Abstract

A perturbative analysis is proposed to estimate optical losses for electrically pumped micro-disk lasers. The optical field interaction with the electrical contacts and the optimization of their implementation is investigated. Our model shows a good agreement with 3D Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) computation and can be used for designing contacts for thin micro-disks, with a considerably reduced calculation time. We also demonstrate that losses induced by the contacts can be exploited to select the optical mode of a micro-laser.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Brasseur, P. Roos, K. Repasky, and J. Carlsten, "Characterization of a continuous-wave Raman laser in H2," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1305-1312 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Park, A. Fang, S. Kodama, and J. Bowers, "Hybrid silicon evanescent laser fabricated with a silicon waveguide and III-V offset quantum wells," Opt. Express 13, 9460-9464 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. Bowers, "A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143-1145 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with benzocyclobutene polymer cladding and its athermal effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, "Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser withthreshold current of 40 ?A," Electron. Lett. 36, 790-791 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J. Fedeli, and R. Baets, "Electrically injected thin-film InGaAsP microdisk lasers integrated on a Si-wafer," 2006 Annual Symposium of the IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, 30/11/2006-1/12/2006, Eindhoven, the Netherlands/Molina Vazquez, J; Verdurmen, E; van den Boom, H; Leijtens, X; Koonen, A.-2006-ISBN 90-6144-989-8 (2006).
  7. P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. Fedeli et al., "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt. Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, "Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit," Opt. Express 15, 6744-6749 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Fedeli, L. Di Cioccio, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, R. Orobtchouk, P. Rojo-Romeo, C. Seassal, and F. Mandorlo, "Development of silicon photonics devices using microelectronic tools for the integration on top of a CMOS wafer," Adv. Opt. Technol. 15 (2008).
  10. J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Cioccio, J. Fedeli, and R. Baets, "Design and Optimization of Electrically Injected InP-Based Microdisk Lasers Integrated on and Coupled to a SOI Waveguide Circuit," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 52-63 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Chin, "Estimation of the spontaneous emission factor for microdisk lasers via the approximation of whispering gallery modes," J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3302 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. P. Huy, "Etude de micro structures utilisant le guidage réfractifá fort confinement de la lumiére," Ph.D. dissertation, Institut de Microélectronique, Electromagnétisme et Photonique (2005).
  13. N. Frateschi and A. Levi, "The spectrum of microdisk lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 644 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  14. TessaFDTD : http://alioth.debian.org/projects/tessa/.
  15. Harminv: http://ab-initio.mit.edu/harminv/.

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with benzocyclobutene polymer cladding and its athermal effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, "Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser withthreshold current of 40 ?A," Electron. Lett. 36, 790-791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

N. Frateschi and A. Levi, "The spectrum of microdisk lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 644 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Chin, "Estimation of the spontaneous emission factor for microdisk lasers via the approximation of whispering gallery modes," J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3302 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with benzocyclobutene polymer cladding and its athermal effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, "Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser withthreshold current of 40 ?A," Electron. Lett. 36, 790-791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

Bowers, J.

A. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. Bowers, "A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143-1145 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, A. Fang, S. Kodama, and J. Bowers, "Hybrid silicon evanescent laser fabricated with a silicon waveguide and III-V offset quantum wells," Opt. Express 13, 9460-9464 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brasseur, J.

Carlsten, J.

Chin, M.

M. Chin, "Estimation of the spontaneous emission factor for microdisk lasers via the approximation of whispering gallery modes," J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3302 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cioccio, L.

Cohen, O.

A. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. Bowers, "A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143-1145 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Di Cioccio, L.

Fang, A.

A. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. Bowers, "A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143-1145 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, A. Fang, S. Kodama, and J. Bowers, "Hybrid silicon evanescent laser fabricated with a silicon waveguide and III-V offset quantum wells," Opt. Express 13, 9460-9464 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J.

Frateschi, N.

N. Frateschi and A. Levi, "The spectrum of microdisk lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 644 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with benzocyclobutene polymer cladding and its athermal effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, "Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser withthreshold current of 40 ?A," Electron. Lett. 36, 790-791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hollinger, G.

Jones, R.

A. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. Bowers, "A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143-1145 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kazmierczak, A.

Kodama, S.

Kokubun, Y.

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with benzocyclobutene polymer cladding and its athermal effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lagahe, C.

Letartre, X.

Levi, A.

N. Frateschi and A. Levi, "The spectrum of microdisk lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 644 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

A. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. Bowers, "A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143-1145 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

A. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. Bowers, "A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143-1145 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, A. Fang, S. Kodama, and J. Bowers, "Hybrid silicon evanescent laser fabricated with a silicon waveguide and III-V offset quantum wells," Opt. Express 13, 9460-9464 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Regreny, P.

Repasky, K.

Rojo Romeo, P.

Rojo-Romeo, P.

Roos, P.

Sakai, A.

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with benzocyclobutene polymer cladding and its athermal effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, C.

Ushigome, R.

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with benzocyclobutene polymer cladding and its athermal effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, "Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser withthreshold current of 40 ?A," Electron. Lett. 36, 790-791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Van Campenhout, J.

Van Thourhout, D.

Verstuyft, S.

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, "Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser withthreshold current of 40 ?A," Electron. Lett. 36, 790-791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. Bowers, "A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143-1145 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. Chin, "Estimation of the spontaneous emission factor for microdisk lasers via the approximation of whispering gallery modes," J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3302 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. Frateschi and A. Levi, "The spectrum of microdisk lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 80, 644 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys (1)

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, and Y. Kokubun, "GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with benzocyclobutene polymer cladding and its athermal effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 41, 6364-6369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Other (5)

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J. Fedeli, and R. Baets, "Electrically injected thin-film InGaAsP microdisk lasers integrated on a Si-wafer," 2006 Annual Symposium of the IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, 30/11/2006-1/12/2006, Eindhoven, the Netherlands/Molina Vazquez, J; Verdurmen, E; van den Boom, H; Leijtens, X; Koonen, A.-2006-ISBN 90-6144-989-8 (2006).

J. Fedeli, L. Di Cioccio, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, R. Orobtchouk, P. Rojo-Romeo, C. Seassal, and F. Mandorlo, "Development of silicon photonics devices using microelectronic tools for the integration on top of a CMOS wafer," Adv. Opt. Technol. 15 (2008).

TessaFDTD : http://alioth.debian.org/projects/tessa/.

Harminv: http://ab-initio.mit.edu/harminv/.

K. P. Huy, "Etude de micro structures utilisant le guidage réfractifá fort confinement de la lumiére," Ph.D. dissertation, Institut de Microélectronique, Electromagnétisme et Photonique (2005).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics