Abstract

In this paper a new silver (Ag) nanoparticle-based structure is presented which shows potential as a device for front end applications, in nano-interconnects or power dividers. A novel oxide bar ensures waveguiding and control of the signal strength with promising results. The structure is simulated by the two dimensional finite difference time domain (FDTD) method considering TM polarization and the Drude model. The effect of different wavelengths, material loss, gaps and particle sizes on the overall performance is discussed. It is found that the maximum signal strength remains along the Ag metallic nanoparticles and can be guided to targeted end points.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

2007 (1)

R. Zia, and M. L. Brongersma, "Surface plasmon polariton analogue to Young’s double-slit experiment," Nature Nanotech. 2, 426- 429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

W. M. Saj, "FDTD simulation of 2D Plasmon waveguide on silver nanorods in hexagonal lattice," Opt. Express,  13, 4818-4827 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Zhang and Y. P. Zhao, "Tuning the optical absorption properties of Ag nanorods by their topologic shapes: A discrete dipole approximation calculation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 023110 - 023113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

Y. Xia and N. J. Halas, "Shape-controlled synthesis and surface plasmonic properties of metallic nanostructures," MRS Bulletin 30, 338 - 348 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier and H. A. J. Atwater, "Plasmonics: Localization and guiding of electromagnetic energy in metal/dielectric structures," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 011101-011110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, H. Shi, C. Wang, C. Du, X. Luo, Q. Deng, Y. Lv, X. Lin, and H. Yao, "Surface plasmon polariton propagation and combination in Y-shaped metallic channels," Opt. Express 13, 10795-10800 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Namura, M. Ohtsu, T. and Yatusi, "Nanodot coupler wih a surface plasmon polariton condenser for optical far/near-field conversion," App Phys Lett. 86, 181108 -181110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Grosges, A. Vial, and D. Barchiesi, "Models of near-field spectroscopic studies: comparison between Finite-Element and Finite-Difference methods," Opt. Express,  13, 8483-8497 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

D. S. Citrin, "Coherent excitation transport in metal-nanoparticle chains," Nano Lett. 4, 1562- 1565 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N.C. Panoiu and R. M. Osgood, "Subwavelength nonlinear plasmonic nanowire," Nano Lett. 4, 2427-2430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Hao and G. J. Schatz, "Electromagnetic fields around silver nanoparticles and dimmers," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 357-366 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Gap-dependent optical coupling of single "bowtie" nanoantennas resonant in the visible," Nano Lett. 4, 957-961 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of near-field coupling in metal nanoparticle chains using far-field polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 65, 193408- 193411 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Non-diffraction-limited light transport by gold nanowires," Europhys. Lett. 60, 663-669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes in Au nanoparticle chain waveguides of different lengths: Estimation of waveguide loss," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1714-1716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762 - 1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

J. C. Weeber, A. Dereux, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, and J. P. Goudonnet, "Plasmon polaritons of metallic nanowires for controlling submicron propagation of light," Phys. Rev. B 60, 9061-9068(1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1994 (2)

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. Wang, M. Moskovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Suh, and R. Botet, "Photon scanning tunneling microscopy images of optical excitations of fractal metal colloid clusters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 - 4152 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Berenger, "A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves," J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185 - 200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of near-field coupling in metal nanoparticle chains using far-field polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 65, 193408- 193411 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes in Au nanoparticle chain waveguides of different lengths: Estimation of waveguide loss," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1714-1716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A. J.

S. A. Maier and H. A. J. Atwater, "Plasmonics: Localization and guiding of electromagnetic energy in metal/dielectric structures," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 011101-011110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Non-diffraction-limited light transport by gold nanowires," Europhys. Lett. 60, 663-669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762 - 1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Quinten, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Electromagnetic energy transport via linear chains of silver nanoparticles," Opt. Lett. 23, 1331-1333, (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barchiesi, D.

Berenger, J. P.

J. P. Berenger, "A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves," J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185 - 200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Botet, R.

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. Wang, M. Moskovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Suh, and R. Botet, "Photon scanning tunneling microscopy images of optical excitations of fractal metal colloid clusters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 - 4152 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

R. Zia, and M. L. Brongersma, "Surface plasmon polariton analogue to Young’s double-slit experiment," Nature Nanotech. 2, 426- 429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of near-field coupling in metal nanoparticle chains using far-field polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 65, 193408- 193411 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Citrin, D. S.

D. S. Citrin, "Coherent excitation transport in metal-nanoparticle chains," Nano Lett. 4, 1562- 1565 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Deng, Q.

