Abstract

We analyze the electromagnetic spatital distributions and address an important issue of the transmission properties of spherical transverse-electric (TE) and transverse-magnetic (TM) eigenmodes within a tapered hollow metallic waveguide in detail. Explicit analytical expressions for the spatital distributions of electromagnetic field components, attenuation constant, phase constant and wave impedance are derived. Accurate eigenvalues obtained numerically are used to study the dependences of the transmission properties on the taper angle, the mode as well as the length of the waveguide. It is shown that all modes run continuously from a propagating through a transition to an evanescent region and the value of the attenuation increases as the distance from the cone vertex and the cone angle decrease. A strict distinction between pure propagating and pure evanescent modes cannot be achieved. One mode after the other reaches cutoff in the tapered hollow metallic waveguide as the distance from the cone vertex desreases.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Z. Wang, M. Dai, and J. Yin, “Atomic (or molecular) guiding using a blue-detuned doughnut mode in a hollow metallic waveguide,” Opt. Express 13, 8406–8423 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. P. D. Potter, “A new horn antenna with suppressed sides lobes and equal beamwidth,” Microwave J. 6, 71–78 (1963).
  5. M. S. Narasimhan and K. S. Balasubramanya, “Transmission characteristics of spherical TE and TM modes in conical waveguides,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 17, 965–970 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Kim and K. B. Song, “Recent progress of nano-technilogy with NSOM,” Micron 38, 409–426 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. J. Antosiewicz and T. Szoplik, “Corrugated metal-coatedtapered tip for scanning near-field optical microscope,” Opt. Express 15, 10920–10928 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  9. Y. Sentoku, K. Mima, H. Ruhl, Y. Toyama, R. Kodama, and T. E. Cowan, “Laser light and hot electron micro focusing using a conical target,” Phys. Plasma 11, 3083–3087 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  10. L. Novotny and C. Hafner, “Light propagation in a cylindrical waveguide with a complex, metallic, dielectric function,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 4094–4106 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. F. Harrington, Time-harmonic electomagnetic fields (Wiley-IEEE, 2001), Chap. 6.
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Obtaining super resolution light spot using surface plasmon assisted sharp ridge nanoaperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111106 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2008 (2)

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Ponnampalam and R. G. DeCorby, “Out-of-plane coupling at mode cutoff in tapered hollow waveguides with omnidirectional reflector claddings,” Opt. Express 16, 2894–2908 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

2005 (2)

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Obtaining super resolution light spot using surface plasmon assisted sharp ridge nanoaperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, M. Dai, and J. Yin, “Atomic (or molecular) guiding using a blue-detuned doughnut mode in a hollow metallic waveguide,” Opt. Express 13, 8406–8423 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

Y. Sentoku, K. Mima, H. Ruhl, Y. Toyama, R. Kodama, and T. E. Cowan, “Laser light and hot electron micro focusing using a conical target,” Phys. Plasma 11, 3083–3087 (2004).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

L. Novotny and C. Hafner, “Light propagation in a cylindrical waveguide with a complex, metallic, dielectric function,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 4094–4106 (1994).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

M. S. Narasimhan and K. S. Balasubramanya, “Transmission characteristics of spherical TE and TM modes in conical waveguides,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 17, 965–970 (1974).
[Crossref]

1963 (1)

P. D. Potter, “A new horn antenna with suppressed sides lobes and equal beamwidth,” Microwave J. 6, 71–78 (1963).

Adam, J. C.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Akli, K. U.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Antosiewicz, T. J.

Balasubramanya, K. S.

M. S. Narasimhan and K. S. Balasubramanya, “Transmission characteristics of spherical TE and TM modes in conical waveguides,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 17, 965–970 (1974).
[Crossref]

Borghesi, M.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. C.

Chen, M. H.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cowan, T. E.

Y. Sentoku, K. Mima, H. Ruhl, Y. Toyama, R. Kodama, and T. E. Cowan, “Laser light and hot electron micro focusing using a conical target,” Phys. Plasma 11, 3083–3087 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dai, M.

