Abstract

We report on a passively mode-locked Yb:YAG thin disk laser oscillator that generates 11.3-µJ pulses without the use of any additional external amplification. A repetition rate of 4 MHz is obtained using a 23.4-m-long multiple-pass cavity that extends the resonator length to a total of 37 m. The nearly transform-limited pulses at 45 W of average output power have a duration of 791 fs with a 1.56-nm-broad spectrum centered at 1030 nm. The laser is operated in a helium atmosphere to eliminate the air nonlinearity inside the resonator that previously limited the pulse energy.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  34. R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, "New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers," App. Phys. B 80, 151-158 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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2007 (3)

2006 (5)

2005 (4)

A. Killi, A. Steinmann, J. Dörring, U. Morgner, M. J. Lederer, D. Kopf, and C. Fallnich, "High-peak-power pulses from a cavity-dumped Yb:KY(WO4)2 oscillator," Opt. Lett. 30, 1891-1893 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Röser, J. Rothhard, B. Ortac, A. Liem, O. Schmidt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "131 W 220 fs fiber laser system," Opt. Lett. 30, 2754-2756 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, "Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators," New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, "New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers," App. Phys. B 80, 151-158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

2001 (2)

F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, "Widely tunable pulse durations from a passively mode-locked thin-disk Yb:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 379-381 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, "Passive mode locking of thin disk lasers: effects of spatial hole burning," Appl. Phys. B 72, 267-278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927-3929 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Haiml, U. Siegner, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, M. Luysberg, R. C. Lutz, P. Specht, and E. R. Weber, "Optical nonlinearity in low-temperature-grown GaAs: Microscopic limitations and optimization strategies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3134-3136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Cho, B. E. Bouma, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Low-repetition-rate high-peak-power Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser with a multiple-pass cavity," Opt. Lett. 24, 417-419 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1996 (2)

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, "Soliton Mode-Locking with Saturable Absorbers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540-556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, "Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids," Appl. Phys. A 63, 109-115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1989 (1)

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, "Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals," Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337-3350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1964 (1)

Adair, R.

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, "Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals," Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337-3350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, "Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators," New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arisholm, G.

Aschwanden, A.

Asom, M. T.

Baer, C. R. E.

Barty, C. P. J.

Bouma, B. E.

Boyd, G. D.

Brauch, U.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brovelli, L. R.

Brunner, F.

Chase, L. L.

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, "Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals," Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337-3350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, B. N.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, "Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids," Appl. Phys. A 63, 109-115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, T. H.

Cho, S. H.

Dawson, J. W.

Dewald, S.

Dombi, P.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, "Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators," New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dörring, J.

Engqvist, A. G.

Fallnich, C.

Ferguson, J. F.

Fermann, M. E.

Fernandez, A.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, "Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators," New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M. A.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Giesen, A.

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, "Fifteen Years of Work on Thin-Disk Lasers: Results and Scaling Laws," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598-609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Golling, M.

Graf, R.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, "Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators," New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grange, R.

S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, M. Golling, R. Grange, and U. Keller, "Pulse energy scaling to 5 μJ from a femtosecond thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 2728-2730 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, "New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers," App. Phys. B 80, 151-158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, "Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 331-339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grillon, G.

Haiml, M.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, "New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers," App. Phys. B 80, 151-158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, "Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 331-339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Haiml, U. Siegner, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, M. Luysberg, R. C. Lutz, P. Specht, and E. R. Weber, "Optical nonlinearity in low-temperature-grown GaAs: Microscopic limitations and optimization strategies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3134-3136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Häring, R.

Herriott, D.

Hönninger, C.

Huber, G.

Hügel, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Innerhofer, E.

Ippen, E. P.

S. H. Cho, B. E. Bouma, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Low-repetition-rate high-peak-power Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser with a multiple-pass cavity," Opt. Lett. 24, 417-419 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927-3929 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

Joschko, M.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927-3929 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, "Soliton Mode-Locking with Saturable Absorbers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540-556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927-3929 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, "Soliton Mode-Locking with Saturable Absorbers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540-556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, "Efficient femtosecond high power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser," Opt. Express 15, 16966-16971 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, M. Golling, R. Grange, and U. Keller, "Pulse energy scaling to 5 μJ from a femtosecond thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 2728-2730 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Innerhofer, F. Brunner, S. V. Marchese, R. Paschotta, G. Arisholm, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, T. Usami, H. Ito, and U. Keller, "Analysis of nonlinear wavelength conversion system for a red-green-blue laser-projection source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 265-275 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, "New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers," App. Phys. B 80, 151-158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, "Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 331-339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Häring, A. Aschwanden, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, C. Hönninger, and M. Kumkar, "60 W average power in 810-fs pulses from a thin-disk Yb:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 367-369 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Haiml, U. Siegner, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, M. Luysberg, R. C. Lutz, P. Specht, and E. R. Weber, "Optical nonlinearity in low-temperature-grown GaAs: Microscopic limitations and optimization strategies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3134-3136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, "Soliton Mode-Locking with Saturable Absorbers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540-556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brovelli, U. Keller, and T. H. Chiu, "Design and Operation of antiresonant Fabry-Perot saturable semiconductor absorbers for mode-locked solid-state lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 311-322 (1995).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, and M. T. Asom, "Solid-state low-loss intracavity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: an antiresonant semiconductor Fabry-Perot saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 17, 505-507 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Killi, A.

