Abstract

We discuss the phase properties of a double-grating compressor with grazing-incidence gratings in the off-plane mount, designed for the temporal compression of XUV attosecond pulses produced with the technique of high-order harmonic generation. Its purpose is to introduce a negative chirp that compensates for the intrinsic chirp of the pulse. The study is based on the path lengths of the rays at different wavelengths, and their control in order to achieve either positive or negative group-delay dispersion. We demonstrate that the sign and the amount of the dispersion introduced is controlled by a linear translation of a grating. Beside the instrument is expected to present a high throughput, constant along the spectrum of interest. The compressor can be designed for any spectral region in the XUV and soft X-ray domain. As a test case, the applications to the compression of attosecond pulses centered at 70 eV and at 160 eV are discussed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, and P. Villoresi, "Time-frequency analysis of single-shot high-order harmonic spectra," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4413-4418 (2004).
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    [CrossRef]

2007 (5)

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, "Attosecond science," Nat. Phys. 3, 381-387 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics", New J. Phys. 9243-253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Tzallas, E. Skantzakis, C. Kalpouzos, E. P. Benis, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, "Generation of intense continuum extreme-ultraviolet radiation by many-cycle laser fields", Nat. Phys. 3, 846-850 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Ayvazyan et al, "Operation of a Free Electron Laser in the Wavelength Range from the Extreme Ultraviolet to the Water Window," Nature Photonics 1, 336-342 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, "Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay compensated monochromator," Opt. Lett. 32, 2897-2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (5)

J. F. Seely, L. I. Goray, B. Kjornrattanawanich, J. M. Laming, G. E. Holland, K. A. Flanagan, R. K. Heilmann, C.-H. Chang, M. L. Schattenburg, and A. P. Rasmussen, "Efficiency of a grazing-incidence off-plane grating in the soft-x-ray region," Appl. Opt. 45, 1680-1687 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, "Gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-delay compensated monochromator," Appl. Opt. 45, 3253-3562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and P. Villoresi, "Time-compensated monochromator in the off-plane mount for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses," Appl. Opt. 45, 8577-8585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga1, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, "Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating," Nat. Phys. 2, 319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Niikura, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Mapping Attosecond Electron Wave Packet Motion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, "Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft X-ray high-order harmonics," Appl. Phys. B 78, 1013-1016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, F. Borgatti, B. Doyle, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, M. Pedio, and S. Nannarone, "Efficiency of gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-compensated monochromator," Proc. SPIE 5534, 144-153 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, and P. Villoresi, "Time-frequency analysis of single-shot high-order harmonic spectra," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4413-4418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, "The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1987 (2)

O. Martinez, "3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1.3-1.6 µm region," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59-64 (1987).
[CrossRef]

O. Martinez, "Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1385-1387 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

Agostini, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auge, F.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ayvazyan, V.

V. Ayvazyan et al, "Operation of a Free Electron Laser in the Wavelength Range from the Extreme Ultraviolet to the Water Window," Nature Photonics 1, 336-342 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, Ph.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bammer, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, "Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay compensated monochromator," Opt. Lett. 32, 2897-2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benis, E. P.

P. Tzallas, E. Skantzakis, C. Kalpouzos, E. P. Benis, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, "Generation of intense continuum extreme-ultraviolet radiation by many-cycle laser fields", Nat. Phys. 3, 846-850 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bonora, S.

M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, "Gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-delay compensated monochromator," Appl. Opt. 45, 3253-3562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, and P. Villoresi, "Time-frequency analysis of single-shot high-order harmonic spectra," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4413-4418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, F. Borgatti, B. Doyle, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, M. Pedio, and S. Nannarone, "Efficiency of gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-compensated monochromator," Proc. SPIE 5534, 144-153 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Borgatti, F.

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, F. Borgatti, B. Doyle, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, M. Pedio, and S. Nannarone, "Efficiency of gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-compensated monochromator," Proc. SPIE 5534, 144-153 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Breger, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cash, W.

Chang, C.-H.

Charalambidis, D.

P. Tzallas, E. Skantzakis, C. Kalpouzos, E. P. Benis, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, "Generation of intense continuum extreme-ultraviolet radiation by many-cycle laser fields", Nat. Phys. 3, 846-850 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, "Attosecond science," Nat. Phys. 3, 381-387 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Niikura, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Mapping Attosecond Electron Wave Packet Motion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorrer, C.

I. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, "The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Doyle, B.

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, F. Borgatti, B. Doyle, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, M. Pedio, and S. Nannarone, "Efficiency of gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-compensated monochromator," Proc. SPIE 5534, 144-153 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elouga, L.

J. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga1, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, "Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating," Nat. Phys. 2, 319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, F.

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flanagan, K. A.

