Abstract

We present the first optical sensor based on Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) operating in the mid-infrared range. The experimental setup is based on a Kretschmann geometry with Ti/Au layers deposited on a CaF2 prism where light excitation is provided by a Quantum Cascade Laser (QCL) source. Evidence of SPR is presented and the sensing capability of the system is demonstrated by using CO2 and N2 mixtures as test samples. Due to the absorption of CO2 at this wavelength, it is shown that the sensitivity of this configuration is five times higher than a similar SPR sensor operating in the visible range of the spectrum.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review," Sens. Actuators B 54,3-15 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Z. Salamon and G. Tollin, "Surface plasmon resonance, theory," Enyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry, 2311-2319 (2000).
  3. E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, "Radiative decay of non radiative surface plasmons excited by light," Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung Part A-Astrophysik Physik Und Physikalische Chemie A 23, 2135-2136 (1968).
  4. D. C. Cullen, R. G. W. Brown, and C. R. Lowe, "Detection of immuno-complex formation via surface-plasmon resonance on gold-coated diffraction gratings," Biosensors 3,211-225 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, "Detection of immuno-complex formation via surface-plasmon resonance," Sens. Actuators B 12,213-220 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Born and E. Wolf, "Elementary theory of dispersion," in Principles of Optics, 7th Edition, (University Press, Cambridge, 1999), pp. 95-103.
  7. A. Hanning, J. Roeraade, J. J. Delrow, and R. C. Jorgenson, "Enhanced sensitivity of wavelength modulated surface plasmon resonance devices using dispersion from a dye solution," Sens. Actuators B 54,25-36 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Herminjard, A. Crottini, L. Vaccaro, H-P. Herzig, E. Studemann, and G.M. Nicolle, "Surface plasmon waveguide resonance spectroscopy applied on food dyes solutions under anomalous dispersion," presented at the EOS Topical Meeting on Molecular Plasmonic Devices, Engelberg, Switzerland, 27-29 April 2006.
  9. B. H. Stuart, Infrared spectroscopy : fundamentals and applications (Wiley, Chichester, 2004).
  10. W. Shin, M. Matsumiya, F. Qiu, N. Izu, and N. Murayama, "Thermoelectric gas sensor for detection of high hydrogen concentration," Sens. Actuators B 97,344-347 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Takeuchi, T. Tanaka, M. Ikeda, K. Shibata, Y. Sakauchi, Y. Yamada, and S. Nakano, "Highly accurate CO2 gas sensor using a modulation-type pyroelectric infrared detector," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32,221-227 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. W. Sigrist, "Trace gas monitoring by laser-photoacoustic spectroscopy," Inf. Phys. Technol. 36,415-425 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Quantum cascade laser," Science 264,553-556 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Raether, "Surface plasmons on smooth and rough surfaces and on gratings," Springer tracts in moderns physics 111, Springer, Berlin (1988).
  15. W. Knoll, "Interfaces and thin films as seen by bound electromagnetic waves," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49,569-638 (1998).
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  22. G. J. Ashwell and M. P. S. Roberts, "Highly selective surface plasmon resonance sensor for NO2," Electronics Letters 32,2089-2091 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  23. G. P. Luo, C. Peng, H. Q. Le, S. S. Pei,W.-Y. Hwang, B. Ishaug, J. Um, J. N. Baillargeon, and C.-H. Lin, "Gratingtuned external-cavity quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,2834-2836 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

W. Shin, M. Matsumiya, F. Qiu, N. Izu, and N. Murayama, "Thermoelectric gas sensor for detection of high hydrogen concentration," Sens. Actuators B 97,344-347 (2004)
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

G. P. Luo, C. Peng, H. Q. Le, S. S. Pei,W.-Y. Hwang, B. Ishaug, J. Um, J. N. Baillargeon, and C.-H. Lin, "Gratingtuned external-cavity quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,2834-2836 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

Y. Clergent, C. Durou, and M. Laurens, "Refractive index variations for argon, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide at ? =632.8 nm (He-Ne laser light) in the range 288.15 K ?T ?323.15 K, 0< p<110 kPa," Journal Of Chemical And Engineering Data 44,197-199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review," Sens. Actuators B 54,3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Hanning, J. Roeraade, J. J. Delrow, and R. C. Jorgenson, "Enhanced sensitivity of wavelength modulated surface plasmon resonance devices using dispersion from a dye solution," Sens. Actuators B 54,25-36 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

W. Knoll, "Interfaces and thin films as seen by bound electromagnetic waves," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49,569-638 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