Kitamura, K.

Kogelnik, H.

Kolodziejski, L. A.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927-3929 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kompfner, R.

Koontz, E. M.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927-3929 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

Kowalevicz, A. M.

Krainer, L.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, "New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers," App. Phys. B 80, 151-158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kränkel, C.

Krausz, F.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, "Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators," New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kumkar, M.

Kurimura, S.

Lang, T.

Langlois, P.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927-3929 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, M. J.

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Lutz, R. C.

M. Haiml, U. Siegner, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, M. Luysberg, R. C. Lutz, P. Specht, and E. R. Weber, "Optical nonlinearity in low-temperature-grown GaAs: Microscopic limitations and optimization strategies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3134-3136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Luysberg, M.

M. Haiml, U. Siegner, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, M. Luysberg, R. C. Lutz, P. Specht, and E. R. Weber, "Optical nonlinearity in low-temperature-grown GaAs: Microscopic limitations and optimization strategies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3134-3136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maas, D. J. H. C.

Magni, V.

Marchese, S. V.

Miller, D. A. B.

Momma, C.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, "Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids," Appl. Phys. A 63, 109-115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Morier-Genoud, F.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Haiml, U. Siegner, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, M. Luysberg, R. C. Lutz, P. Specht, and E. R. Weber, "Optical nonlinearity in low-temperature-grown GaAs: Microscopic limitations and optimization strategies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3134-3136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moser, M.

Moshammer, R.

Mysyrowicz, A.

Naumov, S.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, "Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators," New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nibbering, E. T. J.

Nolte, S.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, "Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids," Appl. Phys. A 63, 109-115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opower, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ortac, B.

Ostinelli, O.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, "New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers," App. Phys. B 80, 151-158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, G.

Paschotta, R.

E. Innerhofer, F. Brunner, S. V. Marchese, R. Paschotta, G. Arisholm, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, T. Usami, H. Ito, and U. Keller, "Analysis of nonlinear wavelength conversion system for a red-green-blue laser-projection source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 265-275 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, "New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers," App. Phys. B 80, 151-158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Häring, A. Aschwanden, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, C. Hönninger, and M. Kumkar, "60 W average power in 810-fs pulses from a thin-disk Yb:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 367-369 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, "Widely tunable pulse durations from a passively mode-locked thin-disk Yb:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 379-381 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, "Passive mode locking of thin disk lasers: effects of spatial hole burning," Appl. Phys. B 72, 267-278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, "Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals," Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337-3350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Prade, B. S.

Röser, F.

Rothhard, J.

Schibli, T. R.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927-3929 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Schroter, C. D.

Sennaroglu, A.

Shah, L.

Siegel, M.

Siegner, U.

M. Haiml, U. Siegner, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, M. Luysberg, R. C. Lutz, P. Specht, and E. R. Weber, "Optical nonlinearity in low-temperature-grown GaAs: Microscopic limitations and optimization strategies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3134-3136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Specht, P.

M. Haiml, U. Siegner, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, M. Luysberg, R. C. Lutz, P. Specht, and E. R. Weber, "Optical nonlinearity in low-temperature-grown GaAs: Microscopic limitations and optimization strategies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3134-3136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Speiser, J.

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, "Fifteen Years of Work on Thin-Disk Lasers: Results and Scaling Laws," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598-609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Spuhler, G. J.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, "New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers," App. Phys. B 80, 151-158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steinmann, A.

Südmeyer, T.

Thoen, E. R.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927-3929 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

F. Röser, J. Rothhard, B. Ortac, A. Liem, O. Schmidt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "131 W 220 fs fiber laser system," Opt. Lett. 30, 2754-2756 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, "Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids," Appl. Phys. A 63, 109-115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ullrich, J.

Usami, T.

von Alvensleben, F.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, "Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids," Appl. Phys. A 63, 109-115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Voss, A.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Weber, E. R.

M. Haiml, U. Siegner, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, M. Luysberg, R. C. Lutz, P. Specht, and E. R. Weber, "Optical nonlinearity in low-temperature-grown GaAs: Microscopic limitations and optimization strategies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3134-3136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wittig, K.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zare, A. T.

