Abstract

A theoretical study focusing on the effect of zero-crossing points in the dispersion map for the long-haul return-to-zero differential phase shift keying (RZ-DPSK) transmission system had been conducted. Difference of the transmission performance was characterized with regard to number of zero-crossing points within the dispersion map. It was observed that increasing the number of zero-crossing points in the dispersion map combined with the self phase modulation (SPM) caused the performance degradation near the system zero dispersion wavelength.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Inoue, K. Ishida, T. Tokura, E. Shibano, H. Taga, K. Shimizu, K. Goto, and K. Motoshima, "150km repeater span transmission experiment over 9,000klm," in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, Paper Th4.1.3.
  2. J.-X. Cai, M. Nissov, W. Anderson, M. Vaa, C. R. Davidson, D. G. Foursa, L. Liu, Y. Cai, A. J. Lucero, W. W. Patterson, P. C. Corbett, A. N. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, "Long-haul 40 Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmission with long repeater spacing," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFD3, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2006-OFD3.
  3. C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. v. d. Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, "DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC, and all-Raman-amplified 100-km UltraWave fiber spans," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 203-207 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-22-1-203.
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. T. Anderson, L. Liu, Y. Cai, A. Pilipetskii, J.-X. Cai, M. Vaa, M. Nissov, and D. Kovsh., "Modeling RZ-DPSK transmission-simulations and measurements for an installed submarine system," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThC1, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2005-OThC1
  5. G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, "A new dispersion map for undersea optical communication systems," in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA41, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=NFOEC-2007-JThA41.
  6. S. Dupont, P. Marmier, L. d. Mouza, G. Charlet, and V. Letellier, "70 x 10 Gbps (mixed RZ-OOK and RZ-DPSK) upgrade of a 7224km conventional 32 x 10 Gbps designed system," in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007, Paper 2.3.5.
  7. H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Mizuochi, K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, K. Motoshima, and K. Kasahara, "A comparative study of DPSK and OOK WDM transmission over transoceanic distances and their performance degradations due to nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1933-1943 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-21-9-1933
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Fourth ed., (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2006).
  10. N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, "Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1205-1210 (1987).
  11. G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R.-J. Essiambre and P. J. Winzer, "Fibre nonlinearities in electronically pre-distorted transmission," in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Glasgow, United Kingdom, 2005, Paper Tu3.2.2.
  13. X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, "Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636-1638 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. Slater, S. Boscolo, T. Broderick, S. K. Turitsyn, R. Freund, L. Molle, C. Caspar, J. Schwartz, and S. Barnes, "Performance analysis of 20Gb/s RZ-DPSK non-slope matched transoceanic submarine links," Opt. Express 15, 10999-11007 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Slater, S. Boscolo, T. Broderick, S. K. Turitsyn, R. Freund, L. Molle, C. Caspar, J. Schwartz, and S. Barnes, "Performance analysis of 20Gb/s RZ-DPSK non-slope matched transoceanic submarine links," Opt. Express 15, 10999-11007 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

2000 (1)

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, "Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1205-1210 (1987).

Abe, J.

Barnes, S.

Benedetto, S.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bennike, J.

Bosco, G.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boscolo, S.

Braun, R. P.

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, "Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1205-1210 (1987).

Broderick, T.

Carena, A.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Caspar, C.

Curri, V.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dey, S.

Fjelde, T.

Freund, R.

Gaudino, R.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ishida, K.

Kasahara, K.

Kinjo, K.

Kobayashi, T.

Liu, F.

Liu, X.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, "Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636-1638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mamyshev, P.

Mikkelsen, B.

Mizuochi, T.

Molle, L.

Motoshima, K.

Poggiolini, P.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rasmussen, C.

Schwartz, J.

Serbe, P.

Shibata, N.

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, "Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1205-1210 (1987).

Shih, W.-T.

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shu, S.-S.

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Slater, B.

Taga, H.

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S. K.

Waarts, R. G.

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, "Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1205-1210 (1987).

Wei, X.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, "Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636-1638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.-Y.

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, "Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636-1638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, "Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1205-1210 (1987).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489-491 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, "Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636-1638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, "A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060-2062 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (7)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Fourth ed., (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2006).

W. T. Anderson, L. Liu, Y. Cai, A. Pilipetskii, J.-X. Cai, M. Vaa, M. Nissov, and D. Kovsh., "Modeling RZ-DPSK transmission-simulations and measurements for an installed submarine system," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThC1, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2005-OThC1

G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, "A new dispersion map for undersea optical communication systems," in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA41, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=NFOEC-2007-JThA41.

S. Dupont, P. Marmier, L. d. Mouza, G. Charlet, and V. Letellier, "70 x 10 Gbps (mixed RZ-OOK and RZ-DPSK) upgrade of a 7224km conventional 32 x 10 Gbps designed system," in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007, Paper 2.3.5.

T. Inoue, K. Ishida, T. Tokura, E. Shibano, H. Taga, K. Shimizu, K. Goto, and K. Motoshima, "150km repeater span transmission experiment over 9,000klm," in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, Paper Th4.1.3.

J.-X. Cai, M. Nissov, W. Anderson, M. Vaa, C. R. Davidson, D. G. Foursa, L. Liu, Y. Cai, A. J. Lucero, W. W. Patterson, P. C. Corbett, A. N. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, "Long-haul 40 Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmission with long repeater spacing," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFD3, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2006-OFD3.

R.-J. Essiambre and P. J. Winzer, "Fibre nonlinearities in electronically pre-distorted transmission," in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Glasgow, United Kingdom, 2005, Paper Tu3.2.2.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

A schematic diagram of the simulation model.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dispersion map used for the simulation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Relative transmission performance with various transmission distances.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dispersion maps of several different number of zero-crossing points.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Transmission performance with various dispersion maps.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Single channel transmission performance with map 1 and map 6.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Parameters of the transmission fiber

Equations (1)

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A j z + i 2 β 2 j 2 A j T 2 β 3 j 6 3 A j T 3 + α j 2 A j = i γ j ( a A j 2 + 2 b k j A k 2 ) A j

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