G. J. Ashwell and M. P. S. Roberts, "Highly selective surface plasmon resonance sensor for NO2," Electronics Letters 32,2089-2091 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, "Biosensing with surface-plasmon resonance - how it all started," Biosens. Bioelectron. 10,1-9 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Sigrist, "Trace gas monitoring by laser-photoacoustic spectroscopy," Inf. Phys. Technol. 36,415-425 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Quantum cascade laser," Science 264,553-556 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

K. Takeuchi, T. Tanaka, M. Ikeda, K. Shibata, Y. Sakauchi, Y. Yamada, and S. Nakano, "Highly accurate CO2 gas sensor using a modulation-type pyroelectric infrared detector," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32,221-227 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, "Detection of immuno-complex formation via surface-plasmon resonance," Sens. Actuators B 12,213-220 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

D. C. Cullen, R. G. W. Brown, and C. R. Lowe, "Detection of immuno-complex formation via surface-plasmon resonance on gold-coated diffraction gratings," Biosensors 3,211-225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

Alexander, R. W.

Ashwell, G. J.

G. J. Ashwell and M. P. S. Roberts, "Highly selective surface plasmon resonance sensor for NO2," Electronics Letters 32,2089-2091 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baillargeon, J. N.

G. P. Luo, C. Peng, H. Q. Le, S. S. Pei,W.-Y. Hwang, B. Ishaug, J. Um, J. N. Baillargeon, and C.-H. Lin, "Gratingtuned external-cavity quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,2834-2836 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bell, R. J.

Bell, R. R.

Bell, S. E.

Brown, R. G. W.

D. C. Cullen, R. G. W. Brown, and C. R. Lowe, "Detection of immuno-complex formation via surface-plasmon resonance on gold-coated diffraction gratings," Biosensors 3,211-225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Quantum cascade laser," Science 264,553-556 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cho, A. Y.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Quantum cascade laser," Science 264,553-556 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Clergent, Y.

Y. Clergent, C. Durou, and M. Laurens, "Refractive index variations for argon, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide at ? =632.8 nm (He-Ne laser light) in the range 288.15 K ?T ?323.15 K, 0< p<110 kPa," Journal Of Chemical And Engineering Data 44,197-199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cullen, D. C.

D. C. Cullen, R. G. W. Brown, and C. R. Lowe, "Detection of immuno-complex formation via surface-plasmon resonance on gold-coated diffraction gratings," Biosensors 3,211-225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Delrow, J. J.

A. Hanning, J. Roeraade, J. J. Delrow, and R. C. Jorgenson, "Enhanced sensitivity of wavelength modulated surface plasmon resonance devices using dispersion from a dye solution," Sens. Actuators B 54,25-36 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Durou, C.

Y. Clergent, C. Durou, and M. Laurens, "Refractive index variations for argon, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide at ? =632.8 nm (He-Ne laser light) in the range 288.15 K ?T ?323.15 K, 0< p<110 kPa," Journal Of Chemical And Engineering Data 44,197-199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Faist, J.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Quantum cascade laser," Science 264,553-556 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gauglitz, G.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review," Sens. Actuators B 54,3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hanning, A.

A. Hanning, J. Roeraade, J. J. Delrow, and R. C. Jorgenson, "Enhanced sensitivity of wavelength modulated surface plasmon resonance devices using dispersion from a dye solution," Sens. Actuators B 54,25-36 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Homola, J.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review," Sens. Actuators B 54,3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, A. L.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Quantum cascade laser," Science 264,553-556 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, W.-Y.

G. P. Luo, C. Peng, H. Q. Le, S. S. Pei,W.-Y. Hwang, B. Ishaug, J. Um, J. N. Baillargeon, and C.-H. Lin, "Gratingtuned external-cavity quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,2834-2836 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, M.

K. Takeuchi, T. Tanaka, M. Ikeda, K. Shibata, Y. Sakauchi, Y. Yamada, and S. Nakano, "Highly accurate CO2 gas sensor using a modulation-type pyroelectric infrared detector," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32,221-227 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ishaug, B.

G. P. Luo, C. Peng, H. Q. Le, S. S. Pei,W.-Y. Hwang, B. Ishaug, J. Um, J. N. Baillargeon, and C.-H. Lin, "Gratingtuned external-cavity quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,2834-2836 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Izu, N.

W. Shin, M. Matsumiya, F. Qiu, N. Izu, and N. Murayama, "Thermoelectric gas sensor for detection of high hydrogen concentration," Sens. Actuators B 97,344-347 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Jorgenson, R. C.

A. Hanning, J. Roeraade, J. J. Delrow, and R. C. Jorgenson, "Enhanced sensitivity of wavelength modulated surface plasmon resonance devices using dispersion from a dye solution," Sens. Actuators B 54,25-36 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, "Detection of immuno-complex formation via surface-plasmon resonance," Sens. Actuators B 12,213-220 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Knoll, W.