App. Phys. B (1)

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, "New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers," App. Phys. B 80, 151-158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. A (1)

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, "Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids," Appl. Phys. A 63, 109-115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, "Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 331-339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, "Passive mode locking of thin disk lasers: effects of spatial hole burning," Appl. Phys. B 72, 267-278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Haiml, U. Siegner, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, M. Luysberg, R. C. Lutz, P. Specht, and E. R. Weber, "Optical nonlinearity in low-temperature-grown GaAs: Microscopic limitations and optimization strategies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3134-3136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927-3929 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, "Fifteen Years of Work on Thin-Disk Lasers: Results and Scaling Laws," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598-609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, "Soliton Mode-Locking with Saturable Absorbers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540-556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

New J. Phys. (1)

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, "Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators," New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (11)

G. Palmer, M. Siegel, A. Steinmann, and U. Morgner, "Microjoule pulses from a passively mode-locked Yb:KY(WO4)2 thin-disk oscillator with cavity dumping," Opt. Lett. 32, 1593-1595 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, and M. T. Asom, "Solid-state low-loss intracavity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: an antiresonant semiconductor Fabry-Perot saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 17, 505-507 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Dewald, T. Lang, C. D. Schroter, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, M. Siegel, and U. Morgner, "Ionization of noble gases with pulses directly from a laser oscillator," Opt. Lett. 31, 2072-2074 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, M. Golling, R. Grange, and U. Keller, "Pulse energy scaling to 5 μJ from a femtosecond thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 2728-2730 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Aus der Au, D. Kopf, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "60-fs pulses from a diode-pumped Nd:glass laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 307-309 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Cho, B. E. Bouma, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Low-repetition-rate high-peak-power Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser with a multiple-pass cavity," Opt. Lett. 24, 417-419 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, "Widely tunable pulse durations from a passively mode-locked thin-disk Yb:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 379-381 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Häring, A. Aschwanden, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, C. Hönninger, and M. Kumkar, "60 W average power in 810-fs pulses from a thin-disk Yb:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 367-369 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Killi, A. Steinmann, J. Dörring, U. Morgner, M. J. Lederer, D. Kopf, and C. Fallnich, "High-peak-power pulses from a cavity-dumped Yb:KY(WO4)2 oscillator," Opt. Lett. 30, 1891-1893 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Röser, J. Rothhard, B. Ortac, A. Liem, O. Schmidt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "131 W 220 fs fiber laser system," Opt. Lett. 30, 2754-2756 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, "Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals," Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337-3350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. Tünnermann, H. Zellmer, W. Schöne, A. Giesen, and K. Contag, "New Concepts for Diode-Pumped Solid-State Lasers," in Vol. 78 of Topics in Applied Physics, R. Diehl, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2000), p. 369-408.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2,435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, M. S. Ruosch, R. Grange, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, G. Lépine, G. Gingras, and B. Witzel, "Passively mode-locked thin disk lasers reach 10 microjoules pulse energy at megahertz repetition rate and drive high field physics experiments," presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Europe), Munich, Germany, talk CF3-2-MON, 2007.

D. J. H. C. Maas, B. Rudin, A.-R. Bellancourt, D. Iwaniuk, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, "High Precision Optical Characterization of Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAMs)," presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, California, talk CThKK6, 2008.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Multiple-pass cavity (MPC) in a q-preserving configuration (left) with two curved mirrors (R=10 m) spaced by d=2.93 m for a total of n=8 passes to form a closed ray path. Projection of the circular spot pattern on the two curved mirrors onto the x-y plane (right). The angle between two neighboring points on this projection is given by θ=2π/n.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Folded MPC with a single mirror for injection and extraction of the beam. The resulting spot patterns on the two MPC mirrors are shown to the left and to the right of the MPC. The angle between incident and extracted beam depends on the MPC geometry.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic of the laser setup with the 23.4-m-long MPC (not to scale). The total cavity length of 37 m results in a repetition rate of 4 MHz. The 1-mm-thick Brewster plate can be shifted along the direction of the divergent beam for fine-adjustment of the SPM and pulse duration. HR: highly reflective mirror, OC: output coupler (10%), DM: dispersive mirror, SESAM: semiconductor saturable absorber mirror.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Refractive index pattern and field enhancement of the antiresonant SESAM with a dielectric top mirror consisting of two pairs of alternating SiO2/Ta2O5 layers. The SESAM has two 7-nm-thick InGaAs quantum well layers embedded in GaAs spacer layers to be positioned in the field maxima. The dotted red line is the field enhancement multiplied by a factor of 10.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Autocorrelation (left) and optical spectrum (right) of the 11.3-µJ pulses at 45 W of average output power and 4 MHz repetition rate. The blue dashed lines are fit-curves with an ideal sech 2-shaped pulse of 791 fs duration and an optical bandwidth of 1.56 nm. The soliton pulses are nearly transform-limited with a time-bandwidth product of 0.35 (ideal soliton: 0.315).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured nonlinear reflectivity curve of the SESAM used for mode locking of the laser (left). The solid blue curve is the result of a fit using the model function (5), whereas the dotted green curve represents the SESAM reflectivity with a theoretically modified rollover for the longer pulses present in the Yb:YAG thin disk laser. SESAM recovery measured with a pump probe setup using 2.5-ps pulses at 1030 nm (right).

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

τ p 1.76 · 2 D γ E p .
γ = 2 k n 2 L π w 2 ,
γ air = 4 k n 2 π 0 L cav dz w 2 ( z )
d = R · [ 1 cos ( 2 π n ) ] .
R ( F p ) = R ns · ln ( 1 + R lin R ns · ( e F p F A , sat 1 ) ) F p F A , sat · e F p F 2 ,
F 2 = τ p 0.585 · β ( z ) n 2 ( z ) ( E n ( z ) 2 ) 2 d z ,

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