Dereux, A.

J. C. Weeber, A. Dereux, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, and J. P. Goudonnet, "Plasmon polaritons of metallic nanowires for controlling submicron propagation of light," Phys. Rev. B 60, 9061-9068(1999).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762 - 1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Non-diffraction-limited light transport by gold nanowires," Europhys. Lett. 60, 663-669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Du, C.

Fromm, D. P.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Gap-dependent optical coupling of single "bowtie" nanoantennas resonant in the visible," Nano Lett. 4, 957-961 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gao, H.

García de Abajo, F. J.

Girard, C.

J. C. Weeber, A. Dereux, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, and J. P. Goudonnet, "Plasmon polaritons of metallic nanowires for controlling submicron propagation of light," Phys. Rev. B 60, 9061-9068(1999).
[CrossRef]

Goudonnet, J. P.

J. C. Weeber, A. Dereux, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, and J. P. Goudonnet, "Plasmon polaritons of metallic nanowires for controlling submicron propagation of light," Phys. Rev. B 60, 9061-9068(1999).
[CrossRef]

Grosges, T.

Halas, N. J.

Y. Xia and N. J. Halas, "Shape-controlled synthesis and surface plasmonic properties of metallic nanostructures," MRS Bulletin 30, 338 - 348 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hao, E.

E. Hao and G. J. Schatz, "Electromagnetic fields around silver nanoparticles and dimmers," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 357-366 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kik, P. G.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes in Au nanoparticle chain waveguides of different lengths: Estimation of waveguide loss," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1714-1716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of near-field coupling in metal nanoparticle chains using far-field polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 65, 193408- 193411 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kino, G.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Gap-dependent optical coupling of single "bowtie" nanoantennas resonant in the visible," Nano Lett. 4, 957-961 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kottmann, P. J.

Kovacs, J.

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. Wang, M. Moskovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Suh, and R. Botet, "Photon scanning tunneling microscopy images of optical excitations of fractal metal colloid clusters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 - 4152 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Non-diffraction-limited light transport by gold nanowires," Europhys. Lett. 60, 663-669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762 - 1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Weeber, A. Dereux, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, and J. P. Goudonnet, "Plasmon polaritons of metallic nanowires for controlling submicron propagation of light," Phys. Rev. B 60, 9061-9068(1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Quinten, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Electromagnetic energy transport via linear chains of silver nanoparticles," Opt. Lett. 23, 1331-1333, (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lamprecht, B.

J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Non-diffraction-limited light transport by gold nanowires," Europhys. Lett. 60, 663-669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Non-diffraction-limited light transport by gold nanowires," Europhys. Lett. 60, 663-669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762 - 1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Quinten, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Electromagnetic energy transport via linear chains of silver nanoparticles," Opt. Lett. 23, 1331-1333, (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X.

Luo, X.

Lv, Y.

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier and H. A. J. Atwater, "Plasmonics: Localization and guiding of electromagnetic energy in metal/dielectric structures," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 011101-011110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of near-field coupling in metal nanoparticle chains using far-field polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 65, 193408- 193411 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes in Au nanoparticle chain waveguides of different lengths: Estimation of waveguide loss," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1714-1716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martin, O. J. F.

Moerner, W. E.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Gap-dependent optical coupling of single "bowtie" nanoantennas resonant in the visible," Nano Lett. 4, 957-961 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moskovits, M.

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. Wang, M. Moskovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Suh, and R. Botet, "Photon scanning tunneling microscopy images of optical excitations of fractal metal colloid clusters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 - 4152 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Namura, W.

W. Namura, M. Ohtsu, T. and Yatusi, "Nanodot coupler wih a surface plasmon polariton condenser for optical far/near-field conversion," App Phys Lett. 86, 181108 -181110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

W. Namura, M. Ohtsu, T. and Yatusi, "Nanodot coupler wih a surface plasmon polariton condenser for optical far/near-field conversion," App Phys Lett. 86, 181108 -181110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

N.C. Panoiu and R. M. Osgood, "Subwavelength nonlinear plasmonic nanowire," Nano Lett. 4, 2427-2430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Panoiu, N.C.

N.C. Panoiu and R. M. Osgood, "Subwavelength nonlinear plasmonic nanowire," Nano Lett. 4, 2427-2430 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Quinten, M.

Sainidou, R.

Saj, W. M.

Salerno, M.

J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Non-diffraction-limited light transport by gold nanowires," Europhys. Lett. 60, 663-669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. J.