W. Knoll, "Interfaces and thin films as seen by bound electromagnetic waves," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49,569-638 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laurens, M.

Y. Clergent, C. Durou, and M. Laurens, "Refractive index variations for argon, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide at ? =632.8 nm (He-Ne laser light) in the range 288.15 K ?T ?323.15 K, 0< p<110 kPa," Journal Of Chemical And Engineering Data 44,197-199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Le, H. Q.

G. P. Luo, C. Peng, H. Q. Le, S. S. Pei,W.-Y. Hwang, B. Ishaug, J. Um, J. N. Baillargeon, and C.-H. Lin, "Gratingtuned external-cavity quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,2834-2836 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liedberg, B.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, "Biosensing with surface-plasmon resonance - how it all started," Biosens. Bioelectron. 10,1-9 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-H.

G. P. Luo, C. Peng, H. Q. Le, S. S. Pei,W.-Y. Hwang, B. Ishaug, J. Um, J. N. Baillargeon, and C.-H. Lin, "Gratingtuned external-cavity quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,2834-2836 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Long, L.

Lowe, C. R.

D. C. Cullen, R. G. W. Brown, and C. R. Lowe, "Detection of immuno-complex formation via surface-plasmon resonance on gold-coated diffraction gratings," Biosensors 3,211-225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lundstrom, I.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, "Biosensing with surface-plasmon resonance - how it all started," Biosens. Bioelectron. 10,1-9 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Luo, G. P.

G. P. Luo, C. Peng, H. Q. Le, S. S. Pei,W.-Y. Hwang, B. Ishaug, J. Um, J. N. Baillargeon, and C.-H. Lin, "Gratingtuned external-cavity quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,2834-2836 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Matsumiya, M.

W. Shin, M. Matsumiya, F. Qiu, N. Izu, and N. Murayama, "Thermoelectric gas sensor for detection of high hydrogen concentration," Sens. Actuators B 97,344-347 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Murayama, N.

W. Shin, M. Matsumiya, F. Qiu, N. Izu, and N. Murayama, "Thermoelectric gas sensor for detection of high hydrogen concentration," Sens. Actuators B 97,344-347 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Nakano, S.

K. Takeuchi, T. Tanaka, M. Ikeda, K. Shibata, Y. Sakauchi, Y. Yamada, and S. Nakano, "Highly accurate CO2 gas sensor using a modulation-type pyroelectric infrared detector," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32,221-227 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nylander, C.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, "Biosensing with surface-plasmon resonance - how it all started," Biosens. Bioelectron. 10,1-9 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ordal, M. A.

Pei, S. S.

G. P. Luo, C. Peng, H. Q. Le, S. S. Pei,W.-Y. Hwang, B. Ishaug, J. Um, J. N. Baillargeon, and C.-H. Lin, "Gratingtuned external-cavity quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,2834-2836 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Peng, C.

G. P. Luo, C. Peng, H. Q. Le, S. S. Pei,W.-Y. Hwang, B. Ishaug, J. Um, J. N. Baillargeon, and C.-H. Lin, "Gratingtuned external-cavity quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,2834-2836 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, F.

W. Shin, M. Matsumiya, F. Qiu, N. Izu, and N. Murayama, "Thermoelectric gas sensor for detection of high hydrogen concentration," Sens. Actuators B 97,344-347 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Roberts, M. P. S.

G. J. Ashwell and M. P. S. Roberts, "Highly selective surface plasmon resonance sensor for NO2," Electronics Letters 32,2089-2091 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Roeraade, J.

A. Hanning, J. Roeraade, J. J. Delrow, and R. C. Jorgenson, "Enhanced sensitivity of wavelength modulated surface plasmon resonance devices using dispersion from a dye solution," Sens. Actuators B 54,25-36 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sakauchi, Y.

K. Takeuchi, T. Tanaka, M. Ikeda, K. Shibata, Y. Sakauchi, Y. Yamada, and S. Nakano, "Highly accurate CO2 gas sensor using a modulation-type pyroelectric infrared detector," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32,221-227 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, K.

K. Takeuchi, T. Tanaka, M. Ikeda, K. Shibata, Y. Sakauchi, Y. Yamada, and S. Nakano, "Highly accurate CO2 gas sensor using a modulation-type pyroelectric infrared detector," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32,221-227 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shin, W.

W. Shin, M. Matsumiya, F. Qiu, N. Izu, and N. Murayama, "Thermoelectric gas sensor for detection of high hydrogen concentration," Sens. Actuators B 97,344-347 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Sigrist, M. W.

M. W. Sigrist, "Trace gas monitoring by laser-photoacoustic spectroscopy," Inf. Phys. Technol. 36,415-425 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sirtori, C.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Quantum cascade laser," Science 264,553-556 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sivco, D. L.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Quantum cascade laser," Science 264,553-556 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, K.