Gaarde, M. B.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giglia, A.

M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, "Gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-delay compensated monochromator," Appl. Opt. 45, 3253-3562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, F. Borgatti, B. Doyle, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, M. Pedio, and S. Nannarone, "Efficiency of gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-compensated monochromator," Proc. SPIE 5534, 144-153 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goray, L. I.

Goulielmakis, E.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics", New J. Phys. 9243-253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansch, T.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heilmann, R. K.

Heinzmann, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofstetter, M.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics", New J. Phys. 9243-253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Holland, G. E.

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnsson, P.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalpouzos, C.

P. Tzallas, E. Skantzakis, C. Kalpouzos, E. P. Benis, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, "Generation of intense continuum extreme-ultraviolet radiation by many-cycle laser fields", Nat. Phys. 3, 846-850 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, D.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics", New J. Phys. 9243-253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics", New J. Phys. 9243-253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kitzler, M.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kjornrattanawanich, B.

Kleineberg, U.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics", New J. Phys. 9243-253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kohnert, R.

Krausz, F.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics", New J. Phys. 9243-253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, "Attosecond science," Nat. Phys. 3, 381-387 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L??Huillier, A.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laming, J. M.

Lopez-Martens, R.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mahne, N.

M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, "Gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-delay compensated monochromator," Appl. Opt. 45, 3253-3562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, F. Borgatti, B. Doyle, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, M. Pedio, and S. Nannarone, "Efficiency of gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-compensated monochromator," Proc. SPIE 5534, 144-153 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mairesse, Y.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
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Martinez, O.

O. Martinez, "3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1.3-1.6 µm region," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59-64 (1987).
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O. Martinez, "Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1385-1387 (1987).
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Mauritsson, J.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
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Mevel, E.

J. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga1, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, "Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating," Nat. Phys. 2, 319 (2006).
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Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muller, H. G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mullot, G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nannarone, S.

M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, "Gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-delay compensated monochromator," Appl. Opt. 45, 3253-3562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, F. Borgatti, B. Doyle, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, M. Pedio, and S. Nannarone, "Efficiency of gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-compensated monochromator," Proc. SPIE 5534, 144-153 (2004).
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Niikura, H.

H. Niikura, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Mapping Attosecond Electron Wave Packet Motion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 083003 (2005).
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Nisoli, M.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, "Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay compensated monochromator," Opt. Lett. 32, 2897-2899 (2007).
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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pascolini, M.

M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, "Gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-delay compensated monochromator," Appl. Opt. 45, 3253-3562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, and P. Villoresi, "Time-frequency analysis of single-shot high-order harmonic spectra," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4413-4418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, F. Borgatti, B. Doyle, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, M. Pedio, and S. Nannarone, "Efficiency of gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-compensated monochromator," Proc. SPIE 5534, 144-153 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paul, P. M.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pedio, M.

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, F. Borgatti, B. Doyle, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, M. Pedio, and S. Nannarone, "Efficiency of gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-compensated monochromator," Proc. SPIE 5534, 144-153 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Persson, A.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poletto, L.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, "Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay compensated monochromator," Opt. Lett. 32, 2897-2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and P. Villoresi, "Time-compensated monochromator in the off-plane mount for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses," Appl. Opt. 45, 8577-8585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, "Gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-delay compensated monochromator," Appl. Opt. 45, 3253-3562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, "Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft X-ray high-order harmonics," Appl. Phys. B 78, 1013-1016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, and P. Villoresi, "Time-frequency analysis of single-shot high-order harmonic spectra," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4413-4418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, F. Borgatti, B. Doyle, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, M. Pedio, and S. Nannarone, "Efficiency of gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-compensated monochromator," Proc. SPIE 5534, 144-153 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rasmussen, A. P.

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salières, P.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, "Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay compensated monochromator," Opt. Lett. 32, 2897-2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schattenburg, M. L.

Schultze, M.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics", New J. Phys. 9243-253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seely, J. F.

Skantzakis, E.

P. Tzallas, E. Skantzakis, C. Kalpouzos, E. P. Benis, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, "Generation of intense continuum extreme-ultraviolet radiation by many-cycle laser fields", Nat. Phys. 3, 846-850 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sola, J.

J. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga1, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, "Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating," Nat. Phys. 2, 319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, "Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay compensated monochromator," Opt. Lett. 32, 2897-2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Svanberg, S.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toma, E. S.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsakiris, G. D.

P. Tzallas, E. Skantzakis, C. Kalpouzos, E. P. Benis, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, "Generation of intense continuum extreme-ultraviolet radiation by many-cycle laser fields", Nat. Phys. 3, 846-850 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tzallas, P.

