R. Sambles, N. P. K. Cotter, and D. J. Nash, "Hotonic gaps in the dispersion of surface plasmons on grating," Phys. Rev. B 51, 11164-11168 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1984

G. W. Ford and W. H. Weber, "Electromagnetic interactions of molecules with metal surfaces," Phys. Rep. 113, 195-287 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1981

D. Sarid, "Long-range surface-plasma waves on very thin metal films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927-1930 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979

1978

R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, "Molecular fluorescence and energy transfer near interfaces," Adv. Chem. Phys. 37, 1-65 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1972

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Adegoke, J.

Aguirre, C. M.

J. M. Steele, C. E. Moran, A. Lee, C. M. Aguirre, and N. J. Halas, "Metallodielectric gratings with subwavelength slots: Optical properties," Phys. Rev. 68, 205103 (2003).

Bahoura, M.

Barnes, W. L.

G. Winter, S. Wedge, and W. L. Barnes, "Can lasing at visible wavelength be achieved using the low-loss longrange surface plasmon-polariton mode?," New J. Phys. 8, 125-138 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature (London) 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, J. R. Sambles, N. P. K. Cotter, and D. J. Nash, "Hotonic gaps in the dispersion of surface plasmons on grating," Phys. Rev. B 51, 11164-11168 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, D. J.

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, "Surface plasmon amplification by stimulated emission of radiation: Quantum generation of coherent surface plasmons in nanosystems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Catrysse, P. B.

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J. -T. Shen, and S. Fan, "Guided modes supported by plasmonic films with a periodic arrangement of subwavelength slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chance, R. R.

R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, "Molecular fluorescence and energy transfer near interfaces," Adv. Chem. Phys. 37, 1-65 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Collin, S.

F. Marquier, J. -J. Greffet, S. Collin, F. Pardo, and J. L. Pelouard, "Resonant transmission through a metallic film due to coupled modes," Opt. Express 13, 70-76 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J. -L. Pelouard, "Strong discontinuities in the complex photonic band structure of transmission metallic grating," Phys. Rev. B 63, 033107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cotter, N. P. K.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, J. R. Sambles, N. P. K. Cotter, and D. J. Nash, "Hotonic gaps in the dispersion of surface plasmons on grating," Phys. Rev. B 51, 11164-11168 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature (London) 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Drachev, V. P.

Eagen, C. F.

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature (London) 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eng, L.

J. Seidel, S. Grafstrom, and L. Eng, "Stimulated emission of surface plasmons at the ineterface between a silver film and an optically pumped dye solution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 177401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J. -T. Shen, and S. Fan, "Guided modes supported by plasmonic films with a periodic arrangement of subwavelength slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. W.

G. W. Ford and W. H. Weber, "Electromagnetic interactions of molecules with metal surfaces," Phys. Rep. 113, 195-287 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Transmission and focusing of light in one-dimensional periodically nanostructured metals," Phys. Rev. B 66, 155412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. B. Pendry, "Transmission resonances on metallic grating with very narrow slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845-2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grafstrom, S.

J. Seidel, S. Grafstrom, and L. Eng, "Stimulated emission of surface plasmons at the ineterface between a silver film and an optically pumped dye solution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 177401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greffet, J. -J.

Halas, N. J.

J. M. Steele, C. E. Moran, A. Lee, C. M. Aguirre, and N. J. Halas, "Metallodielectric gratings with subwavelength slots: Optical properties," Phys. Rev. 68, 205103 (2003).

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

T. Okamoto, J. Simonen, and S. Kawata, "Plasmonic band gaps of structured metallic thin films evaluated for a surface plasmon laser using the coupled-wave approach," Phys. Rev. B 77, 115425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kitson, S. C.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, J. R. Sambles, N. P. K. Cotter, and D. J. Nash, "Hotonic gaps in the dispersion of surface plasmons on grating," Phys. Rev. B 51, 11164-11168 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lee, A.