E. Hao and G. J. Schatz, "Electromagnetic fields around silver nanoparticles and dimmers," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 357-366 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schider, G.

J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Non-diffraction-limited light transport by gold nanowires," Europhys. Lett. 60, 663-669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762 - 1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schuck, P. J.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Gap-dependent optical coupling of single "bowtie" nanoantennas resonant in the visible," Nano Lett. 4, 957-961 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. Wang, M. Moskovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Suh, and R. Botet, "Photon scanning tunneling microscopy images of optical excitations of fractal metal colloid clusters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 - 4152 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, H.

Suh, J. S.

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. Wang, M. Moskovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Suh, and R. Botet, "Photon scanning tunneling microscopy images of optical excitations of fractal metal colloid clusters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 - 4152 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sundaramurthy, A.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Gap-dependent optical coupling of single "bowtie" nanoantennas resonant in the visible," Nano Lett. 4, 957-961 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, D. P.

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. Wang, M. Moskovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Suh, and R. Botet, "Photon scanning tunneling microscopy images of optical excitations of fractal metal colloid clusters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 - 4152 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vial, A.

Wang, C.

Wang, Z.

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. Wang, M. Moskovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Suh, and R. Botet, "Photon scanning tunneling microscopy images of optical excitations of fractal metal colloid clusters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 - 4152 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weeber, J. C.

J. C. Weeber, A. Dereux, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, and J. P. Goudonnet, "Plasmon polaritons of metallic nanowires for controlling submicron propagation of light," Phys. Rev. B 60, 9061-9068(1999).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y.

Y. Xia and N. J. Halas, "Shape-controlled synthesis and surface plasmonic properties of metallic nanostructures," MRS Bulletin 30, 338 - 348 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yao, H.

Zhang, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Zhang and Y. P. Zhao, "Tuning the optical absorption properties of Ag nanorods by their topologic shapes: A discrete dipole approximation calculation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 023110 - 023113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. P.

Z. Y. Zhang and Y. P. Zhao, "Tuning the optical absorption properties of Ag nanorods by their topologic shapes: A discrete dipole approximation calculation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 023110 - 023113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zia, R.

R. Zia, and M. L. Brongersma, "Surface plasmon polariton analogue to Young’s double-slit experiment," Nature Nanotech. 2, 426- 429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

App Phys Lett. (1)

W. Namura, M. Ohtsu, T. and Yatusi, "Nanodot coupler wih a surface plasmon polariton condenser for optical far/near-field conversion," App Phys Lett. 86, 181108 -181110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The generic structure under study with specific points of monitor at U, L and C. The particle diameter and gap size are 10 nm and 5 nm respectively. For the scale of both axis total size is not added because it is variable and is dependent on gap size and particle size.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Electric field intensity (from Ey component) snapshots for the proposed structure. (a) Electric field intensity snapshot without oxide bar (λ = 785 nm, with four nanoparticles in collector) demonstrating stray field being unimpeded. (b) Wave propagation along the structure by considering an oxide bar (λ = 785 nm, with eight nanoparticles in collector). The condenser has 8 particles in both cases.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The electric field ratio between the input and output signals of the waveguide with different size and gap distance between nanoparticles at λ = 785 nm).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Electric field intensity for different wavelengths at three different locations C, U and L as shown in Fig. 1. The particle diameter and gap size are 10nm and 5 nm respectively for the analysis

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Effect of different gap sizes between nanoparticles of waveguide and divider. (a) The normalized electric field at the T-junction (C) with respect to time for different gap sizes and constant wavelength λ o=785 nm. (b) Time delay at center of the divider and electric field intensity vs. gap size with same parameters as in (a).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Effect of different nanoparticle sizes of waveguide and divider. (a) Electric field vs. time for different particle diameters at a wavelength of 785 nm. (b)Time delay and width of wave at T-junction (C) vs. particle diameter at a wavelength of 785nm.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Relative loss of the proposed structure for different size (8 nm to 15 nm) of nanoparticles and gap size (3 nm to 10 nm) in between nanoparticles at a wavelength of 785 nm.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ε(ω)=εωp2ω2+iΓω
Dt=×H,Bt=×E
Dx|i+12,jn+1=Dx|i+12,jn+ΔtΔy [Hz|i+12,j+12n+12Hz|i+12,j12n+12]
Dx=ε (ω)Ex
Dx=ε Ex +β[11z1]Exβ[11αz1]Ex
RelativeLoss=ArefereceAmeasuredAreference

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