P. Tzallas, E. Skantzakis, C. Kalpouzos, E. P. Benis, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, "Generation of intense continuum extreme-ultraviolet radiation by many-cycle laser fields", Nat. Phys. 3, 846-850 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics", New J. Phys. 9243-253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Varju, K.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, D. M.

H. Niikura, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Mapping Attosecond Electron Wave Packet Motion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wahlström, C.-G.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I.

I. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, "The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Waxer, L.

I. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, "The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Westerwalbesloh, Th.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wieland, M.

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (6)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Poletto, "Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft X-ray high-order harmonics," Appl. Phys. B 78, 1013-1016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

O. Martinez, "3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1.3-1.6 µm region," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59-64 (1987).
[CrossRef]

O. Martinez, "Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1385-1387 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (3)

J. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga1, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, "Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating," Nat. Phys. 2, 319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, "Attosecond science," Nat. Phys. 3, 381-387 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Tzallas, E. Skantzakis, C. Kalpouzos, E. P. Benis, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, "Generation of intense continuum extreme-ultraviolet radiation by many-cycle laser fields", Nat. Phys. 3, 846-850 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature 427, 817 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature Photonics (1)

V. Ayvazyan et al, "Operation of a Free Electron Laser in the Wavelength Range from the Extreme Ultraviolet to the Water Window," Nature Photonics 1, 336-342 (2007).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, "Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics", New J. Phys. 9243-253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

H. Niikura, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Mapping Attosecond Electron Wave Packet Motion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlström, and A. L??Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, F. Borgatti, B. Doyle, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, M. Pedio, and S. Nannarone, "Efficiency of gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-compensated monochromator," Proc. SPIE 5534, 144-153 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, and P. Villoresi, "Time-frequency analysis of single-shot high-order harmonic spectra," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4413-4418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, "The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Science (3)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering Attosecond Electron Wave Packets with Light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

P. Jaegle', Coherent Sources of XUV Radiation (Springer, Berlin, 2006).

M. Nevière, Electromagnetic Theory of Grating (cap. IV), R. Petit ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1980).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Geometry of the off-plane mount for a plane diffraction grating.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Layout of the XUV attosecond compressor.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

XAC operation as a compressor and as a stretcher. The setup make use of two plane gratings G1 and G2, two collimators, and two condenser elements. a) GDD equal to zero; b) positive GDD: c) negative GDD.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Analysis of the time-delay compensation of the compressor for the 50-100 eV region. The graphs show the FWHM spreads of the optical paths of rays for two altitude angles and different azimuth angles.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Analysis of the time-delay compensation of the compressor for the 50-100 eV region. The graphs show the FWHM spreads of the optical paths of rays for different altitude angles on the gratings. For each altitude, the optimum azimuth is selected. a) Spread at the intermediate plane. The spreads are almost the same for different altitude angles. b) Spreads at the output plane.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Position of the spot size on the output focal plane for different altitude angles: a) γ=1.4°, α=4.9°; b) γ=1.5°, α=4.5°; c) γ=1.6°, α=4.2°. The best time-delay compensation (case b) is achieved when the spread of the focal positions is minimized.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Phase properties of the compressor in the 50-100 eV region. The group delay (a1), the error fit (a2), the GDD (b) and the TOD (c) are shown for different values of the parameter S.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Analysis of the time-delay compensation of the compressor for the 50-100 eV region with slope errors on the optics. The graphs show the FWHM spreads of the optical paths at the output. The slope errors are 1.0 µrad rms on the parabolic mirrors and 0.5 µrad rms on the plane gratings.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Analysis of the time-delay compensation of the XAC for the 50-100 eV region with toroidal mirrors. The graph shows the FWHM spreads of the optical paths at the output for different acceptance angles. The parameters of the configurations are listed in Tab. 2.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Phase properties of the XAC in the 120-200 eV region. The group delay (a1), the error fit (a2), the GDD (b) and the TOD (c) are shown for different values of the parameter S.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Tab. 1. XAC optical parameters.

Tables Icon

Tab. 2. Parameters of the XAC for the 50-100 eV spectral region.

Tables Icon

Tab. 3. Parameters of the XAC for the 120-200 eV spectral region.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

sin γ ( sin α + sin β ) = m λ σ ,
f i = p i sin 2 θ , i = 1 , 2 , 3 , 4
GD ( ω ) = OP ( ω ) c .
GD ( ω ) = t 0 + ( 2 p " S ) c i = 0 N a i ( ω ω c ) i ,
GDD ( ω ) = GD ( ω ) ω = ( 2 p " S ) c i = 1 N a i i ( ω ω C ) i 1
TOD ( ω ) = GDD ( ω ) ω = 2 GD ( ω ) ω 2 = ( 2 p " S ) c i = 2 N a i i ( i 1 ) ( ω ω C ) i 2

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