J. M. Steele, C. E. Moran, A. Lee, C. M. Aguirre, and N. J. Halas, "Metallodielectric gratings with subwavelength slots: Optical properties," Phys. Rev. 68, 205103 (2003).

Li, L.

Marquier, F.

Martin-Moreno, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Transmission and focusing of light in one-dimensional periodically nanostructured metals," Phys. Rev. B 66, 155412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mayy, M.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginov, and V. A. Podolskiy, "Stimulated emission of surface plasmon polaritons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moran, C. E.

J. M. Steele, C. E. Moran, A. Lee, C. M. Aguirre, and N. J. Halas, "Metallodielectric gratings with subwavelength slots: Optical properties," Phys. Rev. 68, 205103 (2003).

Nash, D. J.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, J. R. Sambles, N. P. K. Cotter, and D. J. Nash, "Hotonic gaps in the dispersion of surface plasmons on grating," Phys. Rev. B 51, 11164-11168 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

Noginov, N.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginov, and V. A. Podolskiy, "Stimulated emission of surface plasmon polaritons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamoto, T.

T. Okamoto, J. Simonen, and S. Kawata, "Plasmonic band gaps of structured metallic thin films evaluated for a surface plasmon laser using the coupled-wave approach," Phys. Rev. B 77, 115425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, F. H’Dhili, and S. Kawata, "Towards plasmonic bandgap laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 853968 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pardo, F.

F. Marquier, J. -J. Greffet, S. Collin, F. Pardo, and J. L. Pelouard, "Resonant transmission through a metallic film due to coupled modes," Opt. Express 13, 70-76 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J. -L. Pelouard, "Strong discontinuities in the complex photonic band structure of transmission metallic grating," Phys. Rev. B 63, 033107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pelouard, J. L.

Pelouard, J. -L.

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J. -L. Pelouard, "Strong discontinuities in the complex photonic band structure of transmission metallic grating," Phys. Rev. B 63, 033107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. B. Pendry, "Transmission resonances on metallic grating with very narrow slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845-2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Podolskiy, V. A.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginov, and V. A. Podolskiy, "Stimulated emission of surface plasmon polaritons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Porto, J. A.

J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. B. Pendry, "Transmission resonances on metallic grating with very narrow slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845-2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Preist, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, J. R. Sambles, N. P. K. Cotter, and D. J. Nash, "Hotonic gaps in the dispersion of surface plasmons on grating," Phys. Rev. B 51, 11164-11168 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Prock, A.

R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, "Molecular fluorescence and energy transfer near interfaces," Adv. Chem. Phys. 37, 1-65 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ritzo, B. A.

Sambles, J. R.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, J. R. Sambles, N. P. K. Cotter, and D. J. Nash, "Hotonic gaps in the dispersion of surface plasmons on grating," Phys. Rev. B 51, 11164-11168 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sarid, D.

D. Sarid, "Long-range surface-plasma waves on very thin metal films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927-1930 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Seidel, J.

J. Seidel, S. Grafstrom, and L. Eng, "Stimulated emission of surface plasmons at the ineterface between a silver film and an optically pumped dye solution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 177401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

Shen, J. -T.

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J. -T. Shen, and S. Fan, "Guided modes supported by plasmonic films with a periodic arrangement of subwavelength slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shin, H.

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J. -T. Shen, and S. Fan, "Guided modes supported by plasmonic films with a periodic arrangement of subwavelength slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Silbey, R.

R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, "Molecular fluorescence and energy transfer near interfaces," Adv. Chem. Phys. 37, 1-65 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Simonen, J.

T. Okamoto, J. Simonen, and S. Kawata, "Plasmonic band gaps of structured metallic thin films evaluated for a surface plasmon laser using the coupled-wave approach," Phys. Rev. B 77, 115425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Small, C. E.

Steele, J. M.

J. M. Steele, C. E. Moran, A. Lee, C. M. Aguirre, and N. J. Halas, "Metallodielectric gratings with subwavelength slots: Optical properties," Phys. Rev. 68, 205103 (2003).

