Abstract

This letter demonstrated the fabrication of the full color passive matrix organic light-emitting devices based on the combination of the microcavity structure, color filter and a common white polymeric OLED. In the microcavity structure, patterned ITO terraces with different thickness were used as the anode as well as cavity spacer. The primary color emitting peaks were originally generated by the microcavity and then the second resonance peak was absorbed by the color filter.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. W. Tang and S. A. Van Slyke, "Organic electroluminescent diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 913-915 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, "Light-emitting-diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Arai, K. Nakaya, O. Onitsuka, T. Inoue, M. Codama, M. Tanaka, and H. Tanabe, "Passive matrix display of organic LEDs," Synth. Met. 91, 21-25 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Hosokawa, M. Eida, M. Matsuura, K. Fukuoka, H. Nakamura, and T. Kusumoto, "Organic multi-color electroluminescence display with fine pixels," Synth. Met. 91, 3-7 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, and T. M. Miller, "Color variation with electroluminescent organic semiconductors in multimode resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2308-2310 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Philips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 6954-6964 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Shiga, H. Fujikawa, and Y. Taga, "Design of multiwavelength resonant cavities for white organic light-emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 19-22 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. H. Jordan, L. J. Rothberg, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, "Efficiency enhancement of microcavity organic light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1997-1999 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, T. M. Miller, and E. W. Kwock, "Microcavity effects in organic semiconductors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2486-2488 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. H. Cho, Y. W. Song, J. G. Lee, Y. C. Kim, J. H. Lee, J. Ha, J. S. Oh, S. Y. Lee, S. Y. Lee, K. H. Hwang, D. S. Zang, and Y. H. Le, "Weak-microcavity organic light-emitting diodes with improved light out-coupling," Opt. Express 16, 12632-12639 (2008)
    [PubMed]
  11. J. Lim, S. S. Oh, D. Y. Kim, S. H. Cho, I. T. Kim, S. H. Han, H. Takezoe, E. H. Choi, G. S. Cho, Y. H. Seo, S. O. Kang, and B. Park, "Enhanced out-coupling factor of microcavity organic light-emitting devices with irregular microlens array," Opt. Express 14, 6564-6571 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Ishibashi, J. Yamada, T. Hirano, Y. Iwase, Y. Sato, R. Nakagawa, M. Sekiya, T. Sasaoka, and T. Urabe, "Active matrix organic light Emitting diode display based on ‘super top emission’ technology," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1  45, 4392-4395 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. Chen, G. He, and Y. Yang, "Triplet exciton confinement in phosphorescent polymer light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1006 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

J. Lim, S. S. Oh, D. Y. Kim, S. H. Cho, I. T. Kim, S. H. Han, H. Takezoe, E. H. Choi, G. S. Cho, Y. H. Seo, S. O. Kang, and B. Park, "Enhanced out-coupling factor of microcavity organic light-emitting devices with irregular microlens array," Opt. Express 14, 6564-6571 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ishibashi, J. Yamada, T. Hirano, Y. Iwase, Y. Sato, R. Nakagawa, M. Sekiya, T. Sasaoka, and T. Urabe, "Active matrix organic light Emitting diode display based on ‘super top emission’ technology," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1  45, 4392-4395 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

F. Chen, G. He, and Y. Yang, "Triplet exciton confinement in phosphorescent polymer light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Shiga, H. Fujikawa, and Y. Taga, "Design of multiwavelength resonant cavities for white organic light-emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 19-22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

M. Arai, K. Nakaya, O. Onitsuka, T. Inoue, M. Codama, M. Tanaka, and H. Tanabe, "Passive matrix display of organic LEDs," Synth. Met. 91, 21-25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Hosokawa, M. Eida, M. Matsuura, K. Fukuoka, H. Nakamura, and T. Kusumoto, "Organic multi-color electroluminescence display with fine pixels," Synth. Met. 91, 3-7 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

R. H. Jordan, L. J. Rothberg, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, "Efficiency enhancement of microcavity organic light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1997-1999 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Philips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, T. M. Miller, and E. W. Kwock, "Microcavity effects in organic semiconductors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2486-2488 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, and T. M. Miller, "Color variation with electroluminescent organic semiconductors in multimode resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2308-2310 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, "Light-emitting-diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

C. W. Tang and S. A. Van Slyke, "Organic electroluminescent diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 913-915 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Arai, M.