K. Takeuchi, T. Tanaka, M. Ikeda, K. Shibata, Y. Sakauchi, Y. Yamada, and S. Nakano, "Highly accurate CO2 gas sensor using a modulation-type pyroelectric infrared detector," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32,221-227 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, T.

K. Takeuchi, T. Tanaka, M. Ikeda, K. Shibata, Y. Sakauchi, Y. Yamada, and S. Nakano, "Highly accurate CO2 gas sensor using a modulation-type pyroelectric infrared detector," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32,221-227 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Um, J.

G. P. Luo, C. Peng, H. Q. Le, S. S. Pei,W.-Y. Hwang, B. Ishaug, J. Um, J. N. Baillargeon, and C.-H. Lin, "Gratingtuned external-cavity quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,2834-2836 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ward, C. A.

Yamada, Y.

K. Takeuchi, T. Tanaka, M. Ikeda, K. Shibata, Y. Sakauchi, Y. Yamada, and S. Nakano, "Highly accurate CO2 gas sensor using a modulation-type pyroelectric infrared detector," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32,221-227 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yee, S. S.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review," Sens. Actuators B 54,3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, "Detection of immuno-complex formation via surface-plasmon resonance," Sens. Actuators B 12,213-220 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

W. Knoll, "Interfaces and thin films as seen by bound electromagnetic waves," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 49,569-638 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. P. Luo, C. Peng, H. Q. Le, S. S. Pei,W.-Y. Hwang, B. Ishaug, J. Um, J. N. Baillargeon, and C.-H. Lin, "Gratingtuned external-cavity quantum-cascade semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,2834-2836 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, "Biosensing with surface-plasmon resonance - how it all started," Biosens. Bioelectron. 10,1-9 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Biosensors (1)

D. C. Cullen, R. G. W. Brown, and C. R. Lowe, "Detection of immuno-complex formation via surface-plasmon resonance on gold-coated diffraction gratings," Biosensors 3,211-225 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Electronics Letters (1)

G. J. Ashwell and M. P. S. Roberts, "Highly selective surface plasmon resonance sensor for NO2," Electronics Letters 32,2089-2091 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Inf. Phys. Technol. (1)

M. W. Sigrist, "Trace gas monitoring by laser-photoacoustic spectroscopy," Inf. Phys. Technol. 36,415-425 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Journal Of Chemical And Engineering Data (1)

Y. Clergent, C. Durou, and M. Laurens, "Refractive index variations for argon, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide at ? =632.8 nm (He-Ne laser light) in the range 288.15 K ?T ?323.15 K, 0< p<110 kPa," Journal Of Chemical And Engineering Data 44,197-199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Takeuchi, T. Tanaka, M. Ikeda, K. Shibata, Y. Sakauchi, Y. Yamada, and S. Nakano, "Highly accurate CO2 gas sensor using a modulation-type pyroelectric infrared detector," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32,221-227 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, "Quantum cascade laser," Science 264,553-556 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (4)

W. Shin, M. Matsumiya, F. Qiu, N. Izu, and N. Murayama, "Thermoelectric gas sensor for detection of high hydrogen concentration," Sens. Actuators B 97,344-347 (2004)
[CrossRef]

A. Hanning, J. Roeraade, J. J. Delrow, and R. C. Jorgenson, "Enhanced sensitivity of wavelength modulated surface plasmon resonance devices using dispersion from a dye solution," Sens. Actuators B 54,25-36 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, "Detection of immuno-complex formation via surface-plasmon resonance," Sens. Actuators B 12,213-220 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review," Sens. Actuators B 54,3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (9)

Z. Salamon and G. Tollin, "Surface plasmon resonance, theory," Enyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry, 2311-2319 (2000).

E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, "Radiative decay of non radiative surface plasmons excited by light," Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung Part A-Astrophysik Physik Und Physikalische Chemie A 23, 2135-2136 (1968).

M. Born and E. Wolf, "Elementary theory of dispersion," in Principles of Optics, 7th Edition, (University Press, Cambridge, 1999), pp. 95-103.

S. Herminjard, A. Crottini, L. Vaccaro, H-P. Herzig, E. Studemann, and G.M. Nicolle, "Surface plasmon waveguide resonance spectroscopy applied on food dyes solutions under anomalous dispersion," presented at the EOS Topical Meeting on Molecular Plasmonic Devices, Engelberg, Switzerland, 27-29 April 2006.

B. H. Stuart, Infrared spectroscopy : fundamentals and applications (Wiley, Chichester, 2004).

H. Raether, "Surface plasmons on smooth and rough surfaces and on gratings," Springer tracts in moderns physics 111, Springer, Berlin (1988).

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