Stockman, M. I.

D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, "Surface plasmon amplification by stimulated emission of radiation: Quantum generation of coherent surface plasmons in nanosystems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teissier, R.

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J. -L. Pelouard, "Strong discontinuities in the complex photonic band structure of transmission metallic grating," Phys. Rev. B 63, 033107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Veronis, G.

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J. -T. Shen, and S. Fan, "Guided modes supported by plasmonic films with a periodic arrangement of subwavelength slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weber, W. H.

G. W. Ford and W. H. Weber, "Electromagnetic interactions of molecules with metal surfaces," Phys. Rep. 113, 195-287 (1984).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Weber and C. F. Eagen, "nergy transfer from an excited dye molecule to the surface plasmons of an adjacent metal," Opt. Lett. 4, 236-238 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wedge, S.

G. Winter, S. Wedge, and W. L. Barnes, "Can lasing at visible wavelength be achieved using the low-loss longrange surface plasmon-polariton mode?," New J. Phys. 8, 125-138 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Winter, G.

G. Winter, S. Wedge, and W. L. Barnes, "Can lasing at visible wavelength be achieved using the low-loss longrange surface plasmon-polariton mode?," New J. Phys. 8, 125-138 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, G.

Adv. Chem. Phys.

R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, "Molecular fluorescence and energy transfer near interfaces," Adv. Chem. Phys. 37, 1-65 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. Okamoto, F. H’Dhili, and S. Kawata, "Towards plasmonic bandgap laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 853968 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Catrysse, G. Veronis, H. Shin, J. -T. Shen, and S. Fan, "Guided modes supported by plasmonic films with a periodic arrangement of subwavelength slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Nature (London)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature (London) 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys.

G. Winter, S. Wedge, and W. L. Barnes, "Can lasing at visible wavelength be achieved using the low-loss longrange surface plasmon-polariton mode?," New J. Phys. 8, 125-138 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rep.

G. W. Ford and W. H. Weber, "Electromagnetic interactions of molecules with metal surfaces," Phys. Rep. 113, 195-287 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

J. M. Steele, C. E. Moran, A. Lee, C. M. Aguirre, and N. J. Halas, "Metallodielectric gratings with subwavelength slots: Optical properties," Phys. Rev. 68, 205103 (2003).

Phys. Rev. B

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J. -L. Pelouard, "Strong discontinuities in the complex photonic band structure of transmission metallic grating," Phys. Rev. B 63, 033107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, "Transmission and focusing of light in one-dimensional periodically nanostructured metals," Phys. Rev. B 66, 155412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Geometry of the calculated model. There is no variation in the y-direction. The ambient is assumed to be Alq3 doped with DCM with a dielectric constant of ε 1 = 2.89. The fill factor of the grating is 75%.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a)-(g): Efficiency of the reflected zeroth order diffraction by the corrugated thin silver films with different minimum film thicknesses d 2 and (h): the loci of the reflection maxima shown in (g) to clarify the existing modes.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Energy dissipation from the oscillating dipole as a function of the wave vector parallel to the metal surface for various values of the minimum thickness d 2 of the metal film. The dipole height is assumed to be h = 100 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Coupling efficiency of the energy of dipole to the LRSP as a function of the distance between the dipole and the top surface of the silver film for various of minimum film thickness d 2.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a): Calculated magnetic field distribution of the alternative mode supported by the structure with d 2 = 0 nm at point A shown in Fig. 2 and (b): the corresponding charge distribution. (c) and (d): Charge distributions of the SRSP modes at the upper and lower band gap edge, for example, points B and C shown in Fig. 2, respectively.

Equations (2)

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y(kx0)=ω2ε1Re{μx2kx02kz0[1+exp(ikz0h)m=kxmkx0ηmexp(ikzmh)
+μy2 kz0 [1exp(ikz0h)m=kzmkz0ηmexp(ikzmh)] } ,

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