M. Arai, K. Nakaya, O. Onitsuka, T. Inoue, M. Codama, M. Tanaka, and H. Tanabe, "Passive matrix display of organic LEDs," Synth. Met. 91, 21-25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, D. D. C.

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, "Light-emitting-diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Brown, A. R.

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, "Light-emitting-diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Burn, P. L.

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, "Light-emitting-diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Burroughes, J. H.

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, "Light-emitting-diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

F. Chen, G. He, and Y. Yang, "Triplet exciton confinement in phosphorescent polymer light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cho, G. S.

Cho, S. H.

Choi, E. H.

Codama, M.

M. Arai, K. Nakaya, O. Onitsuka, T. Inoue, M. Codama, M. Tanaka, and H. Tanabe, "Passive matrix display of organic LEDs," Synth. Met. 91, 21-25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dodabalapur, A.

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Philips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Jordan, L. J. Rothberg, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, "Efficiency enhancement of microcavity organic light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1997-1999 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, T. M. Miller, and E. W. Kwock, "Microcavity effects in organic semiconductors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2486-2488 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, and T. M. Miller, "Color variation with electroluminescent organic semiconductors in multimode resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2308-2310 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Eida, M.

C. Hosokawa, M. Eida, M. Matsuura, K. Fukuoka, H. Nakamura, and T. Kusumoto, "Organic multi-color electroluminescence display with fine pixels," Synth. Met. 91, 3-7 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Friend, R. H.

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, "Light-emitting-diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fujikawa, H.

T. Shiga, H. Fujikawa, and Y. Taga, "Design of multiwavelength resonant cavities for white organic light-emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 19-22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fukuoka, K.

C. Hosokawa, M. Eida, M. Matsuura, K. Fukuoka, H. Nakamura, and T. Kusumoto, "Organic multi-color electroluminescence display with fine pixels," Synth. Met. 91, 3-7 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ha, J.

Han, S. H.

He, G.

F. Chen, G. He, and Y. Yang, "Triplet exciton confinement in phosphorescent polymer light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, T.

T. Ishibashi, J. Yamada, T. Hirano, Y. Iwase, Y. Sato, R. Nakagawa, M. Sekiya, T. Sasaoka, and T. Urabe, "Active matrix organic light Emitting diode display based on ‘super top emission’ technology," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1  45, 4392-4395 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Holmes, A. B.

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, "Light-emitting-diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hosokawa, C.

C. Hosokawa, M. Eida, M. Matsuura, K. Fukuoka, H. Nakamura, and T. Kusumoto, "Organic multi-color electroluminescence display with fine pixels," Synth. Met. 91, 3-7 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, K. H.

Inoue, T.

M. Arai, K. Nakaya, O. Onitsuka, T. Inoue, M. Codama, M. Tanaka, and H. Tanabe, "Passive matrix display of organic LEDs," Synth. Met. 91, 21-25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ishibashi, T.

T. Ishibashi, J. Yamada, T. Hirano, Y. Iwase, Y. Sato, R. Nakagawa, M. Sekiya, T. Sasaoka, and T. Urabe, "Active matrix organic light Emitting diode display based on ‘super top emission’ technology," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1  45, 4392-4395 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Iwase, Y.

T. Ishibashi, J. Yamada, T. Hirano, Y. Iwase, Y. Sato, R. Nakagawa, M. Sekiya, T. Sasaoka, and T. Urabe, "Active matrix organic light Emitting diode display based on ‘super top emission’ technology," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1  45, 4392-4395 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jordan, R. H.

R. H. Jordan, L. J. Rothberg, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, "Efficiency enhancement of microcavity organic light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1997-1999 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Philips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S. O.