DeCorby, R. G.

Evans, R. G

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Freeman, R. R.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Habara, H.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hafner, C.

L. Novotny and C. Hafner, “Light propagation in a cylindrical waveguide with a complex, metallic, dielectric function,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 4094–4106 (1994).
[Crossref]

Harrington, R. F.

R. F. Harrington, Time-harmonic electomagnetic fields (Wiley-IEEE, 2001), Chap. 6.

Hatchett, S. P.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Heron, A.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hill, J. M.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jin, E. X.

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Obtaining super resolution light spot using surface plasmon assisted sharp ridge nanoaperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Key, M. H.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

J. Kim and K. B. Song, “Recent progress of nano-technilogy with NSOM,” Micron 38, 409–426 (2007).
[Crossref]

King, J. A.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kodama, R.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Sentoku, K. Mima, H. Ruhl, Y. Toyama, R. Kodama, and T. E. Cowan, “Laser light and hot electron micro focusing using a conical target,” Phys. Plasma 11, 3083–3087 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lancaster, K. L.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lo, S. S.

MacKinnon, A. J.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Matsuura, Y.

Mima, K.

Y. Sentoku, K. Mima, H. Ruhl, Y. Toyama, R. Kodama, and T. E. Cowan, “Laser light and hot electron micro focusing using a conical target,” Phys. Plasma 11, 3083–3087 (2004).
[Crossref]

Miyagi, M.

Narasimhan, M. S.

M. S. Narasimhan and K. S. Balasubramanya, “Transmission characteristics of spherical TE and TM modes in conical waveguides,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 17, 965–970 (1974).
[Crossref]

Narita, S.

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny and C. Hafner, “Light propagation in a cylindrical waveguide with a complex, metallic, dielectric function,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 4094–4106 (1994).
[Crossref]

Nrreys, P. A.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Patel, P.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phillips, T.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ponnampalam, N.

Potter, P. D.

P. D. Potter, “A new horn antenna with suppressed sides lobes and equal beamwidth,” Microwave J. 6, 71–78 (1963).

Romagnani, L

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ruhl, H.

Y. Sentoku, K. Mima, H. Ruhl, Y. Toyama, R. Kodama, and T. E. Cowan, “Laser light and hot electron micro focusing using a conical target,” Phys. Plasma 11, 3083–3087 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sentoku, Y.

Y. Sentoku, K. Mima, H. Ruhl, Y. Toyama, R. Kodama, and T. E. Cowan, “Laser light and hot electron micro focusing using a conical target,” Phys. Plasma 11, 3083–3087 (2004).
[Crossref]

Snavely, R. A.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Song, K. B.

J. Kim and K. B. Song, “Recent progress of nano-technilogy with NSOM,” Micron 38, 409–426 (2007).
[Crossref]

Stephens, R.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stoeckl, C.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Szoplik, T.

Town, R.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Toyama, Y.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Sentoku, K. Mima, H. Ruhl, Y. Toyama, R. Kodama, and T. E. Cowan, “Laser light and hot electron micro focusing using a conical target,” Phys. Plasma 11, 3083–3087 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Xu, X.

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Obtaining super resolution light spot using surface plasmon assisted sharp ridge nanoaperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yin, J.

Zepf, M.

M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
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M. H. Key, J. C. Adam, K. U. Akli, M. Borghesi, M. H. Chen, R. G Evans, R. R. Freeman, H. Habara, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, A. Heron, J. A. King, R. Kodama, K. L. Lancaster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. Patel, T. Phillips, L Romagnani, R. A. Snavely, R. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, R. Town, Y. Toyama, B. Zhang, M. Zepf, and P. A. Nrreys, “Fast ignition relevant study of the flux of high intensity laser-generated electrons via a hollow cone into a laser-imploded plasma,” Phys. Plasma 15, 022701 (2008).
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