Kim, D. Y.

Kim, I. T.

Kim, Y. C.

Kusumoto, T.

C. Hosokawa, M. Eida, M. Matsuura, K. Fukuoka, H. Nakamura, and T. Kusumoto, "Organic multi-color electroluminescence display with fine pixels," Synth. Met. 91, 3-7 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kwock, E. W.

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, T. M. Miller, and E. W. Kwock, "Microcavity effects in organic semiconductors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2486-2488 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Le, Y. H.

Lee, J. G.

Lee, J. H.

Lee, S. Y.

Lim, J.

Mackay, K.

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, "Light-emitting-diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Marks, R. N.

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, "Light-emitting-diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, M.

C. Hosokawa, M. Eida, M. Matsuura, K. Fukuoka, H. Nakamura, and T. Kusumoto, "Organic multi-color electroluminescence display with fine pixels," Synth. Met. 91, 3-7 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miller, T. M.

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Philips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, T. M. Miller, and E. W. Kwock, "Microcavity effects in organic semiconductors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2486-2488 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, and T. M. Miller, "Color variation with electroluminescent organic semiconductors in multimode resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2308-2310 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, R.

T. Ishibashi, J. Yamada, T. Hirano, Y. Iwase, Y. Sato, R. Nakagawa, M. Sekiya, T. Sasaoka, and T. Urabe, "Active matrix organic light Emitting diode display based on ‘super top emission’ technology," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1  45, 4392-4395 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, H.

C. Hosokawa, M. Eida, M. Matsuura, K. Fukuoka, H. Nakamura, and T. Kusumoto, "Organic multi-color electroluminescence display with fine pixels," Synth. Met. 91, 3-7 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakaya, K.

M. Arai, K. Nakaya, O. Onitsuka, T. Inoue, M. Codama, M. Tanaka, and H. Tanabe, "Passive matrix display of organic LEDs," Synth. Met. 91, 21-25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oh, J. S.

Oh, S. S.

Onitsuka, O.

M. Arai, K. Nakaya, O. Onitsuka, T. Inoue, M. Codama, M. Tanaka, and H. Tanabe, "Passive matrix display of organic LEDs," Synth. Met. 91, 21-25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Park, B.

Philips, J. M.

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Philips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rothberg, L. J.

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Philips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Jordan, L. J. Rothberg, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, "Efficiency enhancement of microcavity organic light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1997-1999 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, T. M. Miller, and E. W. Kwock, "Microcavity effects in organic semiconductors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2486-2488 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, and T. M. Miller, "Color variation with electroluminescent organic semiconductors in multimode resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2308-2310 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sasaoka, T.

T. Ishibashi, J. Yamada, T. Hirano, Y. Iwase, Y. Sato, R. Nakagawa, M. Sekiya, T. Sasaoka, and T. Urabe, "Active matrix organic light Emitting diode display based on ‘super top emission’ technology," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1  45, 4392-4395 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

T. Ishibashi, J. Yamada, T. Hirano, Y. Iwase, Y. Sato, R. Nakagawa, M. Sekiya, T. Sasaoka, and T. Urabe, "Active matrix organic light Emitting diode display based on ‘super top emission’ technology," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1  45, 4392-4395 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sekiya, M.

T. Ishibashi, J. Yamada, T. Hirano, Y. Iwase, Y. Sato, R. Nakagawa, M. Sekiya, T. Sasaoka, and T. Urabe, "Active matrix organic light Emitting diode display based on ‘super top emission’ technology," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1  45, 4392-4395 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Seo, Y. H.

Shiga, T.

T. Shiga, H. Fujikawa, and Y. Taga, "Design of multiwavelength resonant cavities for white organic light-emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 19-22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Philips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Jordan, L. J. Rothberg, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, "Efficiency enhancement of microcavity organic light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1997-1999 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. W.

Taga, Y.

T. Shiga, H. Fujikawa, and Y. Taga, "Design of multiwavelength resonant cavities for white organic light-emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 19-22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takezoe, H.

Tanabe, H.

M. Arai, K. Nakaya, O. Onitsuka, T. Inoue, M. Codama, M. Tanaka, and H. Tanabe, "Passive matrix display of organic LEDs," Synth. Met. 91, 21-25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, M.

M. Arai, K. Nakaya, O. Onitsuka, T. Inoue, M. Codama, M. Tanaka, and H. Tanabe, "Passive matrix display of organic LEDs," Synth. Met. 91, 21-25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. W.

C. W. Tang and S. A. Van Slyke, "Organic electroluminescent diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 913-915 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Urabe, T.

T. Ishibashi, J. Yamada, T. Hirano, Y. Iwase, Y. Sato, R. Nakagawa, M. Sekiya, T. Sasaoka, and T. Urabe, "Active matrix organic light Emitting diode display based on ‘super top emission’ technology," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1  45, 4392-4395 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van Slyke, S. A.

C. W. Tang and S. A. Van Slyke, "Organic electroluminescent diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 913-915 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, J.

T. Ishibashi, J. Yamada, T. Hirano, Y. Iwase, Y. Sato, R. Nakagawa, M. Sekiya, T. Sasaoka, and T. Urabe, "Active matrix organic light Emitting diode display based on ‘super top emission’ technology," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1  45, 4392-4395 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

F. Chen, G. He, and Y. Yang, "Triplet exciton confinement in phosphorescent polymer light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zang, D. S.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

C. W. Tang and S. A. Van Slyke, "Organic electroluminescent diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 913-915 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, and T. M. Miller, "Color variation with electroluminescent organic semiconductors in multimode resonant cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2308-2310 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Jordan, L. J. Rothberg, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, "Efficiency enhancement of microcavity organic light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1997-1999 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, T. M. Miller, and E. W. Kwock, "Microcavity effects in organic semiconductors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2486-2488 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, G. He, and Y. Yang, "Triplet exciton confinement in phosphorescent polymer light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1006 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Philips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Shiga, H. Fujikawa, and Y. Taga, "Design of multiwavelength resonant cavities for white organic light-emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 19-22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys (1)

T. Ishibashi, J. Yamada, T. Hirano, Y. Iwase, Y. Sato, R. Nakagawa, M. Sekiya, T. Sasaoka, and T. Urabe, "Active matrix organic light Emitting diode display based on ‘super top emission’ technology," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1  45, 4392-4395 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. H. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, R. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, "Light-emitting-diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Synth. Met. (2)

M. Arai, K. Nakaya, O. Onitsuka, T. Inoue, M. Codama, M. Tanaka, and H. Tanabe, "Passive matrix display of organic LEDs," Synth. Met. 91, 21-25 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Hosokawa, M. Eida, M. Matsuura, K. Fukuoka, H. Nakamura, and T. Kusumoto, "Organic multi-color electroluminescence display with fine pixels," Synth. Met. 91, 3-7 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The schematic structure of full color OLED device with the microcavity structure and color filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). The microscopic photograph of DBR and patterned ITO cavity spacers on the glass substrate. (b) The microscopic photograph of full color OLED device with the microcavity structure and color filter.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The electroluminescent spectra of the microcavity OLEDs for red (red line), green (green line) and blue (blue line) and that of convention white OLED (black line).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The electroluminescence spectra of the white OLED device with color filter for red (red line), green (green line) and blue (blue line).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The electroluminescent spectra of the microcavity OLEDs with color filter for red (red line), green (green line) and blue (blue line).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The luminance-current characteristics of the microcavity OLED without color filter (Ref1) (solid triangle), white OLED with color filter (Ref2) (solid square) and full color OLED with microcavity and color filter in this study (solid circle) for red (red line), green (green line) and blue (blue line).

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Color coordinates of the three primary colors in the microcavity OLED without color filter (Ref. 1), white OLED with color filter (Ref. 2), and full color OLED with microcavity and color filter.

Equations (1)

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L(λ)λ2(nΔn)+jnjLj+φm4πλ,

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